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Keswick, South Australia

Keswick
AdelaideSouth Australia
Keswick is located in South Australia
Keswick
Keswick
Coordinates34°56′S 138°34′E / 34.933°S 138.567°E / -34.933; 138.567
Population754 (SAL 2021)[1]
Postcode(s)5035[2]
LGA(s)City of West Torrens
State electorate(s)Badcoe
Federal division(s)Adelaide
Suburbs around Keswick:
Richmond Mile End South, Adelaide Parklands Terminal Adelaide, Adelaide Park Lands
Marleston Keswick Wayville
Kurralta Park Ashford, Forestville Wayville

Keswick(/ˈkɛzɪk/) is an inner south-western suburb of Adelaide, adjacent to the park lands, and located in the City of West Torrens. The suburb is home to the Keswick Barracks, the headquarters of the Royal District Nursing Service, the Keswick Cricket Club and Richmond Primary School.

The Adelaide Parklands Terminal for interstate passenger trains, formerly known as Keswick Terminal, was within the boundary of the suburb until 1987 when, inclusive of adjacent business sites and covering a total area of 56.6 hectares (140 acres), it was declared a suburb in its own right.[3]

History

No. 7 Australian General Hospital, Keswick, Adelaide, 1920
Keswick Barracks, Adelaide, c.1918

The area was inhabited by the Kaurna people before settlement by Europeans.[4]

Keswick railway station was opened on 6 April 1913.[5] It serviced the local Adelaide train network before being eventually closed and demolished in March 2013.[6]

The District Headquarters of the 4th Military District, known as Keswick Barracks or "The Home of the Brass Hats",[7] was completed in 1913, and was the first substantial Commonwealth building to be constructed in South Australia. It has had several modifications, including the addition of an extra storey in 1940, and is still standing, located on Anzac Highway, in the northern corner of Keswick Military Barracks.[8][9]

In 1915, the Keswick Hospital (No. 7 Australian General Hospital[10]), also known as the "Diggers Hospital",[11] Repatriation Hospital,[12] or Repatriation General Hospital, was built to accommodate wounded soldiers returning from World War I as part of the Keswick Barracks complex.[13] In November 1915 funds were being raised to build a recreation hall for the soldiers, designed by Woods, Bagot, Jory & Laybourne Smith,[14][15] which opened on 11 February 1916.[16] After the opening of the Daw Park Repatriation General Hospital, patients were transferred from Keswick Hospital in December 1946, but an outpatients facility continued to operate at Keswick until 1968, when it finally closed.[17]

On 18 September 1918, tram line opened between the existing Sturt Street line, via West Terrace, down Anzac Highway (then Bay Road[18]), to Keswick. It was used to transport returned soldiers to the hospital.[11] Known as the West City Line, it terminated at the entry to the Keswick Army Barracks. After redevelopment of the Bay Road in the 1930s, the tram line was eventually truncated at the new Keswick Bridge in March 1939.[19]

The Keswick Terminal opened on 18 May 1984 (near, but not connected to, the Keswick railway station), developed by Australian National as a dedicated long-haul passenger rail station.[20] It was officially classified as a suburb in the City of West Torrens on 30 April 1987.[21]

Population

In the 2021 Australian Census, there were 754 people in Keswick. 54.8% of people were born in Australia and 58.1% of people spoke only English at home. The most common response for religion was "No Religion", 42.8%.[22]

Significant establishments

Keswick Barracks

Keswick is home to Keswick Barracks, which is an Australian Army Barracks. It is home to the 9th Brigade (Reserve), 10th/27th Battalion, Royal South Australia Regiment (Reserve), the 48th Field Battery (Reserve), and the headquarters of the 3rd Health Support Battalion (3 HSB). Keswick Barracks also houses several DCO (Defence Community Organisation) departments, the SA Branch of RUSI and the local RUSI library. There is an Air Force unit here too.[citation needed]

Royal District Nursing Service

Keswick is also home to the headquarters of the Royal District Nursing Service, now part of the Silver Chain Group.[23]

Keswick Cricket Club

Keswick Cricket Club was founded in November 1942, with the principle of, “giving anyone who wants to play a game of cricket, an opportunity to play”. At this time, the Keswick Branch of the Catholic Young Men's Society combined with the Glenelg Branch of the Catholic Young Men's Society to form a cricket team to participate in the Catholic Young Men's Society Cricket Association Competition.[24]

KCC now[when?] fields 4 teams in the Adelaide & Suburban Cricket Association. Matches are played on hard-wicket and turf surfaces around the Adelaide metropolitan area. Keswick Juniors fields U10, U12 and U14 sides in the South Central Junior Cricket Association, and a team in the Adelaide Strikers Girls League.[citation needed]

Heritage-listed buildings

The Headquarters Building of Keswick Barracks was added to the former Register of the National Estate on 28 September 1982[9] and to the Australian Commonwealth Heritage List on 22 June 2004.[8]

The original Richmond Primary School building attained local heritage status from the City of West Torrens on 2 October 2008.

Schools

Richmond Primary School is a coeducational R–7 school (5- to 13-year-olds) located in the Adelaide inner suburb of Keswick, South Australia. It was constructed in 1898[25] in Keswick, South Australia located in the Federal Division of Adelaide, the State Electorate of Badcoe and City of West Torrens.

Notable students

See also

References

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (28 June 2022). "Keswick (suburb and locality)". Australian Census 2021 QuickStats. Retrieved 28 June 2022. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ a b "Keswick, South Australia (Adelaide)". Postcodes-Australia. Postcodes-Australia.com. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
  3. ^ "Keswick Terminal, 5035". Plan SA. Attorney-General's Department, Government of South Australia. 2022. Retrieved 19 July 2022.
  4. ^ O'Brien, Lewis Yerloburka; Paul, Mandy (8 December 2013). "Kaurna People". Adelaidia. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  5. ^ "Keswick Railway Station". The Register. 7 April 1913. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  6. ^ "New station to replace Keswick on suburban network" Railway Digest May 2013 page 20
  7. ^ "Keswick Headquarters building number 32". State Library of South Australia. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  8. ^ a b "Headquarters Building 32, Keswick Barracks (Place ID 105308)". Australian Heritage Database. Australian Government. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  9. ^ a b "Headquarters Building 32, Keswick Barracks (Place ID 6580)". Australian Heritage Database. Australian Government. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  10. ^ "Keswick Hospital: From the Parade Ground" (Photo + text). State Library of South Australia. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  11. ^ a b "Keswick Hospital: The Diggers Hospital". State Library of South Australia. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  12. ^ "Military Resources: Hospitals and nurses". LibGuides at State Library of South Australia. 2 February 2021. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  13. ^ "Repatriation Hospital Museum". WeekendNotes. 24 April 2015. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  14. ^ "Recreation hall at Keswick Hospital". Quorn Mercury. South Australia. 18 November 1915. p. 3. Retrieved 3 February 2021 – via National Library of Australia.
  15. ^ "Correspondence". Kapunda Herald. Vol. LI, no. 3, 831. South Australia. 12 November 1915. p. 2. Retrieved 3 February 2021 – via National Library of Australia.
  16. ^ "For the wounded at Keswick". Chronicle. Vol. LVIII, no. 3, 000. South Australia. 19 February 1916. p. 41. Retrieved 3 February 2021 – via National Library of Australia.
  17. ^ King, Sara (2013). Commonwealth Government Records about South Australia (PDF). Research guide (National Archives of Australia) ; no. 24. Commonwealth of Australia (National Archives of Australia). ISBN 9781920807993. Text may have been copied from this source, which is available under a Attribution 3.0 Australia (CC BY 3.0 AU) licence.
  18. ^ "Claret Ash (Fraxinus oxycarpa 'Raywood')". National Trust. 24 May 2018. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  19. ^ "The Western Lines". Tramway Museum, St Kilda. Retrieved 15 February 2021.
  20. ^ ANR passenger services Continental Railway Journal issue 59 September 1984 page 326
  21. ^ "Search results for 'Keswick Terminal, SUB' with the following datasets selected - 'Suburbs and Localities', 'Local Government Areas' and 'Gazetteer'". Location SA Map Viewer. South Australian government. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  22. ^ "Keswick, 2021 Census All persons QuickStats". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 15 November 2022.
  23. ^ "Contact us". Silver Chain. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  24. ^ Heptinstall, Joe (2002). "History of the Club". Keswick Cricket Club. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  25. ^ "Our History". Richmond Primary School. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  26. ^ "Wally Shiers". Epic Flight Centenary. Retrieved 19 June 2021.
  27. ^ "Walter Henry (Wally) SHIERS AFM +Bar". Virtual War Memorial Australia. Retrieved 19 June 2021.
  28. ^ Callaghan, Pam (1998). Richmond Primary School 100 Years of Learning and Caring. 8 Surrey Rd, Keswick SA 5035: Richmond Primary School. p. 52. ISBN 1864770023.((cite book)): CS1 maint: location (link)
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Keswick, South Australia
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