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Muş Province

Muş Province
Muş ili
Location of the province within Turkey
Location of the province within Turkey
CountryTurkey
SeatMuş
Government
 • GovernorAvni Çakır
Area
8,718 km2 (3,366 sq mi)
Population
 (2022)[1]
399,202
 • Density46/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (TRT)
Area code0436
Websitewww.mus.gov.tr

Muş Province (Turkish: Muş ili; Armenian: Մուշի մարզ, romanizedMushi marz; Kurdish: Parêzgeha Mûşê is a province in the east Anatolia region of Turkey (Türkiye). Its area is 8,718 km2,[2] and its population is 399,202 (2022),[1] down from 453,654 in 2000. The provincial capital is the city of Muş. Another town in Muş province, Malazgirt (Manzikert), is famous for the Battle of Manzikert of 1071.

History

The province is considered a part of historical Western Armenia.[3] Before the Armenian genocide, the area was a part of the Six Armenian Vilayets.[4][5] The province is considered part of Turkish Kurdistan and has a Kurdish majority.[6][7] Avni Çakır was appointed Governor of the province in August 2023.[8]

Geology and geomorphology

There are a total of 8 mountain ranges,[9] 4 of which are large, in the province. Muş province is surrounded by Otluk Mountains in the middle, Akdoğan Mountains in the north, Bingöl Mountains in the northwest, Şerafettin Mountains in the west, Karaçavuş Mountains in the southwest, Yakupağa Mountains and Bilican Mountains in the southeast,[10] Cemalverdi Mountains in the east.[11] Plains constitute 27.2 percent of the Muş provincial area. The most important are Muş, Bulanık, Malazgirt and Liz Plains.[12]

Lakes

The main largest lakes in Muş are Lake Akdoğan, Lake Haçlı and Lake Kaz.[13]

Plants

The main plant species in the Muş province are toxic Ferula and non-toxic Ferula, Rheum ribes, Gundelia, Sorrel, Arum maculatum, Eremurus spectabilis, Diplotaenia cachrydifolia Boiss, Chaerophyllum macrospermum, Thymus (plant), Chondrilla juncea,[14] Tulipa sintenisii,[15] Eryngium billardieri,[16] Chicory,[17] Astragalus kurdicus, Paeonia turcica and Euphorbia sp.[18] In addition, there are Pleurotus eryngii var. ferulae mushrooms in the every high parts of the province. Frangula alnus and Prunus cerasifera are located on the humid shores of the lakes. Oak trees, Crataegus monogyna, Rosa canina,[19] Malus sylvestris,[20] Pyrus elaeagrifolia,[21] Prunus mahaleb, Aria edulis and Cotoneaster nummularius[22] are other trees in the Muş Province.

Fauna

The main animals in the region are Bear, Wolf, Fox, Pig, Partridge, Lynx, Duck, Turtle, Williams's jerboa, Caspian turtle and European green lizard.

Tourism

The touristic places in Muş are the historical Murat Bridge, the tulips on the Muş Plain, Muş Castle, Haspet Castle, Kepenek Castle, Kayalıdere Castle,[23] Mercimekkale Mound, Lake Akdoğan, Künav Cave, Lake Haçlı,[24] Malazgirt Castle[25] and Esenlik Mosque.

Transportation

The city is served by the Muş Airport. It has a train station and a bus station(MUŞTİ).

Districts

Muş Province's administrative divisions

Muş province is divided into 6 districts (capital district in bold):

Economy

Historically, Muş was known for producing wheat.[26] The province also grew madder, but locals retained it, using it for dye.[27] The area also had salt mines. As of 1920, the region had so much salt that it was said to have enough to supply Europe and Asia.[28]

References

  1. ^ a b "Address-based population registration system (ADNKS) results dated 31 December 2022, Favorite Reports" (XLS). TÜİK. Retrieved 19 September 2023.
  2. ^ "İl ve İlçe Yüz ölçümleri". General Directorate of Mapping. Retrieved 19 September 2023.
  3. ^ Myhill, John (2006). Language, Religion and National Identity in Europe and the Middle East: A historical study. Amsterdam: J. Benjamins. p. 32. ISBN 978-90-272-9351-0.
  4. ^ İsmail Soysal, Türkiye'nin Siyasal Andlaşmaları, I. Cilt (1920-1945), Türk Tarih Kurumu, 1983, p. 14.
  5. ^ Verheij, Jelle (2012). Jongerden, Joost; Verheij, Jelle (eds.). Social Relations in Ottoman Diyarbekir, 1870–1915. Brill. p. 88. ISBN 978-90-04-22518-3
  6. ^ Watts, Nicole F. (2010). Activists in Office: Kurdish Politics and Protest in Turkey (Studies in Modernity and National Identity). Seattle: University of Washington Press. p. 167. ISBN 978-0-295-99050-7.
  7. ^ "Kurds, Kurdistān". Encyclopaedia of Islam (2 ed.). BRILL. 2002. ISBN 978-90-04-16121-4.
  8. ^ "Valimiz". www.mus.gov.tr. Retrieved 25 October 2023.
  9. ^ "Muş ili 2019 yılı çevre durum raporu" (PDF) (in Turkish). Çevre ve şehircilik il müdürlüğü. 2020. p. 8.
  10. ^ "Muş il fiziki haritası" (PDF) (in Turkish). Harita genel müdürlüğü. September 28, 2023. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 18, 2023.
  11. ^ "Bulanık-Malazgirt(Muş) havzası'nın iklim özellikleri" (PDF) (in Turkish). Bingöl University. August 16, 2016. p. 3.
  12. ^ "Vadiler ve Ovalar". mus.ktb.gov.tr. Muş İl Kültür ve Turizm Müdürlüğü. p. 1.
  13. ^ "Coğrafi Yapı". mus.gov.tr (in Turkish). Retrieved 2023-10-12.
  14. ^ "Muş'ta Yabani Bitkilerin Halk Hekimliğinde Kullanılması" (PDF) (in Turkish). Muş Alparslan University. January 2019. p. 7.
  15. ^ "Türkiye'nin Laleleri" (PDF) (in Turkish). Bolu Abant Izzet Baysal University. May 2014. p. 5.
  16. ^ "Flora of Tigem Alparslan Farm and surroundings (Muş)" (PDF) (in Turkish). Van Yüzüncü Yıl University. September 2011. p. 14.
  17. ^ "Flora of Tigem Alparslan Farm and surroundings (Muş)" (PDF) (in Turkish). Van Yüzüncü Yıl University. September 2011. p. 16.
  18. ^ "Hamurpet Gölleri doğasıyla mest ediyor". iha.com.tr. İhlas News Agency. p. 1.
  19. ^ "Muş yöresinde yetişen bitkilerin gastronomi turizmi ve kırsal turizm potansiyeli açısından değerlendirilmesi" (PDF) (in Turkish). Muş Alparslan University. March 2023. p. 18.
  20. ^ "Muş ili 2019 yılı çevre durum raporu" (PDF) (in Turkish). Governor of Muş, Çevre ve şehircilik il müdürlüğü. 2020. p. 50.
  21. ^ "Muş ilinin tarımsal ekosistemine makro bakış" (PDF) (in Turkish). Muş Alparslan University. November 2021. p. 33.
  22. ^ "Elazığ orman bölge müdürlüğünde odun dışı orman ürünlerinin sosyoekonomik boyutları üzerine araştırmalar" (PDF) (in Turkish). Kahramanmaraş Sütçüimam University, Fen bilimleri enstitüsü. 2014. p. 94.
  23. ^ "Muş GoTürkiye". Muş İl Kültür ve Turizm Müdürlüğü (in Turkish). Retrieved 2023-10-06.
  24. ^ "Gezilecek yerler". Kültür Portalı (in Turkish). Retrieved 2023-11-23.
  25. ^ "60 dakikalık Muş il brifingi" (PDF) (in Turkish). Muş Valiliği. February 2017. p. 36.
  26. ^ Prothero, W.G. (1920). Armenia and Kurdistan. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 60.
  27. ^ Prothero, W.G. (1920). Armenia and Kurdistan. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 62.
  28. ^ Prothero, W.G. (1920). Armenia and Kurdistan. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 71.

39°00′02″N 41°49′38″E / 39.00056°N 41.82722°E / 39.00056; 41.82722

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Muş Province
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