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Novigrad Castle

Novigrad Castle
(Fortica)
Novigrad, Zadar County, Croatia
Novigrad Castle as seen from the Novigrad plateau
Novigrad Castle (Fortica) is located in Croatia
Novigrad Castle (Fortica)
Novigrad Castle
(Fortica)
Coordinates44°11′02″N 15°33′14″E / 44.1839°N 15.554°E / 44.1839; 15.554
TypeHilltop castle
Site information
Open to
the public
yes
ConditionRuins
Site history
Built1220
Built byKurjaković family
TypeProtected cultural good
Reference no.Z-4198[1]

Novigrad Castle, locally called "Fortica"[2] is a ruined hilltop castle above village of Novigrad in Zadar County, Croatia.

History

It is considered that during the Bronze Age, a Liburnian hillfort existed on the site of today's castle.[3] The area was sublsquently conquered by Romans and became part of their state, until the fall of the Roman Empire in 476.[4] It was subsequently controlled by the Ostrogoths, until emperor Justinian's reconquista.[5] In the aftermath of Aachen peace of 812, the place came under control of Croats who made it a place of strategic significance.[5]

The castle itself was built in 1220 by reconstructing an older Roman fortification, therefore the complex was named "Castrum novum", or "Novigrad" (The New Castle).[2] By the late 1282, Juraj Gusić Kurjaković, count of Krbava erected new fortifications and had the castle thoroughly reinforced. Their purpose was to protect his possessions around Novigrad.[2] During the feudal power struggles of late 14th century called "The anti-court movement", in 1386 the Hungarian-Croatian sovereign Mary and her mother Elizabeth of Bosnia, were imprisoned in the castle.[6] Elizabeth was eventually strangled by her captors.[6] By 1409, the area became part of the Republic of Venice.[4] The Venetians built additional fortifications.[4] During the Venetian management, the castle was used as a residence of Venetian governor (provveditore).[5] During the Cretan war, the Ottoman Empire briefly managed to capture the Novigrad Castle, only to be reclaimed again by the Venetians in 1647.[2] The Venetian rule over this area continued until the end of the Republic in 1797.[4]

During the Croatian War of Independence, the wider area of Novigrad was fiercely contested during Operation Maslenica in January and February 1993. SVK's 7th North Dalmatian corps bolstered by elite Serbian Volunteer Guars (Arkan's Tigers) fought ferocious battles against Croatian Guards Brigades and special operations units with Serbs breaking the Croatian lines only to be pushed back by Croatian counterattacks.[7]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Arheološka zona Gradina". Registar Kulturnih Dobara. Retrieved 2023-08-04.
  2. ^ a b c d Stagličić, Ivan (2022-11-14). "Zadarski tjednik - Slikovita novigradska tvrđava Fortica..." zadarskitjednik.hr (in Croatian). Retrieved 2023-08-04.
  3. ^ euroart (2013-09-08). "Mjesto kojim su šetala čak dva kralja". Zadarski list (in Croatian). Retrieved 2023-08-05.
  4. ^ a b c d Lumen (2021-06-17). "Srednjovjekovni biser pod tvrđavom Forticom". Zagreb moj grad (in Croatian). Retrieved 2023-08-05.
  5. ^ a b c Zadar, Novi radio (2022-06-20). "NOVA MONOGRAFIJA O NOVIGRADU Novigradska tvrđava mora biti od strateškog interesa za Zadarsku županiju i Hrvatsku". Novi radio Zadar. Retrieved 2023-08-05.
  6. ^ a b "Novigrad je bio centar svita, a fortica tamnica dviju kraljica". www.vecernji.hr (in Croatian). Retrieved 2023-08-04.
  7. ^ CIA (2002). Balkan Battlegrounds. pp. 267–268.
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Novigrad Castle
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