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Municipal police

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Patrol unit of the Local Police of the Germinalt zone in Wallonia (Belgium)
Police municipale Citroën C4 in Aix-en-Provence (France)
A New York Police Department (NYPD) cruiser. The NYPD is the biggest municipal police force in the world.
City Guard of Szczecin, Poland
Parade of Stadtpolizei on occasion of centennial of Schutz und Rettung Zürich in 2011 in Zürich (Switzerland)
Mounted Polizia Locale in Piazza della Signoria in Florence (Italy)
Policía Municipal of Madrid (Spain)
Municipal police officers (strážníci) in Prague (Czech Republic)
Indonesian Municipal Police personnel known as "Satpol PP"

Municipal police, city police, or local police are law enforcement agencies that are under the control of local government. This includes the municipal government, where it is the smallest administrative subdivision. They receive funding from the city budget, and may have fewer legal powers than the "state paid" police. These police forces usually report to a mayor or a local police board.

Historical development

Historically, the role of the municipal police of local civic protection was carried out by watchmen. Today, some formations of municipal police still carry the name of the city/communal/municipal guard.

Municipal police by country

Country English name Native name(s)
Albania Municipal Police
Algeria Municipal Guards
Argentina Buenos Aires City Police
  • Spanish: Policía de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires
Austria Municipal police
  • German: Stadtpolizei (most common denomination), Gemeindepolizei, Gemeindesicherheitswache, Gemeindewachkörper
Australia Council ranger
Belgium Local Police
Brazil Municipal Guards
Canada Municipal and regional police services (criminal and administrative offences) and bylaw enforcement officers (administrative offences)
Chile Municipal Guards
China City Law Enforcement Bureau
Czech Republic Municipal Police
  • Czech: městská policie, obecní policie
Estonia Municipal Police
France Municipal Police
Germany City Police
  • German: Stadtpolizei, Kommunalpolizei, Polizeibehörde
  • Ortspolizeibehörde Bremerhaven: unique municipal police with detective branch
Greece Municipal Police
  • Greek: Δημοτική Αστυνομία
Hungary Local Governmental Law Enforcement
  • Hungarian: Önkormányzati Rendészet, Városőrség
Indonesia Municipal Police (Indonesia)
  • Indonesian: Satuan Polisi Pamong Praja ("SATPOL PP")
Italy Municipal Police
  • Italian: Polizia Municipale, Polizia Comunale, Polizia Urbana, Polizia Locale or Vigili Urbani
Kazakhstan Local Police
  • Kazakh: Жергілікті полиция Was created in 2015 with responsibilities for local beat policing, handling juvenile delinquency, preventing violence against women, road patrolling, environmental protection and non-pre-trial detention facilities. It was abolished in 2018 with these responsibilities returned to provincial police departments.[1]
Latvia Municipal Police
Lithuania Public Order Division
Mexico Municipal Police
Namibia Windhoek Police
Netherlands Municipal Enforcement
  • Dutch: Handhaving, Toezicht, Stadswacht, BOA (Bijzonder OpsporingsAmbtenaar. English: Special Enforcement Officer)Have some limited police powers like the use of (limited)force, handcuffs, detaining etc. (some have more powers than others)
Poland City Guard
  • Polish: Straż miejska, Straż gminna
Portugal Municipal Police
Romania Local Police
Serbia Communal Militia
  • Serbian: Комунална Милиција / Komunalna Milicija
Slovakia City/Municipal Police
  • Slovak: mestská polícia, obecná polícia
Slovenia Communal Police
South Korea Municipal Police of Jeju Special Self-Governing Province
Spain Municipal Police
South Africa Municipal Police
Switzerland Municipal Police
  • French: Police municipale
  • German: Stadtpolizei, Gemeindepolizei, Regionalpolizei
  • Romansh: Polizia Cumûnala
  • Italian: Polizia Municipale
Tunisia Municipal Police
  • Arabic: الشرطة البلدية
Turkey Municipal Police
Ukraine Municipal guard
  • Ukrainian: Муніципальна варта
United States Municipal police departments
Vietnam Municipal police of Ha Noi City, Ho Chi Minh City, Hai Phong City, Da Nang City and Can Tho City

See also


  1. ^ Slade, Gavin; Trochev, Alexei; Talgatova, Malika (2020-12-02). "The Limits of Authoritarian Modernisation: Zero Tolerance Policing in Kazakhstan". Europe-Asia Studies. 73: 178–199. doi:10.1080/09668136.2020.1844867. ISSN 0966-8136. S2CID 229420067.
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Municipal police
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