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Maung Maung Kyaw

General
Maung Maung Kyaw
မောင်မောင်ကျော်
Member of the State Administration Council
In office
2 February 2021 (2021-02-02) – 1 February 2023[1]
LeaderMin Aung Hlaing
Commander-in-Chief of the Myanmar Air Force
In office
2 January 2018 – 10 January 2022
Preceded byKhin Aung Myint
Succeeded byHtun Aung[2]
Personal details
Born23 July 1964 (1964-07-23) (age 59)
Burma (now Myanmar)
SpouseAung Mar Myint
RelationsThant Kyaw (brother)
ChildrenHein Htet
Kaung Htet
Parent
Alma materDefence Services Academy
Military service
Allegiance Myanmar
Branch/serviceMyanmar Air Force
RankGeneral

General Maung Maung Kyaw (Burmese: မောင်မောင်ကျော်, born 23 July 1964) is a Burmese military officer who served on Myanmar's State Administration Council from 2021 to 2023.[3][1] He previously served as Commander-in-Chief of the Myanmar Air Force from 2018 to 2022.

Early life and education

Maung Maung Kyaw was born on 23 July 1964.[3] He graduated from the Defence Services Academy in 1985 as part of the 26th intake.[4]

Military career

Maung Maung Kyaw trained as a fighter pilot.[5] He was promoted to Commander-in-Chief of the Myanmar Air Force on 2 January 2018, after his predecessor Khin Maung Myint reached the mandatory retirement age.[6][7]

Subsequently, he was appointed as a members of the SAC on 2 February 2021, in the aftermath of the 2021 Myanmar coup d'état.[8][9][10] He was forced to retire as Air Force Commander in January 2022.[11] He still holds a position as member of SAC.[11]

Sanctions

The U.S. Department of the Treasury has imposed sanctions on "Maung Maung Kyaw" since 22 February 2021, pursuant to Executive Order 14014, for he is an official of the military or security forces of Burma and a member of the State Administration Council responsible for killing of peaceful protestors. The US sanctions include freezing of assets under the US and ban on transactions with US person.[12]

The Government of Canada has imposed sanctions on him since 18 February 2021, pursuant to Special Economic Measures Act and Special Economic Measures (Burma) Regulations, in response to the gravity of the human rights and humanitarian situation in Myanmar (formerly Burma). Canadian sanctions include freezing of assets under Canada and ban on transactions with Canadian person.[13][14]

The British Government placed sanctions on him on 25 February 2021, following the coup. The UK sanctions include freezing of assets under the UK and ban on traveling or transiting to the UK.[15][16]

Furthermore, the Council of the European Union has imposed sanctions on him since 22 March 2021, pursuant to Council Regulation (EU) 2021/479 and Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2021/480 which amended Council Regulation (EU) No 401/2013, for his responsibility for the military coup and the subsequent military and police repression against peaceful demonstrators. The EU sanctions include freezing of assets under member countries of the EU and ban on traveling or transiting to the countries.[17][18]

Personal life

Maung Maung Kyaw is the youngest son of General Thura Kyaw Htin. His elder brother Thant Kyaw is a former Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, while his elder sister Thida Myint co-owns LTR, an aviation supply business with operations in Myanmar and Singapore.[9] Maung Maung Kyaw is married to Aung Mar Myint, and has two sons, Hein Htet (b. 1987) and Kaung Htet (b. 1992).[19][20][21] Hein Htet, also known as Ivan Htet, and his wife Linn Latt Thiri co-founded a private firm to supply Myanmar’s armed forces, and were the subjects of a 2021 Reuters exposé on the economic interests of Myanmar's military families.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Min Aung Hlaing (1 February 2023). "State Administration Council Order No 5/2023" (PDF). Global New Light of Myanmar. p. 6. Retrieved 6 February 2023.
  2. ^ "ဗိုလ်ချုပ်ကြီး မောင်မောင်ကျော် လေတပ်ဦးစီးချုပ်ရာထူးမှ အနားပေးခံရ". Radio Free Asia.
  3. ^ a b "CONSOLIDATED LIST OF FINANCIAL SANCTIONS TARGETS IN THE UK - REGIME: Burma" (PDF). Office of Financial Sanctions Implementation, HM Treasury. 25 February 2021. p. 2. Retrieved 2021-03-08.
  4. ^ "Min Aung Hlaing and His Generals: Some Biographical Notes". FULCRUM. 2021-08-04. Retrieved 2022-09-22.
  5. ^ a b McPherson, Poppy; Levinson, Reade; Geddie, John; Wa Lone; Lewis, Simon; Grey, Stephen (2021-09-07). "How family of a Myanmar junta leader are trying to cash in". Reuters. Retrieved 2021-09-29.
  6. ^ "ကာကွယ်ရေးဦးစီးချုပ် (လေ) ပြောင်းလဲခန့်အပ်ကြောင်း ထုတ်ပြန်". Eleven Media Group Co., Ltd (in Burmese). Retrieved 2021-02-11.
  7. ^ "New Air Force Chief Has Risen Rapidly Through the Ranks". The Irrawaddy. 19 March 2018. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 11 April 2021.
  8. ^ "Order No (9/2021), Office of the Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services, Republic of the Union of Myanmar" (PDF). The Global New Light of Myanmar. 3 February 2021. p. 3. Retrieved 27 March 2021.
  9. ^ a b "ဗိုလ်ချုပ်ကြီး (ငြိမ်း) သူရကျော်ထင်၏ အငယ်ဆုံးသားကို လေတပ်ဦးစီးချုပ်အဖြစ် ခန့်အပ်". The Voice Weekly (in Burmese). 3 January 2018.
  10. ^ "ပြည်ထောင်စုသမ္မတမြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော် တပ်မတော်ကာကွယ်ရေးဦးစီးချုပ်ရုံး အမိန့်အမှတ်(၉/၂၀၂၁) ၁၃၈၂ ခုနှစ်၊ ပြာသိုလပြည့်ကျော် ၆ ရက် ၂၀၂၁ ခုနှစ်၊ ဖေဖော်ဝါရီလ ၂ ရက်". Tatmadaw Information Team (in Burmese). Archived from the original on 2021-02-03. Retrieved 2021-02-02.
  11. ^ a b "Myanmar Air Force Chief Forced to Retire". The Irrawaddy. 2022-01-12. Retrieved 2022-09-22.
  12. ^ "United States Targets Members of Burma's State Administrative Council following Violence against Protestors". U.S. Department of the Treasury. 22 February 2021. Retrieved 4 April 2021.
  13. ^ "Special Economic Measures Act (S.C. 1992, c. 17)". Justice Laws Website. 4 June 1992. Retrieved 11 April 2021.
  14. ^ "Regulations Amending the Special Economic Measures (Burma) Regulations: SOR/2021-18". The Government of Canada. 18 February 2021. Retrieved 11 April 2021.
  15. ^ "Financial Sanctions Notice: Burma" (PDF). Office of Financial Sanctions Implementation, HM Treasury. 25 February 2021. p. 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 27, 2021. The following entries have been added to the consolidated list and are now subject to an asset freeze. Tin Aung SAN (Group ID: 14059)
  16. ^ Raab, Dominic (25 February 2021). "UK sanctions further Myanmar military figures for role in coup: 25 February 2021:Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab announces further sanctions against members of Myanmar's State Administration Council". Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  17. ^ "Myanmar/Burma: EU sanctions 11 people over the recent military coup and ensuing repression". The Council of the European Union. 22 March 2021. Retrieved 11 April 2021.
  18. ^ "Official Journal of the European Union". 22 March 2021. pp. 15–24. Retrieved 11 April 2021.
  19. ^ "Burma-related Designations; Counter Terrorism Designations". U.S. Department of the Treasury. Retrieved 2022-08-04.
  20. ^ "Myanmar military SAC members, their businesses and associates that require targeted sanctions". Justice For Myanmar. Retrieved 2021-02-11.
  21. ^ "မြန်မာအကြမ်းဖက်စစ်အုပ်စုကို အမေရိကန်၊ ကနေဒါနှင့် ယူကေက ထပ်မံ ပိတ်ဆို့ဒဏ်ခတ်". DVB (in Burmese). 2021-05-18. Retrieved 2021-09-29.
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Maung Maung Kyaw
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