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List of national parks of Argentina

The National Parks of Argentina make up a network of 35 national parks in Argentina. The parks cover a very varied set of terrains and biotopes, from Baritú National Park on the northern border with Bolivia to Tierra del Fuego National Park in the far south of the continent. The Administración de Parques Nacionales (National Parks Administration) is the agency that preserves and manages these national parks along with Natural monuments and National Reserves within the country.[1]

The headquarters of the National Parks Service are in downtown Buenos Aires, on Santa Fe Avenue. A library and information centre are open to the public. The administration also covers the national monuments, such as the Jaramillo Petrified Forest, and natural and educational reserves.

History

The creation of the National Parks dates back to the 1903 donation of 75 km2 (29 sq mi) of land in the Lake District in the Andes foothills by Francisco Moreno, the renowned explorer and academic in Argentina.[2] This formed the nucleus of a larger protected area in Patagonia around San Carlos de Bariloche. At the beginning of the 1920s there was an amazing revival of the national park idea at Lake Nahuel Huapí, which led to the official establishment of the Parque Nacional del Sud on 8 April 1922 by decree of President Yrigoyen.[3] In 1934, a law was passed creating the National Parks system, formalising the protected area as the Nahuel Huapi National Park and creating the Iguazú National Park.[2] Thus, Argentina was the third country in the Americas, after United States and Canada to establish a national parks system.[2] The National Park Police Force was born, enforcing the new laws preventing tree-felling and hunting. Under the direction of the founding director of the National Direction of National Parks Exequiel Bustillo, a conception of national parks focused on economic development and colonization of the region was developed. Beyond touristic development the aim of the parks was to establish national sovereignty over peripherical areas and to protect national borders. Five further national parks were declared in 1937 in Patagonia and the service planned new towns and facilities to promote tourism and education. Six more were declared by 1970.

In 1970 a new law established new categories of protection: National Parks, National Monuments, Educational Reserves, and Natural Reserves. Three national parks were designated in the 1970s. In 1980, another new law affirmed the status of national parks – this law is still in place. The 1980s saw the service reaching out to local communities and local government to help in the running and development of the national parks. Ten more national parks were created with local co-operation, sometimes at local instigation. In 2000, Mburucuyá and Copo National Parks were declared, and El Leoncito natural reserve was upgraded to a national park. Currently, there are 41 protected areas in Argentina,[2] which cover an area of 37,000 km2 (14,286 sq mi) or about 1.5% of the total land area in Argentina.[2]

Map

National Parks

Name Image Province
Coordinates
Creation Area Visitors (2015) Ref
Aconquija  Tucumán
26°29′S 65°12′W / 26.48°S 65.20°W / -26.48; -65.20
4 July 2018 90,000 ha (347 sq mi) No data [4]
Baritú  Salta
22°35′S 64°37′W / 22.58°S 64.62°W / -22.58; -64.62
24 April 1974 72,439 ha (280 sq mi) 938 [5]
Bosques Petrificados de Jaramillo  Santa Cruz
47°40′S 68°05′W / 47.67°S 68.09°W / -47.67; -68.09
27 December 2012 78,543 ha (303 sq mi) 6,535 [6]
[7]
Calilegua  Jujuy
23°41′S 64°47′W / 23.69°S 64.79°W / -23.69; -64.79
25 July 1979 76,306 ha (295 sq mi) 13,667 [8]
Campos del Tuyú  Buenos Aires
36°21′S 56°52′W / 36.35°S 56.87°W / -36.35; -56.87
4 June 2009 3,040 ha (12 sq mi) Not allowed [9]
Chaco  Chaco
26°50′S 59°40′W / 26.83°S 59.66°W / -26.83; -59.66
22 October 1954 14,981 ha (58 sq mi) 4,913 [10]
[11]
Copo  Santiago del Estero
25°51′S 61°55′W / 25.85°S 61.91°W / -25.85; -61.91
28 December 2000 118,119 ha (456 sq mi) 444 [12]
El Impenetrable  Chaco
24°59′S 61°05′W / 24.99°S 61.08°W / -24.99; -61.08
30 October 2014 128,000 ha (494 sq mi) Not allowed [13]
El Leoncito  San Juan
31°55′S 69°14′W / 31.92°S 69.24°W / -31.92; -69.24
15 October 2002 89,706 ha (346 sq mi) 16,343 [14]
El Palmar  Entre Ríos
31°52′S 58°15′W / 31.87°S 58.25°W / -31.87; -58.25
30 November 1965 8,213 ha (32 sq mi) 175,414 [15]
El Rey  Salta
24°40′S 64°38′W / 24.67°S 64.63°W / -24.67; -64.63
2 July 1948 44,162 ha (171 sq mi) 1,204 [16]
[17]
Iberá  Corrientes
27°56′S 59°04′W / 27.93°S 59.07°W / -27.93; -59.07
20 December 2018 183,500 ha (708 sq mi) [18]
Iguazú  Misiones
25°38′S 54°20′W / 25.64°S 54.34°W / -25.64; -54.34
29 October 1934 67,620 ha (261 sq mi) 1,349,801 [19]
[20]
Islas de Santa Fe  Santa Fe
32°16′S 60°43′W / 32.27°S 60.71°W / -32.27; -60.71
15 November 2010 4,096 ha (16 sq mi) Not allowed [21]
Lago Puelo  Chubut
42°10′S 71°41′W / 42.17°S 71.69°W / -42.17; -71.69
16 November 1971 27,675 ha (107 sq mi) 120,554 [22]
[23]
Laguna Blanca  Neuquén
39°02′S 70°21′W / 39.03°S 70.35°W / -39.03; -70.35
29 May 1945 11,251 ha (43 sq mi) 938 [24]
[25]
Lanín  Neuquén
39°53′S 71°29′W / 39.89°S 71.48°W / -39.89; -71.48
29 May 1945 412,003 ha (1,591 sq mi) 51,321 [24]
[26]
Lihué Calel  La Pampa
37°57′S 65°37′W / 37.95°S 65.61°W / -37.95; -65.61
8 June 1976 32,500 ha (125 sq mi) 7,582 [27]
[28]
Los Alerces  Chubut
42°52′S 71°52′W / 42.87°S 71.87°W / -42.87; -71.87
29 May 1945 263,000 ha (1,015 sq mi) 143,943 [24]
[29]
Los Arrayanes  Neuquén
40°50′S 71°37′W / 40.83°S 71.61°W / -40.83; -71.61
16 November 1971 1,840 ha (7 sq mi) No data [22]
[30]
Los Cardones  Salta
25°17′S 65°55′W / 25.28°S 65.92°W / -25.28; -65.92
13 December 1996 65,000 ha (251 sq mi) 72,947 [31]
Los Glaciares  Santa Cruz
50°00′S 73°08′W / 50.00°S 73.13°W / -50.00; -73.13
29 May 1945 726,927 ha (2,807 sq mi) 542,794 [24]
[32]
Mburucuyá  Corrientes
28°01′S 58°04′W / 28.02°S 58.07°W / -28.02; -58.07
17 January 2002 17,086 ha (66 sq mi) 3,136 [33]
Monte León  Santa Cruz
50°20′S 68°54′W / 50.34°S 68.90°W / -50.34; -68.90
10 November 2004 62,169 ha (240 sq mi) 6,762 [34]
Nahuel Huapi  Río Negro and  Neuquén
40°52′S 71°29′W / 40.87°S 71.49°W / -40.87; -71.49
29 October 1934 712,160 ha (2,750 sq mi) 279,360 [19]
[35]
Patagonia  Santa Cruz
47°10′S 71°19′W / 47.16°S 71.32°W / -47.16; -71.32
21 January 2015 53,000 ha (205 sq mi) Not allowed [36]
Perito Moreno  Santa Cruz
47°55′S 72°15′W / 47.92°S 72.25°W / -47.92; -72.25
29 May 1945 127,120 ha (491 sq mi) 177 [24]
[37]
Predelta  Entre Ríos
32°09′S 60°38′W / 32.15°S 60.63°W / -32.15; -60.63
13 January 1992 2,608 ha (10 sq mi) 74,217 [38]
Quebrada del Condorito  Córdoba
31°40′S 64°46′W / 31.67°S 64.77°W / -31.67; -64.77
19 December 1996 35,393 ha (137 sq mi) 22,079 [39]
Río Pilcomayo  Formosa
25°03′S 58°08′W / 25.05°S 58.13°W / -25.05; -58.13
17 October 1951 50,417 ha (195 sq mi) 10,186 [40]
San Guillermo  San Juan
29°19′S 69°17′W / 29.31°S 69.29°W / -29.31; -69.29
13 January 1999 166,000 ha (641 sq mi) No data [41]
Sierra de las Quijadas  San Luis
32°33′S 67°07′W / 32.55°S 67.12°W / -32.55; -67.12
10 December 1991 73,785 ha (285 sq mi) 29,599 [42]
Talampaya  La Rioja
29°54′S 68°01′W / 29.90°S 68.01°W / -29.90; -68.01
10 July 1997 215,000 ha (830 sq mi) 63,797 [43]
Tierra del Fuego  Tierra del Fuego
54°39′S 68°28′W / 54.65°S 68.47°W / -54.65; -68.47
25 October 1960 68,909 ha (266 sq mi) 265,633 [44]
Traslasierra  Córdoba
31°09′S 65°29′W / 31.15°S 65.49°W / -31.15; -65.49
21 March 2018 105,385 ha (407 sq mi) Not allowed [45]
[46]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Objetivos de la Administración" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 15, 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Historia Institucional" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 15, 2015.
  3. ^ Kaltmeier, Olaf (2021). National Parks from North to South. An Entangled History of Conservation and Colonization in Argentina. Trier, New Orleans: WVT / UNO. p. 44.
  4. ^ "Nace el Parque Nacional Aconquija" (in Spanish). Parques Nacionales De Argentina. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  5. ^ "Parque Nacional Baritú" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  6. ^ "Law 26,825" (in Spanish). InfoLEG. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  7. ^ "Parque Nacional Bosques Petrificados de Jaramillo" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  8. ^ "Parque Nacional Calilegua" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  9. ^ "Parque Nacional Campos del Tuyú" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  10. ^ "Law 14,366. Boletín Oficial Nº 17,777, p. 7"" (in Spanish). Boletín Oficial de la República Argentina. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  11. ^ "Parque Nacional Chaco" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  12. ^ "Parque Nacional Copo" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  13. ^ "Parque Nacional El Impenetrable" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  14. ^ "Parque Nacional El Leoncito" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  15. ^ "Parque Nacional El Palmar" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  16. ^ "Decree 18,800/1948. Boletín Oficial Nº 16,096, p. 1" (in Spanish). Boletín Oficial de la República Argentina. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  17. ^ "Parque Nacional El Rey" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  18. ^ "Parque Nacional Iberá" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 1 March 2019.
  19. ^ a b "Law 12,103" (in Spanish). InfoLEG. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  20. ^ "Parque Nacional Iguazú" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  21. ^ "Parque Nacional Islas de Santa Fe" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  22. ^ a b "Law 19,292" (in Spanish). InfoLEG. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  23. ^ "Parque Nacional Lago Puelo" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  24. ^ a b c d e "Decree 9,504/1945" (in Spanish). InfoLEG. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  25. ^ "Parque Nacional Laguna Blanca" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  26. ^ "Parque Nacional Lanín" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  27. ^ "Decree 609/1976. Boletín Oficial Nº 23,421, p. 2-3" (in Spanish). Boletín Oficial de la República Argentina. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  28. ^ "Parque Nacional Lihué Calel" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  29. ^ "Parque Nacional Los Alerces" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  30. ^ "Parque Nacional Los Arrayanes" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  31. ^ "Parque Nacional Los Cardones" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  32. ^ "Parque Nacional Los Glaciares" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  33. ^ "Parque Nacional Mburucuyá" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  34. ^ "Parque Nacional Monte León" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  35. ^ "Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  36. ^ "Parque Nacional Patagonia" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  37. ^ "Parque Nacional Perito Moreno" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  38. ^ "Parque Nacional Predelta" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  39. ^ "Parque Nacional Quebrada del Condorito" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  40. ^ "Parque Nacional Río Pilcomayo" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  41. ^ "Parque Nacional San Guillermo" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  42. ^ "Parque Nacional Sierra de las Quijadas" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  43. ^ "Parque Nacional Talampaya" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  44. ^ "Parque Nacional Tierra del Fuego" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  45. ^ "Parque Nacional Traslasierra" (in Spanish). Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  46. ^ "Un parque nacional en una histórica estancia de Córdoba". La Voz del Interior.
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List of national parks of Argentina
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