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List of ongoing armed conflicts

Map of ongoing armed conflicts (number of combat-related deaths in current or previous year):
  Major wars (10,000 or more)
  Wars (1,000–9,999)
  Minor conflicts (100–999)
  Skirmishes and clashes (1–99)

The following is a list of ongoing armed conflicts that are taking place around the world.

Criteria

Stacked bar chart, one stack per year
Conflict deaths in the 17 deadliest conflicts 2015–2020

This list of ongoing armed conflicts identifies present-day conflicts and the death toll associated with each conflict. The criteria of inclusion are the following:

  • Armed conflicts consist in the use of armed force between two or more organized armed groups, governmental or non-governmental.[1] Interstate, intrastate and non-state armed conflicts are listed.
  • Fatality figures include battle-related deaths (military and civilian) as well as civilians intentionally targeted by the parties to an armed conflict. Only direct deaths resulting from violence are included for the current and previous year; excess deaths indirectly resulting from famine, disease, or disruption of services are included along with violent deaths in the cumulative fatalities count when available.
  • Listed conflicts have at least 100 cumulative deaths in total and at least 1 death in current or in the past calendar year.
  • Fatality totals may be inaccurate or unavailable due to a lack of information. A figure with a plus symbol, indicates that at least that many people have died (e.g. 455+ indicates that at least 455 people have died).
  • Location refers to the states where the main violence takes place, not to the warring parties. Italics indicate disputed territories and unrecognized states.
  • A territorial dispute or a protest movement which has not experienced deliberate and systematic deaths due to state or paramilitary violence is not considered to be an armed conflict.

Major wars (10,000 or more combat-related deaths in current or previous year)

The 5 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 10,000 direct, violent deaths per year in battles between identified groups, in the current or previous calendar year.[2]

Start of
conflict
Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities 2023 fatalities 2024 fatalities
1948 Asia  Myanmar 180,000+[3][4] 15,773[5][6][7][8] 2,233[9]
1948 Asia  Israel
 Palestine
 Egypt
 Lebanon
 Syria
 Iraq
 Saudi Arabia
 Jordan
 Yemen
61,000–70,000+[10] 24,550–32,519[11][5][a][20] 9,498–10,713[9][21][22][23][24][25]
2002 Africa  Burkina Faso
 Mali
 Niger
 Benin
 Togo
 Algeria
 Tunisia
 Chad
 Ivory Coast
 Mauritania
 Ghana
 Nigeria
 Cameroon
 Morocco
 Libya
70,000+[9][26][27][28][29] 14,728[5][30] 1,805[9]
2014 Europe  Russia
 Ukraine
180,000–220,000+[31][32] 30,915[5]–95,088+[33] 3,361[9]
2023 War in Sudan Africa  Sudan 13,225–15,000+[5][34] 13,225[5][34][35] 1,493[9]

Wars (1,000–9,999 combat-related deaths in current or previous year)

The 17 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 1,000 and fewer than 10,000 direct, violent deaths in the current or previous calendar year.[2] Conflicts causing at least 1,000 deaths in one calendar year are considered wars by the Uppsala Conflict Data Program.[36]

Start of
conflict
Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities 2023 fatalities 2024 fatalities
1948 Asia  Israel
 Lebanon
 Syria
48,500+[37] 2,580[38][5] 147[9]
1964 South America  Colombia
 Venezuela
455,500+[39] 2,558[5] 337[9]
1978 Asia  Afghanistan
 Pakistan
1,454,000–2,584,468+[40] 1,041[5] 118[9]
1991 Africa  Somalia
 Somaliland

 Kenya

359,300–1,000,000+[41][42] 9,343[5][43][44] 833[9]
1996 Africa  DR Congo
 Uganda
10,500+[45][46][47][48] 1,514[5] 270[9]
1998 Africa  Nigeria 98,300+[45][49][50][51][52] 3,300[5][53] 330[9]
2003 Asia  Iraq 333,300–1,215,000+[54][55][b] 1,338[5] 188[9]
2004 Insurgency in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Asia  Pakistan 47,300–61,549+[56] 1,300[5] 226[9]
2004 Africa  DR Congo
 Rwanda
 Burundi
27,200+[57] 2,273[5] 414[9]
2006 North America  Mexico 357,000-400,000[58][c] 7,168[5] 1,086[9]
2008 Africa  Sudan
 South Sudan
388,200–400,000+[60] 1,249[5][61] 202[9]
2009 Africa  Nigeria
 Cameroon
 Niger
 Chad
373,100[62] 5,182[5][63] 729[9]
2011 Asia  Syria 586,200–613,407+[64] 6,211[5][65] 885[9]
2014 Asia  Yemen
 Saudi Arabia
 United Arab Emirates
 Israel
380,300[66] 3,381[5] 401[9]
2017 Anglophone Crisis Africa  Cameroon
 Nigeria
7,000+[67] 338[d]-1,042[5] 96[9]
2018 Africa  Ethiopia 180,800–600,000+[68] 3,830[5][69] 753[9]
2020 North America  Haiti 3,700+[70][71][72] 2,014[5][70] 253[9]

Minor conflicts (100–999 combat-related deaths in current or previous year)

The 19 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 100, and fewer than 1,000, direct, violent deaths in the current or previous calendar year.

Start of
conflict
Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities 2023 fatalities 2024 fatalities
1918 Asia  Iran
 Iraq
15,200–58,000+[73] 198[5] 144[9]
1921 Asia  Turkey
 Iraq
 Syria
120,100+[74][75] 136[5] 4[9]
1943 Jamaican political conflict North America  Jamaica 1,400+[76] 397[5] 33[9]
1947 Asia  India
 Pakistan
200,700–2,000,000
[citation needed][77]
706[5] 115[9]
1948 Asia  Pakistan
 Iran
21,400+[78] 600[5] 170[9]
1954 Asia  India
 Bhutan
40,500[79] 540[5] 20[9]
1962 Papua conflict Asia  Indonesia 100,100–500,000[80] 179[5] 22[9]
1967 Naxalite–Maoist insurgency Asia  India 13,100–14,369+[81] 360[5] 10[9]
1969 Asia  Philippines 165,500–213,000[82] 580[5] 70[9]
1988 Ethnic violence in Papua New Guinea Oceania  Papua New Guinea 15,000–20,000[83][84] 337[9] 84[9][85]
1999 Asia  Bangladesh 1,800+[5][86] 328[5][87] 56[9]
1999 Ituri conflict Africa  DR Congo 65,800+[88] 830[5] 40[9]
2003 Africa  Nigeria
 Cameroon
2,600[89] 150[5] 180[9]
2006 Conflict for control of favelas in Rio South America  Brazil 700–14,383[90] 41[91]–336[9] 10[9]
2012 Central African Republic Civil War Africa  Central African Republic
 Cameroon
14,500+[45] 546[5] 59[9]
2016 Philippine drug war Asia  Philippines 32,200[92] 269[5] 22[9]
2017 Insurgency in Cabo Delgado Africa  Mozambique
 Tanzania
6,300+[93] 321[5] 118[9]
2021 Asia  Azerbaijan
 Armenia
39,800–49,000+[94] 594[5][95][96] 4[9]
2022 Honduran gang crackdown North America  Honduras 100+[97][98][99]–700[9] 100[97][100][101]–647[9] 82[9]

Skirmishes and clashes (fewer than 100 combat-related deaths in current and previous year)

The 16 conflicts in the following list have caused fewer than 100 direct, violent deaths in the current or previous calendar year.

Start of
conflict
Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities 2023 fatalities 2024 fatalities
1948 Korean conflict Asia  North Korea
 South Korea
3,000,000 12[5] 0[9]
1963 Katanga insurgency Africa  DR Congo 3,400+[5][102] 2[5] 0[9]
1970 Africa  Morocco
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
14,000–21,000+ 38[5] 12[9]
1975 Cabinda War Africa  Angola 30,000[103] 66[5] 13[9]
1980 Internal conflict in Peru South America  Peru 70,000[104] 75[5] 3[9]
1981 Africa  Egypt 6,000–7,353+[45][105][106] 21[5] 1[9]
1982 Casamance conflict Africa  Senegal 5,000+[107] 48[5] 12[9]
1987 Lord's Resistance Army insurgency Africa  DR Congo
 Central African Republic
 South Sudan
100,000+[108] 3[5] 0[9]
1989 Georgian–Ossetian conflict Asia  South Ossetia
 Georgia
1,614+[109] 2[110][111][112] 0[9]
2004 South Thailand insurgency Asia  Thailand 7,294[113] 57[5] 7[9]
2005 Insurgency in Paraguay South America  Paraguay 145+[e][57] 10[5] 0[9]
2011 Africa  Libya 30,000–43,000[45][114] 89[5][115] 16[9]
2016 Insurgency in Northern Chad Africa  Chad 644[116] 37[5] 0[9]
2017 Islamic State insurgency in the North Caucasus Europe  Russia 200+[5][117] 10[118] 0[9]
2018 North America  Ecuador 14,218+[citation needed] 60[5] 19[119][120]
2022 Salvadoran gang crackdown North America  El Salvador 152+[121] 56[5] 2[9]

Deaths by country

Fatalities related to armed conflict, by country
Rank 2020[f] 2021[f] 2022[f] 2023[f]
Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths
1  Mexico Positive decrease34,512[g] Afghanistan/ Afghanistan Negative increase42,223  Ethiopia Negative increase109,600+  Ukraine Positive decrease95,088+
2  Afghanistan Positive decrease30,974  Yemen Negative increase31,048  Ukraine Negative increase100,000+  Palestine Negative increase22,205+
3  Yemen Negative increase19,561  Ethiopia Negative increase22,800  Myanmar Negative increase20,206  Myanmar Positive decrease15,773
4  Syria Positive decrease7,620  Mexico Positive decrease18,811[g]  Mexico Positive decrease14,254[g]  Sudan Negative increase13,225
5  Nigeria Negative increase7,172  Myanmar Negative increase11,114  Yemen Positive decrease7,133  Nigeria Negative increase8,505
6  DR Congo Negative increase6,162  Nigeria Negative increase9,687  Somalia Negative increase6,484  Burkina Faso Negative increase8,486
7  Azerbaijan/
 Artsakh
Negative increase6,110  DR Congo Negative increase6,283  DR Congo Positive decrease6,254  Somalia Negative increase8,342
8  Somalia Negative increase2,950  Syria Positive decrease5,828  Syria Positive decrease5,639  Mexico Positive decrease7,168
9  Mali Negative increase2,734  Somalia Negative increase3,532  Mali Negative increase4,793  Syria Negative increase6,211
10  Iraq Negative increase2,436  Iraq Negative increase2,605  Burkina Faso Negative increase4,700  Mali Positive decrease4,285
11  Burkina Faso Negative increase2,268  Burkina Faso Negative increase2,358  Iraq Negative increase4,181  DR Congo Positive decrease3,902
12  South Sudan Negative increase2,245  South Sudan Positive decrease1,986  Afghanistan Positive decrease3,930  Ethiopia Positive decrease3,830
13  Ethiopia Negative increase1,813  Mali Positive decrease1,911  Nigeria Positive decrease3,780  Yemen Positive decrease3,169
14  Mozambique Negative increase1,696  CAR Negative increase1,704  Niger Negative increase3,000  Pakistan Negative increase2,116
15  Libya Positive decrease1,484  Sudan Negative increase1,584  Colombia Negative increase2,276  Haiti Negative increase2,014
16  Cameroon Negative increase1,447  Niger Negative increase1,454  South Sudan Positive decrease1,731  Colombia Positive decrease1,932
17  Philippines Negative increase1,316  Colombia Negative increase1,399  Sudan Positive decrease1,327  Israel Negative increase1,410
18  India Negative increase783  Mozambique Positive decrease1,194  Cameroon Negative increase943  Iraq Positive decrease1,335
19  Colombia Negative increase765  Cameroon Negative increase790  Mozambique Positive decrease916  South Sudan Positive decrease1,240
20  Myanmar Negative increase650  Palestine Negative increase484  Pakistan Negative increase900  Cameroon Negative increase1,042

See also

Notes

  1. ^ During the 2023 Israel–Hamas war, 21,978 have died in Gaza and 326 have died in the West Bank.[12][13]
    Also, 1,000 terrorists have reportedly been killed in Israel.[14]
    During the 2023 Israel–Hamas war, 1,381+ people have been killed on the Israeli side including: *at least 804 civilians,[15] 507 IDF soldiers, 60 police officers and 10 Shin Bet members,[16] among them 216 foreign or dual-nationals (for a full list see here)[17]
    In 2023, before the 2023 Israel–Hamas war started, at least 300+ people had died.[18][19]
  2. ^ Combined estimated death tolls of each conflict since 2003
  3. ^ 358,000–400,000 organized crime homicide victims[59]
  4. ^ See Casualties in 2023
  5. ^ See Insurgency in Paraguay#Casualties
  6. ^ a b c d Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[45]
  7. ^ a b c Mainly homicides rather than battle-related casualties.[122]

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List of ongoing armed conflicts
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