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Manuel Cruz Rodríguez

Manuel Cruz
60th President of the Senate
In office
21 May 2019 – 2 December 2019
MonarchFelipe VI
Preceded byPío García-Escudero
Succeeded byPilar Llop
Spanish Senator
from Barcelona
Assumed office
21 May 2019
Member of the Congress of Deputies
In office
13 July 2016 – 5 May 2019
Personal details
Manuel Cruz Rodríguez

(1951-01-01) 1 January 1951 (age 73)
Barcelona, Spain
Alma materUniversity of Barcelona
OccupationPhilosopher and politician

Manuel Cruz Rodríguez (born 1 January 1951) is a Spanish philosopher and politician who served as the 60th President of the Senate from May to December 2019. Prior to this, between 2016 and 2019, Cruz served as member of the Congress of Deputies in representation of Barcelona. He is a member of the Socialists' Party of Catalonia.[citation needed]


Manuel Cruz was born in the City of Barcelona in 1951. He graduated in Philosophy in 1974 at the University of Barcelona and received his PhD in 1979 from the same university. He is Professor of Contemporary Philosophy at the University of Barcelona.

From 1986 to 1993 he directed the Department of History of Philosophy, Aesthetics and Philosophy of Culture of the Faculty of Philosophy. He has taught at various European and American universities, as well as a researcher at the Institute of Philosophy of the Spanish National Research Council.

As a professor he taught the subjects "Contemporary Philosophy" and "Philosophy of History" and his interests are centered in the reflection on contemporary theories of subjectivity, reflections on the place of memory and forgetting in the current world and philosophies of the action of diverse contemporary philosophical traditions.

He has been director of the collections "Contemporany Thought" and "Present Library" of the Paidós Editorial; and co-director of the collections "Filosofía, hoy" (Santillana Editorial) and "Biblioteca Iberoamericana de Ensayo" (Paidós México Editorial) and he currently manages the collection "Pensamiento Herder", in Herder Editorial. He is also editor of the series "Pensamiento 21" from the Los Libros de La Catarata Editorial. He was director of the Barcelona Metropolis magazine.[1]

He is a regular contributor to media such as El País, El Confidencial, Catalunya Ràdio and Cadena SER.

In September 2012 he was one of the signatories of the manifest entitled "Call to the Federalist and Left-wing Catalonia" before the call for early regional election. This manifest was the origin of the Left-wing Federalists Association, an association created in 2013 to defend a federal Spain and opposing the independence of Catalonia.[2] Cruz chaired this association between 2013 and 2016.

Political career

Considered a person close to the PSC leader Miquel Iceta, in May 2016 it was announced that he would occupy the number two position on the Barcelona list of the Party of Socialists of Catalonia headed by Meritxell Batet for the 2016 general election to the Congress of Deputies.[3] He was elected MP and he was appointed Spokesman of the PSOE in the Committee for Science, Innovation and Universities and in the Committee for Education of the Congress.[4] He also was one of the 15 PSOE-PSC deputies to vote against the investiture of Mariano Rajoy following the elections.

Cruz was elected Senator to the 13th Cortes Generales in the 2019 general election. Miquel Iceta, the PSC leader, was proposed to chair the Senate of Spain, however, the Parliament of Catalonia rejected the appointment of Iceta as Senator and the Socialist Party nominated Cruz as candidate.[5] Cruz was elected the 60th President of the Senate for 140 votes in favour. The other candidate, Ruth Goñi of the Citizens party, retrieved 11 votes.[6]


  • 2005: Anagrama Award for Las malas pasadas del pasado.[7]
  • 2010: Espasa Essay Award for Amo, luego existo.[8]
  • 2012: Jovellanos International Essay Prize for Adiós, historia, adiós.[9]
  • 2016: Miguel de Unamuno Essay Prize for La flecha (sin blanco) de la historia.


  1. ^ "Barcelona Metrópolis | Buscar artículos por autor | Artículos por autor". 16 February 2012. Archived from the original on 16 February 2012. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  2. ^ Ríos, Pere (25 September 2013). "Federalistes d'Esquerres pide una "salida dialogada" a la situación de Cataluña". El País (in Spanish). ISSN 1134-6582. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  3. ^ "El filósofo Manuel Cruz será el número dos de Batet". La Vanguardia. 13 May 2016. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  4. ^ "Manuel Cruz: "Hoy empezamos a derogar la Lomce"". (in Spanish). 15 November 2016. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  5. ^ "Spain's Sanchez nominates Catalans to chair Congress and Senate". Reuters. 17 May 2019. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  6. ^ Alberola, Miquel (21 May 2019). "El Senado elige al socialista Manuel Cruz como presidente". El País (in Spanish). ISSN 1134-6582. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  7. ^ "Manuel Cruz gana el Anagrama con un ensayo sobre la autonomía de la memoria". El País (in Spanish). 12 April 2005. ISSN 1134-6582. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  8. ^ AGENCIAS; PAÍS, EL (27 September 2010). "Manuel Cruz gana el Premio Espasa de Ensayo por 'Los filósofos y el amor'". El País (in Spanish). ISSN 1134-6582. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  9. ^ 20Minutos (3 May 2012). "El filósofo Manuel Cruz, ganador del XVIII Premio Internacional de Ensayo Jovellanos con su obra 'Adiós, Historia, adiós". – Últimas Noticias (in Spanish). Retrieved 21 May 2019.((cite web)): CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
Political offices Preceded byPío García-Escudero President of the Senate of Spain 2019 Succeeded byPilar Llop
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Manuel Cruz Rodríguez
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