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Leader of the Opposition (New South Wales)

Leader of the Opposition
Incumbent
Mark Speakman
since 21 April 2023
Term lengthWhile leader of the largest political party not in government
Inaugural holderCharles Lee
SalaryA$309,621[1]

The Leader of the Opposition is a title held by the leader of the second-largest party in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, the lower house of the Parliament of New South Wales.[2] There is also a Leader of the Opposition in the Legislative Council.[3] The leader acts as the public face of the opposition, leading the opposition on the floor of parliament. They act as a chief critic of the government and ultimately attempt to portray the opposition as a feasible alternate government. They are also given certain additional rights under parliamentary standing orders, such as extended time limits for speeches.

List of leaders of the opposition in New South Wales since 1887

Political parties

   Labor    Liberal Party of Australia    Protectionist    Free Trade    Progressive    Liberal Reform Party    Labor (NSW)    Nationalist Party of Australia
   United Australia Party    Democratic Party    Country Party

Leaders of the Opposition in the Legislative Assembly

No. Name Portrait Party Constituency Term of office Tenure Elections Premier
  Joseph Palmer Abbott Protectionist Wentworth 9 March 1887 19 May 1887 71 days   Parkes
1887–1889
George Dibbs Murrumbidgee 20 September 1887 16 January 1889 1 year, 118 days
  Sir Henry Parkes Free Trade St Leonards 17 January 1889 7 March 1889 49 days 1889   Dibbs
1889
  George Dibbs Protectionist Murrumbidgee 8 March 1889 23 October 1891 2 years, 229 days   Parkes
1889–1891
  George Reid Free Trade St Leonards 23 October 1891 2 August 1894 2 years, 283 days 1891
1894
  Dibbs
1891–1894
  Sir George Dibbs Protectionist Murrumbidgee 3 August 1894 5 July 1895 336 days 1895   Reid
1894–1899
William Lyne Hume 14 August 1895 6 October 1898 3 years, 53 days 1898
Edmund Barton Hastings and Macleay 6 October 1898 23 August 1899 321 days
William Lyne Hume 23 August 1899 13 September 1899 21 days
  George Reid Free Trade Sydney-King 14 September 1899 23 March 1901 1 year, 190 days   Lyne
1899–1901
  1 Charles Lee Liberal Reform Tenterfield 23 March 1901 18 September 1902 1 year, 179 days 1901   See
1901–1904
  2 Joseph Carruthers Liberal Reform St George 18 September 1902 30 August 1904 1 year, 347 days
1904   Waddell
1904
  3 James McGowen Labor Redfern 20 September 1904 21 October 1910 6 years, 31 days 1907   Carruthers
1904–1907
1910   Wade
1907–1910
  4 Charles Wade Liberal Reform Gordon 21 October 1910 15 November 1916 6 years, 25 days   McGowen
1910–1913
1913   Holman
1913–1920
  5 Ernest Durack Labor Bathurst 22 November 1916 19 February 1917 89 days  
  6 John Storey Labor Balmain 22 February 1917 13 April 1920 3 years, 51 days 1917
1920
  7 George Fuller Nationalist Wollondilly 14 April 1920 13 April 1922 1 year, 364 days   Storey
1920–1921
1922   Dooley
1921–1922
  8 James Dooley Labor Bathurst 20 April 1922 9 March 1923 323 days   Fuller
1922–1925
  9 Greg McGirr Labor Sydney 9 March 1923 16 April 1923 38 days
  10 Bill Dunn Labor Wammerawa 16 April 1923 31 July 1923 106 days
  11 Jack Lang Labor Auburn 31 July 1923 17 June 1925 1 year, 321 days 1925
  (7) George Fuller Nationalist Wollondilly 23 June 1925 24 September 1925 93 days   Lang
1925–1927
  12 Thomas Bavin Nationalist Ryde 24 September 1925 18 October 1927 2 years, 24 days 1927
  (11) Jack Lang Labor Auburn 18 October 1927 4 November 1930 3 years, 17 days 1930   Bavin
1927–1930
  (12) Thomas Bavin Nationalist Gordon 25 November 1930 5 April 1932 1 year, 132 days   Lang
1930–1932
 
  United Australia
  13 Bertram Stevens United Australia Croydon 5 April 1932 13 May 1932 38 days 1932
  (11) Jack Lang Labor (NSW) Auburn 22 June 1932 5 September 1939 7 years, 75 days 1935   Stevens
1932–1939
  Labor 1938
  Mair
1939–1941
  14 William McKell Labor Redfern 5 September 1939 16 May 1941 1 year, 253 days 1941
  15 Alexander Mair United Australia Albury 19 May 1941 10 February 1944 2 years, 267 days   McKell
1941–1947
  Democratic
  16 Reginald Weaver Democratic Neutral Bay 10 February 1944 12 November 1945 1 year, 275 days 1944
  Liberal
  (15) Alexander Mair Liberal Albury 13 November 1945 20 March 1946 127 days
  17 Vernon Treatt Liberal Woollahra 20 March 1946 10 August 1954 8 years, 143 days
1947   McGirr
1947–1952
1950
1953   Cahill
1952–1959
  18 Murray Robson Liberal Vaucluse 17 August 1954 20 September 1955 1 year, 34 days
  19 Pat Morton Liberal Mosman 20 September 1955 17 July 1959 3 years, 300 days 1956
1959
  20 Robert Askin Liberal Collaroy 17 July 1959 13 May 1965 5 years, 300 days
1962   Heffron
1959–1964
1965   Renshaw
1964–1965
  21 Jack Renshaw Labor Castlereagh 14 May 1965 23 July 1968 3 years, 70 days 1968   Askin
1965–1975
  22 Pat Hills Labor Phillip 30 July 1968 3 December 1973 5 years, 126 days 1971
1973
  23 Neville Wran Labor Bass Hill 3 December 1973 14 May 1976 2 years, 163 days
  Lewis
1975–1976
1976   Willis
1976
  24 Eric Willis Liberal Earlwood 15 May 1976 16 December 1977 1 year, 215 days   Wran
1976–1986
  25 Peter Coleman Liberal Fuller 16 December 1977 7 October 1978 295 days 1978
  26 John Mason Liberal Dubbo 24 October 1978 29 May 1981 2 years, 217 days
  27 Bruce McDonald Liberal Kirribilli 1 June 1981 12 October 1981 133 days 1981
  28 John Dowd Liberal Lane Cove 27 October 1981 15 March 1983 1 year, 139 days
  29 Nick Greiner Liberal Ku-ring-gai 15 March 1983 25 March 1988 5 years, 10 days 1984
1988   Unsworth
1986–1988
  30 Bob Carr Labor Maroubra 6 April 1988 4 April 1995 6 years, 363 days 1991   Greiner
1988–1992
1995   Fahey
1992–1995
  31 Peter Collins Liberal Willoughby 4 April 1995 7 December 1998 3 years, 247 days   Carr
1995–2005
  32 Kerry Chikarovski Liberal Lane Cove 7 December 1998 28 March 2002 3 years, 111 days 1999
  33 John Brogden Liberal Pittwater 28 March 2002 1 September 2005 3 years, 157 days 2003
  Iemma
2005–2008
  34 Peter Debnam Liberal Vaucluse 1 September 2005 4 April 2007 1 year, 215 days 2007
  35 Barry O'Farrell Liberal Ku-ring-gai 4 April 2007 28 March 2011 3 years, 358 days
  Rees
2008–2009
2011   Keneally
2009–2011
  36 John Robertson Labor Blacktown 31 March 2011 23 December 2014 3 years, 267 days   O'Farrell
2011–2014
  Baird
2014–2017
  37 Luke Foley Labor Legislative Council
Auburn
5 January 2015 8 November 2018 3 years, 307 days 2015
  Berejiklian
2017–2021
  38 Michael Daley Labor Maroubra 10 November 2018 25 March 2019 135 days 2019
  39 Jodi McKay Labor Strathfield 29 June 2019 28 May 2021 1 year, 333 days
  40 Chris Minns Labor Kogarah 4 June 2021 28 March 2023 1 year, 297 days 2023
  Perrottet
2021–2023
  41 Mark Speakman Liberal Cronulla 21 April 2023 Incumbent 1 year, 65 days   Minns
2023–
Source:Parliament of New South Wales.[2]

Leaders of the Opposition in the Legislative Council

No. Name Portrait Party Term of office Tenure
  1 Sir Henry Manning[a] United Australia 16 May 1941 (1941-05-16) 22 April 1958 (1958-04-22) 16 years, 341 days
  Democratic
  Liberal
  2 Hector Clayton Liberal 12 April 1960 30 October 1962 2 years, 201 days
  3 Arthur Bridges Liberal 30 October 1962 13 May 1965 2 years, 195 days
  4 Reg Downing Labor 13 May 1965 4 February 1972 6 years, 267 days
  5 Neville Wran Labor 22 February 1972 19 October 1973 1 year, 239 days
  6 Leroy Serisier Labor 3 December 1973 13 May 1976 2 years, 162 days
  7 Sir John Fuller Country 14 May 1976 1 August 1978 2 years, 79 days
  8 Max Willis Liberal 1 August 1978 20 October 1981 3 years, 80 days
  9 Lloyd Lange Liberal 20 October 1981 3 April 1984 2 years, 166 days
  10 Ted Pickering Liberal 3 April 1984 24 March 1988 3 years, 356 days
  11 Jack Hallam Labor 6 April 1988 2 May 1991 3 years, 26 days
  12 Michael Egan Labor 2 July 1991 4 April 1995 3 years, 276 days
  13 John Hannaford Liberal 11 April 1995 31 March 1999 3 years, 354 days
  14 Mike Gallacher Liberal 31 March 1999 4 March 2011 11 years, 338 days
  15 Tony Kelly Labor 8 April 2011 6 June 2011 59 days
  16 Luke Foley Labor 14 June 2011 8 April 2015 3 years, 298 days
  17 Adam Searle Labor 8 April 2015 8 June 2021 6 years, 61 days
  18 Penny Sharpe Labor 8 June 2021 28 March 2023 1 year, 293 days
  19 Damien Tudehope Liberal 21 April 2023 incumbent 1 year, 65 days
Source: Parliament of New South Wales.[3]

Deputy Leader of the Opposition

Deputy Leaders of the Opposition in the Legislative Assembly

The Deputy Leader of the Opposition is a position in the New South Wales Parliament held by a second-largest political party or coalition member. The Deputy Leader of the Opposition assists the Leader of the Opposition in their duties and may act as the Leader of the Opposition if the position becomes vacant. The position was established in New South Wales in 1986, with Peter Collins becoming the first person to hold it in its formalised capacity. Before this, the Deputy Leader of the Opposition was largely informal, with no clear mandate or responsibilities.[5]

No. Name Portrait Party Constituency Term of office Tenure
  1 Peter Collins Liberal Willoughby
Middle Harbour
14 February 1986 2 February 1988 2 years, 8 days
  2 Andrew Refshauge Labor Marrickville 11 April 1988 4 April 1995 6 years, 358 days
  3 Ron Phillips Liberal Miranda 4 April 1995 27 March 1999 3 years, 357 days
  4 Barry O'Farrell Liberal Ku-ring-gai 31 March 1999 28 March 2002 2 years, 362 days
  5 Chris Hartcher Liberal Gosford 28 March 2002 3 April 2003 1 year, 6 days
  (4) Barry O'Farrell Liberal Ku-ring-gai 3 April 2003 4 April 2007 4 years, 1 day
  6 Jillian Skinner Liberal North Shore 4 April 2007 28 March 2011 3 years, 359 days
  7 Linda Burney Labor Canterbury 8 April 2011 7 March 2016 4 years, 334 days
  8 Michael Daley Labor Maroubra 7 March 2016 10 November 2018 2 years, 248 days
  9 Yasmin Catley Labor Swansea 2 July 2019 28 May 2021 1 year, 330 days
  10 Prue Car Labor Londonderry 8 June 2021 28 March 2023 1 year, 293 days
  11 Robyn Preston Liberal Hawkesbury 9 May 2023 Incumbent 1 year, 47 days

Deputy Leaders of the Opposition in the Legislative Council

The Deputy Leader of the Opposition in the Legislative Council plays an important role in assisting the Leader of the Opposition in managing and leading the opposition party's activities in the upper house of the Parliament of New South Wales. The position of Deputy Leader of the Opposition in the Legislative Council dates back to at least 1966, when James Maloney was formally recognized as the first Deputy Leader of the Opposition in the Legislative Council according to the Alphabetical Roll of Members from the Parliament of New South Wales.[6] Maloney served in the position from 31st March 1966 to 26th April 1971. Several individuals have filled the position since then. The Deputy Leader of the Opposition in the Legislative Council is specifically focused on supporting the opposition party's efforts, in contrast to the Deputy Leader of the Government in the Legislative Council, who assists the Leader of the Government in the Upper House. Despite not having a formally established date, the position of Deputy Leader of the Opposition in the Legislative Council remains an important figure in NSW politics and an essential part of the opposition party's leadership team.

No. Name Portrait Party Term of office Tenure
  1 James Maloney Labor 31 March 1966 26 April 1971 5 years, 26 days
  2 Neville Wran Labor 7 April 1971 21 February 1972 320 days
  3 Edna Roper Labor 3 December 1973 13 May 1976 2 years, 162 days
  4 Frederick Hewitt Liberal 14 May 1976 7 June 1976 24 days
  5 Bob Rowland Smith National 2 August 1978 24 March 1988 9 years, 235 days
  6 Deirdre Grusovin Labor 6 April 1988 31 May 1990 2 years, 55 days
  7 Bryan Vaughan Labor 1 June 1990 2 April 1995 4 years, 305 days
  8 Richard Bull National 11 April 1995 1 February 2000 4 years, 296 days
  9 Duncan Gay National 1 February 2000 4 March 2011 11 years, 31 days
  10 Luke Foley Labor 8 April 2011 14 June 2011 67 days
  11 Adam Searle Labor 14 June 2011 6 March 2015 3 years, 265 days
  12 Walt Secord Labor 5 May 2015 2 July 2019 4 years, 58 days
  13 Penny Sharpe[b] Labor 2 July 2019 14 May 2021 1 year, 316 days
  14 John Graham Labor 8 June 2021 28 March 2023 1 year, 293 days
  15 Natalie Ward[c] Liberal 21 April 2023 Incumbent 1 year, 65 days

Notes

  1. ^ Manning refused the role of 'official' Leader of the Opposition, when offered to him, owing to his beliefs in a non-partisan Legislative Council. Nevertheless he was considered by his colleagues as the de facto leader of the opposition members.[4]
  2. ^ Also served as Deputy Leader of the Opposition from 2018–2019 under Daley.
  3. ^ Also served as Deputy Leader of the Opposition from 8 May 2023 under Speakman.

References

  1. ^ "PARLIAMENTARY SALARIES AND ALLOWANCESAS FROM 1 JULY 2020. FOLLOWING APPLICATION OF PARLIAMENTARY REMUNERATION TRIBUNAL dated 7 July 2020" (PDF). Parliament of New South Wales. 7 July 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Leaders of the Opposition in the NSW Legislative Assembly, 1901–present". Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Leaders of the Opposition in the NSW Legislative Council". Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
  4. ^ Ward, John M. "Manning, Sir Henry Edward (1877–1963)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. ISBN 978-0-522-84459-7. ISSN 1833-7538. OCLC 70677943. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
  5. ^ "Collins is new NSW deputy Opposition leader". The Sydney Morning Herald. 15 February 1986. p. 4.
  6. ^ Alphabetical Roll of Members of the Legislative Council of New South Wales from its reconstitution in 1934 until its reconstitution in 197. Sydney: Government Printer, [n.d.]. Accessed 23 April 2021.

See also

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Leader of the Opposition (New South Wales)
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