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Mount Kaçkar

Mount Kaçkar
Mount Kaçkar from Mezovit Çayırı
Highest point
Elevation3,937 m (12,917 ft)[1]
Prominence2,272 m (7,454 ft)[2]
ListingUltra
Coordinates40°50′08″N 41°09′41″E / 40.8355°N 41.1613°E / 40.8355; 41.1613[2]
Geography
Mount Kaçkar is located in Turkey
Mount Kaçkar
Mount Kaçkar
Parent rangeKaçkar mountains Pontic Mountains

Mount Kaçkar, with an elevation of 3,937 meters, is the highest peak in the Kaçkar Mountains. The mountain may be climbed by the northeast ridge route beginning from the village Yukarı Kavrun.

Geography and etymology

The name Kaçkar (from Armenian khachkar (Խաչքար)[3] literally meaning "cross stone"[4]) may be used in various senses. It may describe the whole mountain range, including the many mountain groups, or it may just describe the Kaçkar-Kavron group with its highest peak, or just the highest peak itself.

Mount Kaçkar is about 40 km from the Black Sea Coast and 70 km from the eastern border with Georgia and the port city Batumi there. The Turkish coastal cities Rize and Trabzon are about 70 and 120 km west of the mountain.

The surrounding mountain ranges are about 400 km long and represent the eastern third of the Pontic Mountains. This extends about 1000 km along the Black Sea and with its numerous parallel chains, which reach up to 200 km inland, belongs to the Alpine orogeny, i.e., developed at the same time as the Alps.

The closest three-thousanders are

  • the Kükürt Tepe (3348 m), about 35 km north-northeast (halfway to Batumi)[5]
  • the Demirkapı Tepe (3376 m), about 70 km to the west.[6]
  • the Üçdoruk Tepe (3711 m), about 15 km to the west.[5]

To the south runs the valley of the Çoruh, which flows into the Black Sea at Batumi.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Kackar Dagi, Turkey". Peakbagger.com.
  2. ^ a b "Turkey: 23 Mountain Summits with Prominence of 1,500 meters or greater". Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2014-05-25.
  3. ^ Marc Dubin; Enver Lucas (1989). Trekking in Turkey. Lonely Planet. p. 125. ISBN 0-86442-037-4.
  4. ^ Robert H. Hewsen. Armenia: A Historical Atlas. — University of Chicago Press, 2001. — 341 p. — ISBN 0-226-33228-4, ISBN 978-0-226-33228-4. P.212. "River between the port of Atina (now Pazar) on the coast and the great inland peak called Kajkar (Armenian Khach'k'ar) Dagh 'Cross-stone Mountain'"
  5. ^ a b At Kaçkar Dağı, the highest peak in the Pontic Mountains
  6. ^ "Coğrafi Özellikleri". www.trabzon.gov.tr. Retrieved 2021-03-12.
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Mount Kaçkar
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