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Marquis of Verboom

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The Marquess of Verboom
Personal details
Born
George Prosper Verboom

(1665-01-09)9 January 1665
Brussels, Spanish Netherlands
Died19 January 1744(1744-01-19) (aged 79)
Barcelona, Kingdom of Spain
OccupationMilitary engineer
Military service
Allegiance Kingdom of Spain
Branch Spanish Army
Wars

Jorge Próspero de Verboom, 1st Marquess of Verboom (9 January 1665–19 January 1744), was a Flemish-born military engineer in the service of the King of Spain.[1] On 9 January 1727, King Philip V granted him the title of Marquess of Verboom.

Family

Jorge Próspero de Verboom was born on 9 January 1665 in Brussels, Belgium, however his nationality was Spanish.[2] His father was Cornelius Verboom, the Flemish engineer-in chief-of the Spanish Netherlands, in charge of the fortification of Besançon and of Dôle, in France.

Education

Prospero Jorge obtained a theoretical and practical military education by joining the first modern Royal Military and Mathemetics Academy of Brussels (opened in 1675) under the mentorship of Don Sebastián Fernández de Medrano, sole-director of that military and mathematics academy of Flanders. He completed his training as an engineer at the Royal Academy of Brussels and, after Medrano became blind, he helped his mentor in his teaching and writing, even illustrating some of Medrano's academic books.[3]

Career

During the Nine Years' War, Prospero was instrumental in the 1691 campaign by William III of Orange against the French blockade of Mons. In 1695, he directed the siege of Namur with Dutch military engineer Menno van Coehoorn. He was promoted to field marshal of the Spanish cavalry and, two years later, commanded the Lorraine Regiment of Cavalry.

In the Spanish War of Succession, Verboom was in command of Antwerp's defenses in 1702. He also took part in the siege of Hulst along with Captain General Isidro de la Cueva-Benavides. In 1706, the Frenco-Spanish Army—commanded by François de Neufville, duc de Villeroi—was defeated by troops commanded by the Duke of Marlborough at the Battle of Ramillies. Troops from Antwerp were used to put pressure on the British at the siege of Termonde. In 1709, Verboom was instructed to report on the state of castles and garrisons along the Spain–Portugal border.

He was promoted to lieutenant general on 18 December 1709, and a few days later engineer general of the Royal Armies:

"...of all Armies, towns and fortifications in all my kingdoms, towns or states, wherever they might be located."[citation needed]

He participated in the Battle of Almenar of 1710 against Count Guido Starhemberg, where he was captured. He was imprisoned until 1712. He took a very active part in the conquest of Barcelona and—after its capture—moved there in 1718, where he would supervise work on the Ciudadela of Barcelona and take part in planning the War of the Quadruple Alliance – to recover Sardinia and Sicily. He took on the role of acting Captain General of Catalonia between 1737 and 1738.

Death

Jorge Próspero de Verboom died on 17 January 1744, in Barcelona, Spain at the age of 79.[2] The Most Excellent Marquess was buried at the Real Convento de Santa Catalina.

References

  1. ^ Fuldauer, G. (1859). De Navorscher. p. 137.
  2. ^ a b "Marquis of Verboom". FamousFix.com. Retrieved 23 April 2024.
  3. ^ "Architectura - Les livres d'Architecture". architectura.cesr.univ-tours.fr. Retrieved 23 April 2024.
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Marquis of Verboom
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