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Liparit I Dadiani

Liparit I Dadiani (Georgian: ლიპარიტ I დადიანი; died 1470) was a member of the House of Dadiani and eristavi ("duke") of Odishi, latter-day Mingrelia, in western Georgia from 1414 until his death. Under his rule, Mingrelia became largely independent from the disintegrating Kingdom of Georgia in the 1460s.

Liparit I Dadiani succeeded on the death of his father, Mamia II Dadiani, in a war with the Abkhazians in 1414. His accession was confirmed by Alexander I of Georgia, who then moved on to pacify the conflict between the Mingrelian and Abkhazian princes.[1][2] In the course of Liparit's lengthy rule, Mingrelia was embroiled in a series of internecine conflicts which dealt final blows to Georgia's unity. The civil war subsided, but only briefly, by 1460, when the Italian envoy Ludovico da Bologna acted as an intercessor between the Georgian dynasts to enable their participation in the proposed crusade of Pope Pius II against the Ottoman menace. Among the Eastern Christian princes ready to take up arms, the contemporary Western European documents mention Bendia rex Mingreliae, who is the Liparit I of the Georgian sources; Bendia being a rendition of Bediani, a territorial epithet of the Dadiani, derived from the canton of Bedia.[3][4]

In 1463, Liparit and other western Georgian dukes joined forces with the Georgian Bagratid prince Bagrat against George VIII of Georgia, winning a decisive battle at Chikhori. Victorious, Bagrat was crowned King of Imereti, but he had to concede significant autonomy to his allies so that the only duties remaining to be performed by Dadiani were to accompany the king with his army in battle and hunting.[1][2][5]

Liparit died in 1470. He was survived by two sons:[6]

References

  1. ^ a b Bagrationi, Vakhushti (1976). Nakashidze, N.T. (ed.). История Царства Грузинского [History of the Kingdom of Georgia] (PDF) (in Russian). Tbilisi: Metsniereba. p. 130.
  2. ^ a b Beradze, Tamaz (1983). "ლიპარიტ I დადიანი [Liparit I Dadiani]". ქართული საბჭოთა ენციკლოპედია, ტ. 6 [Georgian Soviet Encyclopaedia, Vol. 6] (in Georgian). Tbilisi: Metsniereba. p. 248.
  3. ^ Toumanoff, Cyril (1949–51). "The Fifteenth-Century Bagratids and the Institution of Collegial Sovereignty in Georgia". Traditio. 7: 186–187.
  4. ^ Bryer, Anthony (1965). "Ludovico da Bologna and the Georgian and Anatolian Embassy of 1460–1461". Bedi Kartlisa. 19–20: 182.
  5. ^ Allen, W.E.D. (1932). A history of the Georgian people; from the beginning down to the Russian conquest in the nineteenth century. London: Routledge & K. Paul. p. 137.
  6. ^ Toumanoff, Cyrille (1990). Les dynasties de la Caucasie Chrétienne: de l'Antiquité jusqu'au XIXe siècle: tables généalogiques et chronologique [Dynasties of Christian Caucasia from Antiquity to the 19th century: genealogical and chronological tables] (in French). Rome. pp. 202–203.((cite book)): CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
Liparit I Dadiani House of DadianiBorn:  ? Died: 1470 Regnal titles Preceded byMamia II Dadiani Duke of Mingrelia 1414–1470 Succeeded byShamadavle Dadiani
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Liparit I Dadiani
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