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Masuma Sultan Begum (daughter of Babur)

Masuma Sultan Begum
Shahdokht of Mughal Empire
Bornc. 1508
(present-day Afghanistan)
(m. 1517; d. 1539)
MotherMasuma Sultan Begum
ReligionSunni Islam

Masuma Sultan Begum (Persian: معصومہ سلطان بیگم; born c. 1508) was a Mughal princess and the daughter of the first Mughal emperor, Babur. She is frequently mentioned in the Humayun-nama by her sister, Gulbadan Begum, who calls her sister 'Elder sister Moon' (mah chacha).[1]

Early life

Masuma Sultan Begum was the daughter of Babur and his fourth wife, Masuma Sultan Begum.[2] She was born in Kabul, and her mother died giving birth to her. She was given her mother's name.[3] In 1511, Babur entrusted Kabul to his younger brother Nasir Mirza and set out for Samarkand.


In 1517, when Masuma Sultan Begum was nine years old, Babur married her to the twenty-one year old Muhammad Zaman Mirza.[4] He was the son of Badi' al-Zaman Mirza, and the grandson of Sultan Husayn Mirza Bayqara.[5] His mother was the daughter of Tahamtan Beg, and the niece of Asad Beg.[6] After Masuma Sultan Begum's marriage with him, Babur sent him to Balkh.[4]

She became a widow at the age of thirty-one when Muhammad Zaman Mirza died in the Battle of Chausa.[7]



  1. ^ Begum, Gulbadan (1902). The History of Humayun (Humayun-Nama). Royal Asiatic Society. p. 115.
  2. ^ Bābur (Mogulreich, Kaiser), John Leyden, William Erskine (1826). Memoirs of Zehir-ed-Din Muhammed Baber, Emperor of Hindustan. Longman. pp. 22–3.((cite book)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ Pawar, Kiran (1996). Women in Indian History: Social, Economic, Political and Cultural Perspectives. Vision & Venture. p. 109.
  4. ^ a b Beveridge, Annette Susannah (1922). The Bābur-nāma in English (Memoirs of Babur) translated from the original Turki text of Zahiru'd-din Muhammad Bābur Pādshāh Ghāzī, Volume 1. LUZAC & CO., 46, Great Russel Street, London. p. 365.
  5. ^ Mishra, Neeru (1993). Succession and imperial leadership among the Mughals, 1526 - 1707. Konark Publishers. p. 76.
  6. ^ Babur, Emperor; Thackston, Wheeler McIntosh (September 10, 2002). The Baburnama: Memoirs of Babur, prince and emperor. Random House Publishing Group. pp. 210. ISBN 978-0-375-76137-9.
  7. ^ Islam, Riazul (1979). A Calendar of Documents on Indo-Persian Relations, 1500 - 1700. Iranian Culture Foundation. p. 204.
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Masuma Sultan Begum (daughter of Babur)
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