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De Gruyter

De Gruyter GmbH
Parent companyDe Gruyter Brill
Founded1749; 275 years ago (1749)
FounderGeorg Reimer
Country of originGermany
Headquarters locationBerlin
DistributionHGV (most of world)
TriLiteral (Americas Books)
EBSCO (US journals)[1]
Key peopleCarsten Buhr (CEO)
ImprintsDe Gruyter Mouton
De Gruyter Saur
De Gruyter Akademie
De Gruyter Oldenbourg
Revenue€63 million (2017)[2]
No. of employeesca. 350[2]
Official Edit this at Wikidata
The palais at Wilhelmstraße No. 73, original headquarters of the company, c. 1920
The company's headquarters in Berlin (2011)

Walter de Gruyter GmbH, known as De Gruyter (German: [də ˈɡʁɔʏ̯tɐ]), is a German scholarly publishing house specializing in academic literature.[3]


The roots of the company go back to 1749 when Frederick the Great granted the Königliche Realschule in Berlin the royal privilege to open a bookstore and "to publish good and useful books".[4] In 1800, the store was taken over by Georg Reimer (1776–1842), operating as the Reimer'sche Buchhandlung from 1817, while the school's press eventually became the Georg Reimer Verlag. From 1816, Reimer used a representative palace at Wilhelmstraße 73 in Berlin for his family and the publishing house, whereby the wings contained his print shop and press.[5] The building later served as the Palace of the Reich President.[6]

Born in Ruhrort in 1862, Walter de Gruyter took a position with Reimer Verlag in 1894. By 1897, at the age of 35, he had become sole proprietor of the hundred-year-old company then known for publishing the works of German romantics such as Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Friedrich Schleiermacher, and Heinrich von Kleist. De Gruyter later acquired four other publishing houses – Göschen, Guttentag, Trübner, and Veit – and, in 1919, merged them into one: Vereinigung wissenschaftlicher Verleger Walter de Gruyter & Co., located in Genthiner Straße, where it is still headquartered today. The four publishers specialized in philosophy, theology, German literature, medicine, mathematics, engineering, law, political science, and natural science, and it is for many classics in these fields that de Gruyter is still known today. By the time he died in 1924, Walter de Gruyter had created one of the largest modern publishing houses in Europe.[citation needed] De Gruyter's son-in-law, Herbert Cram (1893–1967) succeeded him in the management of the company and it continues to be family-owned.[7]

During World War II, the roof and top floor of the de Gruyter building were destroyed and the basement warehouse flooded, but the building itself survived. On 14 May 1945, the publisher again registered for trading and was the first publisher in the British zone to receive a license.[8] The company became Walter de Gruyter GmbH in 2012.[4] In addition to its headquarters in Berlin, De Gruyter maintains offices around the globe, namely in Munich, Vienna, Basel, Warsaw, Boston, and Beijing.[9]

Imprints and partnerships

Several former publishing houses have become imprints of De Gruyter:

  • "De Gruyter Mouton/De Gruyter Saur" (formerly "Mouton de Gruyter") was purchased by de Gruyter in 1977. It was originally known as Mouton Publishers and based in The Hague. The imprint specializes in the field of linguistics and publishes academic journals, research monographs, reference works, multimedia publications, and bibliographies.
  • K. G. Saur Verlag, based in Munich, was acquired in 2006 and retains the imprint "De Gruyter Saur". It specializes in reference information for libraries.
  • De Gruyter acquired the journals of Berkeley Electronic Press in 2011.
  • After filing for bankruptcy protection in 2012, publisher Birkhäuser was acquired by De Gruyter.[10]
  • In 2012 De Gruyter also acquired the open access publisher Versita.[11] From 2014 until 2018, Versita was fully integrated into the imprint "De Gruyter Open", which also hosted several so-called mega journals[12] and a blog, OpenScience,[13] on open access in academia, reflecting the growing popularity of open access among researchers and academic institutions.[14] In 2018, De Gruyter Open was relaunched as Sciendo.[15][16]
  • In 2013 De Gruyter acquired two academic publishers from Cornelsen Verlag: Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag and Akademie Verlag.[17]

De Gruyter is one of thirteen publishers to participate in the Knowledge Unlatched pilot, a global library consortium approach to funding open access books.[18]

See also


  1. ^ "Trade". Retrieved 24 September 2020.
  2. ^ a b "About". De Gruyter. 2023. Retrieved 20 July 2023.
  3. ^ "Walter de Gruyter Foundation | De Gruyter". Retrieved 21 February 2023.
  4. ^ a b "De Gruyter in a nutshell". Walter de Gruyter. Retrieved 23 January 2021.
  5. ^ "Reimer, Georg". (in German). Retrieved 1 January 2024.
  6. ^ Meissner, Hans Otto (1988). Junge Jahre im Reichspräsidentenpalais (in German). Esslingen: Bechtle. ISBN 3-7628-0469-9.
  7. ^ Königseder, Angelika (September 2021). Herbert Cram und der Verlag Walter de Gruyter 1945 bis 1967 (in German). Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck. ISBN 978-3-16-160855-1.
  8. ^ Ziesak, Anne-Katrin (2013). Walter de Gruyter Publishers: 1749–1999. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 248–250. ISBN 9783110816662.
  9. ^ "Working at De Gruyter". Retrieved 16 September 2021.
  10. ^ "Birkhäuser". Walter de Gruyter. 26 April 2012. Retrieved 11 January 2013.
  11. ^ "DeGruyter acquires Versita, increasing their open-access publishing business". Archived from the original on 21 September 2013.
  12. ^ "De Gruyter Open converts eight subscription journals to Open Access megajournals". De Gruyter Open. 27 November 2023.
  13. ^ "OpenScience". De Gruyter Open.
  14. ^ "Global Shift Towards Open Access Publishing: Key Challenges for Research Community". Visakhi, P.
  15. ^ "De Gruyter launches new division Sciendo". Information Today Europe. 17 May 2018. Retrieved 24 September 2020.
  16. ^ "De Gruyter launches Sciendo | STM Publishing News". 14 May 2018. Retrieved 24 September 2020.
  17. ^ "De Gruyter kauft die Wissenschaftsverlage Oldenbourg und Akademie". Press release. Walter de Gruyter. Archived from the original on 14 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2014.
  18. ^ "Good for publishers".

Further reading

  • Walter de Gruyter & Co; Fouquet-Plümacher, Doris; Wolter, Michael; Freie Universität Berlin. Universitätsbibliothek (1980). Aus dem Archiv des Verlages Walter de Gruyter : Briefe, Urkunden, Dokumente : [Katalog zur Ausstellung vom 17. Oktober-6. Dezember 1980, Universitätsbibliothek der Freien Universität Berlin] (in German). Berlin: De Gruyter. ISBN 3-11-008513-5. OCLC 7796145.
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De Gruyter
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