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Myingyan

Myingyan
မြင်းခြံမြို့
City
Myingyan railway station
Myingyan railway station
Myingyan is located in Myanmar
Myingyan
Myingyan
Location in Myanmar
Coordinates: 21°27′36″N 95°23′18″E / 21.46000°N 95.38833°E / 21.46000; 95.38833
Country Myanmar
RegionMandalay Region
DistrictMyingyan District
TownshipMyingyan Township
Area
 • Total9.58296 km2 (3.70000 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)
 • Total91,542
Time zoneUTC+6.30 (MST)

Myingyan (Burmese: မြင်းခြံ; MLCTS: mrang:hkram, [mjɪ́ɰ̃d͡ʑàɰ̃]) is a city and district in the Mandalay Division of central Myanmar, previously, it was a district in the Meiktila Division of Upper Burma. It is currently the capital of Myingyan Township and lies along the National Highway 2. As of 2014, the city had a population of 276,096 and the district had 1,055,957.

It lies in the valley of the Ayeyarwady River, to the south of Mandalay, on the east bank of the river. The area around the city is flat, especially to the north and along the banks of the Ayeyarwady. Inland the country rises in gently undulating slopes. The most noticeable feature is Popa Hill, an extinct volcano, to the south-east. The highest peak is 4,962 feet (1,512 m). above sea-level. The climate is dry, with high south winds from March until September. The annual rainfall averages about 35 inches (890 mm). The temperature varies between 70 and 106 °F (21 and 41 °C). The ordinary crops are millet, sesame, cotton, maize, rice and a great variety of peas and beans. There are no forests, but a great deal of low scrubland. Myingyan is the head of the branch railway to Thazi and the main line between Yangon and Mandalay.

Myingyan Prison in Myingyan District was known as the most infamous detention center among Burma's political prisoners for its atrocities from early 1990s' to October 1999 when the International Committee for Red Cross (ICRC) was granted an access to the prison.

Climate

Myingyan has a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen BSh) as the city lies in the rain shadow of the Arakan Mountains which dry the monsoon rains as they descend into the central Irrawaddy Basin.

Climate data for Myingyan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 29.1
(84.4)
32.5
(90.5)
36.6
(97.9)
39.1
(102.4)
36.7
(98.1)
34.2
(93.6)
33.5
(92.3)
33.1
(91.6)
33.0
(91.4)
32.7
(90.9)
30.6
(87.1)
28.2
(82.8)
33.3
(91.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 21.2
(70.2)
24.1
(75.4)
28.3
(82.9)
32.0
(89.6)
31.2
(88.2)
29.9
(85.8)
29.3
(84.7)
29.1
(84.4)
28.8
(83.8)
28.2
(82.8)
25.1
(77.2)
21.7
(71.1)
27.4
(81.3)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 13.4
(56.1)
15.8
(60.4)
20.1
(68.2)
25.0
(77.0)
25.7
(78.3)
25.6
(78.1)
25.2
(77.4)
25.1
(77.2)
24.7
(76.5)
23.7
(74.7)
19.7
(67.5)
15.3
(59.5)
21.6
(70.9)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 1.2
(0.05)
2.5
(0.10)
2.9
(0.11)
17.6
(0.69)
91.4
(3.60)
85.1
(3.35)
57.2
(2.25)
105.8
(4.17)
151.7
(5.97)
101.6
(4.00)
25.8
(1.02)
3.6
(0.14)
646.4
(25.45)
Source 1: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[1]
Source 2: [2]

References

  1. ^ "Myanmar Climate Report" (PDF). Norwegian Meteorological Institute. pp. 23–36. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 October 2018. Retrieved 1 December 2018.
  2. ^ Asia. Myanmar. Myingyan climate-data.org
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Myingyan
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