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Lenin Peace Prize

Lenin Peace Prize
Lenin Peace Prize medal (1951)
CountrySoviet Union
StatusDiscontinued
Established21 December 1949
Ribbon of the prize
Obverse and reverse of the Lenin Peace Prize Medal

The International Lenin Peace Prize (Russian: международная Ленинская премия мира, mezhdunarodnaya Leninskaya premiya mira) was a Soviet Union award named in honor of Vladimir Lenin. It was awarded by a panel appointed by the Soviet government, to notable individuals whom the panel indicated had "strengthened peace among comrades". It was founded as the International Stalin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Peoples, but was renamed the International Lenin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Peoples (Russian: Международная Ленинская премия «За укрепление мира между народами», Mezhdunarodnaya Leninskaya premiya «Za ukrepleniye mira mezhdu narodami») as a result of de-Stalinization. Unlike the Nobel Prize, the Lenin Peace Prize was usually awarded to several people a year rather than to just one individual. The prize was mainly awarded to prominent Communists and supporters of the Soviet Union who were not Soviet citizens. Notable recipients include W. E. B. Du Bois, Fidel Castro, Lázaro Cárdenas, Salvador Allende, Mikis Theodorakis, Seán MacBride, Angela Davis, Pablo Picasso, Oscar Niemeyer, Faiz Ahmad Faiz, Abdul Sattar Edhi, Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti, CV Raman and Nelson Mandela.

History

The prize was created as the International Stalin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Peoples on December 21, 1949, by executive order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet in honor of Joseph Stalin's seventieth birthday (although this was after his seventy-first).

Following Nikita Khrushchev's denunciation of Stalin in 1956 during the Twentieth Party Congress, the prize was renamed on September 6 as the International Lenin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Peoples. All previous recipients were asked to return their Stalin Prizes so they could be replaced by the renamed Lenin Prize. By a decision of Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of December 11, 1989, the prize was renamed the International Lenin Peace Prize.[1] Two years later, after the collapse of USSR in 1991, the Russian government, as the successor state to the defunct Soviet Union, ended the award program. The Lenin Peace Prize is regarded as a counterpart to the existing Nobel Peace Prize.

The International Lenin Prize should not be confused with the International Peace Prize, awarded by the World Peace Council. In 1941 the Soviet Union created the Stalin Prize (later renamed the USSR State Prize), which was awarded annually to accomplished Soviet writers, composers, artists and scientists.

Stalin Prize recipients

Stalin Peace Prize medal depicted on a 1953 stamp
Year Picture Name Occupation Country Notes
1950 Eugénie Cotton[2][3]
(1881–1967)
Scientist, President of the Women's International Democratic Federation  France Awarded 6 April 1951
Heriberto Jara Corona[2][3]
(1879–1968)
Politician, revolutionary  Mexico Awarded 6 April 1951
Hewlett Johnson[2][3]
(1874–1966)
Church of England priest, Dean of Manchester (1924–1931), Dean of Canterbury (1931–1963)  United Kingdom Awarded 6 April 1951
Frédéric Joliot-Curie[2][3]
(1900–1958)
Physicist, Member of the French Academy of Sciences, Professor at the Collège de France, President of the World Peace Council (1950–1958), Nobel laureate in Chemistry (1935)  France Awarded 6 April 1951
Arthur Moulton[2][3]
(1873–1962)
Episcopal Bishop of Utah  United States Declined
Pak Chong-ae[2][3]
(1907–after 1986)
Workers' Party of North Korea politician, Chairwoman of the Korean Democratic Women's League (1945–1965)  North Korea Awarded 6 April 1951
Soong Ching-ling[2][3]
(1893–1981)
Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang politician, Vice President of China (1949–1954; 1959–1975)  China Awarded 6 April 1951
1951 Jorge Amado[4][5][6]
(1912–2001)
Writer, Member of the Brazilian Academy of Letters (1961–2001)  Brazil Awarded 20 December 1951
Monica Felton[4][5]
(1906–1970)
Town planner, feminist, politician  United Kingdom Awarded 20 December 1951
Guo Moruo[7][4]
(1892–1978)
Writer, scientist, politician, President of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (1949–1978)  China Awarded 20 December 1951
Pietro Nenni[4][5]
(1891–1980)
Italian Socialist Party politician, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Italy (1946–1947; 1968–1969), Deputy Prime Minister of Italy (1963–1968)  Italy Awarded 20 December 1951
Oyama Ikuo[4][5]
(1889–1955)
Politician, Member of the House of Councillors of Japan  Japan Awarded 20 December 1951
Anna Seghers[4][5]
(1900–1983)
Writer, Socialist Unity Party politician, founding member of the DDR Academy of Arts  East Germany Awarded 20 December 1951
1952 Johannes R. Becher[5][8]
(1891–1958)
Writer, Socialist Unity Party politician, founding member of the DDR Academy of Arts  East Germany Awarded 20 December 1952
Elisa Branco[5][8]
(1912–2001)
Brazilian Communist Party politician, Vice President of the Council of Brazilian Advocates for Peace (1949–1960)  Brazil Awarded 20 December 1952
Ilya Ehrenburg[5][8]
(1891–1967)
Writer, journalist, war correspondent for World War I, the Spanish Civil War, and World War II  Soviet Union Awarded 20 December 1952
James Gareth Endicott[5][8]
(1898–1993)
United Church of Canada clergyman, founder of Canadian Peace Congress,  Canada Awarded 20 December 1952
Yves Farge[5][8]
(1899–1953)
Journalist, politician  France Awarded 20 December 1952
Halldór Laxness[9]
(1902–1998)
Writer, Nobel laureate in Literature (1955)  Iceland Awarded 20 December 1952
Saifuddin Kitchlew[5][8]
(1888–1963)
Barrister, politician, Vice President of the World Peace Council (1955–1959), President of the All-India Peace Council  India Awarded 20 December 1952
Paul Robeson[5][8]
(1898–1976)
Singer, actor, civil rights movement activist,  United States Awarded 20 December 1952
1953 Andrea Andreen[5][10]
(1888–1972)
Physician, educator, Chairman of the Swedish Women's Left-Wing Association (1946–1964), Vice President of the Women's International Democratic Federation  Sweden Awarded 12 December 1953
John Desmond Bernal[7][10]
(1901–1971)
Scientist, Professor at Birkbeck College, University of London, Fellow of the Royal Society (1937), President of the World Peace Council (1959–1965)  United Kingdom Awarded 12 December 1953
Isabelle Blume[7][10]
(1892–1975)
Belgian Labour Party politician, Member of the Belgian Chamber of Representatives for Brussels (1936–1954), President of the World Peace Council (1965–1969)  Belgium Awarded 12 December 1953
Pierre Cot[10]
(1895–1977)
Radical Party politician, Member of the National Assembly of France for Savoie and Rhône (1928–1940)  France Awarded 12 December 1953
Howard Fast[5][10]
(1914–2003)
Writer, 1952 American Labor Party presidential candidate  United States Awarded 12 December 1953
Andrea Gaggiero [it][5][10]
(1916–1988)
Priest  Italy Awarded 12 December 1953
Leon Kruczkowski[5][10]
(1900–1962)
Writer, Member of the Sejm (1947–1962)  Poland Awarded 12 December 1953
Pablo Neruda[5][6][10]
(1904–1973)
Poet, diplomat, Nobel laureate in Literature (1971)  Chile Awarded 12 December 1953
Nina Popova[5][10]
(1908–1994)
Politician, Secretary of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions (1945–1957)  Soviet Union Awarded 12 December 1953
Sahib Singh Sokhey[5][10]
(1887–1971)
Biochemist, Member of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Assistant Director General of the World Health Organization (1949–1952)  India Awarded 12 December 1953
1954 André Bonnard[11][12]
(1888–1959)
Scholar, writer, Professor at the University of Lausanne   Switzerland Awarded 18 December 1954
Bertolt Brecht[11][12]
(1898–1956)
Playwright, poet, theatre director  Austria (citizenship)
 East Germany (residence)
Awarded 18 December 1954
Nicolás Guillén[6][11][13]
(1902–1989)
Poet  Cuba Awarded 18 December 1954
Felix Iversen[11][12]
(1887–1973)
Mathematician, Professor at the University of Helsinki, Chairman of the Peace Union of Finland  Finland Awarded 18 December 1954
Thakin Kodaw Hmaing[11][12]
(1876–1964)
Poet  Burma Awarded 18 December 1954
Alain Le Léap[11]
(1905–1986)
Trade unionist, General Secretary of the General Confederation of Labour (1948–1957)  France Awarded 18 December 1954
Prijono[11][12]
(1907–1969)
Academic, politician, Minister of Culture and Education of Indonesia (1957–1966)  Indonesia Awarded 18 December 1954
Denis Pritt[11][14]
(1887–1972)
Barrister, Labour Independent Group politician, Member of Parliament of the United Kingdom for Hammersmith North (1935–1950)  United Kingdom Awarded 18 December 1954
Baldomero Sanín Cano[6][11]
(1861–1957)
Essayist, linguist, journalist  Colombia Awarded 18 December 1954
1955 Muhammad al-Ashmar[15][16]
(1892–1960)
Rebel commander in Great Syrian Revolt and 1936–1939 Arab revolt in Palestine, Syrian Communist Party politician  Syria Awarded 9 December 1955
Lázaro Cárdenas[15][16]
(1895–1970)
Mexican Army general, Institutional Revolutionary Party politician, President of Mexico (1934–1940)  Mexico Awarded 9 December 1955
Ragnar Forbech [no][15][16]
(1894–1975)
Priest, Chaplain of Oslo Cathedral (1947–1964)  Norway Awarded 9 December 1955
Seki Akiko[15][16]
(1899–1973)
Singer  Japan Awarded 9 December 1955
Tôn Đức Thắng[15][16]
(1888–1980)
Communist Party of Vietnam politician, Chairman of the National Assembly of North Vietnam (1955–1960), President of North Vietnam (1969–1976), President of Vietnam (1976–1980)  Vietnam Awarded 9 December 1955
Karl Joseph Wirth[15][16]
(1879–1956)
Bund der Deutschen politician, Chancellor of the Weimar Republic (1921–1922)  West Germany Awarded 9 December 1955
Unknown year (before 1953) Martin Andersen Nexø[17]
(1869–1954)
Writer  Denmark

Lenin Prize recipients

Year Picture Name Occupation Country Notes
1957 Louis Aragon[14]
(1897–1982)
Poet  France
Emmanuel d'Astier de La Vigerie[14]
(1900–1969)
Journalist, former French Resistance partisan, Union progressiste politician, Minister of the Interior of the Provisional Government of the French Republic (1943–1944), Member of the National Assembly of France for Ille-et-Vilaine (1945–1958)  France
Heinrich Brandweiner [de][14]
(1910–1997)
Jurist, Chairman of the Peace Council of Austria  Austria
Danilo Dolci[14][18]
(1924–1997)
Social activist, educator, sociologist  Italy
María Rosa Oliver[6][14]
(1898–1977)
Writer, essayist  Argentina
Udakendawala Siri Saranankara Thero [nl][14]
(1902–1966)
Buddhist monk  Ceylon
Nikolai Tikhonov[14]
(1896–1979)
Writer, Chairman of the Soviet Peace Committee (1949–1979)  Soviet Union
1958 C. V. Raman[14]
(1888–1970)
Physicist, Professor at the University of Calcutta, Founder and President of the Indian Academy of Sciences (1934–1970)  India Awarded on 14 June 1958
Josef Hromádka[7][19]
(1889–1969)
Evangelical Church of Czech Brethren theologian, founder of the Christian Peace Conference  Czechoslovakia
Artur Lundkvist[7][20]
(1906–1991)
Writer, literary critic, Member of the Swedish Academy (1968–1991)  Sweden
Louis Saillant[7]
(1906–1991)
Trade unionist, General Secretary of the World Federation of Trade Unions (1945–1969)  France
Kaoru Yasui [ja][7][21]
(1907–1980)
Jurist, scholar, Professor at the University of Tokyo, Chairman of the Japan Council Against Atomic and Hydrogen Bombs (1954–1965)  Japan
Arnold Zweig[7][22]
(1887–1968)
Writer  East Germany
1959 Otto Buchwitz [de][23][24]
(1879–1964)
Politician, Member of the Reichstag (1924–1933), Member of the Volkskammer (1946–1964)  East Germany Awarded 30 April 1959
W. E. B. Du Bois[23][24]
(1868–1963)
Sociologist, historian, civil rights movement activist, professor at Atlanta University, founder of the NAACP  United States Awarded 30 April 1959
Nikita Khrushchev[23][24]
(1894–1971)
Politician, First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1953–1964)  Soviet Union Awarded 30 April 1959
Ivor Montagu[23][24]
(1904–1984)
Filmmaker, critic  United Kingdom Awarded 30 April 1959
Kostas Varnalis[23][24]
(1884–1974)
Poet  Greece Awarded 30 April 1959
1960 Laurent Casanova[25][26]
(1906–1972)
French Communist Party politician, Member of the National Assembly of France for Seine-et-Marne(1945–1958)  France Awarded 3 May 1960
Cyrus S. Eaton[25][26]
(1883–1979)
Industrialist, organizer of Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs  Canada
 United States
Awarded 3 May 1960
Aziz Sharif [ar][26][27]
(1904–1990)
Politician, Chairman of the Peace Partisans Organization of Iraq[28]  Iraq Awarded 3 May 1960
Sukarno[25][26]
(1901–1970)
Politician, Indonesian National Revolution commander, President of Indonesia (1945–1967)  Indonesia Awarded 3 May 1960
1961 Fidel Castro[29][30]
(1926–2016)
Politician, leader of Cuban Revolution, Prime Minister of Cuba (1959–1976), President of Cuba (1976–2008)  Cuba Awarded 30 April 1961
Ostap Dłuski [pl][29][30]
(1892–1964)
Politician, Member of the Sejm (1961–1964)  Poland Awarded 30 April 1961
Bill Morrow[29][30]
(1888–1980)
Australian Labor Party (Tasmanian Branch) politician, Member of the Australian Senate (1947–1953)  Australia Awarded 30 April 1961
Rameshwari Nehru[29][30]
(1886–1966)
Social worker, founder of the All India Women's Conference  India Awarded 30 April 1961
Mihail Sadoveanu[29][30]
(1880–1961)
Writer  Romania Awarded 30 April 1961
Antoine Tabet[29][30]
(1907–1964)
Architect, Chairman of the Lebanese National Peace Council[31]  Lebanon Awarded 30 April 1961
Ahmed Sékou Touré[29][30]
(1922–1984)
Democratic Party of Guinea politician, President of Guinea (1958–1984)  Guinea Awarded 30 April 1961
1962 István Dobi[32][33][34]
(1898–1968)
Politician, Prime Minister of Hungary (1948–1952)  Hungary Awarded 30 April 1962
Faiz Ahmad Faiz[32][33][34]
(1911–1984)
Poet  Pakistan Awarded 30 April 1962
Kwame Nkrumah[32][33][34][35]
(1909–1972)
Convention People's Party politician, Prime Minister of Ghana (1957–1960), President of Ghana (1960–1966)  Ghana Awarded 30 April 1962
Pablo Picasso[32][33][34]
(1881–1973)
Painter, sculptor  Spain Awarded 30 April 1962
Olga Poblete[32][34]
(1908–1999)
Teacher, feminist, Professor at the University of Chile, President of the Chilean Movement of Advocates for Peace  Chile Awarded 30 April 1962
1963 Manolis Glezos[36][37]
(1922–2020)
Communist Party of Greece politician, Greek Resistance/Greek Civil War guerilla  Greece Awarded 1 May 1963
Modibo Keïta[35][38][36]
(1915–1977)
Politician, President of Mali (1960–1968)  Mali Awarded 1 May 1963
Oscar Niemeyer[36][37]
(1907–2012)
Architect, helped design Brasília and Headquarters of the United Nations  Brazil Awarded 1 May 1963
Georgi Traykov[36][39]
(1898–1975)
Bulgarian Agrarian National Union politician, Chairman of the National Assembly of Bulgaria (1964–1971)  Bulgaria Awarded 1 May 1963
1964 Rafael Alberti[40]
(1902–1999)
Poet  Spain Awarded 1 May 1964
Aruna Asaf Ali[40][41]
(1909–1996)
Communist Party of India politician, Indian independence movement activist, Vice President of the Women's International Democratic Federation  India Presented 14 August 1965
Ahmed Ben Bella[42]
(1916–2012)
National Liberation Front politician, Algerian War revolutionary, President of Algeria (1963–1965)  Algeria Awarded 1 May 1964
Herluf Bidstrup[42]
(1912–1988)
Cartoonist, illustrator  Denmark Awarded 1 May 1964
Dolores Ibárruri[13][42]
(1895–1989)
Politician, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Spain (1942–1960)  Spain Awarded 1 May 1964
Ota Kaoru[40]
(1912–1998)
Trade unionist, Chairman of the General Council of Trade Unions of Japan (1955–1966)  Japan Awarded 1 May 1964
1965 Peter Ayodele Curtis Joseph[35][43]
(1920–2006)
Politician  Nigeria
Jamsrangiin Sambuu[40]
(1895–1972)
Politician, Chairman of the Presidium of the People's Great Khural (1954–1972)  Mongolia
Mirjam Vire-Tuominen [fi][43]
(1919–2011)
Politician, General Secretary of the Finnish Peace Committee (1949–1975), General Secretary of the Women's International Democratic Federation (1978–1987), Member of the Parliament of Finland (1970–1979)  Finland
1966 David Alfaro Siqueiros[44][45]
(1896–1974)
Painter  Mexico Awarded 1 May 1967
Miguel Ángel Asturias[6][43][46]
(1899–1974)
Writer, diplomat, Nobel laureate in Literature (1967)  Guatemala
Bram Fischer[44][45]
(1908–1975)
Advocate, anti-apartheid activist, Communist Party of South Africa politician,  South Africa Awarded 1 May 1967
Rockwell Kent[44][45]
(1882–1971)
Painter, printmaker, adventurer  United States Awarded 1 May 1967
Ivan Málek [cs][44][45]
(1909–1994)
Microbiologist, Professor at Charles University, Member of the National Assembly of Czechoslovakia (1960–1968)  Czechoslovakia Awarded 1 May 1967
Giacomo Manzù[43][47]
(1908–1991)
Sculptor  Italy
Martin Niemöller[44][45]
(1892–1984)
Lutheran pastor, theologian, founder of Confessing Church, President of the Protestant Church in Hesse and Nassau (1949–1961), President of the World Council of Churches (1961–1968)  West Germany Awarded 1 May 1967
Herbert Warnke[44][45]
(1902–1975)
Trade unionist, Chairman of the Free German Trade Union Federation (1946–1975)  East Germany Awarded 1 May 1967
1967 Romesh Chandra[48]
(1919–2016)
Communist Party of India politician, President of the World Peace Council (1977–1990)  India
Jean Effel[48]
(1908–1982)
Illustrator, journalist  France
Joris Ivens[48]
(1898–1989)
Documentary filmmaker  Netherlands
Nguyễn Thị Định[48]
(1920–1992)
Liberation Army of South Vietnam general, National Liberation Front politician, Vice President of Vietnam (1987–1992)  Vietnam/ Republic of South Vietnam
Endre Sík[48]
(1891–1978)
Politician, historian, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Hungary (1958–1961)  Hungary
Jorge Zalamea Borda[48]
(1905–1969)
Writer, politician  Colombia
1968–1969 Akira Iwai[12]
(1922–1997)
Trade unionist, General Secretary of the General Council of Trade Unions of Japan  Japan Awarded 16 April 1970
Jarosław Iwaszkiewicz[12]
(1894–1980)
Writer  Poland Awarded 16 April 1970
Khaled Mohieddin[12]
(1922–2018)
Egyptian Army major, National Progressive Unionist Party politician, Chairman of the Egyptian Peace Council  UAR Awarded 16 April 1970
Linus Pauling[12]
(1901–1994)
Chemist, educator, Nobel laureate in Chemistry (1954), Nobel Peace Prize laureate (1962)  United States Awarded 16 April 1970
Shafie Ahmed el Sheikh[12]
(1924–1971)
Trade unionist, politician  Sudan Awarded 16 April 1970
Bertil Svahnström [sv][12]
(1907–1972)
Journalist, writer  Sweden Awarded 16 April 1970
1970–1971 Hikmat Abu Zayd[49]
(1922/1923–2011)
Arab Socialist Union politician, academic, Minister of Social Affairs of the United Arab Republic (1962–1965)  UAR
Eric Burhop[50][51]
(1911–1980)
Physicist, Professor at University College London, Fellow of the Royal Society (1963)  Australia
 United Kingdom
Ernst Busch[50]
(1900–1980)
Singer, actor  East Germany
Tsola Dragoycheva[50]
(1898–1993)
Bulgarian Communist Party politician, Member of the National Assembly of Bulgaria (1946–1990)  Bulgaria
Renato Guttuso[50][52]
(1912–1987)
Painter  Italy
Kamal Jumblatt[50][53]
(1917–1977)
Progressive Socialist Party politician, Member of the Parliament of Lebanon (1947–1977)  Lebanon
Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti[54][55]
(1900–1978)
Teacher, leader of Abeokuta Women's Revolt, women's rights activist  Nigeria
Alfredo Varela[6][50]
(1914–1984)
Writer  Argentina
1972 James Aldridge[56][57]
(1918–2015)
Writer  Australia
 United Kingdom
Awarded 1 May 1973
Salvador Allende[56][57]
(1908–1973)
Politician, physician, President of Chile (1970–1973)  Chile Awarded 1 May 1973
Leonid Brezhnev[56][57]
(1906–1982)
Politician, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1964–1982)  Soviet Union Awarded 1 May 1973
Enrique Pastorino[56][57]
(1918–1995)
Trade unionist, Communist Party of Uruguay politician, President of the World Federation of Trade Unions (1969–1975)  Uruguay Awarded 1 May 1973
1973–1974 Luis Corvalán[58]
(1916–2010)
Politician, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Chile (1958–1990)  Chile
Raymond Goor [ru][58]
(1908–1996)
Priest  Belgium
Jeanne Martin Cissé[58]
(1926–2017)
Politician, teacher  Guinea
Sam Nujoma[35]
(born 1929)
Politician, anti-apartheid activist, leader of SWAPO during the South African Border War, President of Namibia (1990–2005)  South West Africa (before 1990)
 Namibia (after 1990)
1975–1976 Hortensia Bussi de Allende[59][60]
(1913–2009)
Educator, librarian, First Lady of Chile (1970–1973)  Chile Widow of Salvador Allende (recipient in 1972)
Awarded May 1977
János Kádár[59][60]
(1912–1989)
Politician, General Secretary of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party (1956–1988)  Hungary Awarded May 1977
Seán MacBride[59][60]
(1904–1988)
Clann na Poblachta politician, barrister, International chairman of Amnesty International (1965–1974), Assistant Secretary-General of the United Nations, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (1974)  Ireland
 France
Awarded May 1977
Samora Machel[35][59][60]
(1933–1986)
FRELIMO politician, Mozambican War of Independence revolutionary, President of Mozambique (1975–1986)  Mozambique Awarded May 1977
Agostinho Neto[35][59][60]
(1922–1979)
MPLA politician, revolutionary, President of Angola (1975–1979)  Angola Awarded May 1977
Pierre Pouyade[59][60]
(1911–1979)
French Air Force brigadier general, Chairman of the Franco-Soviet Friendship Association  France Awarded May 1977
Yiannis Ritsos[59][60]
(1909–1990)
Poet  Greece Awarded May 1977
1977–1978 Kurt Bachmann [de][61][62]
(1909–1997)
Politician, Chairman of the German Communist Party (1969–1973)  West Germany Awarded 1 May 1979
Freda Brown[59][60]
(1919–2009)
Politician, President of the Women's International Democratic Federation (1975–1989)  Australia Awarded 1 May 1979
Vilma Espín[59][60]
(1930–2007)
Revolutionary, politician, President of the Federation of Cuban Women (1960–2007)  Cuba Awarded 1 May 1979
K. P. S. Menon[59][60]
(1898–1982)
Diplomat, Foreign Secretary of India (1948–1952)  India Awarded 1 May 1979
Halina Skibniewska[59][60]
(1921–2011)
Architect, politician, Deputy Marshal of the Sejm (1971–1985)  Poland Awarded 1 May 1979
1979 Hervé Bazin[63][64]
(1911–1996)
Writer  France Awarded 30 April 1980
Angela Davis[61][62]
(born 1944)
Communist Party USA/CCDS member, second-wave feminist/anti-Vietnam War/prison abolition activist, academic, Professor at the University of California, Santa Cruz  United States Awarded 30 April 1980
Urho Kekkonen[63][64][65][66]
(1900–1986)
Politician, lawyer, President of Finland (1956–1982)  Finland Awarded 30 April 1980
Abd al-Rahman al-Khamisi [ar][63][64]
(1920–1987)
Poet, composer  Egypt Awarded 30 April 1980
Lê Duẩn[63][64]
(1907–1986)
Politician, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam (1960–1986)  Vietnam Awarded 30 April 1980
Miguel Otero Silva[63][64]
(1908–1985)
Writer, journalist  Venezuela Awarded 30 April 1980
1980–1982 Mahmoud Darwish[67][68]
(1941–2008)
Poet  Palestine Awarded May 1983
John Hanly Morgan[67][68]
(1918–2018)
Unitarian minister  United States
 Canada
Awarded May 1983
Líber Seregni[67][68]
(1916–2004)
Broad Front politician, Uruguayan Army officer  Uruguay Awarded May 1983
Mikis Theodorakis[67][68]
(1925–2021)
Composer  Greece Awarded May 1983
1983–1984 Charilaos Florakis[69]
(1914–2005)
Politician, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Greece (1972–1989)  Greece Awarded September 1984
Indira Gandhi[70][71][72]
(1917–1984)
Politician, Prime Minister of India (1980–1984), (1966–1977)  India Awarded posthumously on 1 May 1985
Jean-Marie Legay[70][71][72]
(1925–2012)
Academic  France Awarded 1 May 1985
Nguyễn Hữu Thọ[70][71][72]
(1910–1996)
Politician, Chairman of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam (1969–1976), Vice President of Vietnam (1976–1992), Acting President of Vietnam (1980–1981), Chairman of the National Assembly of Vietnam (1981–1987)  Vietnam/ Republic of South Vietnam Awarded 1 May 1985
Eva Palmær [sv][70][71][72]
(1904–1995)
Writer, chemist, Chairwoman of the Sweden-Soviet Union Association (1979–1987)  Sweden Awarded 1 May 1985
Luis Vidales[70][71][72]
(1904–1990)
Poet  Colombia Awarded 1 May 1985
Josef Weber [de][70][71][72]
(1908–1985)
Politician, peace activist  West Germany Awarded 1 May 1985
1985–1986 Miguel d'Escoto Brockmann[73][74]
(1933–2017)
Sandinista National Liberation Front politician, Catholic Church priest, Foreign Minister of Nicaragua (1979–1990), President of the United Nations General Assembly (2008–2009)  Nicaragua
Dorothy Hodgkin[73]
(1910–1994)
Chemist, Fellow of the Royal Society (1947), Nobel laureate in Chemistry (1964)  United Kingdom
Herbert Mies[73]
(1929–2017)
Politician, Chairman of the German Communist Party (1973–1989)  West Germany
Julius Nyerere[73][75]
(1922–1999)
Politician, anti-colonial activist, President of Tanzania (1964–1985)  Tanzania
Petur Tanchev[73]
(1920–1992)
Politician, Member of the National Assembly of Bulgaria (1950–1990)  Bulgaria
1988 Abdul Sattar Edhi[76]
(1928–2016)
Philanthropist, ascetic  Pakistan
1990 Nelson Mandela[35][77][78]
(1918–2013)
Politician, founder of African National Congress, anti-apartheid activist, President of South Africa (1994–1999), Nobel Peace Prize laureate (1993)  South Africa Unable to accept the prize until 2002 due to his trial and imprisonment in South Africa
1990 Martti Ahtisaari[79]
(1937–2023)
Politician, diplomat, President of Finland (1994–2000), Nobel Peace Prize laureate (2008)  Finland
1990 Valerie Goulding[79]
(1918–2003)
Campaigner, Fianna Fáil politician, Member of the 14th Seanad (1977–1981)  Ireland

See also

References

  1. ^ ПОСТАНОВЛЕНИЕ ПРЕЗИДИУМА ВС СССР ОТ 11.12.1989 N 905-1 О МЕЖДУНАРОДНОЙ ЛЕНИНСКОЙ ПРЕМИИ МИРА (in Russian). 2006-10-12.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g О присуждении международных Сталинских премий "За укрепление мира между народами" за 1950 год. Pravda. Apr 6, 1951 [1] Archived 2011-05-22 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ a b c d e f g The Deseret News – Apr 7, 1951
  4. ^ a b c d e f The Miami News – Dec 21, 1951[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian) (2nd ed.). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1953. vol. 24, p. 366.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g El Tiempo – Jun 10, 1980
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1959.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Eugene Register-Guard – Dec 22, 1952
  9. ^ Sontag, Susan (20 February 2005). "A Report on the Journey". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Reading Eagle – Dec 21, 1953
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i St. Petersburg Times – Dec 21, 1954
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian) (3rd ed.). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. In some cases in GSE's 3rd edition the year is that, "in which" the Prize was awarded, in other cases – "for which". Hence, the year "1970" there seems to be the Prize "for 1969" or "for 1968–1969"
  13. ^ a b Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1989.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1958.
  15. ^ a b c d e f О присуждении международных Сталинских премий "За укрепление мира между народами" за 1955 год. Pravda. Dec 21, 1955, page 1 [2]
  16. ^ a b c d e f Toledo Blade – Dec 21, 1955
  17. ^ "Lenin Peace Prize". NNDB. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
  18. ^ The Telegraph – Apr 8, 1965
  19. ^ Toledo Blade – Dec 29, 1969
  20. ^ Eugene Register-Guard – Oct 8, 1983
  21. ^ Reading Eagle – Apr 11, 1965
  22. ^ Vochenblatt – Nov 27, 1958
  23. ^ a b c d e Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1960.
  24. ^ a b c d e The Deseret News – May 1, 1959
  25. ^ a b c Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1961.
  26. ^ a b c d The Spokesman-Review – May 4, 1960
  27. ^ Yitzhak Oron, ed. (1960). Middle East Record Volume 1.
  28. ^ Sharif, Issam. "Abstract: Aziz Sharif (1904-1990)" (PDF). www.issamsharif.com. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  29. ^ a b c d e f g Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1962.
  30. ^ a b c d e f g Schenectady Gazette – May 1, 1961
  31. ^ "Tabet, Antoine Georges". The Free Dictionary. The Great Soviet Encyclopedia. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  32. ^ a b c d e Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1963.
  33. ^ a b c d The Milwaukee Journal – Apr 30, 1962[permanent dead link]
  34. ^ a b c d e Daytona Beach Morning Journal – May 1, 1962
  35. ^ a b c d e f g Meddlesome Medals?
  36. ^ a b c d Toledo Blade – Apr 30, 1963
  37. ^ a b Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1964.
  38. ^ "Modibo Keita." Encyclopedia of World Biography, 2nd ed. 17 Vols. Gale Research, 1998.
  39. ^ Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1965.
  40. ^ a b c d Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1966.
  41. ^ The Sumter Daily Item – Aug 14, 1965
  42. ^ a b c Toledo Blade – Apr 30, 1964
  43. ^ a b c d Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1967. p. 623.
  44. ^ a b c d e f Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1968. p. 622.
  45. ^ a b c d e f The Miami News – May 1, 1967[permanent dead link]
  46. ^ The Milwaukee Journal – Jun 10, 1974[permanent dead link]
  47. ^ Lodi News-Sentinel – Jan 19, 1991
  48. ^ a b c d e f Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1969. p. 607.
  49. ^ Shukri, Sabin M. (1984). The International Who's Who of the Arab World (2nd ed.). London: International Who's Who of the Arab World. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-9506122-1-8.
  50. ^ a b c d e f Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1972. p. 618.
  51. ^ Toledo Blade – Jan 23, 1980
  52. ^ The Palm Beach Post – Jan 19, 1987[permanent dead link]
  53. ^ Lewiston Evening Journal – Mar 16, 1977
  54. ^ Sansom, Ian (11 December 2010). "Great Dynasties: The Ransome-Kutis". The Guardian. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
  55. ^ Johnson-Odim, Cheryl (January–February 2009). "'For their freedoms': The anti-imperialist and international feminist activity of Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti of Nigeria". Women's Studies International Forum. 32 (1): 58. doi:10.1016/j.wsif.2009.01.004. Pdf.[permanent dead link]
  56. ^ a b c d Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1973. p. 634.
  57. ^ a b c d The Milwaukee Journal – May 1, 1973[permanent dead link]
  58. ^ a b c Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1975. p. 653.
  59. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1977. p. 633.
  60. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Lakeland Ledger – May 2, 1977
  61. ^ a b Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1979. p. 573.
  62. ^ a b The Spokesman-Review – May 1, 1979
  63. ^ a b c d e Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1980. p. 577.
  64. ^ a b c d e Toledo Blade – Apr 30, 1980
  65. ^ The Evening Independent, October 27, 1981
  66. ^ Star-News – Nov 14, 1980
  67. ^ a b c d Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1983.
  68. ^ a b c d Reading Eagle – May 4, 1983
  69. ^ "Χαρίλαος Φλωράκης 1914 –2005 Ταυτίστηκε με την ιστορία του Κόμματος και του κινήματος". Rizospastis. 25 May 2005. p. 8.
  70. ^ a b c d e f Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1985. p. 571.
  71. ^ a b c d e f El Tiempo – May 1, 1985
  72. ^ a b c d e f LENIN PEACE PRIZE AWARDED TO INDIRA GANDHI
  73. ^ a b c d e Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1987. p. 599.
  74. ^ Herald-Journal – Jan 15, 1988
  75. ^ The Telegraph – Sep 9, 1987
  76. ^ Daily Times, January 30th 2008
  77. ^ The Great Encyclopedic Dictionary (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1991. vol. 1, p. 759.
  78. ^ MANDELA FINALLY PICKS UP PRIZE
  79. ^ a b "Lenin Peace Prize Recipients". Research History. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
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Lenin Peace Prize
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