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List of wars involving Georgia (country)

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This is a list of wars involving Georgia and its predecessor states. The list gives the name, the date, the combatants, and the result of these conflicts following this legend:

  Georgian victory
  Georgian defeat
  Another result (e.g. a treaty or peace without a clear result,
status quo ante bellum, result of civil or internal conflict, result unknown or indecisive)
  Ongoing conflict

Colchis and Iberia

Date Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
720s BC Scytho-Cimmerian invasion of Colchis Colchis Scythia
Cimmerians
Defeat
65 BC Pompey's campaign of Georgia Kingdom of Iberia
Colchis
Roman Republic Defeat
  • Vassalization of Iberia
  • Annexation of Colchis
35-36 Pharasmanes I's first invasion of Armenia Kingdom of Iberia
Supported by
Roman Empire
Kingdom of Armenia
Parthian Empire
Victory
50-51 Iberian–Armenian War (50–51) Kingdom of Iberia Kingdom of Armenia
Roman Empire
Victory
52-54 Iberian–Armenian War (52–54) Kingdom of Iberia
Roman Empire
Kingdom of Armenia
Parthian Empire
Defeat
58-63 Roman–Parthian War of 58–63 Roman Empire
Sophene
Lesser Armenia
Kingdom of Iberia
Commagene
Kingdom of Pontus
Kingdom of Armenia
Parthian Empire
Defeat

Early Medieval fragmentation

Date Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
526-532 Iberian War  Byzantine Empire
Kingdom of Iberia
Ghassanids
Huns
Heruli
Kingdom of Aksum
Kingdom of Kinda
Sasanian Empire
Lakhmid kingdom
Sabirs
Inconclusive
541-562 Lazic War  Byzantine Empire
Lazica (548-562)
Sasanian Empire
Lazica (541-548)
Inconclusive[1]
602-628 Byzantine–Sasanian War of 602–628 Sasanian Empire
Avars (and Slavic allies)
Sasanian Iberia
Jewish and Samaritan rebels (c. 614)
Lakhmids
Lombards
Visigoths
 Byzantine Empire
Western Turkic Khaganate
Ghassanids
Defeat
642-645 The first invasion of the Arabs in Georgia[2][citation needed] Principality of Iberia
Lazica
Rashidun Caliphate Defeat
735-737 Umayyad invasion of Georgia Principality of Iberia
Lazica
Umayyad Caliphate Defeat
914 Sajid invasion of Georgia Tao-Klarjeti
Kingdom of Kakheti
Kingdom of Abkhazia
Sajid dynasty The Sajids withdraw from Georgia
993-998 David III's campaigns against the Muslims Kingdom of the Iberians
Bagratid Armenia
Marwanids (Diyar Bakr)
Rawadid dynasty
Victory

Kingdom of Georgia

Date Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
1014-1022 Byzantine–Georgian war (1014-1022)[3]  Kingdom of Georgia
Bagratid Armenia
Kingdom of Kakheti-Hereti
 Byzantine Empire Defeat
1028 Byzantine–Georgian war (1028)  Kingdom of Georgia  Byzantine Empire Byzantine–Georgian treaty of 1031
1029 The invasion of the Alans in Kakheti[4][citation needed][failed verification] Kingdom of Kakheti-Hereti Kingdom of Alania Victory
1033-1058 Georgian civil war  Kingdom of Georgia
Varangians
Kingdom of Georgia Demetrius of Anacopia (1033-1042)
Liparit IV of Kldekari (1039-1060)
 Byzantine Empire
Kingdom of Kakheti-Hereti
Kingdom of Tashir-Dzoraget
Bagrat IV was recognized as king
1064 Alp Arslan's invasion of Georgia (1064)  Kingdom of Georgia Seljuk Empire Defeat
1068 Alp Arslan's invasion of Georgia (1068)  Kingdom of Georgia Seljuk Empire
Kingdom of Kakheti-Hereti
Kingdom of Tashir-Dzoraget
Emirate of Tbilisi
Shaddadids
Defeat
1068 Fadl ibn Shavur's invasion of Georgia[5][citation needed][failed verification]  Kingdom of Georgia Shaddadids Victor
1204-1206 Georgian campaigns of Ahlatshahs [ka][6]  Kingdom of Georgia Shah-Armens Victory
1208-1210 Ayyubid–Georgian wars [ka][7]  Kingdom of Georgia Ayyubid Empire Inconclusive
1210-1211 Georgian–Eldiguzid war (1210-1211)  Kingdom of Georgia Eldiguzids Victory
1048-1213 Georgian–Seljuk wars  Kingdom of Georgia Seljuk Empire

Sultanate of Rum

Victory
1225-1228 Jalal al-Din's invasions of Georgia [ka][8]  Kingdom of Georgia Khwarazmian Empire Defeat
1220-1236 Mongol invasions of Georgia Kingdom of Georgia Mongol Empire Defeat
1302-1303 Azat Mousa's invasion of Georgia[citation needed]  Principality of Samtskhe Sultanate of Rum Victory
14th century Vameq's invasion of Jiketi[9][citation needed][failed verification] Duchy of Mingrelia Kingdom of Zichia Victory
1386-1403 Timurid invasions of Georgia  Kingdom of Georgia Timurid Empire Defeat
1405 George's campaign against the Timurids[10]  Kingdom of Georgia  Timurid Empire Victory
1407-1412 Qara Yusuf's invasions of Georgia[11][12]  Kingdom of Georgia
Shirvanshah
Simsim
Qara Qoyunlu Defeat
1431-1435 Alexander's reconquests  Kingdom of Georgia Qara Qoyunlu Victory
  • The Georgians re-conquered Lori
  • The Georgians re-conquered Syunik
1440 Jahan Shah's first invasion of Georgia[11]  Kingdom of Georgia Qara Qoyunlu Defeat
1444 Jahan Shah's second invasion of Georgia[13][14]  Kingdom of Georgia Qara Qoyunlu Victory
  • Jahan Shah and his troops escaped to Tabriz, putting an end to the Turkoman incursion.
1466-1477 Uzun Hasan's invasions of Georgia  Kingdom of Georgia Aq Qoyunlu Victory
1486-1490 Yaqub's invasions of Georgia  Kingdom of Georgia Aq Qoyunlu Victory
  • The Turkomans failed to capture Tbilisi
1407-1502 Turkoman invasions of Georgia Kingdom of Georgia
Shirvanshah
Safavid Empire (1502)
Kara Koyunlu (1407-1468)
Aq Qoyunlu (1468-1502)
Victory
  • End of invasions against Georgia and consolidation of Safavids in Persia
1463-1493 Georgian civil war of 1463–1491  Kingdom of Georgia
Duchy of Mingrelia
border=no Kingdom of Imereti
 Principality of Samtskhe
Principality of Mingrelia
Principality of Guria
Principality of Svaneti
Principality of Abkhazia

 Kingdom of Kakheti

Fall of Kingdom of Georgia

Kingdoms and principalities

Date Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
1533 Mamia's invasion of Jiketi[15][citation needed][failed verification] Principality of Mingrelia
Principality of Guria
Kingdom of Zichia Defeat
  • The allies won the first battle, but the Circassians defeated the allies in the second battle
1532-1555 Ottoman–Safavid War (1532–1555) Safavid dynasty Safavid Iran
Kingdom of Imereti
Kingdom of Kartli (1545)
Principality of Guria
Mamluk Sultanate
Ottoman Empire
 Principality of Samtskhe
Kingdom of Kartli (1541-1555)
 Kingdom of Kakheti
Shaybanids
Peace of Amasya
1547 Ottoman invasion of Guria[citation needed] Principality of Guria Ottoman Empire Defeat
1578-1590 Ottoman–Safavid War (1578–1590) Safavid dynasty Safavid Iran
Kingdom of Kartli (1578-1588)
 Kingdom of Kakheti (1578)
 Principality of Samtskhe (1578, 1582–1587)
Principality of Guria (1583-1587)
Ottoman Empire
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimean Khanate
Kingdom of Imereti
Principality of Guria (1578-1583, after 1587)
Principality of Mingrelia
 Principality of Samtskhe (1578-1582)
Shaybanids
Ottoman victory
1603-1612 Ottoman–Safavid War (1603–1612) Safavid dynasty Safavid Iran Ottoman Empire Victory
1614-1617 Abbas I's Kakhetian and Kartlian campaigns  Kingdom of Kakheti
Kingdom of Kartlii
Ottoman Empire (from 1616)
Safavid dynasty Safavid Iran Defeat
1621-1657 Mingrelian–Abkhazian War (1621-1657) [ru][citation needed][failed verification] Principality of Mingrelia Principality of Abkhazia Mingrelian victory
1703 Ottoman invasion of western Georgia Ottoman Empire Kingdom of Imereti
Principality of Guria
Principality of Mingrelia
Victory
1722-1723 Russo-Persian War (1722–1723)  Russian Empire
Ukrainian Cossacks
Kingdom of Kartli
Safavid Iran Victory
1730-1735 Ottoman–Persian War (1730–1735) Safavid dynasty Safavid Iran

Shamkhalate of Tarki (from 1734)

Ottoman Empire Victory
1738-40 Nader Shah's invasion of India[16][17] Afsharid Empire
 Kingdom of Kakheti
Mughal Empire
Hyderabad State
Oudh
Victory
1768-1774 Russo-Turkish War (1768–74)  Russian Empire

Greek insurgents
Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti
Kingdom of Imereti

Ottoman Empire Victory
1796 Russo-Persian War of 1796  Russian Empire
Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti
Karabakh Khanate
Shamkhalate of Tarki
Tabasaran Principality
Kaitag Utsmiate
Qajar Iran
Ganja Khanate
Erivan Khanate
Quba Khanate
Gazikumukh Khanate
  • Tactical Russian victory
  • Strategic Persian victory
1454-1806 Ottoman-Abkhazian Wars (1454–1806) [ru][citation needed][failed verification] Principality of Abkhazia Ottoman Empire Victory
1806-1812 Russo-Turkish War (1806–12) Russia Russian Empire
Principality of Mingrelia
Principality of Guria
Principality of Abkhazia (1810-1812)
Wallachia
Ottoman Empire
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimean Khanate
Principality of Abkhazia (1808-1810)
Victory
1828-1829 Russo-Turkish War (1828–1829) Russian Empire Russian Empire

Principality of Mingrelia
Principality of Guria
Principality of Svaneti
Principality of Abkhazia
Supported by:
Kingdom of France France
United Kingdom United Kingdom

Ottoman Empire Victory
1853-1856 The Caucasus front of the Crimean War Russia Russian Empire

Principality of Mingrelia
Principality of Abkhazia (1853-1855)

Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire
Principality of Abkhazia (1855-1856)
The victory at the front, but the defeat of Russia in the war[citation needed]
1722-1864 Russo-Circassian War  Russian Empire Circassian Confederation
Kabardia (East Circassia) (until 1822)
Victory
1817-1864 Caucasian War  Russian Empire Circassian Confederation
Caucasian Imamate
Vicotry
1877-1878 Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878) Russian Empire Ottoman Empire Victory

The Social-Democratic Georgia

Date Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
1914-1918 World War I Allied Powers Central Powers Allied victory
1914-1918 Caucasus Campaign  Russian Empire (1914–17)

 United Kingdom (1918)
Armenia Armenia
(1918)

Central Caspian Dictatorship (1918)


 Russian SFSR (1918)
Baku Commune (1918)

 Ottoman Empire

Azerbaijan Azerbaijan (1918)
Mountainous Republic of the Northern Caucasus (1918)
 German Empire (1914–17)


 German Empire (1918)
 Democratic Republic of Georgia (1918)

Compromise
1918 Abkhazia conflict (1918)  Democratic Republic of Georgia Russia Russian Soviet Republic Victory
1918 Armeno-Georgian War  Democratic Republic of Georgia Armenia First Republic of Armenia Inconclusive
  • With the intervention of Great Britain, a truce was concluded between Armenia and Georgia.
1918-1920 Georgian–Ossetian conflict (1918–1920)  Democratic Republic of Georgia Ossetians
Supported by:
 Russian SFSR
Victory
  • All Ossetian uprisings were suppressed by Georgians
1921 Red Army invasion of Georgia  Democratic Republic of Georgia  Russian SFSR

Ankara Government

Defeat

Georgian SSR

Date Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
1941-1945 World War II Allies Axis Allied victory
1979-1989 Soviet–Afghan War  Soviet Union

Afghanistan Afghanistan

Peshawar Seven
Tehran Eight
Defeat

Republic of Georgia

Date Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
1991-1993 Georgian Civil War Georgia (country) Pro-Gamsakhurdia forces

Supported by:
 Chechen Republic of Ichkeria

Georgia (country) Pro-Shevardnadze forces

 Russia (since October 1993)

Shevardnadze's victory
  • Gamsakhurdia government expunged
1991-1992 South Ossetian war  Georgia  South Ossetia
 Russia
Defeat
1992-1993 War in Abkhazia  Georgia

UNA-UNSO "Argo"

 Abkhazia

Confederation of Mountain Peoples of the Caucasus
 Russia

Defeat
1998 War in Abkhazia (1998) Georgia (country) White Legion
Georgia (country) Forest Brotherhood
 Abkhazia Defeat
2008 Russo-Georgian War  Georgia  Russia
 South Ossetia
 Abkhazia
Defeat
2003-2011 Iraq War  United States
 Iraq
 United Kingdom
 South Korea
 Italy
 Poland
 Australia
 Georgia
 Ukraine
 Estonia
 Netherlands
 Spain
 Denmark
MNF–I INC
Iraq New Iraqi Army
KDP
PUK
 Turkey (Political Support)
Iraq Iraq
Ba'ath Loyalists
SCJL
Naqshbandi Army
Islamic State of Iraq
Al-Qaeda
Mahdi Army
Special Groups
Badr Brigades
Victory
2001–2021 War in Afghanistan Afghanistan Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

Advisers, Non-combat support, & Counter-terrorism operations:

Resolute Support

Afghanistan Taliban

al-Qaeda
Haqqani network
Hezb-e-Islami Gulbuddin
United Tajik Opposition

Defeat

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Leppin, Hartmut (2021). "The Eastern Roman Empire and Its Neighbours in the "Age of Justinian" – An Overview". In Meier, Mischa; Montinaro, Federico (eds.). A Companion to Procopius of Caesarea. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill. p. 13. ISBN 978-90-04-49877-8. After 545 truces brought peace to most of the border regions, but the war lingered in the Caucasus until 561, when Khosrow and Justinian finally agreed to a fifty-year peace. There was no definite victor, but the Sasanian Empire was in a slightly better position as Rome was obliged to pay a fixed sum to Persia each year.
  2. ^ Suny 1994, pp. 26–27.
  3. ^ Suny 1994, p. 33.
  4. ^ Kvachantiradze, Eka (2012). "Urdure" (PDF). Caucasus in Georgian Sources: Foreign States, Tribes, Historical Figures. Encyclopedical Dictionary. Tbilisi: Favorite. p. 376. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-10-20.
  5. ^ Minorsky 1993, p. 754.
  6. ^ Lordkipanidze & Hewitt 1987, p. 135.
  7. ^ Humphreys 1977, pp. 130–131.
  8. ^ Mikaberidze 2015, pp. 19.
  9. ^ Beradze, Tamaz (1983). "Vameq I Dadiani". Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia (in Georgian). Vol. 4. Tbilisi: Metsniereba. p. 287.
  10. ^ Rayfield 2012, p. 152.
  11. ^ a b Kouymjian, Dickran, and Dickran Kouymjian. 1998. Armenia from the fall of the Cilician Kingdom (1375) to the forced emigration under Shah Abbas (1604) ; and, A critical bibliography for the history of Armenia from 1375 to 1605. [Fresno]: Armenian Studies Program, California State University, Fresno.
  12. ^ Toumanoff, Cyril (1949–51). The Fifteenth-Century Bagratids and the Institution of Collegial Sovereignty in Georgia. Traditio 7: 174, 176-177.
  13. ^ Rayfield 2012, p. 158.
  14. ^ Brosset 1849, p. 643.
  15. ^ Beradze, Tamaz (1983). "Mamia III Dadiani". Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia (in Georgian). Vol. 6. Tbilisi: Metsniereba. p. 396.
  16. ^ David Marshall Lang. Russia and the Armenians of Transcaucasia, 1797–1889: a documentary record Columbia University Press, 1957 (digitalised March 2009, originally from the University of Michigan) p. 142.
  17. ^ Valeri Silogava, Kakha Shengelia. "History of Georgia: From the Ancient Times Through the "Rose Revolution" Caucasus University Publishing House, 2007 ISBN 978-9994086160 pp. 158, 278.
  18. ^ Cornell 2002, p. 141.
  19. ^ Cornell 2002, p. 188.

References

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List of wars involving Georgia (country)
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