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Kelesh Ahmed-Bey Sharvashidze

Kelesh Ahmed-Bey
Prince of Abkhazia
Reign1780s–1808
PredecessorZurab
SuccessorAslan-Bey
DiedSukhumi[1]
IssueSee "Children"
HouseSharvashidze
FatherManuchar

Kelesh Ahmed-Bey (Kelesh-Bey) Sharvashidze-Chachba (1747–1808) was the head of state of the Principality of Abkhazia from the 1780s to 1808. Kelesh-Bey was the son of Manuchar Sharvashidze.

Biography

Kelesh-Bey was born in 1747 in the Principality of Abkhazia.[2] In his childhood, Kelesh-Bey was taken to Constantinople, Ottoman Empire as a hostage, where he was converted to Islam. Kelesh returned to Abkhazia from Istanbul in the 1770s with the goal of taking over and ruling his native land. With the help of Turkish forces, Kelesh-Bey was able to overthrow his uncle, Zurab Sharvashidze, and take over the Abkhaz crown. Kelesh-Bey was known for his energetic drive to consolidate state power while actively fighting against the Principality of Mingrelia which bordered Abkhazia to the east. Kelesh-Bey was the grand father of Gülüstü Hanım, Sultan Abdulmejid I's consort and Sultan Mehmed VI's mother.

In 1802, he rallied the Turkish support and captured the Mingrelian fort of Anaklia. After Mingrelia joined the Russian Empire in 1803, Kelesh also tried to seek closer ties (associated relations) with Russia, which led to Abkhazia’s break with Ottoman Turkey. Becoming increasingly worried about Abkhazia drifting closer to Russia, the Turkish leadership tried to remove Kelesh-Bey from power by force, but failed. In the end, Turkey was able to remove Kelesh from the Abkhaz throne by forging close ties to his son Aslan-Bey who killed his father and became the new ruler of Abkhazia. George Hewitt considers this a Russian fabrication and accuses Aslan-bey's brother Sefer-Bey, Nino Dadiani and the Russian military administration of the assassination.[3]

Children

References

  • Georgian State (Soviet) Encyclopedia. 1983. Book 10. p. 689.
  1. ^ Saparov, Arsène (2015). From Conflict to Autonomy in the Caucasus: The Soviet Union and the Making of Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Nagorno Karabakh. Routledge. p. 24.
  2. ^ Epadze, Ketevan (2022). "Reconstructing a National Hero in the Post-colonial Memory Politics of Abkhazia: Debates over Kelesh Bey Shervashidze". Caucasus Survey. 10 (3): 324–349. doi:10.30965/23761202-20220015.
  3. ^ Hewitt, George, ed. (1998). The Abkhazians. A Handbook. St. Martin's Press. p. 71. ISBN 0-312-21975-X.
Kelesh Ahmed-Bey Sharvashidze House of Shervashidze/Chachba Regnal titles Preceded byZurab Prince of Abkhazia circa 1780–1808 Succeeded byAslan-Bey


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Kelesh Ahmed-Bey Sharvashidze
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