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Members of the Australian Senate, 1914–1917

Composition 1914-1916
Government (31) - (12 seat majority)
  Labor (31)

Opposition (5)
  Liberal (5)

Composition 1917
Government (17) - (2 seat minority)
  Nationalist (17)

Opposition (19)
  Labor (19)

This is a list of members of the Australian Senate from 1914 to 1917.[1] The 5 September 1914 election was a double dissolution called by Prime Minister of Australia Joseph Cook in an attempt to gain control of the Senate. All 75 seats in the House of Representatives, and all 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Commonwealth Liberal Party was defeated by the opposition Australian Labor Party led by Andrew Fisher, who announced with the outbreak of World War I during the campaign that under a Labor government, Australia would "stand beside the mother country to help and defend her to the last man and the last shilling."[2]

In accordance with section 13 of the Constitution,[3] terms for senators was taken to commence on 1 July 1914. The Senate resolved that in each State the three senators who received the most votes would sit for a six-year term, finishing on 30 June 1920 while the other half would sit for a three-year term, finishing on 30 June 1917.[4]

In September 1916, 24 Labor members of the House of Representatives and the Senate—including Prime Minister Billy Hughes—were expelled for their support of conscription during World War I and later formed the National Labor Party, which merged with the Commonwealth Liberal Party in February 1917 to form the Nationalist Party (Australia).

Senator Party State Term ending Years in office
Thomas Bakhap   Liberal/Nationalist Tasmania 1917 1913–1923
Stephen Barker   Labor Victoria 1920 1910–1920, 1923–1924
John Barnes   Labor Victoria 1920 1913–1920, 1923–1935
Albert Blakey   Labor Victoria 1917 1910–1917
Richard Buzacott   Labor/Nationalist Western Australia 1917 1910–1923
Hugh de Largie   Labor/Nationalist Western Australia 1917 1901–1923
John Earle [a]   Nationalist Tasmania 1917[b] 1917–1923
Myles Ferricks   Labor Queensland 1920 1913–1920
Edward Findley   Labor Victoria 1917 1904–1917, 1923–1929
Albert Gardiner   Labor New South Wales 1920 1910–1926, 1928
Thomas Givens   Labor/Nationalist Queensland 1920 1904–1928
Albert Gould   Liberal/Nationalist New South Wales 1917 1901–1917
John Grant   Labor New South Wales 1920 1914–1920, 1923–1928
Robert Guthrie   Labor/Nationalist South Australia 1917 1904–1921
James Guy   Labor Tasmania 1920 1914–1920
George Henderson   Labor/Nationalist Western Australia 1917 1904–1923
John Keating   Liberal/Nationalist Tasmania 1917 1901–1923
James Long   Labor Tasmania 1920 1910–1918
Patrick Lynch   Labor/Nationalist Western Australia 1920 1907–1938
William Maughan   Labor Queensland 1920 1913–1920
Allan McDougall   Labor New South Wales 1920 1910–1920, 1922–1924
Andrew McKissock   Labor Victoria 1917 1914–1917
Edward Millen   Liberal/Nationalist New South Wales 1917 1901–1923
John Mullan   Labor Queensland 1917 1913–1917
Ted Needham   Labor Western Australia 1920 1907–1920, 1923–1929
John Newlands   Labor/Nationalist South Australia 1920 1913–1932
David O'Keefe   Labor Tasmania 1920 1901–1906, 1910–1920
James O'Loghlin   Labor South Australia 1920 1907, 1913–1920, 1923–1925
George Pearce   Labor/Nationalist Western Australia 1920 1901–1938
Rudolph Ready [a]   Labor Tasmania 1917 1910–1917
James Rowell [c]   Nationalist South Australia 1917[b] 1917–1923
Edward Russell   Labor/Nationalist Victoria 1920 1907–1925
William Senior   Labor/Nationalist South Australia 1917 1913–1923
John Shannon   Liberal/Nationalist South Australia 1920 1912–1913, 1914–1920
James Stewart   Labor Queensland 1917 1901–1917
William Story [c]   Labor/Nationalist South Australia 1917 1904–1917
Harry Turley   Labor Queensland 1917 1904–1917
David Watson   Labor New South Wales 1917 1914–1917

Notes

  1. ^ a b Labor senator Rudolph Ready resigned on 1 March 1917; on the same day Nationalist John Earle was appointed to replace him.
  2. ^ a b Appointed to a casual vacancy and only held office until the earlier of the next election for the House of Representatives or the Senate.[5]
  3. ^ a b Nationalist senator William Story resigned on 24 April 1917 to run successfully for the House of Representatives seat of Boothby; on 24 May 1917 Nationalist James Rowell—who had been elected at the 5 May 1917 election for a term commencing on 1 July 1917—was appointed to replace him.

References

  1. ^ "The Biographical Dictionary of the Australian Senate 1915". Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
  2. ^ Murphy, D. J. "Fisher, Andrew (1862-1928)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 25 July 2021.
  3. ^ Constitution (Cth) s 13.
  4. ^ "Rotation of Senators" (PDF). Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). Commonwealth of Australia: Senate. 9 October 1914. p. 41.
  5. ^ Evans, H. "Filling Casual Vacancies before 1977" (PDF). Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
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Members of the Australian Senate, 1914–1917
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