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Mülheim an der Ruhr
View of the city centre
View of the city centre
Flag of Mülheim an der Ruhr
Coat of arms of Mülheim an der Ruhr
Location of Mülheim an der Ruhr within North Rhine-Westphalia
Mülheim an der Ruhr is located in Germany
Mülheim an der Ruhr
Mülheim an der Ruhr
Mülheim an der Ruhr is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Mülheim an der Ruhr
Mülheim an der Ruhr
Coordinates: 51°25′39″N 06°52′57″E / 51.42750°N 6.88250°E / 51.42750; 6.88250
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionDüsseldorf
DistrictUrban district
Subdivisions3 districts, 9 boroughs
 • Lord mayor (2020–25) Marc Buchholz[1] (CDU)
 • Total91.26 km2 (35.24 sq mi)
Highest elevation
153 m (502 ft)
Lowest elevation
26 m (85 ft)
 • Total172,404
 • Density1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
Dialling codes0208
Vehicle registrationMH

Mülheim, officially Mülheim an der Ruhr (Low German: Mölm; Kölsch: Müllem; German pronunciation: [ˈmyːlhaɪm ʔan deːɐ̯ ˈʁuːɐ̯] ) and also described as "City on the River", is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany. It is located in the Ruhr Area between Duisburg, Essen, Oberhausen and Ratingen. It is home to many companies, and two Max Planck Institutes.

Mülheim received its town charter in 1808, and 100 years later the population exceeded 100,000, making Mülheim officially a city. At the time of the city's 200th anniversary with approximately 170,000 residents, it was counted among the smaller cities of Germany.


Geographical location

Mülheim an der Ruhr is located to the southwest of Essen in the Ruhr valley.[3]

The bridge Mintarder Ruhrtalbrücke in Mülheim, crosses the Ruhr connecting Düsseldorf and Essen


The northern foothills of the Rhenish Massif are characterised by the distinctive rock formation of the bare mountain slopes through which run coal-bearing layers which formed during the carboniferous period. Here the Ruhr cuts more than 50 meters deep into this Mittelgebirge. This natural erosion partly uncovered these mineable black coal deposits, which enabled their exploration and extraction using adits. However, the coal-rich layers became ever deeper as one progressed northward, which required setting up mines to extract the black coal. In contrast, the broad bayou (dead arm of a river) of Styrum borough is characteristic of the features of the Lower Rhine Plain.[4]

Rank Nationality Population (31.12.2022)
1  Turkey 4,807
2  Syria 2,910
3  Serbia 1,594
4  Iraq 1,423
5  Poland 1,357
6  Ukraine 1,306
7  Romania 1,243
8  Italy 1,149
9  China 1,017
10  Kosovo 964


The U18 metro line connects the city with Essen.[5]



The current Mayor of Mülheim is Marc Buchholz of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) since 2020. The most recent mayoral election was held on 13 September 2020, with a runoff held on 27 September, and the results were as follows:

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Marc Buchholz Christian Democratic Union 16,479 25.4 27,716 56.9
Monika Griefahn Social Democratic Party 16,385 25.3 20,984 43.1
Wilhelm Steitz Alliance 90/The Greens 10,178 15.7
Horst Bilo Independent 5,394 8.3
Jürgen Abeln Independent 4,907 7.6
Andreas Brings Die PARTEI 3,940 6.1
Alexander von Wrese Alternative for Germany 3,920 6.0
Amrei Debatin Free Democratic Party 1,853 2.9
Jochen Dirk Hartmann Independent 945 1.5
Martin Ulrich Fritz Civic Awakening Mülheim 808 1.2
Valid votes 64,809 98.7 48,700 98.6
Invalid votes 879 1.3 679 1.4
Total 65,688 100.0 49,379 100.0
Electorate/voter turnout 130,571 50.3 130,561 37.8
Source: State Returning Officer

City council

Results of the 2020 city council election.

The Mülheim city council governs the city alongside the Mayor. The most recent city council election was held on 13 September 2020, and the results were as follows:

Party Votes % +/- Seats +/-
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 16,970 26.3 Decrease 0.9 14 Decrease 1
Alliance 90/The Greens (Grüne) 15,097 23.4 Increase 12.4 13 Increase 7
Social Democratic Party (SPD) 13,765 21.3 Decrease 10.2 12 Decrease 5
Alternative for Germany (AfD) 4,629 7.2 Increase 1.9 4 Increase 1
Mülheimer Citizens' Initiative (MBI) 3,043 4.7 Decrease 5.4 3 Decrease 2
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 3,003 4.7 Decrease 0.7 3 ±0
Die PARTEI (PARTEI) 2,866 4.4 New 2 New
The Left (Die Linke) 1,751 2.7 Decrease 1.4 1 Decrease 1
We From Mülheim (WIR) 1,560 2.4 Increase 1.0 1 ±0
Civic Awakening Mülheim (BAMH) 1,173 1.8 New 1 New
Alliance for Education (BüfBi) 424 0.7 Decrease 0.3 0 Decrease 1
Independents 226 0.4 0
Valid votes 64,507 98.3
Invalid votes 1,144 1.7
Total 65,651 100.0 54 ±0
Electorate/voter turnout 130,571 50.3 Steady 0.0
Source: State Returning Officer

Twin towns – sister cities

Mülheim an der Ruhr is twinned with:[6]

Education and research

Mülheim is home to two Max Planck Institutes, a university campus, and various other educational and scientific institutions.


  • Plus (founded 1972), a supermarket chain
  • Tengelmann (founded 1867), a holding company
  • Aldi Süd (founded 1946, split in two parts in 1960, renamed to Aldi Süd in 1962), a discount supermarket chain
  • Harke Group, formerly Syntana (founded 1965), a chemical and plastics distributor
  • Europipe GmbH (founded 1991), main manufacturer of seamless pipes for the Nord Stream pipelines

Sports clubs



Panorama of Mülheim in 2014

See also


  1. ^ Wahlergebnisse in NRW Kommunalwahlen 2020, Land Nordrhein-Westfalen, accessed 19 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2022 – Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes auf Basis des Zensus vom 9. Mai 2011" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 20 June 2023.
  3. ^ "Mülheim an der Ruhr". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 5 December 2020.
  4. ^ "Mülheim an der Ruhr official website – Eine kurze Geschichte zur Geologie und zur Geographie des Stadtgebietes". (in only German) © 1998–2010 MST Mülheimer Stadtmarketing und Tourismus GmbH. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  5. ^ "Mülheim an der Ruhr". Urban Rail. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  6. ^ "Städtepartnerschaften". (in German). Mülheim an der Ruhr. Retrieved 2021-02-27.

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