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Boundary Ranges

Boundary Ranges
Alaska Boundary Range
View of the Juneau Icefield.
Highest point
PeakMount Ratz, British Columbia
Elevation3,090 m (10,140 ft)
Coordinates57°23′35.2″N 132°18′11.2″W / 57.393111°N 132.303111°W / 57.393111; -132.303111
Dimensions
Area87,101 km2 (33,630 sq mi)
Geography
Location map of Boundary Ranges; marine shoreline-boundary not shown
CountriesCanada and United States
States/ProvincesAlaska, British Columbia and Yukon
Parent rangeCoast Mountains

The Boundary Ranges, also known in the singular and as the Alaska Boundary Range, are the largest and most northerly subrange of the Coast Mountains. They begin at the Nass River, near the southern end of the Alaska Panhandle in the Canadian province of British Columbia and run to the Kelsall River, near the Chilkoot Pass, beyond which are the Alsek Ranges of the Saint Elias Mountains, and northwards into the Yukon Territory flanking the west side of the Yukon River drainage as far as Champagne Pass, north of which being the Yukon Ranges. To their east are the Skeena Mountains and Stikine Plateau of the Interior Mountains complex that lies northwest of the Interior Plateau; the immediately adjoining subregion of the Stikine Plateau is the Tahltan Highland. To their northeast is the Tagish Highland, which is a subregion of the Yukon Plateau. Both highlands are considered in some descriptions as included in the Coast Mountains. The Alexander Archipelago lies offshore and is entirely within Alaska.

The Boundary Ranges include several large icefields, including the Juneau Icefield, between the Alaskan city of the same name and Atlin Lake in B.C.; and the Stikine Icecap, which lies between the lower Stikine River and the Whiting River. Some of the highest mountains in the Boundary Ranges are: Mount Ratz, 3,090 m (10,138 ft); Chutine Peak, 2,910 m (9,547 ft); and Devils Thumb, 2,766 m (9,075 ft), all in the Stikine Icecap region; and Devils Paw, 2,593 m (8,507 ft), in the Juneau Icefield. (Other peaks in the Stikine Icecap are higher than 2,600 m (8,530 ft), but they have relatively low topographic prominence.)

Despite the height of Mount Ratz and its neighbours, most of the Boundary Ranges are considerably lower than the Pacific Ranges of the southern Coast Mountains. The larger icefields of the Boundary Ranges are at a much lower elevation than their southern counterparts in the Pacific Ranges because of the difference in latitude.

Physiographically, they are a section of the larger Pacific Border province, which in turn is part of the larger Pacific Mountain System physiographic division.

The granitic intrusions that form the Boundary Ranges are remnants of a Late Cretaceous volcanic arc system called the Coast Range Arc.

Subranges

Rivers

Rivers draining or transiting the Boundary Ranges include the:

See also

References

  • S. Holland, Landforms of British Columbia, Province of British Columbia, 1976, pp 38-39
  • U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Boundary Ranges
  • "Boundary Ranges". BC Geographical Names.
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Boundary Ranges
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