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List of Mexican state congresses

Donceles Legislative Palace, seat of Mexico City Congress, youngest local congress of all (created September 17, 2018).

The congresses of the federal entities of Mexico are the depositary bodies of the legislative power in the thirty-one states and Mexico City. Conformed as unicameral assemblies, they are composed of deputies elected under the principles of relative majority and by proportional representation, in accordance with the specific regulations of local laws, but following the general bases of the federal constitution. All states, including Mexico City, use the presidential system form of government.

Its members are elected by universal vote under the two principles already mentioned; the former directly and the others according to the multi-member list system established by federal law. The term of office is three years with the option of immediate reelection, as long as it is representing the party or coalition that originally nominated the deputy.

For each titular deputy, an alternate is elected; This being the one who will make up for the temporary or permanent absences of his running mate. Its characteristics and general bases are supported by section II of article 116 of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States.

The legislative powers and capacities of these institutions are framed in those policies in which the states are autonomous (internal regime, budget, income, social development, public security, prosecution and administration of justice) that are not contemplated in the federal order and that are not exclusively awarded to the Congress of the Union, so that each state has their own legislature whereby laws affecting the state are made.[1]

List of congresses

Congress Deputies Creation date
Plurality P. r. Total
Congress of Aguascalientes 18 (67%) 9 (33%) 27 November 8, 1846
Congress of Baja California 17 (68%) 8 (32%) 25 November 30, 1953
Congress of Baja California Sur 16 (76%) 5 (24%) 21 November 25, 1974
Congress of Campeche 21 (60%) 14 (40%) 35 March 2, 1861
Congress of Chiapas 24 (60%) 16 (40%) 40 January 5, 1865
Congress of Chihuahua 22 (67%) 11 (33%) 33 September 4, 1823
Congress of Mexico City 33 (50%) 33 (50%) 66 September 17, 2018
Congress of Coahuila 16 (64%) 9 (36%) 25 August 15, 1824
Congress of Colima 16 (64%) 9 (36%) 25 July 19, 1857
Congress of Durango 15 (60%) 10 (40%) 25 July 20, 1857
Congress of Guanajuato 22 (61%) 14 (39%) 36 March 25, 1824
Congress of Guerrero 28 (61%) 18 (39%) 46 January 30, 1850
Congress of Hidalgo 18 (60%) 12 (40%) 30 May 16, 1869
Congress of Jalisco 20 (53%) 18 (47%) 38 September 8, 1823
Congress of the State of Mexico 45 (60%) 30 (40%) 75 March 2, 1824
Congress of Michoacán 24 (60%) 16 (40%) 40 April 6, 1824
Congress of Morelos 12 (60%) 8 (40%) 20 July 28, 1869
Congress of Nayarit 18 (60%) 12 (40%) 30 December 25, 1917
Congress of Nuevo León 26 (62%) 16 (38%) 42 August 1, 1824
Congress of Oaxaca 25 (60%) 17 (40%) 42 July 1, 1823
Congress of Puebla 26 (63%) 15 (37%) 41 March 19, 1824
Legislature of Querétaro 15 (60%) 10 (40%) 25 February 12, 1824
Congress of Quintana Roo 15 (60%) 10 (40%) 25 November 25, 1974
Congress of San Luis Potosí 15 (56%) 12 (44%) 27 April 21, 1824
Congress of Sinaloa 24 (60%) 16 (40%) 40 March 13, 1831
Congress of Sonora 21 (64%) 12 (36%) 33 September 19, 1824
Congress of Tabasco 21 (60%) 14 (40%) 35 May 3, 1824
Congress of Tamaulipas 22 (61%) 14 (39%) 36 May 7, 1824
Congress of Tlaxcala 15 (60%) 10 (40%) 25 Juny 1, 1857
Congress of Veracruz 30 (40%) 20 (40%) 50 May 9, 1824
Congress of Yucatán 15 (60%) 10 (40%) 25 August 20, 1823
Congress of Zacatecas 18 (60%) 12 (40%) 30 October 19, 1823
Total 673 440 1308 -

Composition by political parties

This section needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (March 2022)
Composition of state governments as of 2021[2]
State Legislative term Local
parties
Total
No party
Aguascalientes 2018−2021 5 13 4 1 1 2 1 27
Baja California 2019−2021 13 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 25
Baja California Sur 2018−2021 8 2 1 1 1 2 4 2 21
Campeche 2018−2021 11 6 12 2 1 2 1 35
Chiapas 2018−2021 12 1 4 5 1 7 4 6 40
Chihuahua 2018−2021 8 11 5 2 1 2 2 1 1 33
Coahuila 2021−2023 4 3 16 1 1 25
Colima 2018−2021 8 3 3 3 2 1 1 2 2 25
Durango 2018−2021 10 5 5 4 1 25
Guanajuato 2018−2021 4 19 4 1 2 2 1 1 2 36
Guerrero 2018−2021 19 1 10 2 8 2 1 2 1 46
Hidalgo 2018−2021 17 3 5 1 2 1 1 30
Jalisco 2018−2021 4 9 3 1 1 1 18 1 38
Mexico 2018−2021 37 9 12 7 3 2 2 3 75
Mexico City 2018−2021 34 11 4 3 5 1 1 6 1 66
Michoacan 2018−2021 12 8 5 4 8 2 1 40
Morelos 2018−2021 6 1 1 3 1 1 3 1 2 1 20
Nayarit 2017−2021 4 6 7 2 1 1 9 30
Nuevo León 2018−2021 7 15 9 2 1 5 1 1 1 42
Oaxaca 2018−2021 26 1 6 3 2 2 2 42
Puebla 2018−2021 13 4 6 4 2 1 2 3 5 1 41
Querétaro 2018−2021 6 11 4 1 2 1 25
Quintana Roo 2019−2022 9 4 1 3 2 3 1 1 1 25
San Luis Potosí 2018−2021 6 6 5 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 27
Sinaloa 2018−2021 23 2 8 3 1 1 1 1 40
Sonora 2018−2021 12 3 5 4 1 1 5 2 33
Tabasco 2018−2021 21 5 6 2 1 35
Tamaulipas 2019−2022 10 22 3 1 36
Tlaxcala 2018−2021 12 2 1 3 2 1 1 2 1 25
Veracruz 2018−2021 28 13 3 1 1 2 2 50
Yucatán 2018−2021 4 6 10 1 1 2 1 25
Zacatecas 2018−2021 9 4 6 2 3 2 2 2 30
Total 402 206 174 69 52 43 43 37 25 40 22 1,113
Totals by political parties (2021)
Party Number of state legislators
MORENA 413 413
 
PAN 231 231
 
PRI 188 188
 
MC 63 63
 
PT 60 60
 
PVEM 57 57
 
Local parties 57 57
 
PRD 45 45
 
Independent 16 16
 

See also

References

  1. ^ "Article 116 of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States" (PDF). Retrieved September 9, 2018.
  2. ^ "Finanzas Públicas". imco.org.mx.
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List of Mexican state congresses
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