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Middle Road, Hong Kong

Western end of Middle Road, at its junction with Kowloon Park Drive in August 2016. The building in the centre is The Salisbury YMCA of Hong Kong. Photograph taken from the hill where the Former Marine Police Headquarters Compound stands.
Junction of Nathan Road and Middle Road in the 1970s. The Peninsula Court (1957-1982) was built across Middle Road to act as an annex building of the Peninsula Hotel. A skyway was built in the 1970s to connect the two buildings.
Exit L3 of East Tsim Sha Tsui station in the west section of Middle Road, at the corner of Nathan Road in March 2019. The back of the Peninsula Hotel is visible on the left; the Kowloon Hotel is on the right.
East section of Middle Road with Nathan Road in the front in February 2006. 26 Nathan Road is visible on the left, while the Sheraton Hotel is visible on the right.
Hermes House in the east section of Middle Road in April 2015. The stairs on the right lead to Minden Row.
Subway underneath Middle Road in October 2020. The exit on the right leads to Kowloon Hotel.

Middle Road (traditional Chinese: 中間道; simplified Chinese: 中间道; pinyin: Zhōngjiān Dào; Cantonese Yale: jung1 gaan1 dou6) is a street in the southern part of Tsim Sha Tsui, Kowloon, Hong Kong.

The street runs from Kowloon Park Drive in the west to the entrance of East Tsim Sha Tsui station in the east, where it makes a 90-degree turn to the south, terminating at Salisbury Road. Part of Middle Road marks the original coastline of Tsim Sha Tsui prior to land reclamation. A subway runs underneath the east–west segment of the street, forming an important pedestrian artery in the district.

History

Constructed in the late 19th century,[1] Middle Road formerly ran along the coastline between Blackhead Point and the hill where the Former Marine Police Headquarters Compound stands. Middle Road roughly aligns with the original concave coastline between these two promontories, where once there was a beach.[2] The bay was reclaimed for the construction of the former Kowloon station of the Kowloon–Canton Railway while the Peninsula Hotel was built on the reclamation between Kowloon station and Middle Road.

In 1929, construction of the Middle Road Children's Playground began at the eastern end of Middle Road as part of a wider suite of public works improvements in the area.[3] This site remains a playground to this day. It was entirely rebuilt in the early 1980s by the Urban Council in tandem with the development of New World Centre across Salisbury Road.[4] It was demolished after the site was taken over by KCR Corporation in 2001 for the construction of East Tsim Sha Tsui station beneath it, but the playground was reprovisioned over the station and reopened on 9 May 2005.[5]

The eastern end of Middle Road was once dominated by the 10-storey Middle Road Multi-storey Car Park, which upon opening on 11 January 1965 was the largest multi-storey car park in Hong Kong.[6][7] The car park stood directly over part of Middle Road, and was home to the Yau Tsim District Office before Yau Tsim and Mong Kok districts merged. In 2014, the government put the site, which was rezoned for commercial use, up for auction.[8] The car park ceased operation in July 2014.[9] In September 2014, it was announced that developer Henderson Land had won the site with a HK$4.7-billion bid.[10] Henderson Land built a commercial tower called "H Zentre", which unlike the old car park is not built overtop of Middle Road.

The section of road beneath the Middle Road car park was originally unnamed. In May 1987, the Urban Council (then responsible for street naming) decided to treat it as a southward extension of Middle Road, thus applying the same name to it.[11][12]

In the early 2000s, the Kowloon-Canton Railway was extended to a new terminus, East Tsim Sha Tsui station. To link this new station with the existing Tsim Sha Tsui station of the MTR, an extensive pedestrian subway network was built in the area. A 250-metre-long section of subway was built beneath Middle Road, spanning between the new KCR station and the Kowloon Hotel.[13][14] This subway was later extended further down Middle Road to Kowloon Park Drive, where it connected to two existing government-owned subways.[15] Today, this subway – which runs the entire east–west length of Middle Road – forms a major underground pedestrian artery.

Features

Landmarks and adjoining roads, from West to East:

See also

References

  1. ^ Cheng, Po-hung; Toong, Po-ming (2003). "Tsim Sha Tsui in the 19th Century". A Century of Kowloon Roads and Streets. Hong Kong: Joint Publishing. p. 28. ISBN 9620422007.
  2. ^ "The old and new face of Tsimshatsui". Sunday Post-Herald. 6 January 1974. p. 26 – via Proquest Historic Newspapers. This locates the beach in the photograph approximately along the line where Middle Road now runs.
  3. ^ "P.W.D. PLANS FOR KOWLOON". Hong Kong Daily Press. 26 October 1929. p. 4.
  4. ^ "Middle Road Playground, Tsim Sha Tsui". Capital Works Select Committee, Urban Council. 16 March 1981.
  5. ^ "Middle Road Children's Playground opens to public". Hong Kong Government. 9 May 2005.
  6. ^ "Middle Road Car Park Nearly Completed". South China Morning Post. 16 July 1964. p. 1.
  7. ^ "Middle Road Car Park Opens". South China Morning Post. 12 January 1965. p. 9.
  8. ^ "Government to sell site in Tsim Sha Tsui by public tender". Hong Kong Government. 29 May 2014.
  9. ^ "Planning, provision and management of public parking spaces" (PDF). Audit Commission. 1 April 2019. p. 39.
  10. ^ Sito, Peggy (4 September 2014). "Henderson Land wins Tsim Sha Tsui site with a HK$4.7b tender". South China Morning Post. p. A3.
  11. ^ "Naming of Street Thoroughfare between Middle Road and Salisbury Road in Tsim Sha Tsui". Administration Select Committee, Urban Council. 1987.
  12. ^ "Minutes of the meeting of Administration Select Committee of Urban Council". Administration Select Committee, Urban Council. 11 May 1987.
  13. ^ Shiu, Susan (29 April 2000). "KCR wants $1.4b subway link for Tsim Sha Tsui". South China Morning Post. p. 5.
  14. ^ Hope, Stephen; Julian, Wright (March 2007). "Pedestrian subways for East Tsim Sha Tsui station: planning and construction". The Arup Journal. 42 (3): 18–24.
  15. ^ a b c d "East Tsim Sha Tsui Station layout" (PDF). MTR Corporation. Retrieved 24 May 2021.

22°17′44″N 114°10′19″E / 22.29561°N 114.17205°E / 22.29561; 114.17205

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Middle Road, Hong Kong
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