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List of IUCN Red List Vulnerable plants

45 extinct in the wild plant species (0.1%)5702 critically endangered plant species (8.6%)10901 endangered plant species (16.4%)9673 vulnerable plant species (14.5%)4160 near threatened plant species (6.3%)30554 least concern plant species (45.9%)5371 data deficient plant species (8.1%)
Plant species (IUCN, 2023-1)
  • 66,406 extant species have been evaluated
  • 61,035 of those are fully assessed[a]
  • 34,588 are not threatened at present[b]
  • 26,276 are threatened[c]
  • 174 are extinct or extinct in the wild:
    • 129 extinct (EX) species[d]
    • 45 extinct in the wild (EW)
    • 569 possibly extinct [CR(PE)]
    • 48 possibly extinct in the wild [CR(PEW)]

  1. ^ excludes data deficient evaluations.
  2. ^ NT, LR/cd, LC.
  3. ^ Threatened comprises CR, EN and VU.
  4. ^ Chart omits extinct (EX) species
Vulnerable (VU) species are considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.

As of September 2016, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 5430 Vulnerable (VU) plant species.[1] 25% of all evaluated plant species are listed as Vulnerable. The IUCN also lists 244 subspecies and 235 varieties as Vulnerable. No subpopulations of plants have been evaluated by the IUCN.

For a species to be assessed as vulnerable to extinction the best available evidence must meet quantitative criteria set by the IUCN designed to reflect "a high risk of extinction in the wild". Endangered and Critically Endangered species also meet the quantitative criteria of Vulnerable species, and are listed separately. See: List of endangered plants, List of critically endangered plants. Vulnerable, Endangered, and Critically Endangered species are collectively referred to as threatened species by the IUCN.

Additionally 1674 plant species (7.6% of those evaluated) are listed as Data Deficient, meaning there is insufficient information for a full assessment of conservation status. As these species typically have small distributions and/or populations, they are intrinsically likely to be threatened, according to the IUCN.[2] While the category of Data Deficient indicates that no assessment of extinction risk has been made for the taxa, the IUCN notes that it may be appropriate to give them "the same degree of attention as threatened taxa, at least until their status can be assessed."[3]

This is a complete list of Vulnerable plant species, subspecies and varieties evaluated by the IUCN as of 2016.

Algae

Bryophytes

There are 24 bryophyte species assessed as vulnerable.

Mosses

Liverworts

Pteridophytes

There are 83 species and one subspecies of pteridophyte assessed as vulnerable.

Leptosporangiate ferns

There are 69 species in the class Polypodiopsida assessed as vulnerable.

Polypodiales

There are 61 species in the order Polypodiales assessed as vulnerable.

Dryopteridaceae
  • Bolbitis riparia
  • Cyrtomium nephrolepioides
  • Dryopteris liliana, Buckler fern
  • Elaphoglossum antisanae
  • Elaphoglossum bryogenes
  • Elaphoglossum ecuadorense
  • Elaphoglossum heliconiaefolium
  • Elaphoglossum hieronymi
  • Elaphoglossum inciens
  • Elaphoglossum molle
  • Elaphoglossum muriculatum
  • Elaphoglossum oleandropsis
  • Elaphoglossum yatesii
  • Polybotrya andina
  • Polystichum bonapartii
Polypodiaceae
Athyriaceae
  • Diplazium chimboanum
  • Diplazium divisissimum
  • Diplazium leptogrammoides
  • Diplazium mildei
  • Diplazium navarretei
  • Diplazium oellgaardii
  • Diplazium palaviense
  • Diplazium rivale
Thelypteridaceae
Other Polypodiales species

Hymenophyllales

Cyatheales

  • Cyathea bipinnata
  • Cyathea halonata
  • Cyathea hemiepiphytica
  • Cyathea punctata
  • Dicksonia arborescens, St Helena tree fern

Salviniales

  • Marsilea schelpeana

Isoetopsida

  • Isoetes azorica, Azorean quillwort
  • Isoetes ecuadoriensis
  • Isoetes herzogii
  • Isoetes parvula
  • Isoetes saracochensis

Lycopodiopsida

Clubmosses and firmosses

Species

Subspecies

  • Huperzia dacrydioides subsp. dura

Gymnosperms

There are 156 species, seven subspecies, and 34 varieties of gymnosperm assessed as vulnerable.

Cycads

Species

Subspecies

  • Encephalartos barteri subsp. barteri, West African cycad

Conifers

Species

Subspecies

  • Abies cilicica subsp. isaurica
  • Abies fabri subsp. fabri
  • Abies fabri subsp. minensis, Minshan fir
  • Agathis robusta subsp. nesophila
  • Pinus cembroides subsp. lagunae
  • Pinus torreyana subsp. insularis, Santa rosa Island pine[4]

Varieties

  • Abies durangensis var. coahuilensis
  • Abies fargesii var. faxoniana
  • Abies recurvata var. ernestii
  • Abies recurvata var. recurvata
  • Abies veitchii var. sikokiana, Shikoku fir
  • Abies vejarii var. macrocarpa
  • Abies vejarii var. mexicana
  • Abies vejarii var. vejarii
  • Cedrus libani var. brevifolia
  • Cedrus libani var. libani
  • Chamaecyparis obtusa var. formosana
  • Cupressus chengiana var. chengiana
  • Cupressus torulosa var. gigantea
  • Juniperus barbadensis var. lucayana, Bahaman juniper
  • Juniperus blancoi var. blancoi
  • Juniperus blancoi var. huehuentensis
  • Juniperus blancoi var. mucronata
  • Juniperus deppeana var. robusta
  • Juniperus flaccida var. martinezii
  • Juniperus pingii var. pingii
  • Larix potaninii var. chinensis
  • Picea asperata var. asperata
  • Picea brachytyla var. brachytyla
  • Picea brachytyla var. complanata
  • Picea likiangensis var. likiangensis
  • Picea likiangensis var. rubescens
  • Pinus arizonica var. cooperi
  • Pinus arizonica var. stormiae
  • Pinus armandii var. dabeshanensis
  • Pinus brutia var. pityusa, Pitsundian pine
  • Pinus caribaea var. bahamensis, Bahamas pine
  • Pinus radiata var. binata
  • Pseudotsuga sinensis var. brevifolia
  • Pseudotsuga sinensis var. sinensis

Gnetopsida

  • Gnetum acutum
  • Gnetum contractum
  • Gnetum globosum

Dicotyledons

There are 4545 species, 230 subspecies, and 197 varieties of dicotyledon assessed as vulnerable.

Piperales

There are 24 species in the order Piperales assessed as vulnerable.

Piperaceae

Chloranthaceae

Campanulales

There are 51 species and two subspecies in Campanulales assessed as vulnerable.

Campanulaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Clermontia oblongifolia subsp. oblongifolia
  • Wahlenbergia ramosissima subsp. ramosissima

Goodeniaceae

Aristolochiales

Theales

There are 197 species, three subspecies, and nine varieties in Theales assessed as vulnerable.

Dipterocarpaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Dipterocarpus conformis subsp. borneensis
  • Vatica oblongifolia subsp. oblongifolia
  • Vatica oblongifolia subsp. selakoensis

Ochnaceae

Species

Varieties

  • Campylospermum vogelii var. molleri

Theaceae

Species

Varieties

  • Anneslea fragrans var. lanceolata
  • Camellia indochinensis var. tunghinensis
  • Pyrenaria serrata var. kunstleri
  • Schima wallichii var. pulgarensis

Actinidiaceae

Guttiferae

Species

Varieties

  • Calophyllum carrii var. carrii
  • Calophyllum carrii var. longigemmatum
  • Garcinia terpnophylla var. acuminata
  • Garcinia terpnophylla var. terpnophylla

Other Theales species

Linales

Malvales

There are 114 species, 13 subspecies, and one variety in the order Malvales assessed as vulnerable.

Malvaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Hibiscus kokio subsp. kokio

Sterculiaceae

Bombacaceae

Sarcolaenaceae

Tiliaceae

Elaeocarpaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Elaeocarpus beccarii subsp. beccarii
  • Elaeocarpus beccarii subsp. nitens
  • Elaeocarpus beccarii subsp. sumatrana
  • Elaeocarpus submonoceras subsp. fusicarpus
  • Elaeocarpus submonoceras subsp. oxypyren
  • Elaeocarpus submonoceras subsp. procerus
  • Elaeocarpus submonoceras subsp. submonoceras
  • Elaeocarpus teysmannii subsp. domatiferus
  • Elaeocarpus teysmannii subsp. moluccensis
  • Elaeocarpus teysmannii subsp. morowalensis
  • Elaeocarpus teysmannii subsp. rhizophorus
  • Elaeocarpus teysmannii subsp. teysmannii

Varieties

  • Elaeocarpus calomala var. pustulatus

Geraniales

Species

Subspecies

  • Impatiens hydrogetonoides subsp. kituloensis

Varieties

  • Sarcotheca laxa var. brigittae
  • Sarcotheca laxa var. hirsuta
  • Sarcotheca laxa var. laxa
  • Sarcotheca laxa var. sericea

Lecythidales

Species

Subspecies

  • Gustavia nana subsp. rhodantha
  • Gustavia speciosa subsp. occidentalis

Polygalales

Species

Subspecies

  • Polygala tenuicaulis subsp. tenuicaulis

Varieties

  • Bunchosia hartwegiana var. brevisurcularis

Santalales

Species

Subspecies

  • Englerina heckmanniana subsp. heckmanniana

Varieties

Proteales

There are 26 species and one subspecies in the order Proteales assessed as vulnerable.

Proteaceae

Species

Subspecies

Elaeagnaceae

  • Elaeagnus mollis
  • Elaeagnus tarokoensis

Dipsacales

Plumbaginales

Rubiales

Species

Subspecies

  • Aulacocalyx pallens subsp. pallens
  • Canthium oligocarpum subsp. intermedium
  • Coffea mufindiensis subsp. mufindiensis
  • Heinsenia diervilleoides subsp. mufindiensis
  • Ixora scheffleri subsp. scheffleri
  • Lasianthus kilimandscharicus subsp. laxinervis
  • Oxyanthus lepidus subsp. kigogoensis
  • Oxyanthus pyriformis subsp. brevitubus
  • Oxyanthus pyriformis subsp. tanganyikensis
  • Pachystigma loranthifolium subsp. loranthifolium
  • Pausinystalia lane-poolei subsp. lane-poolei
  • Pavetta johnstonii subsp. breviloba
  • Pavetta sphaerobotrys subsp. lanceisepala
  • Pavetta sphaerobotrys subsp. sphaerobotrys
  • Pavetta sphaerobotrys subsp. tanaica
  • Rytigynia bugoyensis subsp. glabriflora
  • Rytigynia lichenoxenos subsp. glabrituba
  • Rytigynia lichenoxenos subsp. lichenoxenos
  • Tricalysia coriacea subsp. angustifolia
  • Vangueria randii subsp. vollesenii
  • Vangueria rufescens subsp. angustiloba

Varieties

  • Afrocanthium racemulosum var. nanguanum
  • Canthium neilgherrense var. neilgherrense
  • Empogona ovalifolia var. glabrata
  • Empogona ovalifolia var. taylorii
  • Mussaenda microdonta var. microdonta
  • Mussaenda monticola var. glabrescens
  • Mussaenda monticola var. monticola
  • Pavetta abyssinica var. usambarica
  • Pavetta comostyla var. matengoana
  • Pavetta comostyla var. nyassica
  • Pavetta kyimbilensis var. iringensis
  • Pavetta kyimbilensis var. kyimbilensis
  • Pavetta macrosepala var. macrosepala
  • Pavetta macrosepala var. puberula
  • Pavetta sepium var. massaica
  • Pavetta sepium var. sepium
  • Pavetta subumbellata var. subcoriacea
  • Psychotria goetzei var. goetzei
  • Psychotria goetzei var. platyphylla
  • Randia aculeata var. jamaicensis
  • Rytigynia adenodonta var. adenodonta
  • Rytigynia adenodonta var. reticulata
  • Rytigynia celastroides var. nuda
  • Sericanthe odoratissima var. odoratissima
  • Sericanthe odoratissima var. ulugurensis
  • Tricalysia anomala var. anomala
  • Tricalysia anomala var. montana
  • Vangueria volkensii var. kyimbilensis

Violales

There are 86 species, one subspecies, and three varieties in Violales assessed as vulnerable.

Flacourtiaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Hydnocarpus macrocarpa subsp. macrocarpa

Varieties

  • Homalium lacticum var. glabratum
  • Xylotheca tettensis var. fissistyla

Violaceae

Species

Varieties

  • Rinorea convallarioides var. marsabitensis

Loasaceae

Passifloraceae

Other Violales species

Euphorbiales

There are 236 species, five subspecies, and 33 varieties in Euphorbiales assessed as vulnerable.

Peraceae

Buxaceae

Euphorbiaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Croton longipedicellatus subsp. austrotanzanicus
  • Euphorbia enterophora subsp. crassa
  • Euphorbia famatamboay subsp. famatamboay
  • Euphorbia famatamboay subsp. itampolensis
  • Euphorbia orthoclada subsp. vepretorum

Varieties

  • Drypetes natalensis var. leiogyna
  • Drypetes usambarica var. mrimae
  • Drypetes usambarica var. trichogyna
  • Drypetes usambarica var. usambarica
  • Euphorbia beharensis var. beharensis
  • Euphorbia beharensis var. guillemetii
  • Euphorbia beharensis var. squarrosa
  • Euphorbia beharensis var. truncata
  • Euphorbia bicompacta var. bicompacta
  • Euphorbia boivinii var. minor
  • Euphorbia celastroides var. laehiensis
  • Euphorbia celastroides var. lorifolia
  • Euphorbia celastroides var. stokesii
  • Euphorbia cremersii var. cremersii
  • Euphorbia cremersii var. rakotozafyi
  • Euphorbia decaryi var. ampanihyensis
  • Euphorbia decaryi var. spirosticha
  • Euphorbia duranii var. ankaratrae
  • Euphorbia francoisii var. crassicaulis
  • Euphorbia lophogona var. lophogona
  • Euphorbia mahafalensis var. xanthadenia
  • Euphorbia milii var. roseana
  • Euphorbia moratii var. antsingiensis
  • Euphorbia moratii var. bemarahaensis
  • Euphorbia moratii var. moratii
  • Euphorbia moratii var. multiflora
  • Euphorbia platyclada var. hardyi
  • Euphorbia platyclada var. platyclada
  • Euphorbia primulifolia var. primulifolia
  • Mallotus oppositifolius var. lindicus
  • Margaritaria anomala var. cheloniphorbe
  • Phyllanthus kaessneri var. kaessneri
  • Ricinodendron heudelotii var. tomentellum

Laurales

There are 136 species and three varieties in the order Laurales assessed as vulnerable.

Monimiaceae

Hernandiaceae

Lauraceae

Species

Varieties

  • Actinodaphne campanulata var. campanulata
  • Persea podadenia var. glabriramea
  • Umbellularia californica var. fresnensis

Cucurbitales

There are 49 species in the order Cucurbitales assessed as vulnerable.

Begoniaceae

Cucurbitaceae

Anisophylleaceae

Ebenales

There are 226 species, eight subspecies, and five varieties in Ebenales assessed as vulnerable.

Symplocaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Symplocos macrocarpa subsp. kanarana

Varieties

  • Symplocos coronata var. coronata
  • Symplocos coronata var. glabrifolia
  • Symplocos cuneata var. acuta
  • Symplocos cuneata var. cuneata

Sapotaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Manilkara jaimiqui subsp. haitensis
  • Manilkara jaimiqui subsp. jaimiqui
  • Manilkara jaimiqui subsp. wrightiana
  • Pouteria dictyoneura subsp. dictyoneura
  • Sideroxylon floribundum subsp. belizense
  • Sideroxylon floribundum subsp. floribundum
  • Sideroxylon inerme subsp. cryptophlebia

Varieties

  • Pouteria alnifolia var. sacleuxii

Ebenaceae

Styracaceae

Celastrales

There are 102 species, three subspecies, and ten varieties in the order Celastrales assessed as vulnerable.

Icacinaceae

Hollies

Species

Subspecies

  • Ilex perado subsp. platyphylla
  • Ilex vomitoria subsp. chiapensis

Varieties

  • Ilex mitis var. schliebenii
  • Ilex savannarum var. morichei

Celastraceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Elaeodendron pininsulare subsp. poyaense

Varieties

  • Kokoona littoralis var. bakoensis
  • Kokoona littoralis var. longifolia
  • Maytenus arbutifolia var. sidamoensis
  • Microtropis grandifolia var. grandifolia
  • Microtropis grandifolia var. longipetiolatus
  • Salacia lehmbachii var. manus-lacertae
  • Salacia lehmbachii var. pes-ranulae
  • Salacia lehmbachii var. uregaensis

Dichapetalaceae

Myrtales

There are 357 species, 13 subspecies, and 11 varieties in the order Myrtales assessed as vulnerable.

Myrtaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Syzygium cordifolium subsp. cordifolium
  • Syzygium cordifolium subsp. spissum
  • Syzygium micklethwaitii subsp. micklethwaitii
  • Syzygium micklethwaitii subsp. subcordatum

Varieties

  • Campomanesia schlechtendaliana var. schlechtendaliana
  • Eugenia harrisii var. harrisii
  • Eugenia mandevillensis var. mandevillensis
  • Eugenia mandevillensis var. perratonii
  • Metrosideros polymorpha var. newellii
  • Myrcia splendens var. chrysocoma
  • Pimenta pseudocaryophyllus var. hoehnei
  • Pimenta racemosa var. hispaniolensis
  • Pimenta racemosa var. ozua
  • Psidium rufum var. widgrenianum

Melastomataceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Meriania cuneifolia subsp. cuneifolia
  • Meriania cuneifolia subsp. subandina
  • Meriania drakei subsp. chontalensis
  • Meriania drakei subsp. drakei
  • Miconia monzoniensis subsp. cuzcoensis
  • Miconia thaminantha subsp. thaminantha

Combretaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Terminalia benzoin subsp. benzoin
  • Terminalia microcarpa subsp. incana

Thymelaeaceae

Lythraceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Nesaea triflora subsp. lupembensis

Varieties

  • Nesaea parkeri var. longifolia

Onagraceae

Other Myrtales species

Sapindales

There are 345 species, ten subspecies, and 14 varieties in the order Sapindales assessed as vulnerable.

Rutaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Esenbeckia pentaphylla subsp. australensis

Varieties

  • Glycosmis chlorosperma var. bidiensis
  • Ravenia biramosa var. peruviana
  • Vepris hanangensis var. hanangensis
  • Vepris hanangensis var. unifoliolata
  • Vepris morogorensis var. morogorensis

Melianthaceae

Aceraceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Acer amplum subsp. catalpifolium
  • Acer miyabei subsp. miaotaiense
  • Acer negundo subsp. mexicanum

Varieties

  • Acer oblongum var. microcarpum

Sapindaceae

Species

Varieties

  • Litchi chinensis var. euspontanea

Staphyleaceae

Anacardiaceae

Species

Varieties

  • Ozoroa reticulata var. nyasica
  • Pseudospondias microcarpa var. hirsuta
  • Schinus gracilipes var. pilosus
  • Schinus longifolius var. paraguariensis

Meliaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Guarea macrophylla subsp. macrophylla
  • Trichilia lepidota subsp. schumanniana
  • Trichilia schomburgkii subsp. javariensis
  • Turraea fischeri subsp. eylesii, Matopos honeysuckle tree

Simaroubaceae

Burseraceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Protium tenuifolium subsp. meleodii
  • Protium tenuifolium subsp. sessiliflorum

Varieties

  • Dacryodes macrocarpa var. kostermansii
  • Dacryodes macrocarpa var. patentinervia
  • Santiria rubiginosa var. latipetiolata

Hippocastanaceae

Asterales

Species

Subspecies

  • Argyroxiphium sandwicense subsp. macrocephalum
  • Bidens campylotheca subsp. campylotheca
  • Centaurea attica subsp. megarensis
  • Darwiniothamnus lancifolius subsp. glabriusculus
  • Scalesia baurii subsp. baurii
  • Scalesia baurii subsp. hopkinsii
  • Scalesia helleri subsp. helleri
  • Scalesia helleri subsp. santacruzinua

Varieties

  • Bidens hendersonensis var. hendersonensis
  • Bidens hendersonensis var. subspathulata

Magnoliales

There are 270 species, 55 subspecies, and 28 varieties in the order Magnoliales assessed as vulnerable.

Canellaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Warburgia ugandensis subsp. longifolia

Winteraceae

Magnoliaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Magnolia guatemalensis subsp. guatemalensis
  • Magnolia guatemalensis subsp. hondurensis
  • Magnolia sieboldii subsp. sinensis
  • Magnolia sororum subsp. lutea
  • Magnolia sororum subsp. sororum

Varieties

  • Magnolia fordiana var. forrestii

Annonaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Asteranthe asterias subsp. triangularis

Myristicaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Horsfieldia penangiana subsp. obtusifolia
  • Horsfieldia penangiana subsp. penangiana
  • Horsfieldia sucosa subsp. bifissa
  • Horsfieldia xanthina subsp. macrophylla
  • Horsfieldia xanthina subsp. xanthina
  • Knema andamanica subsp. andamanica
  • Knema andamanica subsp. nicobarica
  • Knema andamanica subsp. peninsularis
  • Knema korthalsii subsp. rimosa
  • Knema kunstleri subsp. coriacea
  • Knema kunstleri subsp. leptophylla
  • Knema kunstleri subsp. macrophylla
  • Knema kunstleri subsp. pseudostellata
  • Knema latericia subsp. latericia
  • Knema oblongata subsp. parviflora
  • Knema oblongata subsp. pedunculata
  • Knema pectinata subsp. vestita
  • Knema rigidifolia subsp. camerona
  • Knema stellata subsp. minahassae
  • Knema stellata subsp. stellata
  • Knema tenuinervia subsp. kanburiensis
  • Knema tridactyla subsp. pachydactyla
  • Knema tridactyla subsp. salicifolia
  • Knema tridactyla subsp. sublaevis
  • Knema tridactyla subsp. tridactyla
  • Myristica agusanensis subsp. squamulosa
  • Myristica crassipes subsp. marronia
  • Myristica duplopunctata subsp. duplopunctata
  • Myristica duplopunctata subsp. versteeghii
  • Myristica fugax subsp. fugax
  • Myristica fugax subsp. septentrionalis
  • Myristica fusiformis subsp. fusiformis
  • Myristica fusiformis subsp. pseudostipitata
  • Myristica kajewski subsp. robusta
  • Myristica laevis subsp. badia
  • Myristica laevis subsp. laevis
  • Myristica lancifolia subsp. australiana
  • Myristica lancifolia subsp. kutubuensis
  • Myristica malaccensis subsp. papillosa
  • Myristica rosselensis subsp. minutiflora
  • Myristica simiarum subsp. calcarea
  • Myristica tenuivenia subsp. lignosa
  • Myristica tristis subsp. ingambitense
  • Myristica tristis subsp. louisiadensis
  • Myristica tristis subsp. sessilifructa
  • Myristica velutina subsp. breviflora
  • Myristica warburgii subsp. hybrida
  • Myristica warburgii subsp. siphonantha

Varieties

  • Horsfieldia glabra var. javanica
  • Horsfieldia glabra var. oviflora
  • Horsfieldia hellwigii var. brachycarpa
  • Horsfieldia moluccana var. pubescens
  • Horsfieldia moluccana var. robusta
  • Horsfieldia pallidicaula var. macrocarya
  • Horsfieldia pallidicaula var. microcarya
  • Horsfieldia pallidicaula var. pallidicaula
  • Horsfieldia polyspherula var. maxima
  • Horsfieldia subtilis var. rostrata
  • Horsfieldia tuberculata var. crassivalva
  • Knema ashtonii var. ashtonii
  • Knema ashtonii var. cinnamomea
  • Knema curtisii var. amoena
  • Knema curtisii var. arenosa
  • Knema curtisii var. paludosa
  • Knema glauca var. riparia
  • Knema hirtella var. pilocarpa
  • Myristica mediovibex var. kosteriana
  • Myristica mediovibex var. mediovibex
  • Myristica rubrinervis var. duplex
  • Myristica rubrinervis var. rubrinervis
  • Myristica rumphii var. florentis
  • Myristica subalulata var. hagensis
  • Myristica subalulata var. leptantha
  • Myristica subalulata var. pedunculata
  • Myristica subcordata var. rimosa

Degeneriaceae

Capparales

There are 41 species and five subspecies in Capparales assessed as vulnerable.

Capparaceae

Moringaceae

Cruciferae

Species

Subspecies

  • Cardamine pratensis subsp. atlantica
  • Nasturtium africanum subsp. africanum
  • Nasturtium africanum subsp. mesatlanticum
  • Sisymbrella aspera subsp. munbyana

Resedaceae

Subspecies

  • Reseda battandieri subsp. limicola

Apiales

There are 108 species in the order Apiales assessed as vulnerable.

Araliaceae

Umbelliferae

  • Berula bracteata, Jellico
  • Bupleurum capillare
  • Bupleurum kosopolianskyi, Kozo-poljanskyi's thoroughwax
  • Bupleurum wittmannii, Wittmann's thoroughwax
  • Carum grossheimii, Grossheim's caraway
  • Carum lacuum
  • Cotopaxia asplundii
  • Cryptotaenia flahaultii, Flahault's cryptotaenia
  • Eryngium variifolium
  • Ferula caucasica, Caucasian giant fennel
  • Ferula latipinna
  • Hydrocotyle hexagona
  • Hydrocotyle yanghuangensis
  • Lefebvrea droopii
  • Lefebvrea kupense
  • Mandenovia komarovii, Komarov's mandenovia
  • Nirarathamnos asarifolius
  • Oreofraga morrisiana
  • Pimpinella lazica, Lazian burnet saxifrage
  • Pimpinella schatilensis, Shatilian anise
  • Rughidia milleri
  • Seseli cuneifolium, Wedge-leaved meadow saxifrage
  • Seseli saxicolum, Saxicolous seseli
  • Thorella verticillato-inundata

Gentianales

There are 108 species and one variety in the order Gentianales assessed as vulnerable.

Apocynaceae

Loganiaceae

Species

Varieties

  • Geniostoma rupestre var. rouffaeranum

Asclepiadaceae

Gentianaceae

Rosales

There are 118 species, 13 subspecies, and nine varieties in the order Rosales assessed as vulnerable.

Chrysobalanaceae

Species

Subspecies

Varieties

  • Licania intrapetiolaris var. brevis
  • Magnistipula butayei var. greenwayi
  • Magnistipula butayei var. sargosii

Connaraceae

Species

Varieties

  • Connarus williamsii var. williamsii
  • Ellipanthus beccarii var. beccarii

Brunelliaceae

Pittosporaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Pittosporum senacia subsp. wrightii

Cunoniaceae

Species

Varieties

  • Weinmannia auriculata var. dryadifolia
  • Weinmannia laurina var. pseudolaurina
  • Weinmannia microphylla var. tenuior

Rosaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Lyonothamnus floribundus subsp. asplenifolius, Santa Cruz Island ironwood
  • Lyonothamnus floribundus subsp. floribundus, Catalina ironwood
  • Polylepis besseri subsp. besseri
  • Polylepis besseri subsp. incarum
  • Polylepis besseri subsp. subtusalbida
  • Polylepis racemosa subsp. lanata
  • Polylepis racemosa subsp. triacontandra
  • Polylepis tomentella subsp. incanoides
  • Prunus lusitanica subsp. hixa

Varieties

  • Prunus grisea var. tomentosa

Saxifragaceae

  • Saxifraga berica
  • Saxifraga osloensis
  • Saxifraga portosanctana

Crassulaceae

Other Rosales

Species

Subspecies

  • Brexia madagascariensis subsp. microcarpa

Primulales

There are 50 species and one variety in Primulales assessed as vulnerable.

Myrsinaceae

Theophrastaceae

Species

  • Clavija jelskii
  • Clavija pungens
  • Clavija repanda
  • Clavija subandina
  • Jacquinia proctorii, Wash wood

Varieties

  • Jacquinia macrantha var. macrantha

Primulaceae

Rhamnales

Species

Subspecies

  • Lasiodiscus mildbraedii subsp. ferrugineus

Urticales

There are 46 species, five subspecies, and three varieties in Urticales assessed as vulnerable.

Urticaceae

Species

Varieties

  • Pipturus argenteus var. argenteus

Ulmaceae

Cecropiaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Pourouma hirsutipetiolata subsp. hirsutipetiolata
  • Pourouma melinonii subsp. glabrata

Moraceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Brosimum utile subsp. darienense, Cow tree
  • Ficus chlamydocarpa subsp. fernandesiana
  • Ficus reflexa subsp. sechellensis

Varieties

  • Dorstenia holstii var. longistipulata
  • Dorstenia tayloriana var. tayloriana

Cornales

Species

Varieties

  • Davidia involucrata var. vilmoriniana

Solanales

There are 33 species and two subspecies in the order Solanales assessed as vulnerable.

Solanaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Solanum circinatum subsp. ramosa
  • Solanum corymbiflora subsp. mortoniana

Convolvulaceae

Menyanthaceae

  • Villarsia goldblattiana

Scrophulariales

There are 220 species, 14 subspecies, and two varieties in the order Scrophulariales assessed as vulnerable.

Globulariaceae

Oleaceae

Species

  • Chionanthus avilensis
  • Chionanthus jamaicensis
  • Chionanthus micranthus
  • Chionanthus richardsiae
  • Chionanthus spiciferus
  • Chionanthus wurdackii
  • Jasminum elatum
  • Jasminum noumeense
  • Olea chimanimani
  • Picconia excelsa

Subspecies

  • Fraxinus caroliniana subsp. cubensis

Varieties

  • Chionanthus caymanensis var. caymanensis

Buddlejaceae

Gesneriaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Saintpaulia ionantha subsp. grotei
  • Saintpaulia ionantha subsp. ionantha
  • Saintpaulia ionantha subsp. mafiensis
  • Saintpaulia ionantha subsp. occidentalis
  • Saintpaulia ionantha subsp. pendula

Varieties

  • Rhytidophyllum grande var. laevigatum

Bignoniaceae

Acanthaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Barleria mpandensis subsp. mpandensis
  • Barleria mpandensis subsp. tomentella
  • Brachystephanus coeruleus subsp. apiculatus
  • Brachystephanus coeruleus subsp. coeruleus
  • Brachystephanus jaundensis subsp. nimbae
  • Dyschoriste keniensis subsp. glandulifera
  • Isoglossa substrobilina subsp. tenuispicata
  • Staurogyne kamerunensis subsp. calabarensis

Scrophulariaceae

Lentibulariaceae

Lamiales

There are 111 species, two subspecies, and four varieties in the order Lamiales assessed as vulnerable.

Verbenaceae

Species

Varieties

  • Aegiphila cuneata var. hirsutissima
  • Clerodendrum glabrum var. minutiflorum
  • Vitex ferruginea var. amaniensis

Labiatae

Species

Subspecies

  • Plectranthus punctatus subsp. lanatus
  • Stachys pseudohumifusa subsp. saxeri

Boraginaceae

Species

Varieties

  • Cordia sebestena var. caymanensis

Avicenniaceae

Juglandales

Nepenthales

There are 41 species in Nepenthales assessed as vulnerable.

Nepenthaceae

Droseraceae

Sarraceniaceae

Hamamelidales

Species

Varieties

  • Liquidambar orientalis var. integriloba
  • Liquidambar orientalis var. orientalis

Dilleniales

  • Dillenia fischeri
  • Dillenia luzoniensis
  • Dillenia megalantha
  • Dillenia philippinensis
  • Dillenia reifferscheidtia
  • Hibbertia emarginata
  • Hibbertia heterotricha
  • Hibbertia moratii
  • Hibbertia rubescens

Ranunculales

There are 36 species, one subspecies, and one variety in the order Ranunculales assessed as vulnerable.

Meliosmaceae

Berberidaceae

Menispermaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Anisocycla blepharosepala subsp. tanzaniensis

Varieties

  • Cissampelos nigrescens var. nigrescens

Ranunculaceae

  • Aconitum corsicum
  • Aconitum violaceum
  • Ranunculus kykkoensis
  • Ranunculus schweinfurthii
  • Ranunculus weyleri

Ericales

There are 17 species and one variety in the order Ericales assessed as vulnerable.

Clethraceae

  • Clethra javanica
  • Clethra parallelinervia

Ericaceae

Species

Varieties

  • Rhododendron dalhousiae var. rhabdotum

Polygonales

Species

  • Calligonum paletzkianum
  • Coccoloba coriacea
  • Coccoloba matudae
  • Coccoloba tiliacea
  • Coccoloba troyana
  • Fallopia koreana
  • Rumex andinus
  • Rumex rupestris, Shore dock

Varieties

  • Triplaris setosa var. woytkowskii

Podostemales

  • Apinagia boliviana
  • Castelnavia monandra
  • Castelnavia noveloi
  • Dalzellia ranongensis
  • Diamantina lombardii
  • Farmeria metzgerioides
  • Hanseniella heterophylla
  • Ledermanniella aloides
  • Ledermanniella bifurcata
  • Ledermanniella boumiensis
  • Ledermanniella cristata
  • Ledermanniella kamerunensis
  • Ledermanniella schlechteri
  • Ledermanniella warmingiana
  • Macropodiella hallaei
  • Macropodiella heteromorpha
  • Podostemum saldanhanum
  • Polypleurum filifolium
  • Rhyncholacis nobilis
  • Saxicolella laciniata
  • Saxicolella nana
  • Willisia selaginoides

Fabales

Species

Subspecies

  • Albizia tanganyicensis subsp. adamsoniorum
  • Astragalus stevenianus subsp. meskheticus, Meskhetian astragalus
  • Baphia incerta subsp. lebrunii
  • Baphia leptostemma subsp. leptostemma
  • Baphia marceliana subsp. marquesii
  • Baphia punctulata subsp. punctulata
  • Ceratonia oreothauma subsp. oreothauma
  • Craibia brevicaudata subsp. schliebenii
  • Dalbergia albiflora subsp. echinocarpa
  • Delonix leucantha subsp. bemarahensis
  • Delonix leucantha subsp. leucantha
  • Indigofera patula subsp. okuensis
  • Inga subnuda subsp. subnuda
  • Kotschya recurvifolia subsp. longifolia
  • Millettia impressa subsp. goetzeana
  • Millettia oblata subsp. intermedia
  • Millettia oblata subsp. oblata
  • Millettia oblata subsp. stolzii
  • Millettia oblata subsp. teitensis
  • Ormocarpum sennoides subsp. zanzibaricum
  • Pterocarpus mildbraedii subsp. usambarensis, White padouk
  • Sakoanala villosa subsp. menabeensis
  • Senna multijuga subsp. doylei
  • Zenkerella capparidacea subsp. capparidacea
  • Zenkerella capparidacea subsp. grotei

Varieties

Rhizophorales

Caryophyllales

There are 190 species, 12 subspecies, and one variety in the order Caryophyllales assessed as vulnerable.

Caryophyllaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Dianthus cintranus subsp. cintranus

Amaranthaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Alternanthera filifolia subsp. glauca
  • Alternanthera filifolia subsp. glaucescens
  • Alternanthera filifolia subsp. microcephala
  • Alternanthera filifolia subsp. nudicaulis
  • Alternanthera filifolia subsp. pintensis
  • Alternanthera filifolia subsp. rabidensis
  • Froelichia juncea subsp. alata
  • Froelichia juncea subsp. juncea
  • Froelichia nudicaulis subsp. curta
  • Froelichia nudicaulis subsp. lanigera
  • Froelichia nudicaulis subsp. nudicaulis

Varieties

  • Achyranthes splendens var. splendens

Nyctaginaceae

Chenopodiaceae

Portulacaceae

Illecebraceae

Cactus species

Aizoaceae

Fagales

There are 45 species and one subspecies in the order Fagales assessed as vulnerable.

Nothofagaceae

Ticodendraceae

Fagaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Quercus robur subsp. imeretina

Betulaceae

Salicales

Species

Subspecies

  • Populus mexicana subsp. mexicana

Other dicotyledon species

Monocotyledons

There are 619 species, six subspecies, and four varieties of monocotyledon assessed as vulnerable.

Triuridales

  • Seychellaria thomassetii

Arecales

Species

Varieties

  • Hemithrinax rivularis var. rivularis
  • Hemithrinax rivularis var. savannarum

Orchidales

There are 114 species and three subspecies in Orchidales assessed as vulnerable.

Orchidaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Cynorkis buchwaldiana subsp. braunii
  • Polystachya albescens subsp. kraenzlinii
  • Polystachya caespitifica subsp. latilabris

Burmanniaceae

Cyclanthales

Pandanales

Bromeliales

Liliales

Species

Subspecies

  • Aloe gilbertii subsp. megalacanthoides
  • Fritillaria obliqua subsp. tuntasia
  • Iris spuria subsp. notha, Mimic iris

Arales

Araceae

Zingiberales

There are 42 species in the order Zingiberales assessed as vulnerable.

Marantaceae

Heliconiaceae

Costaceae

Zingiberaceae

Eriocaulales

  • Eriocaulon aethiopicum
  • Eriocaulon asteroides
  • Eriocaulon bamendae
  • Eriocaulon karnatakense
  • Eriocaulon kolhapurense
  • Eriocaulon konkanense
  • Eriocaulon maharashtrense
  • Eriocaulon parvulum
  • Eriocaulon pectinatum
  • Eriocaulon tuberiferum
  • Syngonanthus yacuambensis

Commelinales

Cyperales

There are 78 species and two varieties in Cyperales assessed as vulnerable.

Gramineae

Cyperaceae

Species

Varieties

  • Bulbostylis densa var. cameroonensis
  • Carex bequaertii var. maxima

Alismatales

Najadales

Juncales

Hydrocharitales

  • Halophila baillonii, Clover grass
  • Halophila beccarii, Ocean turf grass
  • Halophila hawaiiana
  • Lagarosiphon steudneri

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Listed by IUCN as Kopsia singaporensis.
  2. ^ Listed by IUCN as Myrsine pearce.

References

  1. ^ "IUCN Red List version 2016-2". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 8 September 2016.
  2. ^ "Limitations of the Data". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  3. ^ "2001 Categories & Criteria (version 3.1)". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  4. ^ Farjon, A. (2013). "Pinus torreyana subsp. insularis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2013: e.T34013A2840313. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T34013A2840313.en. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
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List of IUCN Red List Vulnerable plants
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