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José Caro Sureda

José Caro Sureda
Born4 July 1764
Palma de Mallorca, Balearic Islands
Died1813(1813-00-00) (aged 48–49)
Palma de Mallorca

José Caro Sureda (1764–1813) was a Spanish military commander, the younger brother of Pedro Caro Sureda, 3rd Marquis of La Romana.[1]

His younger brother, Juan Caro Sureda (1775–1820),[2] was also a military commander during the Peninsular War.

Early career

At the start of the Anglo-Spanish War, José Caro was given command of the Magdalena that sailed from Cádiz in April 1805 as part of the Spanish squadron led by Federico Gravina, headed for Martinique[1] where, at the Battle of Diamond Rock, a large combined Franco-Spanish fleet[note 1] was able to oust the British garrison the following month.

Peninsular War

Promoted to brigadier, with his 2,000-strong column[3] of the newly raised Regiment of Cazadores de Valencia,[1] he was able to help repel Moncey's two successive attacks on the city.[4]

As captain general of Valencia, Caro was later able to repel Marshal Suchet's attack on Valencia (7 March 1810), forcing the French general to withdraw to Catalonia, and for which Caro was promoted to lieutenant general the following May.[1]

Eventually forced to flee to Mallorca, he was replaced as captain general of Valencia by Field Marshal Luis Alejandro Bassecourt in August 1810.[1]


  1. ^ The commander of the French fleet was Pierre de Villeneuve.


  1. ^ a b c d e (in Spanish). Martín-Lanuza, Alberto. "José Caro Sureda". Diccionario Biográfico electrónico (DB~e). Real Academia de la Historia. Retrieved 19 May 2023.
  2. ^ (in Spanish). Isabel Sánchez, José Luis. "Juan Caro Sureda". Diccionario Biográfico electrónico (DB~e). Real Academia de la Historia. Retrieved 4 August 2023.
  3. ^ (in Spanish). Gomez de Artéche, J. (1868). Guerra de la independencia ... 1808- '14, Volume 2, pp. 140–161, 164, 166. Google Books. Retrieved 19 May 2023.
  4. ^ (in Spanish). Isabel Sánchez, José Luis. "Felipe Augusto de Saint Marcq y D'Ostrel". Diccionario Biográfico electrónico (DB~e). Real Academia de la Historia. Retrieved 19 May 2023.
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José Caro Sureda
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