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List of Chinese administrative divisions by GDP per capita

The article is about China's first-level administrative divisions by their gross domestic product per capita in main years. All figures are given in the national currency, renminbi (CNY), and in USD at nominal values, according to recent exchange rates as well as according to purchasing power parity (PPP). The average CNY exchange rate used here is from the National Bureau of Statistics of China, and CNY PPP exchange rates are estimated according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Since the implementation of reform and opening up in mainland China in 1978, its economy has developed rapidly. In 1995, the GDP per capita of Beijing, Tianjin, and Shanghai reached more than 1,000 US dollars; by 2000, there were 10 provinces with GDP per capita exceeding 1,000 US dollars, of which Beijing, Tianjin, and Shanghai exceeded 2,000 US dollars. By 2020, the per capita GDP of mainland China exceeded US$10,000, of which Beijing and Shanghai exceeded US$22,000, Jiangsu was nearly US$18,000, Fujian exceeded US$15,000, Zhejiang and Tianjin exceeded US$14,000, Guangdong and Chongqing exceeded US$11,000, and Hubei, Inner Mongolia, and Shandong exceeded US$10,000. Except for Gansu, the remaining provinces all exceeded US$6,000.

Apart from the national capital of Beijing and the financial capital of Shanghai, coastal provinces lead the per capita GDP rankings within China, as these coastal provinces are most heavily exposed to export-oriented industrialization. The seaports present within the coastal provinces enable the provinces' greater exposure to international trade and allow both local and foreign companies, which are recipients of foreign direct investment into China, to export goods and reach global markets faster.[1]

For comparison purposes, this article also displays the GDPs of the special administrative regions (SARs) of Hong Kong and Macau, which maintain separate economic systems and currencies. These figures are shown in USD based on PPP, as estimated by the International Monetary Fund.[1]

2022 map

Map of Chinese provinces and SARs by GDP per capita in US$:
  $5,000 - $7,499   $7,500 - $9,999   $10,000 - $14,999   $15,000 - $19,999   $20,000 - $29,999   $30,000 - $49,999

2022 data

List of 31 provincial-level administrative divisions in mainland China by 2022 Nominal GDP per capita[2]
at current prices;
Nominal rate: CNY 6.7261 per U.S. dollar[3]
provinces rank GDPpc Reference index
CNY USD PPP
(intl dollar[4])
Share
(%)
GDP
(in bn of CNY)
population[2]
China (mainland) 85,698 ¥ US$12,741 US$21,233 100 121,020.72 1,412,600,000
Beijing 1 190,313 ¥ US$28,294 US$47,154 222 4,161.10 21,890,000
Shanghai 2 179,907 ¥ US$26,747 US$44,576 210 4,465.28 24,890,000
Jiangsu 3 144,390 ¥ US$21,467 US$35,776 168 12,287.56 85,050,000
Fujian 4 126,829 ¥ US$18,856 US$31,424 148 5,310.99 41,870,000
Tianjin 5 119,235 ¥ US$17,727 US$29,543 139 1,631.13 13,730,000
Zhejiang 6 118,496 ¥ US$17,617 US$29,360 138 7,771.54 65,400,000
Guangdong 7 101,905 ¥ US$15,151 US$25,249 119 12,911.86 126,840,000
Inner Mongolia 8 96,474 ¥ US$14,343 US$23,903 113 2,315.87 24,000,000
Hubei 9 92,059 ¥ US$13,686 US$22,809 107 5,373.49 58,300,000
Chongqing 10 90,663 ¥ US$13,479 US$22,464 106 2,912.90 32,120,000
Shandong 11 86,003 ¥ US$12,786 US$21,309 100 8,743.51 101,700,000
Shaanxi 12 82,864 ¥ US$12,319 US$20,531 97 3,277.27 39,540,000
Shanxi 13 73,675 ¥ US$10,954 US$18,254 86 2,564.26 34,800,000
Anhui 14 73,603 ¥ US$10,943 US$18,237 86 4,504.50 61,130,000
Hunan 15 73,598 ¥ US$10,942 US$18,235 86 4,867.04 66,220,000
Jiangxi 16 70,923 ¥ US$10,544 US$17,573 83 3,207.47 45,170,000
Ningxia 17 69,781 ¥ US$10,374 US$17,290 81 506.96 7,250,000
Liaoning 18 68,775 ¥ US$10,225 US$17,040 80 2,897.51 42,290,000
Xinjiang 19 68,552 ¥ US$10,191 US$16,985 80 1,774.13 25,890,000
Sichuan 20 67,777 ¥ US$10,077 US$16,793 79 5,674.98 83,720,000
Hainan 21 66,602 ¥ US$9,902 US$16,502 78 681.82 10,200,000
Henan 22 62,106 ¥ US$9,233 US$15,388 72 6,134.51 98,830,000
Yunnan 23 61,716 ¥ US$9,176 US$15,291 72 2,895.42 46,900,000
Qinghai 24 60,724 ¥ US$9,028 US$15,046 71 361.01 5,940,000
Tibet 25 58,438 ¥ US$8,688 US$14,479 68 213.26 3,660,000
Hebei 26 56,995 ¥ US$8,474 US$14,122 67 4,237.04 74,480,000
Jilin 27 55,347 ¥ US$8,229 US$13,713 65 1,307.02 23,750,000
Guizhou 28 52,321 ¥ US$7,779 US$12,964 61 2,016.46 38,520,000
Guangxi 29 52,164 ¥ US$7,755 US$12,925 61 2,630.09 50,370,000
Heilongjiang 30 51,906 ¥ US$7,717 US$12,861 61 1,590.10 31,250,000
Gansu 31 44,968 ¥ US$6,686 US$11,142 52 1,120.16 24,900,000

Main Year (Nominal GDP per capita)

GDPpc by national currency (renminbi) in main years

GDP per capita in 31 provinces of mainland China
by Chinese yuan (renminbi)[2]
provinces 2021 2020 2015 2010 2000
China (mainland) 81,370 71,828 49,922 30,808 7,942
Beijing 187,526 164,158 113,692 78,307 25,014
Shanghai 175,420 156,803 109,186 79,396 30,307
Jiangsu 138,255 121,333 85,871 52,787 11,765
Fujian 118,750 105,106 67,649 40,773 11,194
Zhejiang 113,839 100,738 73,276 51,110 13,467
Tianjin 113,660 101,068 75,868 54,053 16,236
Guangdong 98,561 88,521 64,516 44,669 12,817
Inner Mongolia 88,137 71,640 52,972 33,262 6,502
Chongqing 87,450 78,294 52,480 28,084 6,383
Hubei 86,551 73,687 52,021 28,359 6,121
Shandong 81,510 71,825 56,205 35,599 9,260
Shaanxi 76,171 65,867 46,654 26,388 4,968
Anhui 69,676 62,411 39,692 21,923 5,147
Hunan 68,913 62,537 43,155 24,005 5,590
Jiangxi 66,020 57,065 37,436 21,099 4,851
Shanxi 65,625 51,051 33,593 25,434 5,722
Liaoning 64,992 58,629 46,482 31,888 11,177
Sichuan 64,610 58,009 37,150 21,230 4,956
Hainan 63,991 55,438 39,704 23,323 6,798
Ningxia 63,461 55,021 37,876 24,984 5,376
Xinjiang 62,991 53,606 39,520 24,700 7,372
Henan 58,587 54,691 38,338 23,984 5,450
Yunnan 57,717 52,047 32,117 16,866 4,814
Qinghai 57,036 50,845 34,883 20,418 5,138
Tibet 56,831 52,280 31,847 17,209 4,572
Jilin 55,148 50,561 38,128 23,370 6,646
Hebei 54,181 48,302 35,994 25,308 6,966
Guizhou 50,476 46,355 28,547 12,882 2,759
Guangxi 50,137 44,237 30,890 18,070 4,652
Heilongjiang 47,199 42,432 32,759 21,694 7,515
Gansu 40,976 35,848 25,946 15,421 4,163

GDPpc by US dollar in main years

GDP per capita in 31 provinces of mainland China[2]
by US dollar[3]
CN¥ per US dollar 6.4515 6.8976 6.2284 6.7695 8.2784
provinces 2021 2020 2015 2010 2000
China (mainland) 12,613 10,413 8,015 4,551 959
Beijing 29,067 23,799 18,254 11,568 3,022
Shanghai 27,191 22,733 17,530 11,728 3,661
Jiangsu 21,430 17,591 13,787 7,798 1,421
Fujian 18,407 15,238 10,861 6,023 1,352
Zhejiang 17,645 14,605 11,765 7,550 1,627
Tianjin 17,618 14,653 12,181 7,985 1,961
Guangdong 15,277 12,834 10,358 6,599 1,548
Inner Mongolia 13,661 10,386 8,505 4,914 785
Chongqing 13,555 11,351 8,426 4,149 771
Hubei 13,416 10,683 8,352 4,189 739
Shandong 12,634 10,413 9,024 5,259 1,119
Shaanxi 11,807 9,549 7,491 3,898 600
Anhui 10,800 9,048 6,373 3,238 622
Hunan 10,682 9,066 6,929 3,546 675
Jiangxi 10,233 8,273 6,011 3,117 586
Shanxi 10,172 7,401 5,394 3,757 691
Liaoning 10,074 8,500 7,463 4,711 1,350
Sichuan 10,015 8,410 5,965 3,136 599
Hainan 9,919 8,037 6,375 3,445 821
Ningxia 9,837 7,977 6,081 3,691 649
Xinjiang 9,764 7,772 6,345 3,649 891
Henan 9,081 7,929 6,155 3,543 658
Yunnan 8,946 7,546 5,157 2,491 582
Qinghai 8,841 7,371 5,601 3,016 621
Tibet 8,809 7,579 5,113 2,542 552
Jilin 8,548 7,330 6,122 3,452 803
Hebei 8,398 7,003 5,779 3,739 841
Guizhou 7,824 6,720 4,583 1,903 333
Guangxi 7,771 6,413 4,960 2,669 562
Heilongjiang 7,316 6,152 5,260 3,205 908
Gansu 6,351 5,197 4,166 2,278 503

GDPpc by PPP intl dollar in main years

GDP per capita in 31 provinces of mainland China[2]
by purchasing power parity (intl dollar)
reference only here for the frequent changes in the ppp indicator
(see WEO published on April 7, 2023, by IMF[5])
CN¥ per intl dollar 4.0355 4.1769 4.2388 3.8707 3.3258 2.7286
provinces 2022 2021 2020 2015 2010 2000
China (mainland) 21,236 19,481 16,945 12,897 9,263 2,911
Beijing 47,160 44,896 38,727 29,372 23,545 9,167
Shanghai 44,581 41,998 36,992 28,208 23,873 11,107
Jiangsu 35,780 33,100 28,624 22,185 15,872 4,312
Fujian 31,428 28,430 24,796 17,477 12,260 4,102
Tianjin 29,547 27,212 23,844 19,601 16,253 5,950
Zhejiang 29,363 27,254 23,766 18,931 15,368 4,935
Guangdong 25,252 23,597 20,884 16,668 13,431 4,697
Inner Mongolia 23,906 21,101 16,901 13,685 10,001 2,383
Hubei 22,812 20,721 17,384 13,440 8,527 2,243
Chongqing 22,466 20,937 18,471 13,558 8,444 2,339
Shandong 21,312 19,514 16,945 14,521 10,704 3,394
Shaanxi 20,534 18,236 15,539 12,053 7,934 1,821
Shanxi 18,257 15,711 12,044 8,679 7,647 2,097
Anhui 18,239 16,681 14,724 10,254 6,592 1,886
Hunan 18,238 16,499 14,753 11,149 7,218 2,049
Jiangxi 17,575 15,806 13,463 9,672 6,344 1,778
Ningxia 17,292 15,193 12,980 9,785 7,512 1,970
Liaoning 17,042 15,560 13,832 12,009 9,588 4,096
Xinjiang 16,987 15,081 12,647 10,210 7,427 2,702
Sichuan 16,795 15,468 13,685 9,598 6,383 1,816
Hainan 16,504 15,320 13,079 10,258 7,013 2,491
Henan 15,390 14,026 12,902 9,905 7,211 1,997
Yunnan 15,293 13,818 12,279 8,297 5,071 1,764
Qinghai 15,047 13,655 11,995 9,012 6,139 1,883
Tibet 14,481 13,606 12,334 8,228 5,174 1,676
Hebei 14,123 12,972 11,395 9,299 7,610 2,553
Jilin 13,715 13,203 11,928 9,850 7,027 2,436
Guizhou 12,965 12,085 10,936 7,375 3,873 1,011
Guangxi 12,926 12,003 10,436 7,980 5,433 1,705
Heilongjiang 12,662 11,300 10,010 8,463 6,523 2,754
Gansu 11,143 9,810 8,457 6,703 4,637 1,526

Appendix

Historical GDP per capita of Hong Kong SAR
Historical GDP per capita of Hong Kong SAR
(based on IMF WEO April 2023)[4]
Year HK$ Nominal
(US$)
PPP
(Int'l$.)
2022 385,508 49,226 69,153
2021 387,454 49,845 66,356
2020 360,294 46,446 59,454
2019 378,302 48,278 62,015
2018 378,678 48,310 62,230
2017 358,690 46,026 59,668
2016 337,566 43,488 56,903
2015 328,096 42,325 56,267
2014 311,600 40,185 54,605
2013 296,538 38,233 53,454
2012 284,069 36,624 52,082
2011 272,091 34,955 51,999
2010 251,887 32,421 48,996
2009 237,157 30,594 45,706
2008 245,191 31,488 46,777
2007 237,916 30,495 45,106
2006 217,741 28,028 41,456
2005 206,517 26,552 37,938
2004 193,735 24,874 34,456
2003 185,782 23,857 31,023
2002 192,890 24,731 29,688
2001 196,298 25,167 28,737
Historical GDP per capita of Macao SAR
Historical GDP per capita of Macao SAR
(based on IMF WEO April 2023)[4]
Year MOP$ Nominal
(US$)
PPP
(Int'l$.)
2022 254,381 31,540 55,209
2021 352,980 44,092 71,857
2020 297,759 37,271 57,667
2019 655,577 81,232 125,026
2018 668,689 82,836 128,292
2017 619,873 77,233 120,249
2016 558,758 69,888 109,178
2015 556,135 69,648 108,260
2014 689,274 86,298 141,807
2013 677,758 84,834 145,947
2012 592,921 74,209 129,876
2011 530,124 66,112 119,403
2010 409,194 51,135 97,052
2009 317,954 39,822 78,087
2008 307,063 38,286 75,623
2007 275,378 34,269 73,246
2006 231,805 28,970 65,294
2005 201,158 25,110 59,222
2004 184,555 23,006 55,616
2003 148,082 18,462 44,299
2002 134,431 16,734 39,457
2001 126,317 15,724 36,017

See also

Sources

References

  1. ^ Felice, Emanuele; Odoardi, Iacopo; D’Ingiullo, Dario (2021-09-18). "The Chinese Inland-Coastal Inequality: The Role of Human Capital and the 2007–2008 Crisis Watershed". Italian Economic Journal. doi:10.1007/s40797-021-00169-w. ISSN 2199-3238. S2CID 240506688.
  2. ^ a b c d e "National data" (Press release). China NBS. April 2023. Retrieved May 13, 2023.
  3. ^ a b For the exchange rate of the latest year, refer to the Statistical Communiqué of that year "Statistical communiqué of the People's Republic of China on the national economic and social development" (Press release). China NBS. Retrieved May 13, 2023.; Refer to the national statistical database for the historical exchange rates "national data - annual - foreign tarde and economic cooperation - reference exchange rate of renminbi (period average)" (Press release). China NBS. Retrieved May 13, 2023., and the historical exchange rates published on the statistical yearbooks "statistical yearbooks (Chinese / English)" (Press release). China NBS. Retrieved May 13, 2023.
  4. ^ a b c "International Monetary Fund, April 2023" (Press release). International Monetary Fund.
  5. ^ the purchasing power parity indicator in World Economic Outlook published on April 7, 2023 by International Monetary Fund "World Economic Outlook data" (Press release). International Monetary Fund.
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List of Chinese administrative divisions by GDP per capita
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