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National Front of Catalonia (2013)

National Front of Catalonia
Front Nacional de Catalunya
AbbreviationFNC
Founded18 November 1999 (1999-11-18)
IdeologyCatalan nationalism
Anti-immigration
Political positionFar-right[1][2]
Colors  Sky blue
SloganAllibera el teu país
("Free your country")[3]
Local government (2023–2027)
6 / 9,157
Website
elfront.cat

The National Front of Catalonia (Catalan: Front Nacional de Catalunya, FNC) is a Catalan far-right and pro-independence[1][2] political party, presented in 2013.[4] It had a local councilor in Ripoll between 2019 and 2020.[5][6] Their main ideological principles are Catalan nationalism and opposition to irregular immigration.[7]

History

Foundation

The party was registered in 1999 with the same name as the National Front of Catalonia, which had dissolved in 1990.[8] In 2013 Jordi Casacubera i Pérez, Pere Soler i Montoliu, Miquel Àngel Rodríguez i Fernàndez and Moisès Font i Casademont publicly launched the party. Jordi Casacuberta had been a member of the National Front of Catalonia, Catalan State, Republican Left of Catalonia, Catalan National Unity [ca] and Reagrupament. Pere Soler and Miquel Àngel Rodríguez had been members of the Democratic Union of Catalonia, and Moisès Font had been councilor of Platform for Catalonia in Olot and territorial president of PxC in Girona.[4][9][10]

Former members of the original FNC made a statement saying that when they had dissolved the FNC in 1990, they had approved in the last General Assembly that no-one would use the name in future, and that the ideology defended by the new FNC was different from the socialism that the original FNC stood for.[4] On June 27, 2014, Jordi Casacuberta i Pere Soler re-introduced the party with the name of National Democratic Bloc in Girona. They were defined as social conservatives and republicans.[11]

They wanted to present tenths of lists for the 2015 local elections, but finally they didn't do so. The party announced they would not participate in Catalan regional elections before independence in order to avoid dividing the vote.[11][9]

2019 local elections

In the 2019 local elections, the party presented a list in Ripoll, with the same name as the National Front of Catalonia, dissolved in 1990. The first on the list was Sílvia Orriols Serra and the second candidate was Fina Guix, who had been a councillor for Convergència i Unió in the previous legislature.[12] Alternative for Ripoll, the Republican Left of Catalonia, Together for Catalonia and the Socialists' Party of Catalonia pledged not to negotiate or work with the other two candidates from the FNC and Som Catalans, because they believed they were racist.[13] The FNC denied this allegation.[14] The party obtained 503 votes (9.44%) and Sílvia Orriols Serra was elected as a councillor.[15]

During the 2020 coronavirus pandemic, Sílvia Orriols left the FNC because of differences with the party on how to «face the serious national situation and the problem of immigration». As she continued to be councillor, the FNC was left without representation.[6]

2023 local elections

In the 2023 local elections, the party presented a total of 9 lists. Sergi Perramon, former member of the JNC and current general secretary of the Catalan Business Circle, and Maria Àngels Curtichs obtained the act of councilors in Manresa, and in the municipality of La Masó, with a candidacy led by former Junts councilor Albert Camps, obtained an absolute majority. In total, the FNC collected 3,529 votes throughout Catalonia.

Electoral performance

Parliament of Catalonia

Date Votes Seats Status Size
# % ±pp # ±
2021 4,967 0.18% +0.18 No Seats 12

References

  1. ^ a b Pareja, Pol (15 August 2019). "La ultraderecha se hace fuerte en Ripoll dos años después del atentado del 17A". eldiario.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-02-03.
  2. ^ a b Faus, Joan (2019-05-23). "La ultradreta es presenta a 52 municipis catalans". EL PAÍS (in Catalan). Retrieved 2020-02-03.
  3. ^ "Cartell - Front Nacional de Catalunya". Front Nacional de Catalunya - FNC (in Catalan). Retrieved 2021-02-10.
  4. ^ a b c "They prepare the presentation of a "new" National Front of Catalonia". Llibertat.cat. 2013-04-17. Retrieved 2019-07-09.
  5. ^ 324cat (2019-05-26). "Vox obté 3 regidors a Salt i el Front Nacional de Catalunya entra a Ripoll". CCMA (in Catalan). Retrieved 2020-02-03.((cite web)): CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  6. ^ a b "La regidora del Front Nacional a Ripoll estripa el carnet arran del coronavirus". El Món (in Catalan). 31 March 2020. Retrieved 2020-03-31.
  7. ^ "Front Nacional de Catalunya presenta candidatura a Ripoll". Ripollès Digital (in Catalan). Retrieved 2020-02-03.
  8. ^ "Formaciones policies inscribed" (in Spanish). Spanish Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved March 8, 2006.
  9. ^ a b "Exmilitantes de Unió, ERC and Plataforma recast the FNC" (in Spanish). E-News. 2013-10-04. Retrieved 2019-12-03.
  10. ^ Valeri, X. (2012-04-18). "Moses Source Plega and Rosa Llandrich enters PxC at the Town Council of Olot". Diari de Girona. Retrieved 2019-12-03.
  11. ^ a b Artigas, Lurdes. "Es presenta un partit sobiranista conservador - 30 juny 2014". El Punt Avui (in Catalan). Retrieved 2020-02-03.
  12. ^ "L'alcalde de Ripoll cessa una regidora de govern després de saber que es presentarà de 2 per una altra candidatura". el9nou.cat. Retrieved 2020-02-03.
  13. ^ NacióRipollès. "Front Nacional de Catalunya i Som Catalans, aïllats per la resta de partits a Ripoll | NacióRipollès". www.naciodigital.cat (in Catalan). Retrieved 2020-02-03.
  14. ^ "Apareixen dues candidatures islamòfobes a Ripoll". ElNacional.cat. 18 May 2019. Retrieved 2020-02-03.
  15. ^ NacióDigital. "Resultats eleccions municipals 2019 a Ripoll, Ripollès (Girona) | NacióDigital". www.naciodigital.cat (in Catalan). Retrieved 2020-02-03.
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National Front of Catalonia (2013)
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