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José Luis Escrivá

José Luis Escrivá
Minister for Digital Transformation and Civil Service
Assumed office
29 December 2023
Prime MinisterPedro Sánchez
Preceded byHimself (Digital Transformation)
María Jesús Montero (Finance and Civil Service)
Minister for Digital Transformation
In office
21 November 2023 – 29 December 2023
Prime MinisterPedro Sánchez
Preceded byNadia Calviño
(Economic Affairs and Digital Transformation)
Succeeded byHimself (Digital Transformation and Civil Service)
Minister of Inclusion, Social Security and Migration
In office
13 January 2020 – 21 November 2023
Prime MinisterPedro Sánchez
Preceded byMagdalena Valerio
(Labour, Migration and Social Security)
Succeeded byElma Saiz
Chairman of the Independent Authority for Fiscal Responsibility
In office
22 February 2014 – 13 January 2020
MonarchFelipe VI
Prime MinisterMariano Rajoy (2014–2018)
Pedro Sánchez (2018–2020)
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byCristina Herrero
Chairman of the EU Independent Fiscal Institutions Network
In office
24 September 2015 – 7 November 2019
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded bySeamus Coffey
Personal details
José Luis Escrivá Belmonte

(1960-05-12) 12 May 1960 (age 63)
Albacete, Spain
Political partyIndependent
EducationComplutense University of Madrid

José Luis Escrivá Belmonte (pronounced [xoseˈlwis eskɾiˈβa]; born 5 December 1960) is a Spanish economist currently serving as minister of Digital Transformation and Civil Service within the Third Cabinet of Pedro Sánchez. He previously served as minister of Inclusion, Social Security and Migration.

Escrivá, who is expert in econometrics, before entering in politics had important roles in the Spanish and European fiscal oversight bodies such as Spain's Independent Authority for Fiscal Responsibility (2014–2020) and the European Union Independent Fiscal Institutions Network (2015–2019). Likewise, he has served as Head of the Monetary Policy Division of the European Central Bank (1999–2004) and as Chief Representative for the Americas at the Basel-based Bank for International Settlements (2012–2014).

In the private sector, Escrivá worked from 2004 to 2012 at the BBVA banking group, first as its global Chief-Economist and Director of the Research Department, and from 2010 as the Managing Director responsible for Global Public Finance.

Early years and education

Escrivá was born in Albacete, Spain on December 5, 1960. At the age of 18 he moved to the city of Madrid to continue his university education. He graduated in Economic Sciences by the Complutense University of Madrid and it was awarded with the Extraordinary Prize of Degree.[1] He's married and has two children.

Career as an economist

He started his career in the Bank of Spain, where he served in many positions within the Bank's Studies Services. He activately participated in the European Union, where he participated in the monetary union since 1993 as advisor of the European Monetary Institute. With the creatin of the Monetary Union, he was appointed as Head of the Monetary Policy Division of the European Central Bank, in Frankfurt. Between 2012 and 2014 he was Chief Representative for the Americas in the Bank for International Settlements

Between 2004 and 2012, Escrivá worked in the BBVA Group, first as chief economist and Director of the Research Department and as Managing Director of the Public Finance Area later.

Chairman of AIReF and EU IFIs

José Luis Escrivá at a work meeting with the mayor of Madrid, Manuela Carmena, in his time as chair of AIReF.

In early 2014, the conservative government of Mariano Rajoy nominated him as the first chairman of the Independent Authority for Fiscal Responsibility (AIReF) of Spain. The Finance Committee of the Congress of Deputies confirmed his appointment in February 2014.[2] The AIReF was created that year by the Spanish government at the behest of the European Union for the audit of public accounts. He remained in post until January 2020, when he was appointed as minister.

In November 2015 he was appointed as the first chair of the EU Independent Fiscal Institutions Network,[3] a newly created institution to exchange views, expertise and pool resources in areas of common concern between all the independent fiscal oversight bodies operating in the European Union. He was re-elected in November 2017 and ended its second term in November 2019, when the Network elected Seamus Coffey to replace him.[4]

Minister of Social Security

On January 10, 2020, it was announced that he would be appointed as the first head of the Ministry of Inclusion, Social Security and Migration,[5] a newly created department that assumed the functions of the former Ministry of Labour, Migrations and Social Security in everything related to the Social Security Administration and government policies on migration and social inclusion.

He was officially appointed by King Felipe VI on January 13.[6] That day, he was sworn in by the Sovereign.[7] At the same time, he ceased as chairman of AIReF.[6]

The minister addressed the Committee on Labour, Inclusion, Social Security and Migration of the Congress of Deputies for the first time on February 27, 2020, where he explained the general lines of his department's policy.[8] In his speech, he explained that the management of his department would rotate around three main areas: pensions —guaranteeing a sufficient and sustainable pension system—, inclusion policies —establishing new inclusive policies that reduce inequality, uncertainty and social exclusion— and migration —a new legal framework to order and guarantee the migrant— all of them, said the minister, seeking a broad consensus.[8]

One of the measures that the minister proposed in said committee regarding inclusion was the design of a minimum vital income.[9] This is, said the minister in his appearance, the most relevant policy that will be carried out by the new General Secretariat for Social Inclusion and Social Security Objectives and Policies, a department of new creation.[8]

Minimum Vital Income

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic that strongly affected Spain, the works around this new vital minimum income were sped up, a measure also supported by the partner of the government coalition, Unidas Podemos. Minister Escrivá stated, in April 2020, that the last fringes were being finalized, and that the minimum income —which will be permanent— would be approved in May and would benefit approximately 3 million people.[10] After a year since its approval, it has reached 210,000 houses, where 565,000 people live and where the average Minimum Living Income benefit is 458.51 euros.[11]

The minimum income, designed by the Ministry of Inclusion, Social Security and Migration through the National Institute for Social Security and the General Secretariat for Objectives and Policies of Social Inclusion and Forecast, and with the collaboration of the Spanish Tax Agency and the Ministry of Social Rights and 2030 Agenda,[12] was finally approved by the Council of Ministers on May 29.[13]

Taxation of Self-Employment

Escrivá is responsible for preparations of social security tax changes for self-employed workers. In July 2022, after 14 months of negotiations, the minister reached a deal with self-employed associations to modify the fees for this kind of workers. The new scheme establishes for 2025 a minimum fee of 200 EUR / month for self-workers earning at least 670 EUR / month and a maximum fee of 590 EUR / month for those earning more than 6,000 EUR / month. With these reform, those self-workers that not reach the official minimum wage, the fees will reduce, while those with more earnings will increase. Due to this, it is expected that self-employed workers earning above 1,700 EUR / month will see their social security contributions increased up to twice in the next three years.[14] Some economists evaluate these changes as government attempts to temporarily patch disequilibriums in the unsustainable Spanish public pensions system, at the cost of self-employed workers.[15]

Another relevant point is the probable breach of the commitments with the European Union, since with this reform it was hoped to reduce the Spanish social security deficit, but this reform does not guarantee it.[16]


  1. ^ "José Luis Escrivá, nuevo ministro de Seguridad Social, Inclusión y Migraciones". (in Spanish). 10 January 2020. Retrieved 2020-01-10.
  2. ^ Economía, E. F. E. (2014-02-20). "El Congreso aprueba nombrar a Escrivá presidente de la Autoridad Fiscal". El País. ISSN 1134-6582. Retrieved 2020-01-10.
  3. ^ "José Luis Escrivá nuevo responsable de la autoridad fiscal europea". El Confidencial (in Spanish). 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2020-01-10.
  4. ^, GLS WEB Design (www gls sk, www gls hu, www gls cz. "European Union Independent Fiscal Institutions: New Network leadership takes over". Archived from the original on 2020-01-16. Retrieved 2020-01-16.((cite web)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. ^ "Escrivá Belmonte será ministro de Seguridad Social, Inclusión y Migraciones en el nuevo Gobierno". LaSexta (in Spanish). 2020-01-10. Retrieved 2020-01-10.
  6. ^ a b "Royal Decree 8/2020, of January 12, by which Government Ministers are appointed". (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  7. ^ "Spain's new Cabinet is sworn in before King Felipe VI". El País. 2020-01-13. ISSN 1134-6582. Retrieved 2020-01-16.
  8. ^ a b c Congress of Deputies (2020). Minutes of the Congress of Deputies - Committee on Labour, Inclusion, Social Security and Migration (PDF) (in Spanish). Madrid, Spain. pp. 3–7.((cite book)): CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  9. ^ "Escrivá promete un ingreso mínimo vital para esta legislatura: así será la nueva renta de inserción -". (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  10. ^ Cortés, Raquel Pascual (2020-04-16). "Moncloa confirma que el ingreso mínimo vital estará listo en mayo". Cinco Días (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  11. ^ Miralles, Francisco (2021-03-20). "El Ingreso mínimo vital llega en marzo a más de 200.000 hogares con 565.000 beneficiarios". Noticiastrabajo (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-03-22.
  12. ^ "Royal Decree-Law 20/2020, of May 29, establishing the minimum vital income". Retrieved 2020-06-06.
  13. ^ Llach, Laura (2020-05-29). "'Historic measure': Spain backs minimum income for most vulnerable". euronews. Retrieved 2020-06-06.
  14. ^ "Escrivá preacuerda con los autónomos una cuota mínima de 230 euros en 2023: así quedan los tramos". El Economista. July 19, 2022.
  15. ^ Rallo, Juan Ramón (January 21, 2022). "¿Cuál es el auténtico objetivo de la reforma Escrivá contra los autónomos?". Cotizalia.
  16. ^ Jorrín, Javier G. (2022-07-21). "Escrivá bajará las cuotas al 70% de los autónomos y complica la promesa que hizo a Bruselas". (in Spanish). Retrieved 2022-07-21.
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José Luis Escrivá
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