For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Kırşehir.

Kırşehir

Kırşehir
Kentpark in Kırşehir
Kentpark in Kırşehir
Kırşehir is located in Turkey
Kırşehir
Kırşehir
Location in Turkey
Kırşehir is located in Turkey Central Anatolia
Kırşehir
Kırşehir
Kırşehir (Turkey Central Anatolia)
Coordinates: 39°08′44″N 34°09′39″E / 39.14556°N 34.16083°E / 39.14556; 34.16083
CountryTurkey
ProvinceKırşehir
DistrictKırşehir
Government
 • MayorSelahattin Ekicioğlu (CHP)
Elevation
1,027 m (3,369 ft)
Population
 (2022)[1]
150,700
Time zoneUTC+3 (TRT)
Postal code
40000
Area code0386
Websitewww.kirsehir.bel.tr

Kırşehir, historically known as Mocissus or Mokissos[2] (Ancient Greek: Μωκισσός) and Justinianopolis[2] (Ἰουστινιανούπολις) in ancient times, is a city in Turkey. It is the seat of Kırşehir Province and Kırşehir District.[3] Its population is 150,700 (2022).[1] Its elevation is 1,027 m (3,369 ft).[4] The Mayor of Kırşehir is Selahattin Ekicioğlu.[5]

History

Malkaya is a monument with rock inscriptions that belongs to Hittites civilization.

The history of Kırşehir dates back to the Hittites. During the period of the Hittites, the basin of Kırşehir was known as the country of "Ahiyuva", meaning "the Land of the Achaeans", as the Greeks were known to the Hittites. This basin also took the name Cappadocia at the time of the Romans and Byzantines.

Kırşehir was once known as Aquae Saravenae.[6] The Seljuks took the city in the 1070's and bestowed the current name. In Turkish, "Kır Şehri" means "steppe city" or "prairie city". It became the chief town of a sanjak in the Ottoman vilayet of Angora,[2] which possessed, c. 1912, 8000 inhabitants, most of them Muslim Turks.[7]

In the 19th century, Kırşehir was attached to the sanjak of Ankara. From 1867 until 1922, Kırşehir was part of Angora vilayet. In 1924, Kırşehir was made capital of the new Kırşehir Province. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk visited the city in 1921 and 1931.

Historic buildings and structures

Ahi Evran Mosque
View of Lake Hilla
Gondolas in Kentpark

Kesikköprü

Kesikköprü is one of the bridges built by the Seljuk Empire in Central Anatolia. It is on the way of Kırşehir-Konya, about 20 km (12.43 mi) to the south of Kırşehir, and across the River Kızılırmak with its 13 parts. Those who came from Izmir and tried to reach Sivas and Erzurum from Tokat passed over Kesikköprü. In the 17th and 18th centuries, the bridge took the name of Kesikköprü due to the fact that caravan roads were cut off by highwaymen.

There is an old Seljuk mosque built during the reign of either Mesud I or Kilij Arslan II. In the countryside is a ruined türbe (tomb) of a possible dervish during the times of either Seljuks or Ottomans.

The inscription on the bridge says it was built by Atabeg Izzu’d-Din Muhammed in 646 of the Hijrah/1248 of the Christian era during the rule of Keykavus, the son of Keyhüsrev. The inscription sunk in the river in 1953. The three-line inscription on the stone base can be read with difficulty:

Ressame bi-imaret hazihi el-kantara el-mubareke (fi eyyam khan) dawlet es-sultan el-azam, izzu-d dunya wa-d din, ebu'l feth Kaykaus bin Kaykhusraw Burhan emir el-mu’munin. El-mawla el-sahibu el-azam, atabek el-muazzam, nazım mesalih el-'alem, nasır el-enam, zubdet el-eyyam, Izz-eddin ebu'l meli Muhammed Zahir Ali Seljuk wa emir el-mu’minin a'azzellahu nasrahu wa a'la kadrehu fi shuhuri sene sitte wa arba'in wa sitte mia [646], hamiden li-Llah wa musallian 'ala nebiyyihi Muhammed wa aalihi wa sellem teslimen kethiran.

Ashik Pasha Mausoleum

Aşık Pasha Mausoleum is the tomb of the 14-century Sufi poet Aşık Pasha who died in 1332.[8]

Kırşehir Castle

Kırşehir Castle is located on a hill mound, believed to have been built in the 4th century. It covers an area of 10 acres. It is thought to have been built by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian. Nothing remains from the castle.[9][10]

Geographical center of the world

Tomb of Ashik Pasha
Yunus Emre Tomb in Ulupınar.
Sunflower cultivation is an important part of the agriculture in Kırşehir

The village of Seyfe within Kırşehir district is considered the geographical center of Earth, as it lies at the intersection of the 39th parallel north and the 34th meridian east.[11]

Ecclesiastical history

Metropolitan Archbishopric of Mocissus

Mocissus was also a Christian bishopric, and became a metropolitan see when, as Procopius (De ædif., V, iv) informs us, Justinian divided Cappadocia into three provinces and made this fortified site in north-western Cappadocia metropolis of Cappadocia Tertia, giving it the name of Justinianopolis.[7] Nothing else is known of its history, and its name should perhaps be written Mocessus. There is no doubt that the site of Mocissus, or Mocessus, is that which is occupied by the modern city of Kırşehir.[7] It figured in the Notitiæ episcopatuum until the 12th or 13th century.

Only a few of its bishops are known: the earliest, Peter, attended the Fifth Ecumenical Council (Second Council of Constantinople, 536);[clarification needed] the last, whose name is not known, was a Catholic, and was consecrated after the mid-15th century Catholic Council of Florence by Patriarch Metrophanes II of Constantinople.[7]

Titular see

The diocese was restored in 1895 as a titular archbishopric of the highest (Metropolitan) rank. It's vacant, having had the following incumbents:

  • John Joseph Frederick Otto Zardetti (1895.05.25 – 1902.05.09)
  • Giacomo Merizzi (1902.08.21 – 1916.03.22)
  • Giovanni Battista Vinati (1916.07.31 – 1917.01.09)
  • Adolf Fritzen (1919.07.31 – 1919.09.07)
  • Lorenzo Schioppa (1920.08.20 – 1935.04.23)
  • John Hugh MacDonald (1936.12.16 – 1938.03.05)
  • Nicolas Cadi (1939.11.16 – 1941)
  • Roger-Henri-Marie Beaussart (1943.12.10 – 1952.02.29)
  • Vigilio Federico Dalla Zuanna, O.F.M. Cap. (1952.11.24 – 1956.03.04)
  • Giovanni Jacono (1956.10.02 – 1957.05.26)
  • Heinrich Wienken (1957.08.19 – 1961.01.21)
  • Gabrijel Bukatko (1961.03.02 – 1964.03.24)

Climate

Kırşehir has a Mediterranean (Köppen climate classification: Csa) or continental climate (Trewartha climate classification: Dc), with cold, snowy winters and hot, dry summers. Light rainfall occurs year-round, except for late summer when rain is virtually absent.

Climate data for Kırşehir (1991–2020, extremes 1930–2020)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.0
(66.2)
20.6
(69.1)
28.0
(82.4)
30.9
(87.6)
34.5
(94.1)
36.2
(97.2)
40.2
(104.4)
40.5
(104.9)
39.0
(102.2)
33.6
(92.5)
26.2
(79.2)
19.9
(67.8)
40.5
(104.9)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 4.9
(40.8)
7.2
(45.0)
12.2
(54.0)
17.5
(63.5)
22.5
(72.5)
26.9
(80.4)
30.7
(87.3)
30.9
(87.6)
26.7
(80.1)
20.6
(69.1)
13.0
(55.4)
6.9
(44.4)
18.3
(64.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.1
(32.2)
1.5
(34.7)
5.9
(42.6)
10.8
(51.4)
15.7
(60.3)
20.0
(68.0)
23.7
(74.7)
23.9
(75.0)
19.2
(66.6)
13.5
(56.3)
6.5
(43.7)
2.1
(35.8)
11.9
(53.4)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −3.8
(25.2)
−3.0
(26.6)
0.5
(32.9)
4.7
(40.5)
9.2
(48.6)
13.2
(55.8)
16.5
(61.7)
16.8
(62.2)
12.1
(53.8)
7.2
(45.0)
1.2
(34.2)
−1.7
(28.9)
6.1
(43.0)
Record low °C (°F) −28.0
(−18.4)
−25.3
(−13.5)
−21.8
(−7.2)
−8.2
(17.2)
−1.4
(29.5)
2.6
(36.7)
5.1
(41.2)
5.0
(41.0)
−1.2
(29.8)
−6.6
(20.1)
−21.5
(−6.7)
−24.3
(−11.7)
−28.0
(−18.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 43.8
(1.72)
31.2
(1.23)
37.9
(1.49)
42.7
(1.68)
46.2
(1.82)
37.5
(1.48)
8.9
(0.35)
11.8
(0.46)
14.9
(0.59)
30.6
(1.20)
35.0
(1.38)
44.9
(1.77)
385.4
(15.17)
Average precipitation days 11.07 9.57 11.70 11.87 13.07 8.77 2.37 2.40 4.13 7.27 7.90 11.27 101.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 102.3 130.0 176.7 210.0 272.8 318.0 368.9 347.2 288.0 226.3 165.0 102.3 2,707.5
Mean daily sunshine hours 3.3 4.6 5.7 7.0 8.8 10.6 11.9 11.2 9.6 7.3 5.5 3.3 7.4
Source: Turkish State Meteorological Service[12]

Famous people from Kırşehir

Gallery

References

  1. ^ a b "Address-based population registration system (ADNKS) results dated 31 December 2022, Favorite Reports" (XLS). TÜİK. Retrieved 13 March 2023.
  2. ^ a b c Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Kir-Sheher" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 834.
  3. ^ İl Belediyesi, Turkey Civil Administration Departments Inventory. Retrieved 1 March 2023.
  4. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc. "Geographical information on Kırşehir, Turkey". Retrieved 14 April 2023.
  5. ^ Gazete, Banka (21 November 2021). "Ankara'dan Kırşehir Belediyesi'ne destek". Gazete Banka. p. https://gazetebanka.com/. Retrieved 21 November 2021.
  6. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.
  7. ^ a b c d Pétridès, Sophron (1911). "Mocissus" . In Herbermann, Charles (ed.). Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 10. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  8. ^ Eyice, Semavi. "Âşık Paşa Türbesi" (in Turkish). İslam Ansiklopedisi. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  9. ^ T.C. Kırşehir Valiliği. "TARİHİ VE KÜLTÜREL DEĞERLER" (in Turkish). Retrieved 2023-02-14.
  10. ^ Geoview. "Kırşehir Kalesi" (in Turkish). Retrieved 2023-02-14.
  11. ^ Tüfekçi, İhsan (2022-12-27). "Is Türkiye Center Of The World? Where Is The Center? -". Destinations in Turkey. Retrieved 2023-07-10.
  12. ^ "Resmi İstatistikler: İllerimize Ait Mevism Normalleri (1991–2020)" (in Turkish). Turkish State Meteorological Service. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
  13. ^ "Aşık Paşa | Ottoman Empire, Poetry, Sufism". Encyclopedia Britannica. 1998-07-20. Retrieved 2023-10-15.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Mocisus". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
Kırşehir
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install
{{::$root.activation.text}}

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!


Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.

X

Get ready for Wikiwand 2.0 🎉! the new version arrives on September 1st! Don't want to wait?