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Medial condyle of femur

Medial condyle of femur
Lower extremity of right femur viewed from below.
Left knee-joint from behind, showing interior ligaments.
Details
Identifiers
Latincondylus medialis femoris
TA98A02.5.04.021
TA21380
FMA32858
Anatomical terms of bone

The medial condyle is one of the two projections on the lower extremity of femur, the other being the lateral condyle.

The medial condyle is larger than the lateral (outer) condyle due to more weight bearing caused by the centre of mass being medial to the knee. On the posterior surface of the condyle the linea aspera (a ridge with two lips: medial and lateral; running down the posterior shaft of the femur) turns into the medial and lateral supracondylar ridges, respectively. The outermost protrusion on the medial surface of the medial condyle is referred to as the "medial epicondyle" and can be palpated by running fingers medially from the patella with the knee in flexion. It is important [why?] to take into consideration the difference in the length of the condyles in a cross section to better understand the geometry of the knee. The medial femoral condyle has an extra segment which is the cause for the passive rotation of the knee joint.

Additional images

References

Public domain This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 247 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)


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Medial condyle of femur
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