For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Order of battle for the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Order of battle for the Russian invasion of Ukraine

Some of this article's listed sources may not be reliable. Please help improve this article by looking for better, more reliable sources. Unreliable citations may be challenged and removed. (April 2022) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

This is the order of battle for the Russian invasion of Ukraine. It should not be considered completely up to date nor accurate, being based on open-source press reporting.

An updated order of battle estimate for April 23, 2023, by the Institute for the Study of War is accessible at:

Russian forces in 2022

Senior commanders for the 2022 invasion of Ukraine
General of the Army Sergei Shoigu, Minister of Defence
General of the Army Valery Gerasimov, Chief of the General Staff and commander of Russian forces in Ukraine

Administrative chain of command

Commanders of the various MOD armed services and branches do not have operational control over the forces. They are responsible for force development and generation. The Chiefs of the ground forces, the aerospace forces, the navy, the strategic missile forces and the airborne forces also hold the appointments of Deputy Ministers of Defence, junior to the Chief of the General Staff, who is the First Deputy Minister of Defence.

The General Staff commands and controls forces through the National Defence Management Centre (NDMC). Operational control of the forces is carried out by the five Operational-Strategic Commands - the Western, Southern, Central and Eastern Military Districts and the OSK Northern Fleet, which is their equal. The Western and the Southern Military Districts share borders with Ukraine and are directly involved in the command and control of the operations.

Pre-2022 Russian military doctrine had specified that on the outbreak of war, armed forces from non-MOD services (like Rosgvardiya) would be placed under the General Staff.[1]

Initial force groupings

Ukrainian military commentator Yuri Butusov listed the following initial March 2022 deployment of Russian/allied forces:[13]

Southwestern Belarus grouping (blocking contingent against Ukrainian forces in Western Ukraine):

  • located around Brest, Luninets, Baranovichi, Osipovichi and Minsk
  • including forces from the Northern Fleet (200th (Arctic) Motor Rifle Brigade, 61st Guards Naval Infantry Brigade) and the VDV (76th and 98th Guards airborne divisions), estimated strength of 6–7 battalion tactical groups

Southeastern Belarus grouping (Kyiv offensive direction):

  • located around Vepri, Elsin, Bragin, Khainini, Rechitsya and Mozir
  • including forces from the 5th, 35th and 36th Combined Arms Armies, estimated strength of 7–9 battalion tactical groups

Bryansk grouping (Chernihiv offensive direction):

  • located around Klimovo, Klintsi, Pochep and Sevsk
  • including forces from the 41st Combined Arms Army and the 90th Guards Tank Division, estimated strength of 3 battalion tactical groups

Kursk – Belgorod grouping (Sumy offensive direction):

  • located around Tomarovka, Vesela Lopan', Zorino, Pristen', Kursk and Belgorod
  • including forces from the 6th and 20th combined arms armies, estimated strength of 4 battalion tactical groups

Voronezh grouping (Kharkiv offensive direction):

  • located around Stariy Oskol, Soloti, Valuyki, Boguchar, Pogonovo and Voronezh
  • including forces from the 6th Tank and 20th combined arms armies, estimated strength of 13–14 battalion tactical groups

Smolensk grouping (operational reserve of the northern front)

  • located around Yel'nya
  • including forces from the 20th and 41st combined arms armies, estimated strength of 6–7 battalion tactical groups

Rostov grouping (Donbas and eastern Sea of Azov offensive direction)

  • located around Rostov-on-the-Don and Kamensk-Shakhtinskiy
  • including forces from the 8th Combined Arms Army, estimated strength of 6 battalion tactical groups
  • Ukraine says the 8th CAA has operational control over the Donetsk People's Republic People's Militia and the Luhansk People's Republic People's Militia, naming them the Russian 1st and 2nd Army Corps

Crimea grouping (southern Ukraine offensive direction):

  • located around the Crimean Peninsula (Slavne, Dzhankoy, Novoozerne, Yevpatoriya, Sevastopol, Oktyabrskoye, Bakhchisaray, Angarskiy, Feodosiya, Opuk)
  • including forces from the 58th Combined Arms Army and the Black Sea Fleet's 22nd Army Corps (810th Guards Naval Infantry Brigade), estimated strength of up to 13 battalion tactical groups

Kuban grouping (operational reserve of the southern front)

  • located around the Kuban Peninsula (Novorossiysk, Korenovsk, Primorsko-Akhtarsk, Krasnodar, Mol'kino and Maykop) and Stavropol
  • including forces from the 49th Combined Arms Army, the Black Sea Fleet's 22nd Army Corps and the VDV's 7th Guards (Mountain) Air Assault Division, estimated strength of 6 battalion tactical groups

Russian leaders 2022-23

Despite evolving Russian doctrine which specified all troops and forces operating from one Operational-Strategic Command (OSK) be placed under one commander, multiple repeated sources (Rochan Consulting, Center for Naval Analysis, British Ministry of Defence) reported that separate groupings of forces drawn from each of the four military districts, under the leadership of senior personnel from that military district, took part in the initial invasion. President Vladimir Putin was repeatedly reported as taking a very involved stance, sometimes giving orders to field formations.

In April 2022, the invasion began to run into setbacks; Russian forces were forced to withdraw from their attempt to take Kyiv. Therefore to handle a longer war, a single coordinating senior officer was appointed.

  • Army General Aleksandr Dvornikov (8 April 2022 – 25 June 2022): placed in overall charge of military operations in Ukraine, effectively ending the grouping system;[14]
  • Colonel General Gennady Zhidko (26 June 2022 – 7 October 2022): appointed by Vladimir Putin to the top position, replacing Dvornikov;[14]
  • Army General Sergey Surovikin (8 October 2022 – 11 January 2023): previously commander of the Aerospace Forces and Army Group South, replacing Zhidko in overall command.[15]

Russian/affiliated forces in 2023

From 12 January 2023 Army General Valery Gerasimov, the Chief of the General Staff, was appointed as commander of military operations in Ukraine, with Surovikin as his deputy.[16]

The actual operational chain of command of the Russian military effort in Ukraine is not public, changes, and is a mix of state and non-state bodies. Personal rivalries are evident. President Vladimir Putin however remains firmly in control, sometimes micromanaging. The loose connection of various mercenary bodies and Ramzan Kadyrov's Chechens to the official command chain[17] has been represented by placing them under headers separate to the Russian Armed Forces.

Scheduling and control of tactical fighter, ground attack, and strategic bomber "sorties" (one flight of one aircraft) is unclear.

On 18 April 2023, Russian official sources said that President Putin had held meetings in the Kherson area with several commanders. The President "..received reports from the commander of the Dnepr forces grouping, General Lieutenant Oleg Makarevich, the commander of the Vostok [Eastern] forces grouping, General Lieutenant Andrey Kuzmenko, and the deputy commander of the combined grouping, General Colonel Mikhail Teplinsky."[18] The meetings likely took place before April 16.

Mercenaries

Militias

Reserve units of the Russian Armed Forces

Chechens

Spetsnaz units

Clear evidence as to which Grouping of Forces these brigades belong to is not readily available.

Units returned to Russia:

Joint Group of Forces

  •  Luhansk People's Republic (Supreme Commander-in-Chief: Head of the LPR Leonid Pasechnik')
    • Luhansk People's Republic People's Militia
      • 2nd Guards Lugansk-Severodonetsk Army Corps[345] (part of Russian armed forces from 31 December 2022)[346] (under command of 8th Combined Arms Army of Southern Military District)[122]
        • 4th Separate Motorised Rifle Brigade [ru][167][68][361](Colonel Vyacheslav Makarov )[362]
        • 15th Motor Rifle Brigade [363]
        • 85th Separate Motorised Rifle Brigade [184]
        • 88th Separate Motorised Rifle Brigade [184]
        • 123rd Separate Guards Motor Rifle Brigade [ru] (formerly 2nd Separate Guards Motorised Rifle Brigade [ru][350]
        • 127th Motorised Rifle Brigade (formerly 7th Separate Guards Motor Rifle Brigade [ru])[350] (Lieutenant Colonel Andrey Vladimirovich Panasyura )[364]
        • 10th Artillery Brigade
        • Cossack Assault Corps [365]
          • 6th Cossack Motorized Rifle Brigade[122][366]
            • Cossack battalions (Mikhail Kishchik , Deputy Chief of Staff Lt. Col. Alexander Kalnitsky )[367][368]
          • “Don” Cossack Brigade [365]
          • “Siberia” Cossack Brigade [365]
          • “Volga” Cossack Brigade [365]
          • “Terek” Cossack Brigade [365]
        • Assorted regiments and battalions

Ukrainian forces

Senior Ukrainian commanders for the 2022 invasion of Ukraine[371]
Colonel General Oleksandr Syrskyi, Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces
Lieutenant General Yurii Sodol, Commander of the Joint Operational Command

See also

Notes

  1. ^ According to the Law "On The National Guard of Ukraine" ("Про Національну гвардію України") Article 6, paragraph 3: "With the enactment of a state of martial law, the National Guard of Ukraine shall be prepared to perform its assigned tasks and shall be subordinated to the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, except for the military units tasked with escorting and guarding people under arrest and those military units guarding diplomatic missions.")[374]
  2. ^ Commanders of the three armed services hold no operational authority. They are subordinated to the commander-in-chief.
  3. ^ According to the Law "On The National Security of Ukraine", the commanders of the armed services and separate combat arms generate the combat units and give over operational control over them to the Commander of the Joint Operational Command
  4. ^ commands the armed forces and security forces contingents facing the Russian-controlled Donbass separatist forces, successor to the previous Anti-Terror Operation (ATO)
  5. ^ previously the Ukrainian Volunteer Corps

References

  1. ^ Greg Whisler (2019) Strategic Command and Control in the Russian Armed Forces: Untangling the General Staff, Military Districts, and Service Main Commands (Part One), The Journal of Slavic Military Studies, 32:4, 468, DOI: 10.1080/13518046.2019.1690188.
  2. ^ "Vladimir Putin turns on his own as he vows to 'purify' Russia of traitors". 17 March 2022. Archived from the original on 23 March 2022. Retrieved 25 March 2022.
  3. ^ "Vitaly Gerasimov: second Russian general killed, Ukraine defence ministry claims". The Guardian. 7 March 2022. Archived from the original on 9 March 2022. Retrieved 13 March 2022.
  4. ^ "Russia says Ukraine fired mortars at Bryansk border post". euronews. 15 April 2022. Archived from the original on 9 May 2022. Retrieved 15 April 2022.
  5. ^ Ivshina, Olga. "Элитные специалисты. Кого именно потеряла российская армия в Украине [Elite specialists. Who exactly lost the Russian army in Ukraine]". BBC News Русская Служба (in Russian). Retrieved 1 September 2022. From open sources, it is known about 20 FSB and FSO officers who died during the invasion of Ukraine. Most of these losses are employees of the border troops who are subordinate to the FSB. However, there are among the dead and officers of the most secret units.
  6. ^ Korshak, Stefan (22 April 2022). "Mayor claims partisans killed more than 100 Russian soldiers in occupied Melitopol". Kyiv Post.
  7. ^ a b "'Butcher of Mariupol': Russian general Mikhail Mizintsev is a mystery to experts". The Washington Post. 1 April 2022. Archived from the original on 10 April 2022. Retrieved 28 April 2022.
  8. ^ "Russian special forces have entered Kyiv to hunt down Ukraine's leaders, says Zelensky". inews.co.uk. 25 February 2022. Archived from the original on 26 February 2022. Retrieved 21 March 2022.
  9. ^ "La Russie remplace son général chargé de la logistique en pleine campagne de mobilisation". 24 September 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  10. ^ a b c Clark, Mason; Hird, Karolina; Stepanenko, Kateryna. "Russian General Officer Guide - MAY 11 2022". Institute for the Study of War. Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 May 2022. Retrieved 8 January 2023.
  11. ^ Seddon, Max (24 February 2022). "Vladimir Putin orders start of 'military operation' in eastern Ukraine". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  12. ^ "declassified the new commander of the paratroopers of the Russian Federation". 17 June 2022. Archived from the original on 2 July 2022. Retrieved 17 June 2022.
  13. ^ Butusov, Yuri (18 February 2022). "Отвода войск РФ от границ Украины нет, а замечена новая активность врага, - Бутусов. КАРТА [No Retreat of Russian Forces from the Ukrainian Border, new enemy activity sighted - Butusov. MAP]". censor.net. Retrieved 11 April 2022.
  14. ^ a b "Butcher of Aleppo' sacked as Vladimir Putin shakes up Russian top command again". The Telegraph. 25 June 2022.
  15. ^ "Russia names new commander of its forces engaged in Ukraine". Alarabiya. 8 October 2022.
  16. ^ "Суровикин – заместитель. Объединенная группировка войск в зоне СВО получила ового командующего". fontanka.ru - новости Санкт-Петербурга (in Russian). 11 January 2023. Retrieved 11 January 2023.
  17. ^ "FY23 SCSS#2, 15 November 2022: "Militaries, Mercenaries, Militias and Morale and the Ukraine War"". 16 November 2022.
  18. ^ "Песков рассказал, кто присутствовал на совещании с Путиным в зоне СВО" [Peskov told who was present at the meeting with Putin in the NVO zone]. РИА Новости (in Russian). 18 April 2023. Retrieved 13 June 2023.; "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, April 18, 2023". Institute for the Study of War. Archived from the original on 25 March 2022. Retrieved 13 June 2023.
  19. ^ "Russian Heavy Bomber Force Overview". Archived from the original on 25 March 2022. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  20. ^ "Prosecutor General's Office identifies Russian military unit responsible for Dnipro attack". 15 January 2023. Retrieved 15 January 2023.
  21. ^ Rana, Manveen. "Volodymyr Zelensky: Russian mercenaries ordered to kill Ukraine's president". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Archived from the original on 28 February 2022. Retrieved 5 March 2022.
  22. ^ "Large unit of Wagner Group eliminated in eastern Ukraine". 31 May 2022. Archived from the original on 31 May 2022. Retrieved 31 May 2022.
  23. ^ Ball, Tom. "Rusich's neo-Nazi mercenaries head for Kharkiv". Archived from the original on 13 May 2022. Retrieved 15 May 2022.
  24. ^ "Gazprom erschafft Schattenarmee". n-tv (in German).
  25. ^ a b c "ISW says competition between Russian PMCs is growing in Bakhmut". Ukrainska Pravda. Retrieved 17 May 2023.
  26. ^ "Shoigu deploys his Private Military Company, which competes with Wagner Group, to war against Ukraine". Ukrainska Pravda. Retrieved 11 February 2023.
  27. ^ "A mercenaries' war How Russia's invasion of Ukraine led to a 'secret mobilization' that allowed oligarch Evgeny Prigozhin to win back Putin's favor". Meduza. Retrieved 11 February 2023.
  28. ^ "Convicts in arms - Russian convicts are now used to fuel the war in Ukraine: the military, the PMCs, and the Kremlin all want to deploy them to the frontlines as cannon fodder". Novaya Gazeta Europe. 11 December 2022. Retrieved 11 February 2023.
  29. ^ a b "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, August 21" (PDF). Institute for the Study of War. 21 August 2022. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 August 2022. Retrieved 20 June 2023.
  30. ^ Hird, Karolina; Bailey, Riley; Wolkov, Nicole; Philipson, Layne; Kagan, Frederick W. "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, April 26, 2023". Institute for the Study of War. Retrieved 8 July 2023.
  31. ^ Jones, Andrew (23 June 2023). "Russian space agency Roscosmos recruiting fighters for war against Ukraine: report". Space.com. Retrieved 4 July 2023.
  32. ^ "Notorious Russian nationalist Igor Mangushev shot dead in Ukraine". BBC News. 8 February 2023. Retrieved 1 March 2023.
  33. ^ "Deputy commander and entire battalion of Russian troops from South Ossetia killed in south Ukraine". Yahoo Life. 19 June 2023. Retrieved 23 September 2023.
  34. ^ Mappes, Grace; Wolkov, Nicole; Stepanenko, Kateryna; Barros, George; Clark, Mason (11 June 2023). "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, June 11, 2023". Institute for the Study of War. Archived from the original on 12 June 2023. Retrieved 23 September 2023.
  35. ^ Bailey, Riley; Mappes, Grace; Wolkov, Nicole; Evans, Angelica; Clark, Mason. "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, September 1, 2023". Institute for the Study of War. Retrieved 23 September 2023.
  36. ^ Stepanenko, Kateryna; Bailey, Riley; Mappes, Grace; Wolkov, Nicole; Barros, George; Kagan, Frederick W. "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, July 2, 2023". Institute for the Study of War. Retrieved 23 September 2023.
  37. ^ Gogarty, Conor (12 March 2022). "Russian commanders killed in Ukraine including 'brutal warlord'". WalesOnline. Archived from the original on 13 March 2022. Retrieved 12 March 2022. General Magomed Tushaev died when his Chechen special forces column, including 56 tanks, was obliterated near Hostomel.
  38. ^ "Russian security forces provided Ukrainian intelligence with data on Kadyrov's commanders in Ukraine". 10 March 2022. Archived from the original on 12 March 2022. Retrieved 29 May 2022.
  39. ^ Mendick, Robert (28 March 2022). "Devastated Mariupol teeters on the brink, but Ukrainian troops refuse to abandon the fallen". Yahoo News. Archived from the original on 28 March 2022. Retrieved 21 April 2022.
  40. ^ "Institute for the Study of War". Institute for the Study of War. Archived from the original on 25 March 2022. Retrieved 6 February 2023.
  41. ^ a b c d "They Wanted to Reach Kyiv, Now Trying to Stop Counteroffensive: What Forces russia Gathered in the First Line of Defense". 16 June 2023.
  42. ^ "Командир псковського спецназу відмовився виконувати накази – розвідка". 16 March 2022. Archived from the original on 16 March 2022. Retrieved 14 April 2022.
  43. ^ "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, March 31, 2023". 31 March 2023.
  44. ^ "Cios dla Rosji. Zginęli kolejni żołnierze. Jeden miał tylko 23 lata". 18 May 2022. Archived from the original on 18 May 2022. Retrieved 22 May 2022.
  45. ^ "AFU liquidate Russian brigade commander Polyakov". Retrieved 11 February 2023.
  46. ^ "Генштаб ЗСУ розповів, яким був 13-й день війни РФ проти України". Archived from the original on 28 March 2022. Retrieved 14 April 2022.
  47. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Ukrainian intelligence has released a list of Russian military from the 64th Brigade involved in crimes in Bucha". 4 April 2022. Archived from the original on 2 May 2022. Retrieved 28 April 2022.
  48. ^ a b "Armed Forces of Ukraine report deaths of three more Russian commanders". Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  49. ^ "Donetsk Region: Ukrainian paratroopers eliminate Russian special forces unit from Siberia". 2 May 2022. Archived from the original on 2 May 2022. Retrieved 21 May 2022.
  50. ^ a b "Russia's commando units gutted by Ukraine war, US leak shows". MSN. Retrieved 17 April 2023.
  51. ^ a b c "RUSSIAN OFFENSIVE CAMPAIGN ASSESSMENT, OCTOBER 23, 2023". 23 October 2023.
  52. ^ "Major General Linkov appointed interim commander of Russian army's 'Center' grouping in Ukraine". Retrieved 6 November 2022.
  53. ^ Child, David. "Ukraine war set to dominate Munich Security Conference". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 17 February 2023.
  54. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Jones, Seth G. (1 June 2022). "Russia's Ill-Fated Invasion of Ukraine: Lessons in Modern Warfare". Archived from the original on 5 June 2022. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  55. ^ Ponomarenko, Ilia (21 March 2022). "How Ukraine swaps living soldiers for dead Russians". Kyiv Independent. Archived from the original on 27 March 2022. Retrieved 25 March 2022.
  56. ^ "Ukrainian paratroopers eliminated an elite motorized rifle brigade from Tomsk". 19 April 2022. Archived from the original on 15 May 2022. Retrieved 21 May 2022.
  57. ^ "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, March 27". Archived from the original on 28 March 2022. Retrieved 25 April 2022.
  58. ^ "Battle casualties of Russian invaders as of April 25, 2022 — General Staff of AFU". 25 April 2022. Retrieved 25 April 2022.
  59. ^ a b c d e "The Russian army has broken all possible records for the massive deployment of troops". Retrieved 19 July 2022.
  60. ^ "Russia's 25th Combined Arms Army Deploys to Ukraine for the First Time and What Does It Mean". 13 September 2023.
  61. ^ a b c "Russia engages new 25th Combined Arms Army in combat, reducing risks of large-scale offensive – UK intelligence". 27 September 2023.
  62. ^ "New formations of the Russian Armed Forces". 25 August 2023.
  63. ^ a b c d e "What is This 25th Army (25 CAA), and How Can the Battles for Bakhmut Hinder russia From Deploying a New Airborne Division?". 21 September 2023.
  64. ^ ИВАНОВА, Кристина (14 June 2023). "Артисты из филармонии Башкирии выступили перед бойцами на слаживании". Prufy.ru | Новости (in Russian). Retrieved 14 September 2023.
  65. ^ "Ульяновская область - Законодательство и нормативные акты". law.ulgov.ru. Retrieved 14 September 2023.
  66. ^ Axe, David (18 May 2022). "Ukraine's Guns Are In Range Of Izium. That's Bad News For Russia". Forbes. Archived from the original on 26 May 2022. Retrieved 20 May 2022.
  67. ^ "Colonel Zakharov, Regimental Commander of Occupiers, Liquidated in Brovary District". Archived from the original on 30 March 2022. Retrieved 4 May 2022.
  68. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, February 19, 2023" (PDF). 19 February 2023.
  69. ^ "How a Rape Trial Against Russian Soldiers Is Shaping Up in Chernihiv". 7 October 2022. Retrieved 5 November 2022.
  70. ^ a b "Ukrainian military defeat tank regiment of Russian troops, eliminate commander Zakharov in Brovarsky district - Defense Intelligence". Interfax Kyiv. 10 March 2022. Archived from the original on 13 March 2022. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  71. ^ "При исполнении воинского долга в Украине погиб житель РСО-А Бичикаев Фезул Автандилович" (in Russian). 6 May 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  72. ^ "Putin gave the name "Guards" to the 400th artillery regiment Russian news EN". 17 October 2022. Retrieved 5 November 2022.
  73. ^ "Exclusive: Voice message reveals Russian military unit's catastrophic losses in Ukraine". The Kyiv Independent. 2 March 2022. Archived from the original on 23 April 2022. Retrieved 23 April 2022.
  74. ^ "Russian troops suffer epic fail while attempting to cross river at Bilohorivka". 15 May 2022.
  75. ^ "Ukraine Army regains control over four settlements in Kharkiv Region – General Staff". 30 April 2022. Archived from the original on 30 April 2022. Retrieved 30 April 2022.
  76. ^ Choi, Joseph (24 February 2022). "Ukrainian ambassador says Russian platoon surrendered to Ukrainian forces". The Hill. Archived from the original on 3 March 2022. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  77. ^ "NYT: Growing evidence of military disaster pierces pro-Russian bubble". 16 May 2022. Archived from the original on 17 May 2022. Retrieved 16 May 2022.
  78. ^ "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, May 14". 14 May 2022. Archived from the original on 21 May 2022. Retrieved 20 May 2022.
  79. ^ a b c d "Russian labour exchanges have started recruiting people who want to go to war in Ukraine". 7 July 2022.
  80. ^ "They were preparing to defend themselves from the Islamists, but ended up in Ukraine. How a 'special operation' exposes Russia's southern flank – The Moscow Times". Hindustan News Hub. 5 May 2022.
  81. ^ a b "Defence Intelligence: The counteroffensive of the Defense Forces of Ukraine forces the occupiers to ask for help from the Red Cross and flee on stolen bicycles". Retrieved 9 September 2022.
  82. ^ "Ukraine Invasion day 164". Retrieved 5 November 2022.
  83. ^ "Russia: tactical symbols". Retrieved 5 April 2023.
  84. ^ "'Are There Even Any Left?' 100 Days of War in Ukraine For an Elite Russian Unit". 3 June 2022. Archived from the original on 5 June 2022. Retrieved 6 June 2022.
  85. ^ Hird, Karolina; Bailey, Riley; Stepanenko, Kateryna; Barros, George; Kagan, Frederick. "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, March 28, 2023". understandingwar.org. THE INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF WAR. Archived from the original on 29 March 2023. Retrieved 6 May 2023.
  86. ^ "Shoigu Inspected the Russian Group "Vostok" in Ukraine". Retrieved 18 July 2022.
  87. ^ "Top Russian General Dismissed After Vuhledar Defeat". 6 April 2023.
  88. ^ "Operational information of General Staff of Armed Forces of Ukraine regarding Russian invasion as of 6:00 pm on April 22, 2022". 22 April 2022. Archived from the original on 23 April 2022. Retrieved 22 April 2022.
  89. ^ a b c d "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, April 23, 2023" (PDF). 23 April 2023.
  90. ^ "Russian Army Units Refuse to Fight, Two Commanders Dismissed". Archived from the original on 31 March 2022. Retrieved 15 April 2022.
  91. ^ "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, April 23, 2023" (PDF). 23 April 2023.
  92. ^ a b c "RUSSIAN OFFENSIVE CAMPAIGN ASSESSMENT, JANUARY 12, 2024". 12 January 2024.
  93. ^ "AFU Liquidated Commander Of Russian Motorized Rifle Battalion". Retrieved 22 April 2022.
  94. ^ "RUSSIAN OFFENSIVE CAMPAIGN ASSESSMENT, JUNE 6, 2023". 6 June 2023.
  95. ^ a b "Bato Basanov Reportedly Killed By Ukrainian Forces". Archived from the original on 6 June 2022. Retrieved 1 June 2022.
  96. ^ "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, July 5". 5 July 2022.
  97. ^ Резервы России заканчиваются. Как Украина получила преимущество в живой силе на фронте
  98. ^ "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, April 27, 2023". 27 April 2023.
  99. ^ "Institute for the Study of War". Archived from the original on 29 March 2022. Retrieved 14 April 2022.
  100. ^ "Wounded Major General Of Russian Forces Got Into Homel Hospital". 2 March 2022. Archived from the original on 22 March 2022. Retrieved 27 March 2022.
  101. ^ a b c Masinski, Dmitri (3 June 2022). "Russian 35th combined-arms army (Izyum) is destroyed by its own command". WarTranslated - Dmitri Masinski. Archived from the original on 5 June 2022. Retrieved 4 June 2022.
  102. ^ "Russian General Goryachev "almost certainly" dies in southern Ukraine - British intelligence". 16 June 2023. Retrieved 16 June 2023.
  103. ^ "Top Russian paratroop commander killed in latest blow to Putin's Ukraine war effort". 18 March 2022. Archived from the original on 26 March 2022. Retrieved 15 April 2022.
  104. ^ "Еще один житель Оренбуржья посмертно удостоен Ордена Мужества" (in Russian). 17 March 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  105. ^ Mirovalev, Mansur (4 April 2022). "Bucha killings: 'The world cannot be tricked anymore'". Al Jazeera English. Archived from the original on 4 April 2022. Retrieved 4 April 2022.
  106. ^ "General Staff: Russian units lost half of their troops when retreating from Kharkiv Oblast". 18 September 2022. Retrieved 18 September 2022.
  107. ^ a b c "Sanctioned Companies". Retrieved 2 January 2023.
  108. ^ "Russians keep tonnes of self-propelled rockets near Chornobyl NPP". 27 March 2022. Archived from the original on 29 March 2022. Retrieved 15 April 2022.
  109. ^ "An uncertain fate Was Russia's entire 35th Army destroyed near Izyum? Meduza traces this story back to its dubious origins". Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  110. ^ "За время войны в Украине Россия лишилась командующих четырех армий". Хартыя’97 (in Russian). 31 March 2022. ISSN 2543-4969. Retrieved 3 April 2022.
  111. ^ "Russian troops attempt to break through defenses in Luhansk Region". 21 May 2022. Archived from the original on 21 May 2022. Retrieved 21 May 2022.
  112. ^ "64th Separate Motor Rifle Brigade". Archived from the original on 8 April 2022. Retrieved 20 April 2022.
  113. ^ a b ""Пусть заводят дело, я не буду больше воевать". Тысячи российских военных пытаются уволиться из армии". 18 July 2022. Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  114. ^ Dan Sabbagh (25 March 2022). "Mutinous Russian troops ran over their own commander, say western officials". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 27 March 2022. Retrieved 26 March 2022.
  115. ^ "Russian troops are courageous when shooting civilians, but they start crying when captured". 5 March 2022. Retrieved 25 October 2022.
  116. ^ "Russian Command Losses Are Staggering: The Latest on the Invastion of Ukraine". 11 March 2022. Retrieved 25 October 2022.
  117. ^ a b c "CDS Daily brief (12.08.22)" (PDF). 12 August 2022.
  118. ^ "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 April 2022. Retrieved 24 April 2022.
  119. ^ "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, February 20, 2023". 20 February 2023.
  120. ^ a b "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, May 19". 19 May 2022. Archived from the original on 26 May 2022. Retrieved 22 May 2022.
  121. ^ a b "Russian Marines Are Getting Killed And Wounded By The Hundreds In Ukraine". Forbes. Retrieved 7 November 2022.
  122. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Ukraine Invasion Updates". Retrieved 13 January 2022.
  123. ^ a b Harris, Catherine; Kagan, Frederick (March 2018). Russia's Military Posture: Ground Forces Order of Battle (PDF). Washington D.C., USA: Institute for the Study of War, Critical Threats Project. p. 23. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 March 2018. Retrieved 25 February 2023.
  124. ^ a b Nandy, Sumana (28 March 2022). "'Guards' title for Russia's two naval brigades for protecting Fatherland". India Today. Archived from the original on 31 March 2022. Retrieved 30 March 2022.
  125. ^ a b c "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, March 28, 2023" (PDF). 28 March 2023.
  126. ^ Kingsley, Thomas (30 June 2022). "Vladimir Putin loses his 57th colonel in just four months of war". Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  127. ^ "Russian paratroopers redeployed to eastern Ukraine from Kaliningrad region". 3 April 2022. Archived from the original on 12 April 2022. Retrieved 15 April 2022.
  128. ^ "Ukrainian troops blow up whole column of Russian artillery". 10 June 2023.
  129. ^ "Russia Appoints New Commander Of Troops Of Western Military District - Defense Intelligence". Retrieved 26 December 2022.
  130. ^ "Today News Update : Breaking: #Russia 🇷🇺 has just fired Lt. General Berdnikov, its commander of the western military district. He's been in post for 15 days. #Breaking #Russia #Ukraine". Archived from the original on 12 September 2022. Retrieved 11 September 2022.
  131. ^ "Минобороны России". Telegram (in Russian). Министерство обороны Российской Федерации. 20 July 2022. Archived from the original on 20 July 2022. Retrieved 29 January 2023.
  132. ^ Mironenko, Dmitry (5 September 2022). "Цимбалюк назвал топ-генералов российской армии, которые полетели со своих должностей из-за Украины". Dialog.ua (in Russian). Retrieved 9 September 2022. [General Andrey Sychevoi stands out, who at one time went through the war in Syria, but during the war in Ukraine he did not cope with the task and was dismissed from the post of commander of the Western Military District. He is 53 years old.]
  133. ^ Bailey, Riley; Stepanenko, Kateryna. "RUSSIAN OFFENSIVE CAMPAIGN ASSESSMENT, APRIL 30, 2023". understandingwar.org. THE INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF WAR. Archived from the original on 1 May 2023. Retrieved 3 May 2023.
  134. ^ "Ukraine-Niederlagen trotz brutalem Vorgehen – Putin schasst wohl nächsten Top-General". 29 June 2022. Retrieved 20 July 2022.
  135. ^ "For the failure of the "special operation": Putin fired the general who commanded the 1st Tank Army". 26 March 2022. Archived from the original on 26 March 2022. Retrieved 26 March 2022.
  136. ^ a b c "Victory in Trostianets: Details of Russia's 'elite' division defeat". 28 March 2022. Archived from the original on 29 April 2022. Retrieved 29 April 2022.
  137. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Ukrainian Intelligence Reveals Massive Losses of Russian 1st Tank Army". 18 May 2022. Archived from the original on 20 May 2022. Retrieved 23 May 2022.
  138. ^ a b "The Armed Forces in the Kharkiv region "decapitated" the occupiers' division". 20 April 2022. Retrieved 21 April 2022.
  139. ^ "As the battle for Bakhmut winds down, the Russians haven't won – and the Ukrainians haven't lost". 16 March 2023.
  140. ^ "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, April 5". Archived from the original on 5 April 2022. Retrieved 24 April 2022.
  141. ^ "Thanks, Dad Russian general visits frontlines to pin a medal on his own son, who commanded attacks against Sumy and Chernihiv". Archived from the original on 7 May 2022. Retrieved 30 May 2022.
  142. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae "RUSSIAN REGULAR GROUND FORCES ORDER OF BATTLE" (PDF). October 2023.
  143. ^ Bern, Stefaniia; Deutsch, Anthony (14 March 2023). "Exclusive: Ukraine accuses Russian snipers of abusing child, gang raping mother". Reuters.
  144. ^ Grynszpan, Emmanuel (8 September 2022). "Ukrainian counter-offensive increases the pressure on Russian forces near Kharkiv". Le Monde.
  145. ^ "RUSSIAN OFFENSIVE CAMPAIGN ASSESSMENT, DECEMBER 26, 2023". 26 December 2023.
  146. ^ "Stalingrad tank division destroyed as key town retaken". charter97. 28 March 2022. Archived from the original on 28 March 2022. Retrieved 26 March 2022.
  147. ^ "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, April 9". Institute for the Study of War. 9 April 2022. Archived from the original on 10 April 2022. Retrieved 10 April 2022. and "Commander Of Tank Regiment Of Russia Shot Himself - Defence Ministry Intelligence". 26 March 2022. Archived from the original on 26 March 2022. Retrieved 26 March 2022.
  148. ^ "Russian invasion of Ukraine will create new challenges at home for Vladimir Putin and the Kremlin – ABC News". ABC News. 25 February 2022. Archived from the original on 25 February 2022. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  149. ^ "Ukraine's Army liquidates commander of Russia's 49th Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade". Urkinform. 18 April 2022. Archived from the original on 19 April 2022. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  150. ^ "Ukraine's Armed Forces destroy unit Russian tank division in Kharkiv region". www.ukrinform.net. 17 March 2022. Archived from the original on 20 March 2022. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  151. ^ "General Staff: Russian soldiers are asking to go home". 30 March 2022. Archived from the original on 2 April 2022. Retrieved 20 April 2022.
  152. ^ "Conflict Intelligence Team Sitrep for Oct. 13-16, 2023 (as of 8:30 a.m.)". 17 October 2023.
  153. ^ Sitnikova, Iryna (22 May 2023). ""Вистрілив просто у груди": Судитимуть окупанта, який убив жительку Ізюма через помсту за відмову". hromadske.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 3 January 2024.
  154. ^ "Mikhail Nagamov: Commander of Russian sapper regiment 'killed in Ukraine'". Independent.co.uk. 20 April 2022. Archived from the original on 24 May 2022.
  155. ^ Tondo, Lorenzo (13 March 2023). "Russian soldier who hid from Ukrainian forces for six months arrested". The Guardian.
  156. ^ "Ukrainian intelligence gets documents about Russia's initial plans to take Kyiv". 14 April 2022. Archived from the original on 15 April 2022. Retrieved 15 April 2022.
  157. ^ Nikitenko, Anna (25 April 2022). "Губернатор Бурков выразил соболезнования семьям пятерых погибших на Украине омичей" (in Russian). Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  158. ^ "The General Staff of the Ukrainian Army named the Russian generals who lost their jobs or lives due to the war in Ukraine". 31 March 2022. Archived from the original on 31 March 2022. Retrieved 14 April 2022.
  159. ^ "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, March 8". 8 March 2022. Archived from the original on 15 March 2022. Retrieved 6 June 2022.
  160. ^ a b c "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, February 16, 2023". 16 February 2023.
  161. ^ "General Staff: Russian invaders suffer significant losses". www.ukrinform.net. 20 March 2022. Archived from the original on 20 March 2022. Retrieved 20 March 2022.
  162. ^ "Ukrainian military liberates four settlements in Kharkiv region". 10 May 2022. Archived from the original on 11 May 2022. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
  163. ^ "RUSSIAN OFFENSIVE CAMPAIGN ASSESSMENT, JULY 24". 24 July 2022.
  164. ^ a b "HIMARS in action: enemy command posts destroyed in Donbas - media". 25 June 2022.
  165. ^ "Russian Troops Dead After Getting 'Treated' to Poisoned Meals, Ukraine Officials Say". 2 April 2022. Archived from the original on 9 April 2022. Retrieved 15 April 2022.
  166. ^ "'Two Russian soldiers dead and 28 in hospital' after eating poisoned pastries from Ukrainian villagers". 3 April 2022. Archived from the original on 26 May 2022. Retrieved 22 May 2022.
  167. ^ a b c d e f g "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, March 7, 2023". 7 March 2023.
  168. ^ "Russian troops regrouping for offensive towards Lyman - General Staff". Retrieved 20 April 2022.
  169. ^ Clark, Mason; Barros, George; Stepanenko, Kateryna (17 March 2022). "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, March 17". Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  170. ^ "18:25 General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine". Retrieved 20 April 2022.
  171. ^ "RUSSIAN COMMANDER, WHO PRETENDS TO BE A FAMILY MAN ON SOCIAL MEDIA, KIDNAPPED AND RAPED A UKRAINIAN WOMAN TOGETHER WITH TWO SUBORDINATES". 17 April 2023.
  172. ^ Petter Midttun, Hans (8 March 2022). "War in Ukraine, Day 13: Mariupol is encircled, Russian General killed". Daily Review. Euromaidan Press. Archived from the original on 9 March 2022. Retrieved 3 April 2022.
  173. ^ "Ninth Russian colonel killed in Ukraine as Putin's invasion continues to blunder". Independent.co.uk. 9 April 2022. Archived from the original on 24 May 2022. Retrieved 22 April 2022.
  174. ^ "Russian Military Secretly Evacuate Families From Region Bordering Ukraine Inland - Journalist Tsymbaliuk". Archived from the original on 22 April 2022. Retrieved 22 April 2022.
  175. ^ "RUSSIAN OFFENSIVE CAMPAIGN ASSESSMENT, NOVEMBER 19, 2023". 19 November 2023.
  176. ^ "Newly mobilized Russians detained in occupied Luhansk Oblast, reveals Ukrainian official". 23 October 2022.
  177. ^ "An infamous Russian unit that downed a civilian plane in 2014 was active in Ukraine". NPR. 18 March 2023.
  178. ^ "236th Artillery Brigade awarded honorary designation Guards". 31 March 2023.
  179. ^ "We know who to hunt for: Ukraine intelligence has names of rocket brigade servicemen committing war crimes". 17 March 2022. Archived from the original on 6 April 2022. Retrieved 15 April 2022.
  180. ^ "Institute for the Study of War". Archived from the original on 20 April 2022. Retrieved 29 May 2022.
  181. ^ "Ярославские власти — о Толбухинском дивизионе: "Бойцы уже находятся в зоне проведения спецоперации"". 76.ru - новости Ярославля (in Russian). 29 November 2022. Retrieved 29 March 2023.
  182. ^ "Russia's 10th Tank Regiment loses many vehicles in 'tactically flawed attack'". 28 March 2023."(4/4) 10th Tank Regiment's losses". 28 March 2023.
  183. ^ a b c d e "Restructuring and Expansion of the Russian Ground Forces Hindered by Ukraine War Requirements". 12 November 2023.
  184. ^ a b c d e f "Moscow Re-Organizes Russian Armed Forces (Part Two)". 3 November 2023.
  185. ^ "Smashed By Ukrainian Mines And Artillery, Russia's Winter Offensive Just Ground To A Halt Outside Vuhledar". Forbes. Retrieved 10 February 2023.
  186. ^ "Ukraine unit says Russian brigade flees outskirts of Bakhmut". Reuters. 10 May 2023.
  187. ^ a b Stepanenko, Kateryna; Mappes, Grace; Wolkov, Nicole; Philipson, Layne; Kagan, Frederick. "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, May 11, 2023". understandingwar.org. THE INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF WAR. Archived from the original on 12 May 2023. Retrieved 4 June 2023.
  188. ^ Mappes, Grace; Hird, Karolina; Wolkov, Nicole; Harward, Christina; Kagan, Frederick W. "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, July 17, 2023". Institute for the Study of War. Retrieved 23 September 2023.
  189. ^ Bailey, Riley; Barros, George; Wolkov, Nicole; Harward, Christina; Stepanenko, Kateryna; Kagan, Frederick W. "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, August 6, 2023". Institute for the Study of War. Retrieved 23 September 2023.
  190. ^ "Russian Alga volunteer battalion's commander taken prisoner in Ukraine". 9 October 2023.
  191. ^ a b "11º Corpo do Exército (Federação Russa) (11th Army Corps (Russian Federation))". Archived from the original on 26 May 2022. Retrieved 23 May 2022.
  192. ^ a b c "Putin promoted 9 generals – participants in the war in Ukraine – The Moscow Times". 7 June 2022. Archived from the original on 9 June 2022. Retrieved 7 June 2022.
  193. ^ "The 11th army corps of the Russian Federation lost more than 200 pieces of equipment during the escape from the Kharkiv region". 18 September 2022. Retrieved 18 September 2022.
  194. ^ "Russia invades Ukraine — live updates from Suspilne 2.0". Archived from the original on 20 April 2022. Retrieved 23 May 2022.
  195. ^ "The Russian Army Grouping Completely Abandoned the Concept of the So-called "Tactical Battalion"". 16 December 2022.
  196. ^ "Ukraine's Counteroffensives in Kharkiv and Kherson and the Road Ahead". 16 September 2022.
  197. ^ "War in Ukraine Update: Wagner Group Drama in Bakhmut". 12 May 2023.
  198. ^ "На должность командира армейского корпуса назначен генерал-майор Борис Фомичев". ИА Би-Порт. 18 February 2022. Archived from the original on 31 July 2022. Retrieved 31 July 2022.
  199. ^ "Ukraine Conflict Updates". understandingwar.org. ISW. Retrieved 30 November 2023. ISW previously observed elements of the 80th Motorized Rifle Brigade (14th Army Corps, Northern Fleet) operating on the left bank in July 2023, and November 28 reports of 14th Army Corps Deputy Commander Major General Vladimir Zavadsky's death in the Kherson direction suggests that these elements may still be in the area.
  200. ^ "On one of the Ukrainian fronts, the invaders will soon have to choose between death and a shameful flight". 7 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  201. ^ "Hundreds of Russian Arctic troops believed to be involved in war crimes in Ukraine". thebarentsobserver.com. Archived from the original on 11 March 2022. Retrieved 15 March 2022.
  202. ^ "An elite Russian military brigade was basically 'wiped out,' taking so many losses in Ukraine that it will 'take years to rebuild,' report says". Business Insider. Retrieved 16 December 2022.
  203. ^ "A lieutenant colonel from Kazan who died in Ukraine was buried in the Pestrechinsky district" (in Russian). 9 April 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  204. ^ "Ukraine's Armed Forces liberate Chuhuiv town in Kharkiv region – General Staff". www.ukrinform.net. 7 March 2022. Archived from the original on 31 March 2022. Retrieved 14 April 2022.
  205. ^ "На Донецькому напрямку ЗСУ відбили наступ: знищено до сотні окупантів". Українська правда (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 14 March 2022. Retrieved 15 March 2022.
  206. ^ "Russia's failure to take down Kyiv was a defeat for the ages". Associated Press. 6 April 2022. Archived from the original on 15 April 2022. Retrieved 14 April 2022.
  207. ^ "Ульяновский губернатор сообщил о гибели двух десантников на Украине". March 2022. Archived from the original on 2 April 2022. Retrieved 14 April 2022.
  208. ^ a b c Mark Krutov; Oleksandra Vagner (6 April 2022). "As Evidence Of War Crimes In Bucha Mounts, A Hunt For Russian Military Units". Radio Free Europe. Archived from the original on 13 April 2022. Retrieved 10 April 2022.
  209. ^ "Ukraine's Armed Forces eliminate another Russian commander". 28 May 2022. Archived from the original on 28 May 2022. Retrieved 28 May 2022.
  210. ^ "Offenbar zweiter russischer General getötet". Faz.net (in German). 8 March 2022. Archived from the original on 9 March 2022. Retrieved 15 March 2022.
  211. ^ "Russian Hybrid Threats Report: Kremlin pushes claims about Ukrainian offensive, 'junk' weapons from West". 28 January 2022. Archived from the original on 1 May 2022. Retrieved 29 April 2022.
  212. ^ "Вологодский военнослужащий погиб в ходе спецоперации на Украине". Archived from the original on 13 April 2022. Retrieved 29 April 2022.
  213. ^ "The heavy losses of an elite Russian regiment in Ukraine". BBC News. 2 April 2022. Archived from the original on 3 April 2022. Retrieved 26 April 2022.
  214. ^ "Hundreds of Russian troops 'hitchhiked home' as they feared they would be left for dead". 31 March 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  215. ^ "Ukraine claims to have completely destroyed the Russian air unit". Archived from the original on 4 May 2022. Retrieved 1 June 2022.
  216. ^ a b Urban, Mark (1 July 2022). "Russia's elite 331st paras regiment fight for public support". BBC News.
  217. ^ "Ukrainian sniper successfully targets commander of Russia's Kostroma Regiment". 30 July 2022. Retrieved 4 August 2022.
  218. ^ "The cost of the Ukraine war for one Russian regiment". BBC News. 6 April 2023.
  219. ^ a b "Attacked From Both Sides: Russian Paratroopers Forced Out From Krynky Surroundings, Dnipro River Left Bank". 19 November 2023.
  220. ^ "another dismissal of a general – Il Tempo". 16 July 2023.
  221. ^ "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, July 15". Institute for the Study of War. Archived from the original on 25 March 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  222. ^ "UAWarData: Tracking the Russian invasion". uawardata.com. Archived from the original on 7 April 2022.
  223. ^ "HIMARS causes first prominent losses". Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  224. ^ "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, September 25, 2023". 25 September 2023.
  225. ^ "Multiple Explosions at Russian Airfield". 27 April 2022. Archived from the original on 5 May 2022. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
  226. ^ "Russia war latest: Putin's Bucha massacre 'just the tip of the iceberg' as Zelenksy calls for harder sanctions". 5 April 2022. Archived from the original on 4 May 2022. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
  227. ^ "Ukraine conflict: Russia records first combat loss of Su-35". Archived from the original on 28 April 2022. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
  228. ^ "Pilot Who Tried to Escape From Ukraine on MI-8 Buried in Russia". Archived from the original on 20 April 2022. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
  229. ^ "Moment Russian army helicopter is wiped out by missile made in Britain". 27 July 2023.
  230. ^ "Identification data of Russian pilots delivering strikes on Ukraine from the territory of Belarus". 21 April 2022. Archived from the original on 21 April 2022. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
  231. ^ "In Ukraine, a reconnaissance and attack helicopter of the Russian Aerospace Forces was shot down - the crew survived". Archived from the original on 4 May 2022. Retrieved 28 April 2022.
  232. ^ "Russia's Kill Order on Defected Helicopter Pilot Has 'No Expiration Date'". Newsweek. 2 October 2023.
  233. ^ "ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 276346". Archived from the original on 13 March 2022. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
  234. ^ "Ukrainian ground forces shoot down a Russian attack aircraft". (note incorrect title of Army Aviation rather than Sukhoi-25 unit).
  235. ^ "Путин присвоил наименование "гвардейский" 23-му истребительному авиационному полку". Коммерсантъ (in Russian). 17 November 2022. Retrieved 16 January 2023.
  236. ^ "British Defense Intelligence Update, June 24, 2022". Kyiv Post. Retrieved 25 June 2022.
  237. ^ "Russian Defense Minister names the new commanders for the Western and Southern military districts". Retrieved 23 January 2023.
  238. ^ "Еще один российский генерал погиб на войне в Украине" [One more Russian general killed in war in Ukraine]. Moscow Times (in Russian). 11 July 2023. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  239. ^ "Institute for the Study of War". Institute for the Study of War. Archived from the original on 31 May 2022. Retrieved 19 March 2022.
  240. ^ )"In Ukraine, the deputy commander of the 8th Army died". BB-CNTV. 16 April 2022. Archived from the original on 16 April 2022. Retrieved 16 April 2022.
  241. ^ Bird, Steve (17 March 2022). "Russia planning lightning advance to encircle Ukrainian army and claim victory". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 9 April 2022. Retrieved 15 April 2022.
  242. ^ "На Украине погиб командир дивизии из Волгограда полковник Алексей Горобец". Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  243. ^ "На Украине погиб замполит 20-й мотострелковой дивизии Алексей Аврамченко". 13 July 2022. Retrieved 14 July 2022.
  244. ^ "Three colonel-motorized riflemen of the Russian army liquidated in Ukraine". 12 July 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  245. ^ Serebryakov, Aleksey (8 March 2022). "На Украине погиб командир полка из Волгоградской области Юрий Агарков". Bloknot Volgograd. Archived from the original on 8 March 2022. Retrieved 6 June 2022.
  246. ^ "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, April 4". Archived from the original on 17 April 2022. Retrieved 20 April 2022.
  247. ^ "Russian forces already deployed to the Kremlin's main effort in eastern Ukraine are highly demoralized and do not have a cohesive command structure". Archived from the original on 17 April 2022. Retrieved 20 April 2022.
  248. ^ "Russian invaders suffer significant losses in Popasna direction – General Staff". 3 June 2022. Archived from the original on 6 June 2022. Retrieved 3 June 2022.
  249. ^ a b "The building housing the 150th Rifle Division burned down in the Rostov region of the Russian Federation". Retrieved 2 January 2023.
  250. ^ "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, June 18, 2023" (PDF). 18 June 2023.
  251. ^ "Russia attacks Ukraine: live update 30.03.2022". Retrieved 20 April 2022.
  252. ^ Tobias, Ben (26 March 2022). "Russian general Yakov Rezantsev killed in Ukraine". BBC News. BBC. Archived from the original on 27 March 2022. Retrieved 5 April 2022.
  253. ^ "Ukraine: Russia Brought 2,000 Troops from Abkhazia, Tskhinvali". 31 March 2022. Retrieved 25 August 2022.
  254. ^ Stepanenko, Kateryna; Mappes, Grace; Wolkov, Nicole; Kagan, Frederick. "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, February 22, 2023". understandingwar.org. Archived from the original on 24 February 2023. Retrieved 24 February 2023.
  255. ^ "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, June 9". 9 June 2022. Archived from the original on 10 June 2022. Retrieved 10 June 2022.
  256. ^ "Top Russian general fired for 'telling Kremlin the truth about war in Ukraine'". 14 July 2023.
  257. ^ "Russian General Officer Guide May 11, 2022 Edition" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 May 2022. Retrieved 4 June 2022.
  258. ^ "Ukrainian military capture lieutenant colonel of Russian army". 22 March 2022.
  259. ^ "Rusko pro etnické menšiny nepláče, ve válce obětuje mládí z Dálného východu". April 2022. Archived from the original on 29 April 2022. Retrieved 29 April 2022.
  260. ^ "Ukraine Army liquidates commander and chief of staff of Russian motor rifle regiment". 28 March 2022. Archived from the original on 29 March 2022. Retrieved 15 April 2022.
  261. ^ "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, February 25, 2022". Critical Threats. 25 February 2022. Archived from the original on 26 February 2022. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  262. ^ a b c "Armed Forces of Ukraine Defeated 70th Motorized Rifle Regiment of Russian Army". Archived from the original on 2 April 2022. Retrieved 14 April 2022.
  263. ^ "Ukraine names command of Russian units marred in Mariupol, Zaporizhzhya war crimes". 30 April 2022. Archived from the original on 30 April 2022. Retrieved 1 May 2022.
  264. ^ "Commanders and Their Families: Russian Officers Destroying South-East Ukraine". Archived from the original on 6 June 2022. Retrieved 30 May 2022.
  265. ^ "50th Self-Propelled Artillery Regiment awarded honorary Guards designation". 17 May 2023.
  266. ^ a b "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, January 14, 2024" (PDF). 14 January 2024.
  267. ^ "Ukrainian Troops Have Crossed The First Of The Russians' Three Main Trenchlines". Forbes. 30 August 2023. Retrieved 21 September 2023.
  268. ^ "The Journalists Have Identified the Occupiers From Dagestan Who Are Fighting in Ukraine". Archived from the original on 19 May 2022. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  269. ^ "Over 50 invaders killed, 220 wounded on April 20 — General Staff". 22 April 2022. Archived from the original on 19 May 2022. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  270. ^ "Not Built for Purpose: The Russian Military's Ill-Fated Force Design". War on the Rocks. 2 June 2022. Archived from the original on 7 June 2022. Retrieved 6 June 2022.
  271. ^ "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, September 18, 2023". 18 September 2023. Archived from the original on 25 September 2023. Retrieved 25 September 2023.
  272. ^ Valeyeva, Rozaliya (15 March 2022). "На Украине погиб командир инженерно-саперной бригады из Алкино-2 Сергей Порохня". Bashinform. Archived from the original on 17 May 2022. Retrieved 6 June 2022.
  273. ^ "В Муроме простились с земляками, погибшими в ходе спецоперации на Украине". Murom24 (in Russian). 17 May 2022. Archived from the original on 8 June 2022. Retrieved 6 June 2022.
  274. ^ "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, May 27". Institute for the Study of Warfare. 27 May 2022. Archived from the original on 28 May 2022. Retrieved 28 May 2022. and "Enemy trying to restrain Ukrainian forces, prevent redeployment of troops in south". 27 May 2022. Archived from the original on 28 May 2022. Retrieved 27 May 2022.
  275. ^ "У новороссийских десантников — новый командир – Новости Новороссийска". Новости Новороссийска (in Russian). Archived from the original on 30 March 2022. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  276. ^ 6 квітня (5 April 2022). "Том Купер: "Насправді велика битва на сході України вже в самому розпалі"". Tyzhden.ua. Archived from the original on 14 April 2022. Retrieved 28 April 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  277. ^ ""Давай, насилуй украинских баб" – ідентифіковано росіян, що телефоном обговорювали зґвалтування українок". 22 April 2022. Archived from the original on 23 April 2022. Retrieved 23 April 2022.
  278. ^ a b "AFU eliminate 75 invaders, destroy ammo depots in south". 21 August 2022. Retrieved 21 August 2022.
  279. ^ a b c d e f "Anatomy of a Russian Army village assault". 1 February 2023.
  280. ^ "Russian soldier and his wife were identified, the soldier had sought permission from his wife to rape a Ukrainian woman. Russian Soldier-Wife Discussing Rape Of Ukrainian Women get Identified Patrika News". 16 April 2022. Retrieved 26 April 2022.
  281. ^ "Destruction of helicopters, prisoner pilots: Summary of General Staff of Ukraine". 5 March 2022. Archived from the original on 27 April 2022. Retrieved 26 April 2022.
  282. ^ "'My son is dead. I don't understand how he was sent to Ukraine'". Le Monde.fr. 24 March 2022. Archived from the original on 26 April 2022. Retrieved 26 April 2022.
  283. ^ a b "Not the destruction of the cruiser Moskva, but the explosions in the Crimea caused the dismissal of the commander of the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Federation, – Yuri Butusov". 11 August 2022. Retrieved 12 August 2022.
  284. ^ "Russia Is Firing Its Senior Commanders. What Does That Mean For The Ukraine War?". 19 May 2022. Archived from the original on 19 May 2022. Retrieved 19 May 2022.
  285. ^ Sauer, Pjotr; Borger, Julian (14 April 2022). "Russia says Moskva cruiser has sunk after reported Ukrainian missile strike". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 14 April 2022. Retrieved 14 April 2022.
  286. ^ a b c d e f g h "Most Russian Black Sea Fleet warships are back in Sevastopol Bay". Retrieved 12 August 2012.
  287. ^ "Ukraine has hobbled Russia's Black Sea Fleet. Could it turn the tide of the war?". Politico. 29 August 2022. Retrieved 1 September 2022.
  288. ^ "Breaking: Another Russian Warship Hit by Ukrainian Anti-Ship Missile; Left Burning in the Black Sea — Reports". 6 May 2022. Archived from the original on 7 May 2022. Retrieved 15 May 2022.
  289. ^ Peck, Michael (6 May 2022). "Another Russian Warship Is Burning In The Black Sea". Forbes. Archived from the original on 7 May 2022. Retrieved 15 May 2022.
  290. ^ "Ukraine, Crimea. Explosions in Sevastopol. Reports of damage to the frigate Admiral Makarov". 29 October 2022. Retrieved 29 October 2022.
  291. ^ "Damaged Samum Ship Towed to Sevastopol Base But Repairing It is a Huge Problem". 17 September 2023.
  292. ^ Altman, Howard (21 July 2023). "Ominous Russian Anti-Ship Missile Drill Sinks Ex-Ukrainian Corvette". The War Zone. Retrieved 1 February 2024.
  293. ^ Starkova, Maria; Monaghan, Elaine (4 November 2023). "Ukraine hits Russian shipyard in Crimea port, damages ship". Reuters. Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  294. ^ a b