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Kafr Kila, Lebanon

Kafar Kila
كفركلا
Village
Kafr Kila
Kafr Kila
Map showing the location of KafarKila within Lebanon
Map showing the location of KafarKila within Lebanon
Kafar Kila
Location within Lebanon
Coordinates: 33°16′44″N 35°33′20″E / 33.27889°N 35.55556°E / 33.27889; 35.55556
Grid position201/298 PAL
Country Lebanon
GovernorateNabatieh Governorate
DistrictMarjeyoun District
Elevation
400 m (1,300 ft)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Dialing code+961

KafarKila (Arabic: كفركلا, also, Kfarkila, Kfarkela, Kafarkela) is a village in Southern Lebanon.

Kafarkila name means "The village of the pasturage".[1]

History

Al-Maqdisi (c. 945/946 – 991) noted that Kafr Kila (called Kafar Kila) was "A place lying a day's march from Tabariyyah".[2]

Ottoman era

In the 1596 tax records, it was named as a village, Kafr Kuk, in the Ottoman nahiya (subdistrict) of Tibnin, part of Safad Sanjak, with a population of 31 households and 2 bachelors, all Muslim. The villagers paid taxes on agricultural products, such as wheat, barley, olive trees, goats, beehives and winter pastures; a total of 4,700 akçe.[3][4]

In 1838, Eli Smith noted Kafr Kila's population as Metawileh.[5]

In 1875 Victor Guérin visited and noted that the village had about 1,000 Metawileh inhabitants.[6] He further noted: "The mosque and several of the houses are built of old materials. The spring is partly ancient."[7]

In 1881, the PEF's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described it as "a village, built of stone and mud, containing about 150 Moslems, situated on sloping ground, with figs, olives, and arable land around. A good spring near."[8]

Modern era

Following the 1982 Israeli invasion Kafr Kila became part of their “security zone”. On 11 September 1989 three IDF soldiers were wounded in an ambush in Kafr Kila. The Lebanese Communist Party claimed responsibility. Two of the attackers were killed.[9]

The total population of the village is about 14,500[citation needed]. The occupants' number increases dramatically during summer. Its altitude is around 700 m from sea level.[10] Kafarkila is well known for its high quality olive oil, grapes, and bee honey in addition to many other farming activities.

Many developments are currently taking place due to the efforts and the determination of the municipality side by side with the people in order to mitigate the problems that accumulated over the years from central government indifference, civil war, occupation and border wars.

References

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 23
  2. ^ Le Strange, 1890, p. 470
  3. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 184
  4. ^ Note that Rhode, 1979, p. 6 Archived 2016-10-10 at the Wayback Machine writes that the register that Hütteroth and Abdulfattah studied was not from 1595/6, but from 1548/9
  5. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, 2nd appendix, p. 137
  6. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 277
  7. ^ Guérin, 1880, pp. 277-278; as given in Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, pp. 117
  8. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, pp. 87-88
  9. ^ Middle East International No 359, 22 September 1989, Publishers Lord Mayhew, Dennis Walters MP; Fourteen days in brief p.15
  10. ^ "Map of Kfar Kila". Archived from the original on 2013-06-28. Retrieved 28 May 2013.

Bibliography

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Kafr Kila, Lebanon
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