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Maroun al-Ras

Maroun El Ras
مارون الراس
Village
The village of Maroun Al Ras, as seen from the Israeli side of the border, near Avivim
The village of Maroun Al Ras, as seen from the Israeli side of the border, near Avivim
Map showing the location of Maroun el-Ras within Lebanon
Map showing the location of Maroun el-Ras within Lebanon
Maroun El Ras
Location within Lebanon
Coordinates: 33°06′27″N 35°26′41″E / 33.10750°N 35.44472°E / 33.10750; 35.44472
Grid position191/278 PAL
Country Lebanon
GovernorateNabatieh Governorate
DistrictBint Jbeil District
Elevation
900 m (3,000 ft)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Dialing code+961(7)

Maroun El Ras (Arabic: مارون الراس)[1] is a Lebanese village nestled in Jabal Amel (Mount Amel) in the district of Bint Jbeil in the Nabatiye Governorate in southern Lebanon. It is located around 120 km (75 mi) south east of Beirut, roughly one km (0.62 mi) from the border with Israel.

History

In 1596, it was named as a village, Marun er-Ras, in the Ottoman nahiya (subdistrict) of Tibnin under the liwa' (district) of Safad, with a population of 97 Muslim households. The villagers paid a fixed tax of 25% on agricultural products, such as wheat, barley, olive trees, vineyards, goats and beehives, in addition to "occasional revenues" and an olive oil press; a total of 8,960 akçe.[2][3]

In 1838 Edward Robinson noted it as a village located on a higher hill than Yarun.[4]

In 1881, the PEF's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described it: "A stone village, with some large stones built into walls, containing about 150 Moslems, situated on the top of high hills, with vineyards and arable land; water is obtained from 'Ain Hara, and cisterns in the village."[5] They further noted: "At this village there are a considerable number of well-cut stones and remains, which indicate that there was once a church here similar to that at Yarun; these stones have been mostly found to the west of the village, in vineyards. A capital of a column, with mediaeval ornamentation, and a small piece of sculptured stone, with leaves and figures as at Yarun, are in the village. There is also an architrave with a Greek inscription, in three pieces."[6]

In the 1945 statistics the population was counted with Saliha and Yaroun, and totalled 1070 Muslims[7] with 11,735 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[8] Of this, 7,401 dunams were allocated to cereals, 422 dunams were irrigated or used for orchards,[9] while 58 dunams were built-up (urban) area.[10]

2006 Lebanon War

The village was the scene of a major confrontation between the Israeli Army and Hezbollah fighters during the 2006 Lebanon War.[11]

Maroun el-Ras is strategically important as it overlooks the surrounding towns. The village's elevation is 911 meters (2,989 feet).

During the Battle of Maroun al-Ras of the 2006 Lebanon War, the village was partly occupied by Israel, which claimed it was a stronghold for Hezbollah and one of the launching points for rocket attacks on northern Israel.[12]

There are reports that control of the village was contested at the time of the ceasefire. After-battle reports claimed the IDF troops never fully secured the border area and that Maroun el-Ras was never fully taken.[13][14]

References

  1. ^ Meaning "Mârân of the head (a headland)" or from a personal name, according to Palmer, 1881, p. 88
  2. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 181
  3. ^ Note that Rhode, 1979, p. 6 writes that the register that Hütteroth and Abdulfattah studied was not from 1595/6, but from 1548/9
  4. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, p. 371
  5. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 202
  6. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 251
  7. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 11
  8. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 71
  9. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 121
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 171
  11. ^ Israel Enters Southern Lebanon - Hits Maroun al-Ras and Yaroun Villages :: Middle East News and Perspectives :: Hyscience
  12. ^ http://sg.news.yahoo.com/060722/3/429gv.html[permanent dead link]
  13. ^ Asia Times HOW HEZBOLLAH DEFEATED ISRAEL-PART 2: Winning the ground war
  14. ^ "Timesonline August 27, 2006 Humbling of the supertroops shatters Israeli army morale". Archived from the original on 2016-09-13. Retrieved 2016-08-09.

Bibliography

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Maroun al-Ras
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