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Junqueira cattle

The Junqueira cow is a cattle breed from Brazil that is the result of crosses between Caracu and other Brazilian varieties.[1] It is of the subspecies Bos taurus ibericus[2] and has submetacentric Y chromosomes, suggesting it is of taurine origin.[3]

The breed has been raised since the 18th century in São Paulo, but only about 100 remained as of 2005. Early on, its long horns were used to manufacture berrantes.

Today, the Junqueira cow is an endangered species, with fewer than 100 left in Brazil.[4]However, it has been cloned in the laboratory by the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation.[5]


  1. ^ Issa, É.C.; W. Jorge; A.A. Egito; J.R.B. Sereno (2009). "Cytogenic analysis of the Y chromosome of native Brazilian bovine breeds". Archivos de Zootecnia. 58 (221): 93–101. doi:10.4321/S0004-05922009000100010. ISSN 0004-0592.
  2. ^ McManus, C.; E. Prescott; G. Paludo; E. Bianchini; H. Louvandini; A. Mariante (February 2009). "Heat tolerance in naturalized Brazilian cattle breeds". Livestock Science. 120 (3): 256–264. doi:10.1016/j.livsci.2008.07.014.
  3. ^ Issa, É.C. "Cytogenetic Analysis of the Y Chromosome of Native Brazilian Bovine Breeds: Preliminary Data" (PDF).
  4. ^ "Endangered cows cloned". The Sydney Morning Herald. 2005-05-22. Retrieved 2021-05-19.
  5. ^ "Brazil clones endangered bovine species". ABC News. 21 May 2005. Retrieved 10 February 2010.

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Junqueira cattle
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