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Nowshera, Jammu and Kashmir

Nowshera
Naushera
City
Nowshera is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Nowshera
Nowshera
Location in Jammu and Kashmir, India
Nowshera is located in India
Nowshera
Nowshera
Nowshera (India)
Coordinates: 33°9′36″N 74°14′24″E / 33.16000°N 74.24000°E / 33.16000; 74.24000
Country India
Union TerritoryJammu and Kashmir
DistrictRajouri
Elevation
1,575 m (5,167 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total9,122
Languages
 • OfficialPothwari, Dogri, Hindi, Urdu, Kashmiri, English[1][2]
 • SpokenDogri, Pahari, Hindi, Punjabi, Urdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
185151
Vehicle registrationJK-11
Literacy79%
Websiterajouri.nic.in

Nowshera (alternatively spelt Nowshehra and Naushera) is a town and the headquarters of an eponymous tehsil of Rajouri district in the Jammu division of the Indian Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.[3] It is governed by a Municipal committee and in rural area of Nowshera consists of 14 panchayats governed by local bodies under the supervision of district administration.Thakur dwara lies in the mid of town Nowshera

Geography

Naushera in the context of Mirpur and Poonch districts

Nowshera is a small town located on the bank of the Manawer River just 4 km inwards from the Manawer bridge on Jammu-Poonch national highway. It is a border tehsil of Rajouri district with a vast areal and demographic extent.

Given its spatial and demographic extent, Nowshera has been given the status of a Sub-District. It is a beautiful place with a number of tourist attractions including the fort of Mangla Devi, holy cave temple of Mangla Mata, Central Gurudwara of Sikhs in Nonial, Qila Darhal and other Dargahs and temples. The literacy rate of Nowshera is very high with a low male-female literacy gap that shows that there is a deep inclination of people towards education. It has an average elevation of 1,575 metres (5,167 feet).

History

Prior to the Partition of India, Nowshera was a subdivision in the Bhimber tehsil of the Mirpur district. A brigade of Jammu and Kashmir State troops was stationed here, with the responsibility of securing the whole of Mirpur and Poonch districts.[citation needed] Following the 1947 Poonch Rebellion and the First Kashmir War, Nowshera got separated from the Mirpur district. It was combined with the other 'liberated areas' of the Mirpur district and reconstituted into a new tehsil of the Poonch district.[4] In 1967, the Poonch and Nowshera districts were separated into independent districts by the efforts of Late. Beli Ram Sharma (Former Minister and Former MLA Nowshera). But after that due to political pressure from the National Conference Govt and leadership of Rajouri the district status of Nowshera was snatched and given to Rajouri (district) with Nowshera coming under. Nowshera is still suffering due to the political system of Jammu and Kashmir. 90% of district offices are functioning in Nowshera and were sanctioned previously due to the hard efforts of Late Beli Ram Sharma and Late Dr. Romesh Chander Sharma (Both Served as Ministers and MLA)

Demographics

Central Sikh Gurudwara Nowshera Nonial, foundation stone was laid by Sant Baba Sunder Singh Ji (before independence) in Upper Nonial.

Religion in Nowshera Town (2011)[5]

  Hinduism (75.49%)
  Sikhism (15.03%)
  Islam (8.58%)
  Christianity (0.81%)
  Buddhism (0.02%)
  Jainism (0.02%)
  Not Stated (0.06%)

As of 2011 India census,[6] The total population of Nowshera town is 8,435.The town comprises 1500 houses and 225 shops and spreads on 1144 acre of land. It is situated on the north side of the fertile valley Nowshera about 300 ft above the right bank of Tawi river. The town is 124 km from Jammu and 45 km from Rajouri. It is tehsil headquarters and growth center of district. Presently, Nowshera tehsil comprises 58 villages. The total population of tehsil is about 62,000. Out of which more than 50% population is living below poverty line. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Nowshera has an average literacy rate of 79%, higher than the national average of 68% : male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 76%. In Nowshera, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. Tourist places in Nowshera are Mangla Devi, holy cave temple of Mangla Mata, Jamia Masjid, Ancient Mughliya Jahangiri Masjid, Khambah Fort (belongs to Mahabharata period, located on indo-pak border at zero point, Jhangar), Central Gurudwara of Sikhs in Nonial, Qila Darhal and other Dargahs and temples among which Central Gurudwara of Sikhs is near to the city. The Jamia Masjid is also located in the city. [7]

Degree College Nowshera

This college started functioning in 2008 with an enrollment of 233. It was opened in the premises of Govt. Boys Middle School, Nowshera with four classrooms under makeshift arrangement from the academic session started in June 2008. It was sanctioned by then MLA and Minister, Dr Romesh Chander Sharma, total 230 students were enrolled in B.A. Part-1 during that session. So far the college worked under the supervision of Prof. Gopal Gupta who managed the affairs of GDC, Nowshera being in the capacity of Nodal Principal for first two months. Dr Nutan Resutra was the first formal head of this institution from 07-07-2008 to 14-06-2009. He was instrumental in managing all activities in the first formative years of this prime institution. After his transfer, Prof. Zahoor A. Bhat took over that responsibility and delivered his services till 18-04-2010. Presently, Prof. S.P. Chopra has taken over as third Principal of this college from 22-04-2010. Now, it has been shifted to a newly constructed building sanctioned by then MLA and Minister, Dr Romesh Chander Sharma, which is containing all modern facilities for students. B.Sc medical and non-medical subjects are also introduced. The new building is near Radio station Nowshera.

Transport

Road

Nowshera is well-connected by road to other places in Jammu and Kashmir and India by the NH 144A.

Rail

Nowshehra doesn't have its own railway station. The nearest railway station is Jammu Tawi railway station located at a distance of 110 kilometres.

Air

The nearest airport is Jammu Airport located at a distance of 110 kilometres.

References

  1. ^ "The Jammu and Kashmir Official Languages Act, 2020" (PDF). The Gazette of India. 27 September 2020. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  2. ^ "Parliament passes JK Official Languages Bill, 2020". Rising Kashmir. 23 September 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  3. ^ Administrative setup, Rajouri district web site, Archived 20 December 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Jammu & Kashmir, 1947-50: An Account of Activities of First Three Years of Sheikh Abdullah's Government, Printed at the Ranbir Government Press, 1951, p. 73, the Sub-Division of Naushera has been excluded from Bhimber Tehsil and extended by the addition of the liberated areas of Mirpur district and reconstituted into a new Tehsil of Naushera.
  5. ^ "Nowshera Town Population". Census India. Retrieved 11 July 2021.
  6. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  7. ^ "Government Degree College Nowshera". Archived from the original on 24 October 2014. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
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Nowshera, Jammu and Kashmir
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