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Awali (river)

Awali
Location
CountryLebanon
Physical characteristics
Source 
 • locationBarouk and Niha mountains, Lebanon
Mouth 
 • location
the Mediterranean
Length48 kilometres (30 mi)
Basin size294 km2 (114 sq mi)
Discharge 
 • average10.1625 m3/s (358.89 cu ft/s)

The Awali (Arabic: نهر الأولي / ALA-LC: Nahr al-Awalī, ancient Bostrenus / Bostrenos)[1][2] is a perennial river flowing in Southern Lebanon.[3] In ancient times it was known as Asclepius River. The 48 kilometres (30 mi) long Awali originates from the Barouk mountain at a height of 1,492 metres (4,895 ft) and the Niha mountain.

Awali river

The Awali is supplemented by two tributaries, the Barouk and Aaray rivers. The Awali is also known as the Bisri river in its upper section; it flows through the western face of Mount Lebanon and into the Mediterranean. The Awali river has a discharge of 10.1625 m3/s (358.89 cu ft/s), it forms a watershed that has an area of about 294 km2 (114 sq mi).[4] The river flows into Joun Lake, which is part of the Bisri Dam project to improve the supply of fresh water to the region.[5][6] A large portion of the Bisri Dam project funding, from the World Bank, was cancelled by the World Bank in September 2020.[7]

References

  1. ^ Renan, Ernest (1864). Mission de Phénicie dirigée par Ernest Renan: Texte (in French). Impr. impériale. p. 506.
  2. ^ Lipiński, Edward (1992). Dictionnaire de la civilisation phénicienne et punique (in French). Brepols. p. 77. ISBN 978-2-503-50033-1.
  3. ^ Lebanese Ministry of Environment (2008). Lebanon State of the Environment Report (PDF). Beirut: Ministry of Environment. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2010-08-03.
  4. ^ Arab Resource Development (2003). INTEGRATED WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN CAMP AREA WITH DEMONSTRATIONS IN DAMOUR, SARAFAND AND NAQOURA MUNICIPALITIES (PDF). Beirut: Ministry of Environment. p. 55. Retrieved 2010-08-03.
  5. ^ "Greater Beirut Water Supply Augmentation Project: Environment and Social Impact Assessment" (PDF).
  6. ^ Ray, Kirshen and Vogel, Patrick A., Paul H., and Richard M. (2010). "Integrated Optimization of Dual Quality Water and Wastewater System". Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management. 136: 11 – via ascelibrary.((cite journal)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  7. ^ "Q&A: Bisri Dam Project Cancelation". World Bank. Retrieved 2021-02-09.

33°35′20″N 35°23′10″E / 33.5888°N 35.3860°E / 33.5888; 35.3860

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Awali (river)
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