For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Laupāhoehoe, Hawaii.

Laupāhoehoe, Hawaii

Laupāhoehoe, Hawaii
Tsunami memorial at Laupāhoehoe Point
Tsunami memorial at Laupāhoehoe Point
Location in Hawaiʻi County and the state of Hawaii
Location in Hawaiʻi County and the state of Hawaii
Coordinates: 19°59′4″N 155°14′0″W / 19.98444°N 155.23333°W / 19.98444; -155.23333
CountryUnited States
StateHawaii
CountyHawaiʻi
Area
 • Total3.49 sq mi (9.05 km2)
 • Land3.24 sq mi (8.39 km2)
 • Water0.25 sq mi (0.66 km2)
Elevation
360 ft (110 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total1,147
 • Density353.90/sq mi (136.64/km2)
Time zoneUTC-10 (Hawaii-Aleutian)
ZIP code
96764
Area code808
FIPS code15-44150
GNIS feature ID0361749 [2]

Laupāhoehoe is a census-designated place (CDP) in Hawaiʻi County, Hawaii, United States, in the District of North Hilo. The population was 581 at the 2010 census,[3] up from 473 at the 2000 census. The community's name means "lava tip" and refers to the angular lava tip or cape formed by ancient pāhoehoe (smooth lava) flows which created the cape on which the community was built.

History

View of Laupāhoehoe Point from the highway near the signage shown below
Road signage overlooking Laupāhoehoe Point
Concrete reinforcements at Laupāhoehoe

On April 1, 1946, the Hawaiian Islands were struck by the so-called "April Fools Day tsunami", originating from the Aleutian Islands earthquake. Approximately 159 people in the islands were killed.[4] The tsunami had the largest impact on the Big Island, with the greatest number of deaths occurring in Hilo with 96 fatalities. The school building at Laupāhoehoe was inundated by the tsunami and 24 people drowned. Of the dead, 16 were schoolchildren, four were teachers, and four were residents.[5] A monument to the dead now stands on Laupāhoehoe Point.

Geography

Laupāhoehoe is located on the northeast side of the island of Hawaii, at 19°59′5″N 155°14′10″W / 19.98472°N 155.23611°W / 19.98472; -155.23611 (19.983296, -155.235889).[6] Hawaii Route 19 passes through the community, leading southeast 24 miles (39 km) to Hilo and west 32 miles (51 km) to Waimea.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2), of which 2.1 square miles (5.5 km2) are land and 0.3 square miles (0.7 km2), or 10.66%, are water.[3]

Climate

Climate data for Kīhālani, Hawaii, 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1998–2014
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 85
(29)
86
(30)
89
(32)
84
(29)
88
(31)
86
(30)
85
(29)
88
(31)
88
(31)
87
(31)
86
(30)
85
(29)
89
(32)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 76.1
(24.5)
75.5
(24.2)
76.1
(24.5)
77.1
(25.1)
78.1
(25.6)
79.3
(26.3)
79.9
(26.6)
81.1
(27.3)
81.3
(27.4)
80.4
(26.9)
78.2
(25.7)
76.2
(24.6)
78.3
(25.7)
Daily mean °F (°C) 68.7
(20.4)
68.4
(20.2)
69.1
(20.6)
70.0
(21.1)
71.5
(21.9)
72.4
(22.4)
73.3
(22.9)
74.1
(23.4)
73.9
(23.3)
73.4
(23.0)
71.7
(22.1)
69.8
(21.0)
71.4
(21.9)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 61.4
(16.3)
61.3
(16.3)
62.1
(16.7)
63.0
(17.2)
65.0
(18.3)
65.6
(18.7)
66.6
(19.2)
67.1
(19.5)
66.5
(19.2)
66.5
(19.2)
65.2
(18.4)
63.4
(17.4)
64.5
(18.0)
Record low °F (°C) 55
(13)
56
(13)
55
(13)
55
(13)
58
(14)
60
(16)
61
(16)
60
(16)
61
(16)
61
(16)
58
(14)
57
(14)
55
(13)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 10.39
(264)
12.64
(321)
17.34
(440)
14.57
(370)
7.79
(198)
6.50
(165)
12.05
(306)
16.85
(428)
7.25
(184)
11.02
(280)
16.25
(413)
15.54
(395)
148.19
(3,764)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 15.8 17.3 22.0 23.3 19.5 23.6 24.0 25.4 20.8 21.9 21.3 19.8 254.7
Source 1: NOAA[7]
Source 2: XMACIS2[8]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
20201,147
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

As of the census of 2010, there were 581 people in 214 households residing in the CDP. The population density was 276.7 people per square mile (106.8 people/km2). There were 243 housing units at an average density of 115.7 per square mile (44.7/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 36.49% White, 0.34% African American, 0.17% American Indian & Alaska Native, 24.44% Asian, 4.82% Native Hawaiian & Pacific Islander, 0.86% from other races, and 32.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.59% of the population.[10]

There were 214 households, out of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them. The average household size was 2.71.[10]

In the Laupāhoehoe CDP the population was spread out, with 23.9% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 12.9% from 25 to 34, 15.1% from 35 to 49, 26.0% from 50 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females there were 105.3 males. For every 100 males there were 95.0 females.[10]

The median income for a household in the CDP at the 2000 census was $29,250, and the median income for a family in 2000 was $30,000. Males had a median income in 2000 of $21,667 versus $21,607 for females. The per capita income for the CDP in 2000 was $11,896. About 28.4% of families and 25.2% of the population were below the poverty line in 2000, including 41.1% of those under age 18 and 14.0% of those age 65 or over.

The breakwater and boat launch at Laupāhoehoe

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  2. ^ "Laupāhoehoe". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved 2009-02-16.
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Laupahoehoe CDP, Hawaii". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 1, 2017.[dead link]
  4. ^ Fisher, S., Goff, J., Cundy, A. et al. (July 12, 2023). "A qualitative review of tsunamis in Hawaiʻi". Natural Hazards. Springer. p. 21.
  5. ^ Johnston, Jeanne Branch (2003). Personal Accounts from Survivors of the Hilo Tsunamis of 1946 and 1960: Toward a Disaster Communications Model (M.A.). University of Hawaii at Manoa. hdl:10125/7104.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "U.S. Climate Normals Quick Access – Station: Kihalani 132.5, HI". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 6, 2023.
  8. ^ "xmACIS2". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 6, 2023.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  10. ^ a b c "US Census Bureau - 2010 Population Finder - Laupahoehoe CDP". Archived from the original on 2014-01-16. Retrieved 2017-12-06.
{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
Laupāhoehoe, Hawaii
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install
{{::$root.activation.text}}

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!


Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.

X

Get ready for Wikiwand 2.0 🎉! the new version arrives on September 1st! Don't want to wait?