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Minister of Energy and Natural Resources

Minister of Energy and Natural Resources
Ministre de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles
Jonathan Wilkinson
since October 26, 2021
Natural Resources Canada
StyleThe Honourable
Member of
Reports to
AppointerMonarch (represented by the governor general);[3]
on the advice of the prime minister[4]
Term lengthAt His Majesty's pleasure
Inaugural holderAnne McLellan
Formation12 January 1995
SalaryCA$269,800 (2019)[5]

The minister of energy and natural resources (French: ministre de l’énergie et des ressources naturelles) is the minister of the Crown in the Canadian Cabinet who is responsible for Natural Resources Canada (NRCan).

In addition to NRCan, the minister oversees the federal government's natural resources portfolio, which includes Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, the Canada Energy Regulator, and the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission, as well as the Canada-Newfoundland and Labrador Offshore and the Canada-Nova Scotia Offshore Petroleum Boards. The Energy Supplies Allocation Board and the Northern Pipeline Agency also report to the Minister as required.[6]

The current minister of energy and natural resources is Jonathan Wilkinson, since October 26, 2021.[7] This position was established in 1995 under the Department of Natural Resources Act, S.C. 1994, c. 41, which merged the positions of the minister of energy, mines and resources and minister of forestry.[8]


Prior to 1995, the responsibilities of the current natural resources portfolio were divided between the minister of energy, mines and resources and the minister of forestry, both posts which are now defunct.[8]

With the transfer of the Canadian Forest Service from the Department of Forestry to the Department of Agriculture, the forestry portfolio came under the minister of agriculture between 1984 and 1985, then back to the minister of the environment from 1985. It became a single department in 1989 and then designated to the minister of energy, mines and resources in 1990.

In 1994, the Department of Natural Resources Act, S.C. 1994, c. 41, provided for the creation of the minister of natural resources, with authority to carry out matters previously undertaken by the minister of forestry and the minister of energy, mines and resources.[8]

Minister of Energy, Mines and Resources

The minister of energy, mines, and resources (French: ministre de l'énergie, des mines et des ressources) was a member of the Cabinet from 1966 to 1995.

Prior to 1966, the responsibility related to Canadian mines and natural resources resided in various ministers:

The emerging role of energy development in federal policy would become more prominent in 1966, when that responsibility was adopted by the natural resources portfolio,[9] whereupon the minister of mines and technical surveys was abolished and the minister of energy, mines and resources was established in its place by Statute 14-15 Eliz. II, c. 25—which received royal assent on 16 June 1966 and proclaimed in-force on October 1 later that year.

Three decades later, in 1995, the energy, mines and resources portfolio merged with that of forestry to form the current minister of natural resources, under the Department of Natural Resources Act, S.C. 1994, c. 41—which received royal assent on December 15, 1994.[8]

Minister of Forestry

The minister of forestry was an office in the Cabinet from 1962 to 1966 and again from 1990 to 1995. Between 1966 and 1990, the holder was known as the minister of forestry and rural development.

Prior to 1962, the responsibility for forestry resided in various ministers:

The position of minister of forestry was first created in 1962, late in John Diefenbaker's premiership. It lasted into the government of Lester B. Pearson.

In 1971, during the first mandate of Pierre Trudeau's government, responsibility for forestry along with fisheries merged into the minister of the environment, briefly renamed as minister of fisheries and the environment from 1976 to 1979, minister of state (environment) from 1977 to 1979, and then minister of the environment again from 1979 to 1984.

In 1989, during the second mandate of Brian Mulroney's government, the second incarnation of the Department of Forestry was established under the Department of Forestry Act (assented to 21 December 1989).[10][11] In 1995, during the first mandate of Jean Chrétien's government, the forestry portfolio was merged with that of the minister of energy, mines, and resources to create the post of minister of natural resources. During the cabinet shuffle of July 26, 2023, this title was expanded to become the Minister of Energy and Natural Resources.

List of ministers

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources in this section. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Minister of Energy and Natural Resources" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (March 2022) (Learn how and when to remove this message)


No. Portrait Name Term of office Political party Ministry
1 Anne McLellan January 12, 1995 June 10, 1997 Liberal 26 (Chrétien)
2 Ralph Goodale June 11, 1997 January 14, 2002 Liberal
3 Herb Dhaliwal January 15, 2002 December 11, 2003 Liberal
4 John Efford December 12, 2003 September 25, 2005 Liberal 27 (Martin)
5 John McCallum September 26, 2005 February 3, 2006 Liberal
6 Gary Lunn January 6, 2006 October 29, 2008 Conservative 28 (Harper)
7 Lisa Raitt October 30, 2008 January 19, 2010 Conservative
8 Christian Paradis January 19, 2010 May 18, 2011 Conservative
9 Joe Oliver May 18, 2011 March 19, 2014 Conservative
10 Greg Rickford March 19, 2014 November 4, 2015 Conservative
11 Jim Carr November 4, 2015 [12] July 17, 2018 Liberal 29 (J. Trudeau)
12 Amarjeet Sohi July 17, 2018[13] November 20, 2019 Liberal
13 Seamus O'Regan November 20, 2019[14] October 26, 2021 Liberal
14 Jonathan Wilkinson October 26, 2021 Incumbent Liberal
Ministers of Energy, Mines, and Resources
No. Minister Term Ministry
1. Jean-Luc Pépin October 1, 1966 – April 20, 1968 under Pearson
Jean-Luc Pépin (cont'd) April 20, 1968 – July 5, 1968 under Trudeau Sr.
2. John James Greene July 6, 1968 – January 27, 1972
3. Donald Stovel Macdonald January 28, 1972 – September 25, 1975
4. Alastair Gillespie September 26, 1975 – June 3, 1979
5. Ramon John Hnatyshyn June 4, 1979 – March 2, 1980 under Clark
6. Marc Lalonde March 3, 1980 – September 9, 1982 under Trudeau Sr.
7. Jean Chrétien September 10, 1982 – June 29, 1984
8. Gerald A. Regan June 30, 1984 – September 16, 1984 under Turner
9. Patricia Carney September 17, 1984 – June 29, 1986 under Mulroney
10. Marcel Masse June 30, 1986 – January 29, 1989
11. Arthur Jacob Epp January 30, 1989 – January 3, 1993
12. William Hunter McKnight January 4, 1993 – June 24, 1993
13. Barbara Jane Sparrow June 25, 1993 – November 3, 1993 under Campbell
14. Anne McLellan November 4, 1993 – January 11, 1995 under Chrétien
No. Minister Term Ministry
Minister of Forestry (1960–66)
1. Hugh John Flemming 1962 – 1963[15] under Diefenbaker
2. Martial Asselin 1963[16]
3. John Robert Nicholson April 22, 1963 – 1964[17] under Pearson
4. Maurice Sauvé 1964 – 1966
Minister of Forestry and Rural Development
1. Maurice Sauvé 1966 – 1968
Jean Marchand 1968 – 1969
Minister of Fisheries and Forests
1. Jack Davis 1969 – 1971 under Trudeau Sr.
Minister of Forestry (1990–95)
1. Frank Oberle, Sr. February 23, 1990 – June 24, 1993 under Brian Mulroney
2. Bobbie Sparrow June 25, 1993 – November 3, 1993 under Kim Campbell
3. Anne McLellan November 4, 1993 – January 11, 1995 under Jean Chrétien

See also


  1. ^ "The Canadian Parliamentary system - Our Procedure - House of Commons". Retrieved 2020-04-20.
  2. ^ "Review of the Responsibilities and Accountabilities of Ministers and Senior Officials" (PDF).
  3. ^ "Constitutional Duties". The Governor General of Canada. Retrieved 2020-04-20.
  4. ^ "House of Commons Procedure and Practice - 1. Parliamentary Institutions - Canadian Parliamentary Institutions". Retrieved 2020-04-20.
  5. ^ "Indemnities, Salaries and Allowances". Library of Parliament. April 11, 2018. Archived from the original on June 1, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  6. ^ The Natural Resources Portfolio. Natural Resources Canada. 2020-05-11.
  7. ^ Tunney, Catharine (October 26, 2021). "Anand to Defence, Joly to Foreign Affairs: Trudeau announces major cabinet shakeup". CBC News.
  8. ^ a b c d Department of Natural Resources Act, S.C. 1994, c. 41.
  9. ^ "Department of Natural Resources." The Canadian Encyclopedia. 2006 February 7.
  10. ^ Ross, Monique (1997). "A History of Forest Legislation in Canada, 1867–1996". Canadian Institute of Resources Law. Archived from the original on 21 January 2022. Also at University of Calgary via Prism at
  11. ^ The Department of Forestry Act, 1989 (Canada)
  12. ^ Parliament of Canada. "Ministry of Canada" (PDF).
  13. ^ Parliament of Canada. "Ministry of Canada" (PDF).
  14. ^ Parliament of Canada. "Ministry of Canada" (PDF).
  15. ^ Stanley, Della M. M. 2008 February 14. "Hugh John Flemming." The Canadian Encyclopedia.
  16. ^ "Martial Asselin." The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada. 2008 January 29.
  17. ^ "Minister of Forestry for Canada, a Brief Biography." The Forestry Chronicle 39(3):340-40. doi:10.5558/tfc39340a1-3.
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Minister of Energy and Natural Resources
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