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List of fossiliferous stratigraphic units in Antarctica

This is a list of fossiliferous stratigraphic units in Antarctica.

List of fossiliferous stratigraphic units

Group Formation Period Notes
Sorsdal Formation Zanclean [1]
Heidemann Valley Trench Formation Pliocene [2]
Destruction Bay Formation Early Miocene [3]
Sirius Group Meyer Desert Formation - biota Middle Miocene [4]
Cape Melville Formation Miocene [5]
Polonez Cove Formation Oligocene-Pliocene [6]
Bay Formation Chattian [7]
Fildes Formation Eocene [8]
Cross Valley Formation Late Cretaceous-Late Paleocene [9]
Seymour Island Group La Meseta Formation Ypresian-Priabonian [10]
Lopez de Bertodano Formation Maastrichtian-Danian [11]
Marambio Group
Sobral Formation Santonian-Danian [12]
Snow Hill Island Formation Campanian-Maastrichtian [13]
Santa Marta Formation Santonian-Campanian [14]
Zamek Formation Campanian-Maastrichtian [15]
Half Three Point Formation Campanian-Maastrichtian [16]
Gustav Group Hidden Lake Formation Coniacian-Santonian [17]
Whisky Bay Formation Albian-Coniacian [18]
Kotick Point Formation Aptian-Albian [19]
Fossil Bluff Group Triton Point Formation Late Albian [20]
Neptune Glacier Formation Late Albian [21]
Pluto Glacier Formation Late Aptian-Albian [22]
Himalia Ridge Formation Tithonian-Berriasian [23]
Cerro Negro Formation Aptian [24]
Lagrelius Point Formation Early Aptian [25]
Pedersen Formation Early Aptian [26]
Spartan Glacier Formation Valanginian-Aptian [27]
Byers Group Chester Cone Formation Berriasian-Valanginian [28]
President Beaches Formation Berriasian [29]
Devils Point Formation Tithonian-Berriasian [30]
Anchorage Formation Tithonian-Berriasian [31]
Ameghino Formation Kimmeridgian-Berriasian [32]
Ablation Point Formation Kimmeridgian [33]
Latady Group Hauberg Mountains Formation Callovian-Tithonian [34]
Ellsworth Land Volcanic Group Mount Poster Formation Toarcian [35]
Sweeney Formation Toarcian [35]
Botany Bay Group Mount Flora Formation Bathonian [36]
Camp Hill Formation Early Jurassic [37]
Carapace Formation Toarcian [38]
Selene Nunatak Formation Pliensbachian-Toarcian [39]
Victoria Group Hanson Formation Hettangian-Pliensbachian [40]
Lashly Formation Carnian [41]
Beacon Supergroup Fremouw Formation Early-Late Triassic [42]
Buckley Formation Capitanian [43]
Takrouna Formation Sakmarian [44]
Mount Glossopteris Formation Lopingian [45]
Bainmedart Coal Measures Wordian [46]
Polarstar Formation Guadalupian [47]
Radock Formation Kungurian [48]
Weller Coal Measures Artinskian [49]
LeMay Group Lully Foothills Formation Sinemurian [50]
Mount King Formation Serpukhovian-Bashkirian [51]
Crashsite Group Mount Wyatt Earp Formation Early Devonian [52]
Horlick Formation Early Devonian [53]
Minaret Formation Guzhangian-Cambrian Stage 10 [54]
Nelson Limestone Guzhangian [55]
Spurs Formation Wuliuan-Drumian [56]
Taylor Formation Wuliuan [57]
Schneider Hills Limestone Cambrian Stage 3-Stage 4 [58]
Cape Melville Formation Cambrian Stage 3 [59]
Byrd Group Shackleton Limestone Cambrian Stage 3 [60]
Mount Spann Formation Cambrian Stage 2-Guzhangian [61]

See also


  1. ^ Sorsdal Formation at
  2. ^ Heidemann Valley Trench Formation at
  3. ^ Destruction Bay Formation at
  4. ^ Meyer Desert Formation at
  5. ^ Cape Melville Formation, Miocene at
  6. ^ Polonez Cove Formation at
  7. ^ Bay Formation at
  8. ^ Fildes Formation at
  9. ^ Cross Valley Formation at
  10. ^ La Meseta Formation at
  11. ^ Lopez de Bertodano Formation at
  12. ^ Sobral Formation at
  13. ^ Snow Hill Island Formation at
  14. ^ Santa Marta Formation at
  15. ^ Zamek Formation at
  16. ^ Half Three Point Formation at
  17. ^ Hidden Lake Formation at
  18. ^ Whisky Bay Formation at
  19. ^ Kotick Point Formation at
  20. ^ Triton Point Formation at
  21. ^ Neptune Glacier Formation at
  22. ^ Pluto Glacier Formation at
  23. ^ Himalia Ridge Formation at
  24. ^ Cerro Negro Formation at
  25. ^ Lagrelius Point Formation at
  26. ^ Pedersen Formation at
  27. ^ Spartan Glacier Formation at
  28. ^ Chester Cone Formation at
  29. ^ President Beaches Formation at
  30. ^ Devils Point Formation at
  31. ^ Anchorage Formation at
  32. ^ Ameghino Formation at
  33. ^ Ablation Point Formation at
  34. ^ Hauberg Mountains Formation at
  35. ^ a b HUNTER, M. A.; RILEY, T. R.; CANTRILL, D. J.; FLOWERDEW, M. J.; MILLAR, I. L. (2006-09-28). "A new stratigraphy for the Latady Basin, Antarctic Peninsula: Part 1, Ellsworth Land Volcanic Group". Geological Magazine. 143 (6): 777–796. doi:10.1017/s0016756806002597. ISSN 0016-7568.
  36. ^ Mount Flora Formation at
  37. ^ Camp Hill Formation at
  38. ^ Carapace Formation at
  39. ^ Selene Nunatak Formation at
  40. ^ Hanson Formation at
  41. ^ Lashly Formation at
  42. ^ Fremouw Formation at
  43. ^ Buckley Formation at
  44. ^ Takrouna Formation at
  45. ^ Mount Glossopteris Formation at
  46. ^ Bainmedart Coal Measures at
  47. ^ Polarstar Formation at
  48. ^ Radock Formation at
  49. ^ Weller Coal Measures at
  50. ^ Lully Foothills Formation at
  51. ^ Mount King Formation at
  52. ^ Mount Wyatt Earp Formation at
  53. ^ Horlick Formation at
  54. ^ Minaret Formation at
  55. ^ Nelson Limestone at
  56. ^ Spurs Formation at
  57. ^ Taylor Formation at
  58. ^ Schneider Hills Limestone at
  59. ^ Cape Melville Formation, Cambrian at
  60. ^ Shackleton Limestone at
  61. ^ Mount Spann Formation at

Further reading

  • G. Arratia, R. Scasso, and W. Kiessling. 2004. Late Jurassic fishes from Longing Gap, Antarctic Peninsula. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 24(1):41-55
  • A. C. Ashworth and G. Kuschel. 2003. Fossil weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) from latitude 85 ˚S Antarctica. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 191:191-202
  • R. A. Askin. 1990. Cryptogam spores from the upper Campanian and Maastrichtian of Seymour Island, Antarctica. Micropaleontology (36)141-156
  • R. A. Askin. 1989. Endemism and heterochrony in the Late Cretaceous (Campanian) to Paleocene palynofloras of Seymour Island, Antarctica: implications for origins, dispersal and palaeoclimates of southern floras. Geological Society of America Special Paper (147)107-119
  • V. D. Barreda, S. Palamarczuk, and F. Medina. 1999. Palinología de la Formación Hidden Lake (Coniaciano-Santoniano), Isla James Ross, Antártida. Revista Española de Micropaleontología (31)53-72
  • M. A. Bitner and J. A. Crame. 2002. Brachiopods from the Lower Miocene of King George Island, West Antarctica. Polish Polar Research 23(1):75-84
  • J. Blaszyk. 1987. Ostracods from the Oligocene Polonez Cove Formation of King George Island, West Antarctica. Palaeontologia Polonica 49:63-81
  • M. A. Bradshaw and L. McCartan. 1991. Palaeoecology and systematics of Early Devonian bivalves from the Horlick Formation, Ohio Range, Antarctica. Alcheringa 15(1):1-42
  • P. J. Butterworth, J. A. Crame, P. J. Howlett and D. I. M. Macdonald. 1988. Lithostratigraphy of Upper Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous strata of eastern Alexander Island, Antarctica. Cretaceous Research 9(3):249-264
  • D. J. Cantrill and N. S. Nagalingum. 2005. Ferns from the Cretaceous of Alexander Island, Antarctica: Implications for Cretaceous phytogeography of the Southern Hemisphere. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology
  • F. M. Carpenter. 1969. Fossil insects from Antarctica. Psyche 76:418-425
  • N. A. Clark, M. Williams, D. J. Hill, P. G. Quilty, J. L. Smellie, J. Zalasiewicz, M. J. Leng and M. A. Ellis. 2013. Fossil proxies of near-shore sea surface temperatures and seasonality from the late Neogene Antarctic shelf. Naturwissenschaften 100:699-722
  • J. W. Collinson, D.C. Pennington, and N.R. Kemp. 1986. Stratigraphy and petrology of Permian and Triassic fluvial deposits in northern Victoria Land, Antarctica. Antarctic Research Series 46:211-242
  • J. A. Crame. 1996. A new oxytomid bivalve from the Upper Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous of Antarctica. Palaeontology 39(3):615-628
  • A. A. Cridland. 1963. A Glossopteris flora from the Ohio Range, Antarctica. American Journal of Botany 50:186-195
  • F. Debrenne, A. Y. Rozanov, and G. F. Webers. 1984. Upper Cambrian archaeocyatha from Antarctica. Geological Magazine 121(4):291-299
  • M. E. Dettmann and M. R. A. Thomson. 1987. Cretaceous palynomorphs from the James Ross Island area, Antarctica - A pilot Study. British Antarctic Survey Bulletin (77)13-59
  • P. Doyle. 1987. The Cretaceous Dimitobelidae (Belemnitida) of the Antarctic Peninsula region. Palaeontology 30(1):147-177
  • T. L. Dutra and D. J. Batten. 2000. Upper Cretaceous floras of King George Island, West Antarctica, and their palaeoenvironmental and phytogeographic implications. Cretaceous Research (21)181-209
  • K. R. Evans. 1992. Marocella: Antarctic specimens of an enigmatic Cambrian animal. Journal of Paleontology 66(4):558-562
  • R. E. Fordyce and P. G. Quilty. 1994. Pliocene whales and dolphins (Cetacea) from the Vestfold Hills, Antarctica. Records of the South Australian Museum 27(2):219
  • A. Gazdzicki and H. Pugaczewska. 1984. Biota of the "Pecten Conglomerate" (Polenez Cove Formation, Pliocene) of King George Island (South Shetland Islands, Antarctica). Studia Geologica Polonica 79:59-120
  • J. P. O'Gorman. 2012. The oldest elasmosaurs (Sauropterygia, Plesiosauria) from Antarctica, Santa Marta Formation (upper Coniacian? Santonian-upper Campanian) and Snow Hill Island Formation (upper Campanian-lower Maastrichtian), James Ross Island. Polar Research 31(11090):1-10
  • W. R. Hammer, J. W. Collinson, R. A. Askin and W. J. Hickerson. 2004. The first Upper Triassic vertebrate locality in Antarctica. Gondwana Research 7(1):199-204
  • D. C. H. Hikuroa. 2009. Second Jurassic marine reptile from the Antarctic Peninsula. Antarctic Science 21(2):169-170
  • J. R. Ineson, J. A. Crame, and M. R. A. Thomson. 1986. Lithostratigraphy of the Cretaceous strata of west James Ross Island, Antarctica. Cretaceous Research 7:141-159
  • S. R. A. Kelly, P. A. Doubleday, C. H. C. Brunton, J. M. Dickins, G. D. Sevastopulo and P. D. Taylor. 2001. First Carboniferous and ?Permian marine macrofaunas from Antarctica and their tectonic implications. Journal of the Geological Society of London 158(2):219-232
  • S. R. A. Kelly. 1995. New trigonoid bivalves from the early Jurassic to earliest Cretaceous of the Antarctic Peninsula region: systematics and austral paleobiogeography. Journal of Paleontology 69(1):66-84
  • S. R. A. Kelly and A. C. M. Moncrieff. 1992. Marine molluscan constraints on the age of Cretaceous fossil forests of Alexander Island, Antarctica. Geological Magazine 129(6):771-778
  • S. R. A. Kelly and P. Doyle. 1991. The bivalve Aulacomyella from the Early Tithonian (Late Jurassic) of Antarctica . Antarctic Science 3(1):97-107
  • W. Kiessling. 1999. Late Jurassic radiolarians from the Antarctic Peninsula. Micropaleontology 45(S1):1-96
  • W. Kiessling, R. Scasso, A. Zeiss, A. Riccardi, and F. Medina. 1999. Combined radiolarian-ammonite stratigraphy for the Late Jurassic of the Antarctic Peninsula: Implications for radiolarian stratigraphy. Geodiversitas 21(4):687-713
  • S. D. Klavins, E. L. Taylor, M. Krings and T. N. Taylor. 2001. An unusual, structurally preserved ovule from the Permian of Antarctica. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 115:107-117
  • S. McLoughlin, S. Lindstrom, and A.N. Drinnan. 1997. Gondwanan floristic and sedimentological trends during the Permian-Triassic transition: new evidence from the Amery Group, northern Prince Charles Mountains, East Antarctica. Antarctic Science 9(3):281-298
  • F. A. Medina, L. Buatois, and A. Lopez Angriman. 1992. Estratigrafia del Grupo Gustav en la Isla James Ross, Antartida. Geologia de la Isla James Ross 167-192
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  • F. Quaglio, R. J. Whittle, A. Gazdzicki and M. G. Simoes. 2010. A new fossil Adamussium (Bivalvia: Pectinidae) from Antarctica. Polish polar research 31(4):291-302
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  • A. L. Rode, B.S. Lieberman, and A.J. Rowell. 2003. A new Early Cambrian bradoriid (Arthropoda) from East Antarctica. Journal of Paleontology 77(4):691-697
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  • E. L. Yochelson and E. Stump. 1977. Discovery of Early Cambrian fossils at Taylor Nunatak, Antarctica. Journal of Paleontology 51(4):872-875
  • F. E. Zeuner. 1959. Jurassic beetles from Grahamland, Antarctica. Palaeontology 1:407-409
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List of fossiliferous stratigraphic units in Antarctica
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