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List of ministers of defence (Spain)

Minister of Defence
Ministro de Defensa de España
National Emblem
Incumbent
Margarita Robles
since 7 June 2018
Ministry of Defence
StyleMr./Ms. Minister (informal)
The Most Excellent (formal)
StatusHead of a ministry
AbbreviationMINISDEF
Member ofCouncil of Ministers
National Security Council
National Defence Council
Reports toPrime Minister
ResidenceMinistry of Defense HQ, 11th floor
SeatMinistry of Defense Headquarters
Madrid
NominatorPrime Minister
AppointerMonarch
countersigned by the Prime Minister
Term lengthNo term fixed
PrecursorMinister of War
Minister of the Navy
Minister of the Air
Formation17 May 1937
First holderIndalecio Prieto as Minister of National Defence

The minister of defence is the highest authority of Spain's Ministry of Defence, which is in charge of the preparation, development and execution of the defense policy determined by its government, as well as the management of the Military Administration.

List of officeholders

Second Spanish Republic (1931–1939)

No. Portrait Name Term of office Political party Government Ref.
Took office Left office Time in office
Minister of National Defence
1 Indalecio Prieto
(1883–1962)
17 May 1937 5 April 1938 323 days PSOE Negrín I
2 Juan Negrín
(1892–1956)
5 April 1938 6 March 1939 360 days PSOE Negrín II

Francoist Spain (1936–1975)

No. Portrait Name Term of office Political party Government Ref.
Took office Left office Time in office
Minister of National Defence
1 Fidel Dávila Arrondo
(1878–1962)
31 January 1938 9 August 1939 360 days Military Franco I [1][2]
Split into Minister of the Army, Minister of the Navy and Minister of the Air

Kingdom of Spain (1975–present)

No. Portrait Name Term of office Political party Government Ref.
Took office Left office Time in office
Minister of Defence
Reign of Juan Carlos I (1975–2014)
1 Manuel Gutiérrez Mellado
(1912–1995)
4 July 1977 5 April 1979 1 year, 275 days Military Suárez II [3]
2 Agustín Rodríguez Sahagún
(1932–1991)
6 April 1979 27 February 1981 1 year, 327 days UCD Suárez III [4]
3 Alberto Oliart
(1928–2021)
26 February 1981 3 December 1982 1 year, 280 days UCD Calvo-Sotelo [5]
4 Narcís Serra
(born 1943)
3 December 1982 12 March 1991 8 years, 99 days PSOE González IIIIII [6][7]
[8]
5 Julián García Vargas
(born 1945)
12 March 1991 3 July 1995 4 years, 113 days PSOE González IIIIV [9][10]
6 Gustavo Suárez Pertierra
(born 1949)
3 July 1995 5 May 1996 307 days PSOE González IV [11]
7 Eduardo Serra Rexach
(born 1946)
5 May 1996 27 April 2000 3 years, 358 days Independent Aznar I [12]
8 Federico Trillo
(born 1952)
28 April 2000 18 April 2004 3 years, 356 days PP Aznar II [13]
9 José Bono
(born 1950)
18 April 2004 7 April 2006 1 year, 354 days PSOE Zapatero I [14]
10 José Antonio Alonso
(1960–2017)
7 April 2006 14 April 2008 2 years, 7 days PSOE Zapatero I [15]
11 Carme Chacón
(1971–2017)
14 April 2008[a] 22 December 2011 3 years, 252 days PSOE Zapatero II [17]
12 Pedro Morenés
(born 1948)
22 December 2011 19 June 2014 2 years, 179 days Independent Rajoy I [18][19]
Reign of Felipe VI (2014–present)
12 Pedro Morenés
(born 1948)
19 June 2014 4 November 2016 2 years, 138 days Independent Rajoy I [18][19]
13 María Dolores de Cospedal
(born 1965)
4 November 2016 1 June 2018 1 year, 209 days PP Rajoy II [20]
14 Margarita Robles
(born 1956)
7 June 2018 Incumbent 5 years, 261 days Independent Sánchez IIIIII [21][22][23]

See also

Notes and references

Notes
  1. ^ Interior Minister Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba temporarily took over the defense portfolio when Chacón gave birth.[16]
References
  1. ^ Fuenterrebollo Gobiernos de Franco.
  2. ^ "Ley organizando la Administración Central del Estado" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (467): 5514–5515. 31 January 1938.
  3. ^ "Real Decreto 1563/1977, de 4 de julio, por el que se nombran Ministros del Gobierno" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (159): 15045–15046. 5 July 1977. ISSN 0212-033X.
  4. ^ "Real Decreto 711/1979, de 5 de abril, por el que se nombran Ministros del Gobierno" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (83): 8192. 6 April 1979. ISSN 0212-033X.
  5. ^ "Real Decreto 256/1981, de 26 de febrero, por el que se nombran Ministros del Gobierno" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (50): 4430. 27 February 1981. ISSN 0212-033X.
  6. ^ "Real Decreto 3295/1982, de 2 de diciembre, por el que se nombran Ministros del Gobierno" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (290): 33339. 3 December 1982. ISSN 0212-033X.
  7. ^ "Real Decreto 1521/1986, de 25 de julio, por el que se nombran Ministros del Gobierno" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (178): 26706. 26 July 1986. ISSN 0212-033X.
  8. ^ "Real Decreto 1455/1989, de 6 de diciembre, por el que se nombran Ministros del Gobierno" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (293): 38143. 7 December 1989. ISSN 0212-033X.
  9. ^ "Real Decreto 301/1991, de 12 de marzo, por el que se nombran Miembros del Gobierno" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (62): 8398. 13 March 1991. ISSN 0212-033X.
  10. ^ "Real Decreto 1175/1993, de 13 de julio, por el que se nombran Ministros del Gobierno" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (167): 21211. 14 July 1993. ISSN 0212-033X.
  11. ^ "Real Decreto 1104/1995, de 2 de julio, por el que se nombra Ministro de Defensa a don Gustavo Suárez Pertierra" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (157): 20232. 3 July 1995. ISSN 0212-033X.
  12. ^ "Real Decreto 762/1996, de 5 de mayo, por el que se nombran Ministros del Gobierno" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (110): 15709. 6 May 1996. ISSN 0212-033X.
  13. ^ "Real Decreto 561/2000, de 27 de abril, por el que se nombran Ministros del Gobierno" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (102): 16448. 28 April 2000. ISSN 0212-033X.
  14. ^ "Real Decreto 558/2004, de 17 de abril, por el que se nombran Ministros del Gobierno" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (94): 16008. 18 April 2004. ISSN 0212-033X.
  15. ^ "Real Decreto 462/2006, de 10 de abril, por el que se nombra Ministro de Defensa a don José Antonio Alonso Suárez" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (86): 13975. 11 April 2006. ISSN 0212-033X.
  16. ^ Victoria Burnett (May 21, 2008), Spain’s Defense Minister Becomes a Mother The New York Times.
  17. ^ "Real Decreto 436/2008, de 12 de abril, por el que se nombran Ministros del Gobierno" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (90): 19762. 14 April 2008. ISSN 0212-033X.
  18. ^ a b "Real Decreto 1887/2011, de 30 de diciembre, por el que se establece la estructura orgánica básica de los departamentos ministeriales" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (315): 146666–146679. 31 December 2011. ISSN 0212-033X.
  19. ^ a b "Real Decreto 454/2012, de 5 de marzo, por el que se desarrolla la estructura orgánica básica del Ministerio de Defensa" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (56): 18859–18875. 6 March 2012. ISSN 0212-033X.
  20. ^ "Real Decreto 417/2016, de 3 de noviembre, por el que se nombran Ministros del Gobierno" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (267): 76637. 4 November 2016. ISSN 0212-033X.
  21. ^ "Real Decreto 357/2018, de 6 de junio, por el que se nombran Ministros del Gobierno" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (138): 58729. 7 June 2018. ISSN 0212-033X.
  22. ^ "Real Decreto 8/2020, de 12 de enero, por el que se nombran Ministros del Gobierno" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (11): 2882. 13 January 2020. ISSN 0212-033X.
  23. ^ "Real Decreto 835/2023, de 20 de noviembre, por el que se nombran Ministros del Gobierno" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (278): 154695. 21 November 2023. ISSN 0212-033X.
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List of ministers of defence (Spain)
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