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Mawlamyine University

Mawlamyine University
မော်လမြိုင် တက္ကသိုလ်
Former names
Moulmein Intermediate College (1953)
Mawlamyaing Degree College (1964)
Mawlamyine Regional College (1977)
MottoEnshrine the education, serves the peoples' will
TypePublic
Established1953; 71 years ago (1953)
RectorAung Myat Kyaw Sein
StudentsFull-time – 30,000
Distance (Part-time) – 40,000
Total – 70,000 (2019)[1]
Location
Taungwaing Road, Mawlamyine, Mon State, Myanmar

16°26′22″N 97°39′2″E / 16.43944°N 97.65056°E / 16.43944; 97.65056
CampusUrban
ColoursGolden yellow  
AffiliationsUniversity of Yangon
MascotHamsa (bird)

Mawlamyine University (also the University of Mawlamyine; Burmese: မော်လမြိုင် တက္ကသိုလ် [mɔ̀ləmjàɪɰ̃ tɛʔkəθò]), located in Mawlamyine, is the largest university in Mon State, Myanmar. Being established in 1953, Mawlamyine University is the third oldest Arts and Science university in the country after Yangon University (est 1878) and Mandalay University (est 1925). The university offers bachelor's and master's degree programs in liberal arts and sciences. It is one of the few universities in the country to offer a specialization in marine science.[2]

History

Foundation

The university was founded in 1953 as Moulmein Intermediate College under Rangoon University.[2]

Selecting the site

The beautiful landscape and its environment was an ideal site for a college. The site of the college was located at about four miles away from the north east of the downtown section of Moulmein (Mawlamyine). When it was founded in the early 1950s, the size of the college was 417.87 acres. It was bounded by Moulmein-Taungwaing, main road and Moulmein-Amherst roads. On the east side of the site, there is a mountain called Taungwaing mountain, half a mile away from the college. About a quarter of a mile away from the college across the Moulmein-Taungwaing road, there was a former WWII airfield (now Mawlamyine Airport) used by the Royal Air Force and the American Flying Tigers.

Before construction of the college, Taungwaing mountain and its surrounding areas had been a camping site for the British administrators and local elites and the gardens of local Chinese community during the colonial period in the 19th and early 20th centuries. According to Howard Malcom, an American traveler in 1836, early settlers of the Moulmein Chinese community made a living by growing vegetables and fruits in Taungwaing (hill-circle in Burmese, ling-ding in Chinese) and its surrounding areas.[3]

Expansion

It was renamed Mawlamyaing Degree College in 1964. In 1977, the 2-year regional college system was introduced by the Burmese government, it had become Mawlamyine Regional College.[4]

On 15 December 1982, the technological department was separated from the college to form Government Technical Institute (now Mawlamyine Technological University).[5] Eventually, Mawlamyine Regional College became an independent university in 1986.

Recent history

On 14 June 2018, State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi and youths from the Mon, Karen and Pa’oh ethnic groups held a conference at Mawlamyine University.[6] The attendees included Union Ministers from the Cabinet of Myanmar, Mon State's Chief Minister, MPs and the local residents of Mawlamyine. The panel discussion was aired live on government television channels, the social media pages of the Myanmar State Counsellor's office, Office of the President of Myanmar and the Information Committee Office.[7]

Academic profile

Entrance

University entrance to a particular undergraduate degree program derives from students' tenth grade standard examination marks. The Ministry of Education (Myanmar) runs the matriculation exams, which occur at the same time annually around country.

Programs

Classified as an Arts and Science university in the Burmese university education system, Mawlamyine University offers bachelor's and master's degree programs in common liberal arts and sciences disciplines. Its regular Bachelor of Arts (BA) and Bachelor of Science (BSc) take four years to complete and honors degree programs BA (Hons) and BSc (Hons) take five years. The law program also takes five years.[8]

Mawlamyine University pioneered the study of coastal and marine science in Myanmar.[9] Mawlamyine University is one of few universities in Myanmar, offering a degree in Marine Science. Its Marine Science Laboratory in Setse, a coastal town about 83 km south of Mawlamyine was the first of its kind in Myanmar.[2] As of July 2018, Mawlamyine University has 17 academic majors for full-time undergrad students.[10]

Program Bachelor's Master's Doctorate
Burmese BA MA
English BA MA
Geography BA MA
History BA MA
Philosophy BA MA
Psychology BA MA
Botany BSc MSc
Law LLB LLM
Chemistry BSc MSc
Marine Science BSc MSc PhD[9]
Mathematics BSc MSc
Physics BSc MSc
Oriental Studies BSc MSc
Zoology BSc MSc
Geology BSc MSc
Biochemistry BSc
Microbiology BSc

Administration

Current

The current rector of the university is Dr. Htay Aung and the current pro-rector is Dr. Mi Mi Sein.[11][12]

List of rectors (1953– present)

  1. Toe Aung (Ku Tha) (1953 March – 1963 July)
  2. Dr. Mahn Thet San
  3. Dr. Maung Di (1972–1977)
  4. Khin Maung Tint (Tekkatho Phone Naing), from 1977 to 1985 as head of Mawlamyaing Degree College and from 1986 to 1988 as vice-chancellor of Mawlamyine University
  5. Hla Tun Aung
  6. Kyi Win
  7. San Tint
  8. Saw Han Shein
  9. Dr. Kyaw Tin Nwe (WYTU)
  10. Dr. Aung Myat Kyaw Sein
  11. Dr. Htay Aung

Facilities

Important Buildings

Chancellor Road and main entrance of the University of Mawlamyine
  • University of Mawlamyine Library: The university's three-story library, completed in January 2004, houses over 106,000 books and periodicals.[13] As a result of partnership with the Tekkatho Foundation, which is regulated by the Charity Commission in England and Wales, students can access eTekkatho library, a free digital library of research and learning resources.[14][15] Moreover, students have access to a wide range of high quality international journals, databases and e-books of academic and research institutions through EIFL eLibrary funded by the Open Society Foundations’ Higher Education Support Programme (HESP).[16]
  • University's Dhamma Hall
  • Binnya Dala Lecture Building: The lecture hall is named after Binnya Dala, a famous Mon scholar and chief advisor to Bayinnaung of Toungoo Empire, the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia.
  • Yamanya Lecture Building
  • Convocation Hall
  • Men's dormitories with dining room: built in the 1950s.
  • Women's dormitory with dining room: built in the 1950s.
  • Setse Marine Station: A Marine Science Research Centre in Setse, a Sea – coast town about 60 kilometers south of Mawlamyine.[17]
  • University's Hospital: 16-bedded hospital has been located in the east wing of main campus.[18] It is in use again now after long abandonment.
  • University's Sport Hall[19]
  • University's Post Office: Mawlamyine University has its own post office and the postal code is 12012.

Student life

Accommodation

The university has limited number of residential accommodation options. Most of the on-campus accommodations were built in the 1950s. Following pro-democracy protest in 1988, on-campus accommodation was closed by the authority, and it was reopened only in 2013.

The on-campus accommodation is operated by Mawlamyine University’s Students’ Affairs Department. Currently, there are five halls of residence in the campus; namely Thandar, Mawlamyine (Moulmein), Nilar (Sapphire), Pu-le (Pearl) and Shwe Myaing building. The average rent for students is 5000 kyat (approximately US$5) per month and a shared meal costs 500 kyat per meal. Nevertheless, students prefer to live in off-campus accommodation rather than on-campus accommodation.[20]

Organisation

Numerous student organizations are registered in the university. Some are regional societies organised to promote fellowship among students from particular geographical areas. Others are identified with particular academic disciplines such as physics, chemistry, and mathematics known as course-related organizations, and still others belong to the special or interest groups. The most prominent organisations among them are Mawlamyine University Students' Union, Mawlamyine University's Literature and Culture Association (Burmese: မော်လမြိုင် တက္ကသိုလ် စာပေနှင့် ယဉ်ကျေးမှုအသင်း) and Mawlamyine University's Hiking and Mountaineering Association (Burmese: မော်လမြိုင် တက္ကသိုလ် ခြေလျင်နှင့်တောင်တက်အသင်း).[21]

Moreover, students from Mawlamyine University are entitled to join University Training Corp (Burmese: တက္ကသိုလ် လေ့ကျင့်ရေးတပ်(မော်လမြိုင်)) as an extracurricular activity for basic military training.[22] Mawlamyine University is one of the four universities in Myanmar which have University Training Corp (UTC).[23]

Media

Mawlamyine University's magazine, formerly known as Moulmein College's Mid-term magazine, is officially published annually. Dr. Khin Maung Nyo, a well known author and an alumnus of the university served as an editor for the magazine from 1977 to 1983.

International collaboration

Research

Teaching

  • Australia BABSEACLE: In co-operation with USAID and BABSEACLE, an Australian non-profit legal education organization, Law Department of Mawlamyine University provides CLE programmes to final year law students.[27][28]
  • United States Cornell University: Mawlamyine University is collaborating with Cornell University in marine sciences and English training.[9]
  • Australia University of New South Wales: Football United of the University of New South Wales has been working with Myanmar Red Cross Society and Mawlamyine University to develop a medium of football to promote positive youth development in disadvantaged communities of Mawlamyine.[29]

Student and staff exchange

Notable former staff

Name Faculty/Notability Reference
Toe Aung (Pseudonym Ku Tha) A leading writer of Khit-San Sarpay movement in the 1930s British Burma, which is considered the first modern literary movement in the history of Burmese Literature. He served as the head of Moulmein College from 1953 to 1963.
Tekkatho Phone Naing A famous Burmese writer and poet, worked as a lifelong university professor and later Chancellor of the University of Mawlamyine.
Khin Maung Nyunt An eminent Burmese writer and historian, worked as senior lecturer and departmental head from 1961 to 1975.
Mahn Thet San Served as a head of Moulmein College and later as Deputy Minister for Ministry of Industry.
Mohana Gill A famous Indian writer, worked for Moulmein Intermediate College in the 1950s. [34]
Myint Than (Kahtika Daw Myint Than) A prominent scholar and a member of Myanmar Language Commission, worked as assistant lecturer at the Moulmein Intermediate College in the 1950s [35]
Mehm Tin Mon A prominent writer, worked as a Professor of Chemistry at the university.
Nanda Thein Zan A well-known philosophy writer, worked at the university. [36]
Aung Thin National Literary Award-winning writer, worked as an assistant lecturer from 1963 to 1965 [37]

Notable alumni

Name Notability Reference
Htoo Ein Thin Singer-songwriter
Cynthia Maung Founder of Mae Tao Non-profit Clinic, 2003 Time Magazine’s Asian Hero, 2013 Sydney Peace Prize winner and 2018 UNDP’s N-Peace Award recipient
Sayawun Tin Shwe A physician and 1963 National Literature Award winning writer. The Sayawun Tin Shwe Award is named after him.
Mar Mar Khaing Member of the House of Representatives
Nai Thet Lwin Union Minister of Ethnic Affairs in the government of President Htin Kyaw and President Win Myint [38]
Thet Naing Win Union Minister of Border Affairs and lieutenant general of Myanmar Army
Maung Thin Rector of Mandalay University (2014–2015), Member of the House of Representatives [39]
Khin Maung Nyo Chemistry professor, writer and editor. He also worked at the college from 1964 to 1968.
Saw Tun Member of the House of Representatives
Nan Ni Ni Aye Member of the House of Nationalities
Thiri Yadanar Member of the House of Nationalities

References

  1. ^ "ေမာ္လၿမိဳင္ တကၠသိုလ္ အနီး အရက္ဆိုင္၊ KTV ၊ အႏွိပ္ခန္းမ်ား မရွိေစလို". 12 January 2019.
  2. ^ a b c Thaw Kaung (1996-07-01). "Mawlamyine: the Old and the New". Myanmar Perspectives. Archived from the original on 2009-01-06.
  3. ^ Li, Yi (2016). Revisiting the Nineteenth- century Marketplace, and the Chinese Community in Moulmein. Center for Burma Studies Northern Illinois University. p. 73.
  4. ^ Thein, Myat (2004). Economic development of Myanmar. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. pp. 115–118. ISBN 978-981-230-211-3.
  5. ^ "BackGround History » Technological University (Mawlamyine)". tumlm.moe-st.gov.mm. Retrieved 2018-07-11.
  6. ^ "State Counsellor holds Peace Talk with youths in Mon State – Global New Light Of Myanmar". www.globalnewlightofmyanmar.com. Archived from the original on July 7, 2018. Retrieved 2018-07-07.((cite web)): CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  7. ^ "State Counsellor to hold peace talk in Mawlamyine". The Myanmar Times. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  8. ^ "List of Colleges and Universities in and around Yangon". Archived from the original on 2009-01-09. Retrieved 2008-12-20.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h "Mawlamyine University (Mawlamyine, Mon State, Myanmar)". myanmar-edu.org.
  10. ^ Nu, Yin Yin. "မော်လမြိုင်တက္ကသိုလ်မှ (day) မေဂျာအမှတ်များ". www.edge.com.mm. Retrieved 2018-07-21.
  11. ^ "မော်လမြိုင် တက္ကသိုလ်၌ ဆန္ဒပြရန် စီစဉ်ထားမှု ပြေလည်မှုရ". Hintharmedia. 2018-07-01. Retrieved 2018-07-12.
  12. ^ "သပိတ်မှောက်ကျောင်းသား များ မော်လမြိုင် တက္ကသိုလ် ဝင်ခွင့်မရ". Radio Free Asia (in Burmese). Retrieved 2018-07-12.
  13. ^ "Mawlamyine University gets new three-storey library". The New Light of Myanmar. 2004-01-27. Archived from the original on 2005-08-19.
  14. ^ "Partners | eTekkatho: Educational resources for the Myanmar academic community". www.etekkatho.org. Retrieved 2018-07-11.
  15. ^ "Tekkatho Foundation | Myanmar Educational Charity | About Us". Tekkatho Foundation | Myanmar Educational Charity. Retrieved 2018-07-11.
  16. ^ "SIX MORE MYANMAR UNIVERSITIES JOIN EIFL PROJECT".
  17. ^ "l". 2009-01-06. Archived from the original on 2009-01-06. Retrieved 2017-07-29.
  18. ^ "ဦးကျော်ဝင်း ( ကန်ကြီးထောင့် မဲဆန္ဒနယ်)". pyithuhluttaw.gov.mm.
  19. ^ "မော်လမြိုင် တက္ကသိုလ် ကျောင်းသား/သူ ဘာသာရပ်အလိုက် ဘော်လီဘောပြိုင်ပွဲ ဆုပေးပွဲကျင်းပ – Hintharmedia". Hintharmedia. 2016-02-26. Retrieved 2017-10-26.
  20. ^ "Fewer Students Live in Mawlamyaing University On-Campus Housing Accommodation". 15 July 2014.
  21. ^ "နိုင်ငံတော်၏အတိုင်ပင်ခံပုဂ္ဂိုလ် ဒေါ်အောင်ဆန်းစုကြည်နေအိမ်သို့ မွန်အမျိုးသားနေ့အကြို တေးသီချင်း များဖြင့် လာရောက်ဖျော်ဖြေ".
  22. ^ "အမှတ်(၁) တက္ကသိုလ်လေ့ကျင့်ရေးတပ်(ရန်ကုန်)၌ စစ်ပညာသင်တန်း တက်ရောက်သင်ကြားနေကြသည့် တက္ကသိုလ်ကျောင်းသားအချို့၏ ရင်တွင်းစကားသံများ".
  23. ^ RFA Burmese လွတ်လပ်တဲ့အာရှအသံ (2016-02-12), University Training Corps, archived from the original on 2021-12-15, retrieved 2018-07-22
  24. ^ "Linkages & Partnerships | Silliman University". su.edu.ph. Retrieved 2017-10-03.
  25. ^ "Myanmar Seminar – Overseas Partner Institutions, University of Yangon and Mawlamyine University -:東京海洋大学" (in Japanese). Retrieved 2017-10-02.
  26. ^ "Academic Exchange Agreements – 東京海洋大学". www.kaiyodai.ac.jp. Retrieved 2017-10-26.
  27. ^ "Mawlamyine University Law Department's Ambitious Clinical Legal Education (CLE) Plan – BABSEACLE". www.babseacle.org. Retrieved 2017-10-02.
  28. ^ "Myanmar – BABSEACLE". www.babseacle.org. Retrieved 2017-10-02.
  29. ^ "Myanmar". Football United. Retrieved 2017-10-02.
  30. ^ "An Evening Conversation with Mawlamyine University students". Fort Wayne Sister Cities. 2017-04-12. Retrieved 2017-10-02.
  31. ^ "Sisters from across the seas | Columns | Journal Gazette". www.journalgazette.net. Retrieved 2017-10-02.
  32. ^ "Myanmar & IPFW: Where We've Been & Where We're Going".
  33. ^ "มข.ต้อนรับ Mawlamyine University จาก เมียนมา". ird.kku.ac.th. Retrieved 2017-10-02.
  34. ^ Gill, Mohana (2013). Myanmar: Cuisine, Culture, Customs. Marshall Cavendish International Asia Pte Ltd. p. 41.
  35. ^ "ဒေါ်မြင့်သန်း (ကထိကဒေါ်မြင့်သန်း) | Department of Myanmar and Language Education". Archived from the original on 2019-11-27. Retrieved 2022-07-13.
  36. ^ "Philosophy Writer Nanda Thein Zan Passes Away". www2.irrawaddy.com.
  37. ^ Literature Show Sayar U Aung Thin 2013. YouTube. Archived from the original on 2021-12-11.
  38. ^ "Meet Burma's Next Cabinet". 24 March 2016.
  39. ^ "ပြည်ထောင်စုလွှတ်တော်". pyidaungsu.hluttaw.mm.
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Mawlamyine University
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