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Laureate Plate of Madrid

Laureate Badge of Madrid
TypeMedal
Presented bySecond Spanish Republic
EligibilityMilitary personnel
StatusAwarded 1937–1939
Established25 May 1937

The Laureate Badge of Madrid (Spanish: Placa Laureada de Madrid) was the highest military award for gallantry of the Second Spanish Republic. It was awarded in recognition of action, either individual or collective, to protect the nation and its citizens in the face of immediate risk to the bearer or bearers' life. Those eligible were members of the Spanish Republican Armed Forces and testimonies of reliable witnesses were checked prior to concession.[1]

Named after the capital of Spain, symbolizing courage and the defence of the Republic during the Siege of Madrid throughout the Spanish Civil War,[2] the Laureate Badge of Madrid was established on 25 May 1937 as the Spanish Republican equivalent to the Laureate Cross of Saint Ferdinand awarded by the monarchy and the Nationalist faction.[3]

Awardees

A total of 8 people were awarded this medal:

Distintivo de Madrid

Distintivo de Madrid pennant.

The Distintivo de Madrid (Madrid Distinction) was an award related to the Laureate Plate[12] which was established by the Second Spanish Republic in order to reward courage. It was awarded to the Spanish Republican Navy personnel and vessels that took part in the Battle of Cape Palos in January 1938.[13]

Following the grant of the Laureate Badge of Madrid to Luis González de Ubieta, Admiral of the loyalist fleet, the Distintivo de Madrid was awarded to Spanish Republican Navy cruisers Libertad and Méndez Núñez, and destroyers Lepanto, Almirante Antequera and Sánchez Barcáiztegui, as well as to their crew members for their role in the Battle of Cape Palos. These ships would thenceforward fly a special pennant and the men would wear a special badge on their uniforms with the old coat of arms of Madrid.[14]

See also

References

  1. ^ Luis Grávalos & José Luis Calvo, Condecoraciones Militares Españolas, Editorial San Martin, 1988, ISBN 8471402661
  2. ^ Second Spanish Republic 23 January 1938 Decree
  3. ^ Gaceta de la República, núm 145, a 25 de mayo de 1937.
  4. ^ Diario oficial de la República, núm.11 (11 de enero de 1938)
  5. ^ Diario oficial de la República, núm.164 (13 de junio de 1937)
  6. ^ Diario Oficial de la República, nº 28 (28 de enero de 1938)
  7. ^ Diario Oficial de la República, núm.12 (12 de enero de 1939)
  8. ^ Manuel Rubio Cabeza, Diccionario de la Guerra Civil Española 1, Pág. 95. Editorial Planeta, Barcelona, 1987.
  9. ^ Diario Oficial de la República, nº 47 (16 de febrero de 1938)
  10. ^ Diario Oficial de la República, núm. 243 (31 de agosto de 1938)
  11. ^ Duva, Jesús (14 February 2010). "El héroe sin medalla". El País.
  12. ^ Legislacíón sobre la Placa Laureada de Madrid y Distintivo de Madrid, Revista de historia militar, ISSN 0482-5748, Nº Extra 2, 2011, pp. 299-316
  13. ^ Second Spanish Republic 23 January 1938 Decree
  14. ^ Enrique García Domingo, Recompensas republicanas por el hundimiento del Baleares, Revista de Historia Naval 1997, Año XV no. 59, pg. 70


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Laureate Plate of Madrid
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