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Kakhaber I Gurieli

Kakhaber Gurieli (Georgian: კახაბერ გურიელი, fl. 1352) was a member of the House of Dadiani and eristavi ("duke") of Guria in western Georgia in the latter half of the 14th century. He is the first known ruler of Guria to be styled as Gurieli.

Kakhaber was a younger son of Giorgi II Dadiani (died 1384), eristavi of Odishi, and brother to Giorgi's successor Vameq I Dadiani. Kakhaber, as the first Gurieli, was identified by the Georgian historian Dimitri Bakradze based on a now-lost icon inscription from 1352, which credited him, along with his wife Anna, with building the Likhauri Church in Guria.[1][2] Thus, at that time, Guria appears to have been a fief of the secundogeniture of the Dadiani.[3] Kakhaber is also mentioned as eristavi of the Svans, whence the Vardanisdze, forefathers of the Dadiani-Gurieli dynasts, stemmed.

Kakhaber can be the unnamed Vardanisdze of Prince Vakhushti's chronicle, who was deprived of his Svan lands by King Bagrat V of Georgia and recompensed with Guria after the Svans had attacked and burned down the royal city of Kutaisi in 1361. It is also possible that Kakhaber is[4] the "archon" of Guria, whom the contemporaneous Trapezuntine chronicler Michael Panaretos witnessed, on 6 August 1372, offering a proskynesis to his royal suzerain during the meeting of Alexios III of Trebizond with Bagrat V of Georgia at the Black Sea town of Batumi.[5]

Kakhaber's son and possible successor was Giorgi Gurieli,[6] who is known, along with his wife Elene, from an inscription from the Likhauri church dated to 1422, as well as undated inscriptions mentioning his sons—Mamia, his possible successor as Duke of Guria, and Kaikubad.[7]

References

  1. ^ Church, Kenneth (2001). From dynastic principality to imperial district: the incorporation of Guria into the Russian Empire to 1856 (Ph.D.). University of Michigan. p. 123.
  2. ^ Piatnitsky, Yuri (2000). Sinai Byzantium Russia: Orthodox Art from the Sixth to the Twentieth Century. Saint Catherine Foundation. p. 129. ISBN 1903470005.
  3. ^ Toumanoff, Cyril (1949–51). "The Fifteenth-Century Bagratids and the Institution of Collegial Sovereignty in Georgia". Traditio. 7: 187.
  4. ^ Khakhanov, Aleksandr (1905). Михаил Панарет. Трапезунтская хроника [Michael Panaretos. Trapezuntine Chronicle] (in Russian). Moscow: Lazarev Institute of Oriental Languages. p. n. 63.
  5. ^ Bryer, Anthony; Winfield, David (1985). The Byzantine Monuments and Topography of the Pontos, Vol. 1. Washington, DC: Dumbarton Oaks Studies XX. pp. 344–345. ISBN 978-0-88402-122-3.
  6. ^ Grebelsky, P. Kh.; Dumin, S.V.; Lapin, V.V. (1993). Дворянские роды Российской империи. Том 4: Князья Царства Грузинского [Noble families of the Russian Empire. Vol. 4: Princes of the Kingdom of Georgia] (in Russian). Vesti. p. 37.
  7. ^ Khakhutaishvili, Davit (2009). "ნარკვევები გურიის სამთავროს ისტორიიდან (XV-XVIII სს.)" [Studies in the history of the Principality of Guria (15th–18th centuries)]. სამტომეული, ტ. 2 [Works in three volumes, Vol. 2] (in Georgian). Batumi: Shota Rustaveli State University. p. 25. ISBN 978-9941-409-60-8.
Kakhaber I Gurieli House of Gurieli Regnal titles Preceded byOffice established Duke of Guria fl. 1352 Succeeded byGiorgi Gurieli
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Kakhaber I Gurieli
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