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Lorraine Copeland

Lorraine Copeland
Birth nameElizabeth Lorraine Adie
Born1921 (1921)
Edinburgh, Scotland
Died27 April 2013(2013-04-27) (aged 91–92)
Dordogne, France
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Service/branchSpecial Operations Executive
Office of Strategic Services
Years of service1940–1942
RankField agent
AwardsMBE, DSC
RelationsMiles Copeland, Jr. (husband), Miles Copeland III (son), Ian Copeland (son), Lorraine Copeland (daughter), Stewart Copeland (son)
Other workArchaeology

Lorraine Copeland (born Elizabeth Lorraine Adie, 1921–April 2013[1]) was a British archaeologist specialising in the Palaeolithic period of the Near East. She was a secret agent with the Special Operations Executive during World War II.

Early life

In 1921, Copeland was born as Elizabeth Lorraine Adie in Edinburgh, Scotland.[2] Her father was a neurosurgeon on Harley Street in London, and she was privately educated at Wycombe Abbey girls' school in Buckinghamshire.[3]

Special Operations Executive

Copeland worked for British Intelligence during the Second World War, in the Special Operations Executive.[4] She met her American husband, Miles Copeland, Jr., during this period, when he was based in the UK undertaking counter-intelligence for the US Army Counter Intelligence Corps. They married on 25 September 1942 and soon afterwards Miles' work took them to the Near East, particularly Syria, Lebanon and Egypt, and it was whilst in this area that Copeland first developed her interest in archaeology.[5]

Archaeology

Copeland worked in the field of Palaeolithic archaeology for over fifty years, and was associated with the University College London Institute of Archaeology. She was an adviser to the Stone Age Institute.[6] In 2004 the festschrift "From the River to the Sea: The Palaeolithic and the Neolithic on the Euphrates and in the Northern Levant " was published in her honour.[7][8][9]

Family

Copeland married Miles on 25 September 1942 at St Mary's Church, Great Portland Street, London. The couple had four children, all of whom went on to have notable careers: their eldest son Miles Copeland III (born 2 May 1944) as an executive in the entertainment industry, Ian Copeland (born 25 April 1949) as a music promoter and booking agent, Lorraine "Lennie" Copeland as a writer and film producer, and Stewart Copeland (born 16 July 1952) as a musician best known as the drummer for the band The Police. Her husband Miles died on 14 January 1991,[10] and her son Ian predeceased her in May 2006. Lorraine Copeland died at Chateau Marouatte in Dordogne, France, on 27 April 2013.[citation needed] She is buried next to her husband Miles in the churchyard of St Peter and St Paul's Church, Aston Rowant, Oxfordshire.[11]

Partial bibliography

  • Copeland, Lorraine and Waechter, John (1968) "The Stone Industries of Abri Bergy, Lebanon" Bulletin of the Institute of Archaeology, University of London 7, 15–36.
  • Copeland, Lorraine (1975) "The Middle and Upper Paleolithic of Lebanon and Syria in the Light of Recent Research" in Fred Wendorf and Anthony E. Marks, eds., Problems in Prehistory: North Africa and the Levant Dallas.
  • Copeland, Lorraine and Hours, Francis (eds) (1989) The Hammer on the Rock: Studies in the Early Palaeolithic of Azraq, Jordan. Maison de L'Orient Méditerranéen C.N.R.S.-Université Lumière-Lyon 2, Lyon, France, Archaeological Series No. 5 BAR S540. ISBN 0-86054-686-1.
  • Sanlaville, Paul; Besançon, Jacques; Copeland, Lorraine and Muhesen, Sultan (1993) Le Paléolithique de la vallée moyenne de l'Oronte (Syrie): peuplement et environment BAR S587. ISBN 0-86054-747-7.
  • Copeland, Lorraine and Moloney, Norah (eds) (1998) The Mousterian Site of Ras el-Kelb, Lebanon BAR IS 706. ISBN 0-86054-939-9.

Related publications

  • Aurenche, Olivier; Le Mière, Marie and Sanlaville, Paul (eds) (2004) From the River to the Sea: The Paleolithic and the Neolithic on the Euphrates and in the Northern Levant. Studies in honour of Lorraine Copeland Maison de l'Orient Méditerranéen BAR S1263 ISBN 1-84171-621-9. A full bibliography of Lorraine Copeland's work is provided in this volume.

References

  1. ^ Daring CIA Widow Dies, AND Magazine, published 30 April 2013. Retrieved 3 September 2013
  2. ^ "5 Scots spies to mark Edinburgh Spy Week". www.edinburghnews.scotsman.com. 19 April 2017. Retrieved 14 October 2023.
  3. ^ "Wycombe Abbey". Wycombe Abbey. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
  4. ^ "BIOGRAPHY MILES A. COPELAND III". www.milescopeland.biz. Archived from the original on 12 October 2011.
  5. ^ Garrard, Andrew N.; Aurenche, Olivier; Sanlaville, Paul (1 January 2014). "Lorraine Copeland (1921-2013)". Paléorient. 40 (1): 5–8. Retrieved 14 October 2023 – via www.persee.fr.
  6. ^ "Officers and Advisory Board". Stoneageinstitute.org. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
  7. ^ Aurenche, Olivier; Mière, Marie Le; Sanlaville, Paul (2004). From the River to the Sea: The Palaeolithic and the Neolithic on the Euphrates and in the Northern Levant. ISBN 1841716219.
  8. ^ "From the River to the Sea". Archaeopress. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  9. ^ Report on the Second Workshop on PPN Chipped Lithic Industries (PDF). April 1995. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  10. ^ "Miles Copeland". Spartacus Educational. Retrieved 14 October 2023.
  11. ^ "Miles Axe Copland grave monument details at St Peter and St Paul Church burial ground, Aston Rowant, Oxfordshire,England". www.gravestonephotos.com. Retrieved 14 October 2023.

Sources

  • "In Memoriam. Lorraine Copeland (1921-2013)", Andrew N. Garrard, and Olivier Aurenche and Paul Sanlaville, 2014, Paléorient 40:1, pp 5–8. Online at Lorraine Copeland (1921-2013).
  • Copeland, Miles (1989) The Game Player: Confessions of the CIA's Original Political Operative London
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Lorraine Copeland
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