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Lance Barnard

Lance Barnard
Barnard in 1973
Deputy Prime Minister of Australia
In office
5 December 1972 – 12 June 1974
Prime MinisterGough Whitlam
Preceded byDoug Anthony
Succeeded byJim Cairns
Minister for Defence
In office
5 December 1972 – 6 June 1975
Prime MinisterGough Whitlam
Preceded byDavid Fairbairn
Succeeded byBill Morrison
Deputy Leader of the Labor Party
In office
9 February 1967 – 12 June 1974
LeaderGough Whitlam
Preceded byGough Whitlam
Succeeded byJim Cairns
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Bass
In office
29 May 1954 – 2 June 1975
Preceded byBruce Kekwick
Succeeded byKevin Newman
Personal details
Born
Lance Herbert Barnard

(1919-05-01)1 May 1919
Launceston, Tasmania, Australia
Died6 August 1997(1997-08-06) (aged 78)
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Political partyLabor
Spouses
Doris Burston
(m. 1943)
Jill Cant
(m. 1962)
RelationsClaude Barnard (father)
Michael Barnard (nephew)
Eric Barnard (cousin)
Harry Cant (father-in-law)
OccupationSchool teacher

Lance Herbert Barnard AO (1 May 1919 – 6 August 1997) was an Australian politician and diplomat. He was the deputy leader of the Australian Labor Party (ALP) from 1967 to 1974 and held senior ministerial office in the Whitlam government, most notably as the third deputy prime minister of Australia from 1972 to 1974.

Barnard was born in Launceston, Tasmania, into a prominent political family; his father Claude Barnard was also a federal government minister. He was a timber worker, soldier and schoolteacher before entering politics himself. He was elected to the House of Representatives at the 1954 federal election, winning the seat of Bass that his father had lost five years earlier. Barnard was elected deputy to Gough Whitlam in 1967 and became deputy prime minister following the ALP's victory at the 1972 election.

After an initial "duumvirate" in which he and Whitlam both held multiple portfolios, Barnard was appointed Minister for Defence. He subsequently oversaw the merger of several smaller departments into the Department of Defence. In 1974, Barnard lost the deputy leadership to Jim Cairns but remained in the defence portfolio. He resigned from parliament in 1975 to become ambassador to Norway, Finland and Sweden, triggering a by-election that resulted in the loss of his seat to the Liberal Party.

Early life

Barnard was born in Launceston, Tasmania, one of four children born to Herbert Claude Barnard and the former Martha Melva McKenzie. His father, a trade unionist and locomotive driver, was elected to parliament in 1934, and was a minister in the Chifley government.[1]

Barnard left school during the Great Depression and worked in a timberyard for a few years. He began training as a schoolteacher by attending night school. In 1940, Barnard enlisted in the Australian Army. He fought with the 9th Division in the Middle East and Africa, including in the Battle of El Alamein. His military service left him with a permanent hearing impairment. After returning to Australia in 1945, Barnard qualified as a school teacher and subsequently taught mathematics in various Tasmanian schools.[2]

Political career

Barnard in the 1950s.

At the 1954 federal election, Barnard was elected to the Division of Bass for the Labor Party. He defeated the sitting Liberal member Bruce Kekwick, who had defeated Claude Barnard for the seat in 1949. He was later elected to the ALP Federal Executive and a delegate to Federal Conference, where he "more than once put up spirited battles against left-wing influence".[3]

Following the ALP's defeat at the 1966 federal election, Arthur Calwell resigned as party leader and was succeeded by his deputy Gough Whitlam. Barnard was then elected deputy leader with the endorsement of Whitlam, defeating Jim Cairns by 35 votes to 33 on the final ballot following the elimination of Frank Crean.[4] At the time he was described in The Canberra Times as "a personal friend of Mr Whitlam and a competent if not brilliant speaker in the House, mainly on his father's subject of repatriation, and social services".[3]

Whitlam government

Barnard (left) with Gough Whitlam

When the ALP won the 1972 federal election Barnard became deputy prime minister. For the first two weeks of Whitlam's government, before the full electoral result was known, Whitlam and Barnard formed a two-man ministry, known as a duumvirate, to govern until a full ministry could be announced. Barnard held 14 portfolios including Defence and Immigration. Following the announcement of a complete ministry, Barnard served as Minister for Defence. He personally ensured the recommendations of the Jess Committee and new Defense Force Retirements Benefits Scheme was implemented in 1972.[5]

Following the 1974 federal election, Barnard was challenged for Labor's deputy leadership by Jim Cairns. He was defeated by 54 votes to 42.[6] Contemporary sources reporting that he was receiving "fairly active" support from Whitlam,[7] and that Whitlam was "actively canvassing" for him.[8] However, it was later reported that he had received "only token support" from the prime minister.[9]

Later years

In June 1975, Whitlam announced that Barnard would leave politics to become Australia's resident ambassador to Sweden, with accreditation also to Finland and Norway.[10] He presented his credentials to King Carl XVI Gustaf on 10 September.[11] Bass was resoundingly lost to the Liberals at the ensuing by-election, in which Labor lost 17 per cent of its primary vote. This shock result was seen by many as the beginning of the end for the Whitlam government, which was dismissed five months later.

Barnard returned to Launceston after completing his term as ambassador in 1978. In May 1981 he was nominated by the Fraser government as director of the Office of Australian War Graves.[12] He retired in 1983.[13]

Barnard died on 6 August 1997 at the age of 78. In response Gough Whitlam stated that "My partnership with Lance Barnard was the most satisfying and significant of my political life. I have lost my oldest and best mate".[9]

Personal life

Barnard married Doris Burston on 6 March 1943.[14] They had two daughters together, Patricia and Suzanne. He remarried on 11 September 1962 to Jill Cant, the daughter of Senator Harry Cant of Western Australia. They had a son together, Nicholas,[15] and also adopted two Vietnamese orphan girls, Amanda and Jacqueline; Amanda died as an infant.[16][17]

References

  1. ^ R. J. K. Chapman, 'Barnard, Herbert Claude (1890–1957)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/barnard-herbert-claude-9436/text16589, published first in hardcopy 1993, accessed online 30 March 2018.
  2. ^ Obituary: Lance Barnard
  3. ^ a b Gaul, Jonathan (9 February 1967). "Whitlam has biggest task ahead". The Canberra Times.
  4. ^ Gaul, Jonathan (14 February 1967). "Anatomy of the Labor power struggle". The Canberra Times.
  5. ^ "Unknown". Canberra Times. 1 November 1972.
  6. ^ "Labor sticks to old team". The Canberra Times. 11 June 1974.
  7. ^ Solomon, David (12 June 1974). "Dr Cairns, the PM's new right-hand man". The Canberra Times.
  8. ^ Solomon, David (10 June 1974). "Delay of portfolio allocation likely". The Canberra Times.
  9. ^ a b Grattan, Michelle (7 August 1997). "Former Whitlam deputy Lance Barnard dies". The Australian Financial Review. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  10. ^ Whitlam, Gough (23 June 1975). "Appointment of Ambassador to Sweden, Finland and Norway" (Press release). Archived from the original on 17 April 2015.
  11. ^ "Envoy". The Canberra Times. 11 September 1975.
  12. ^ "Barnard to head War Graves group". The Canberra Times. 4 May 1981.
  13. ^ "War-graves director". The Canberra Times. 7 April 1984.
  14. ^ "An Afternoon Wedding". The Examiner. 8 March 1943.
  15. ^ "On being a politician's wife". The Canberra Times. 19 August 1969.
  16. ^ "War Waif Adopted". The Canberra Times. 11 February 1971.
  17. ^ "A Hug for Jacqueline". The Canberra Times. 31 May 1972.
Political offices Preceded byDoug Anthony Deputy Prime Minister of Australia 1972–1974 Succeeded byJim Cairns Preceded byDavid Fairbairn Minister for Defence 1972–1975 Succeeded byBill Morrison Preceded byTom Drake-Brockman Minister for Air 1972–1973 Abolished Preceded byBob Katter Minister for the Army 1972–1973 Preceded byMalcolm Mackay Minister for the Navy 1972–1973 Preceded byVictor Garland Minister for Supply 1972–1973 Succeeded byKep Enderby Parliament of Australia Preceded byBruce Kekwick Member for Bass 1954–1975 Succeeded byKevin Newman Party political offices Preceded byGough Whitlam Deputy Leader of the Australian Labor Party 1967–1974 Succeeded byJim Cairns Diplomatic posts Preceded byJohn Petherbridge Australian Ambassador to SwedenAustralian Ambassador to NorwayAustralian Ambassador to Finland 1975–1978 Succeeded byBrian Hill
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Lance Barnard
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