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Ruler of Elam
Luh-ishan on the Awan Kings List
Reignc. 2300 BCE
SuccessorEshpum (Akkadian Empire Governor)
DynastyAwan Dynasty
Luh-isha ruled from Susa in Elam

Luh-ishan, also Luhhiššan, Luh-ishshan, Lu-ishan (𒇻𒄴𒅖𒀭 lu-uh-ish-an,[1] also 𒇻𒄴𒄭 𒅖𒊮𒀭 lu-uh-hi ish-sha-an)[2] was a king of Elam and the 8th king of the Awan Dynasty, around 2300 BCE.[3] He was the son of Hiship-rashini.[3][4]

Lu-ishan is known from Elamite sources, such as the Awan Dynasty king list, where he is listed as the 8th king of the Awan Dynasty.[3][5]

Lu-ishan also appears in the inscriptions of Sargon of Akkad, who vanquished him when he conquered Elam and Marhasi.[3] Sargon claims in his inscriptions that he is "Sargon, king of the world, conqueror of Elam and Parahshum", the two major polities to the east of Sumer.[6] He also names various rulers of the east whom he vanquished, such as "Luh-uh-ish-an, son of Hishibrasini, king of Elam", thought to be Lu-sihan, or " Sidga'u, general of Parahshum"(during the reign of Abalgamash), who later also appears in an inscription by Rimush.[6][4]


  1. ^ "CDLI-Found Texts".
  2. ^ SCHEIL, V. (1931). "Dynasties Élamites d'Awan et de Simaš". Revue d'Assyriologie et d'archéologie orientale. 28 (1): 1–46. ISSN 0373-6032. JSTOR 23283945.
  3. ^ a b c d Leick, Gwendolyn (2001). Who's Who in the Ancient Near East. Psychology Press. p. 99. ISBN 978-0-415-13231-2.
  4. ^ a b Potts, D. T. (2016). The Archaeology of Elam: Formation and Transformation of an Ancient Iranian State. Cambridge University Press. p. 82. ISBN 978-1-107-09469-7.
  5. ^ The Royal City of Susa: Ancient Near Eastern Treasures in the Louvre. Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1992. p. 261. ISBN 978-0-87099-651-1.
  6. ^ a b Frayne, Douglas. Sargonic and Gutian Periods. p. 22.
Preceded byKikku-Siwe-Temti King of Elam 2300 BCE Succeeded byEshpum(Akkadian Empire Governor)
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