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Maronite Catholic Patriarchal Exarchate of Jerusalem and Palestine

Patriarchal Exarchate of Jerusalem and Palestine (Maronite)
Location
CountryPalestine
Statistics
Population
- Catholics
(as of 2012)
504[1]
Parishes3[1]
Information
DenominationCatholic Church
Sui iuris churchMaronite Church
RiteWest Syro-Antiochene Rite
Established5 October 1996
CathedralMaronite Convent
Secular priests1[1]
Current leadership
PopeFrancis
PatriarchBechara Boutros al-Rahi
Patriarchal ExarchMoussa El-Hage
Website
http://www.maronitejerusalem.org/

Maronite Catholic Patriarchal Exarchate of Jerusalem and Palestine[2] is an exarchate of the Maronite Patriarchate of the Maronite Church[3] immediately subject to the Patriarchate of Antioch of the Maronites. In 2017 there were 504 members.[1] It is currently[when?] governed by archeparch Moussa El-Hage, OAM.[citation needed]

Territory and statistics

The exarchate extends its jurisdiction over the Maronite Catholic faithful living in East Jerusalem and in the West Bank.

It includes three parishes and in 2017 there were 504 members served by one priest.[1][4]

History

On 5 May 1895, two years after the International Eucharistic Congress held in Jerusalem, was inaugurated in the Holy Land a Patriarchal Vicariate to meet Lebanese Maronites that lived there[5] until then directly dependent on the Maronite Catholic Archeparchy of Tyre.

Since its erection the patriarchal exarchate on 5 October 1996 it was entrusted to the pastoral care of Archeparch of the Maronite Catholic Archeparchy of Haifa and the Holy Land, who is its in persona episcopi.

Patriarchal Vicars

Titular list of the Maronite Patriarchal Vicariate of Jerusalem since its founding in 1895:[6]

  • Youssef Mouallem, 1895-1896. He went to America.
  • Estephan Hobeish, 1896-1897.
  • Boulos Aweiss, 1897-1898.
  • Khairalla Estephan, 1898-1901.
  • Youssef Mouallem, 1901-1911. For the second time.
  • Gerges Doumit, 1911-1928. After his resignation, he became a monk.
  • Boulos Aweiss, 1929-1934. For the second time. He died during his homily and is buried on Zion Hill.
  • Boulos Eid, 1934-1938.
  • Youssef Ghanem, 1939-1941. On 12 April 1939, he was appointed by a Patriarchal Decree as temporary Vicar. On 8 September 1939, a letter from the Patriarch removed him from his office because of serious problems he had caused. The Vicariate remained without an actual titular until 1950 and the Maronite community of Jerusalem was abandoned. Between 23 September 1940 and 4 June 1950, therefore, only one christening took place; this occurred on 25 November 1945 and was performed by a delegate priest. This task was nominally assumed by a priest from Jaffa or Haifa (Boulos Meouchi or Francis Moubarac).
    • Boulos Meouchi, 1941-1945. The monk responsible for the monastery of Jaffa. On 25 September 1941, a Patriarchal Decree appointed him president of the Court of First Instance in Jaffa.
    • Francis Moubarac, 1945-1949.
  • Elias Ziadé or Ziadeh, 1949-1975. The number of faithful right before the war of 1948 was 800, after which it dropped to about 60. On 11 July 1949, Elias Ziadé was appointed Vicar in Jerusalem by Patriarchal decree. On 11 August, another decree extended this office to Transjordan. Father Ziadé stayed in charge until his death on 23 April 1975.
    • Also in 1949, Michel Edde was appointed as the first "Moukhtar" of the community. On 15 June 1958, the Jordanian Government officially recognized the Maronite Church. On 15 May 1964, Patriarch Meouchi placed Monsignor Elias Ziadé in charge as parish priest of the Maronites in Jordan. A welfare society run by eight members was established and, on 28 July 1964, the society was recognized by the Jordanian Ministry of Interior Affairs.
  • Augustin Harfouche, 1975-1996.[7][8]

Patriarchal Exarchs

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Roberson, Ronald. "The Eastern Catholic Churches 2017" (PDF). cnewa.org. Catholic Near East Welfare Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 October 2018. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
  2. ^ Gcatholic
  3. ^ [Libreria Editrice Vaticana, ed. (2007). Annuario Pontificio. p. 1168. ISBN 9788820979089.]
  4. ^ [The Pontifical Yearbook 2015 provides statistical information for the year 2012.]
  5. ^ Louis Wehbe, O.C.S.O. (2001). «The Maronites of the Holy Land: A Historical Overview». The Journal of Maronite Studies 5 July-December
  6. ^ History of the Maronites of the Holy Land: in French and in English
  7. ^ maronitejerusalem.org Archived 2015-12-08 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ catholicchurch-holyland.com
  9. ^ Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, ed. (25 June 2011). «DALLE CHIESE ORIENTALI». Bollettino della Sala Stampa della Santa Sede (en italiano)
  10. ^ Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, ed. (16 June 2012). «DALLE CHIESE ORIENTALI». Bollettino della Sala Stampa della Santa Sede (en italiano)
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Maronite Catholic Patriarchal Exarchate of Jerusalem and Palestine
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