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Mount Macdonald

Mount Macdonald
Rogers Pass and Mount Macdonald (then Mount Carroll) on the Canadian Pacific Railway, 1887
Highest point
Elevation2,883 m (9,459 ft)[1]
Prominence518 m (1,699 ft)[1]
Parent peakUto Peak
ListingMountains of British Columbia
Coordinates51°18′30″N 117°28′18″W / 51.30833°N 117.47167°W / 51.30833; -117.47167[2]
DistrictKootenay Land District
Parent rangeDuncan RangesSelkirk Mountains
Topo mapNTS 82N6 Blaeberry[2]
First ascent1886 by DO Lewis and several members of CPR Engineering[1]

Mount Macdonald is a mountain peak located in the Selkirk Mountains of British Columbia, Canada, immediately east of Rogers Pass in Glacier National Park. It is notable as the location of the Canadian Pacific Railway's Connaught and Mount Macdonald Tunnels. At 14.7 km, the Mount Macdonald tunnel is the longest railway tunnel in the western hemisphere.[citation needed]

The original name of the peak was Mount Carroll (for a member of the CPR engineering team under A. B. Rogers[2]), but was renamed to honor the first Prime Minister of Canada, Sir John A. Macdonald, by a Privy Council Order in Council #551 on 4 April 1887.[2]


Based on the Köppen climate classification, this mountain is located in a subarctic climate zone with cold, snowy winters and mild summers.[3] Temperatures can drop below −20 °C with wind chill factors below −30 °C. Precipitation runoff from the mountain drains into tributaries of the Beaver River.

See also


  1. ^ a b c "Mount Macdonald". Retrieved 2010-02-13.
  2. ^ a b c d "Mount Macdonald". BC Geographical Names. Retrieved 2015-01-10.
  3. ^ Peel, M. C.; Finlayson, B. L. & McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen−Geiger climate classification". Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633–1644. ISSN 1027-5606.
Mount Macdonald's north face

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Mount Macdonald
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