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North Darfur

North Darfur State
ولاية شمال دارفور
Shamal Darfor
Farmer irrigating crops in North Darfur
Farmer irrigating crops in North Darfur
Flag of North Darfur State
Official seal of North Darfur State
Location in Sudan.
Location in Sudan.
Coordinates: 16°4′N 25°28′E / 16.067°N 25.467°E / 16.067; 25.467
Country Sudan
RegionDarfur
CapitalAl-Fashir
Government
 • GovernorNimir Mohammed Abdel Rahman
Area
 • Total296,420 km2 (114,450 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)
 • Total2,304,950[1]
 • Density5.34/km2 (13.8/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT)
HDI (2017)0.491[2]
low

North Darfur State (Arabic: ولاية شمال دارفور Wilāyat Šamāl Dārfūr; Shamal Darfor) is one of the wilayat or states of Sudan. It is one of the five states composing the Darfur region. It has an area of 296,420 km2 and an estimated population of approximately 2,304,950 in 2018. Al-Fashir is the capital of the state. Other significant towns include Ailliet,[3][4] Kebkabiya,[5][6] Kutum, Mellit (Malit),[6][7] Tawilah[8] and Umm Keddada (Umm Kadadah).[6][9]

History

North Darfur shares much of the history of Darfur. It was the center of the Sultanate of Darfur and contained both its capital al-Fashir and its biggest trading city Kobbei.

Former lieutenant general, Armed Forces Chief of Staff, and defense minister Ibrahim Suleiman Hassan served as governor of North Darfur from 2001 to 2003, until being dismissed by al-Bashir.[citation needed]

North Darfur has been a central state during the 2023 Sudan clashes.[10]

Geography

North Darfur occupies more than half of the territory of the Darfur region, and includes part of the Marrah Mountains (Jebel Marra). The northern part is entirely desert. To the south there is slightly more rainfall with the eastern side being plains with low sandy hills, while the volcanic Marrah Mountains occupy most of the western side of the south. In the southern portion the most important crops are millet, maize and peanuts.[6]

North Darfur is bounded on the northwest by Libya, on the north by Northern State, on the east by Northern State and North Kurdufan, on the southeast by South Kurdufan, on the south by South Darfur, and on the west by West Darfur and the Republic of Chad.

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 9 June 2023.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  3. ^ In Arabic كتم
  4. ^ "Ailliet, Sudan" Maplandia.com
  5. ^ In Arabic كبكابية
  6. ^ a b c d "ولاية شمال دارفور (The state of North Darfur)" Archived 7 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine Sudanese Government site, in Arabic, accessed 9 September 2010
  7. ^ In Arabic مليط
  8. ^ "Tawilah, Sudan" Maplandia.com
  9. ^ In Arabic أم كدادة،
  10. ^ Nashed, Mat. "Darfur on edge as violence spreads amid Sudan power struggle". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 19 April 2023.
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North Darfur
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