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John Holland Rose

John Holland Rose
Born28 June 1855 (1855-06-28)
Bedford, England
Died3 March 1942 (1942-03-04) (aged 86)
Cambridge, England
EducationBedford Modern School
Alma materOwen's College, Manchester
Christ's College, Cambridge

John Holland Rose (28 June 1855 – 3 March 1942[1])[2] was an influential English historian who wrote famous biographies of William Pitt the Younger and of French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte. He also wrote a history of Europe, entitled The Development of the European Nations among other historical works.[3][4] He was Vere Harmsworth Professor of Imperial and Naval History at the University of Cambridge between 1919 and his retirement in 1934.[5][6]


Holland Rose was born in Bedford in 1855.[5] He was educated at Bedford Modern School where he was an exhibitioner,[5] at Owens College, Manchester, and at Christ's College, Cambridge.[7]

In 1911–1919, Holland Rose was a reader in modern history at the University of Cambridge.[5] He was the first Vere Harmsworth Professor of Naval History at the University of Cambridge between 1919 and his retirement in 1933.[5] He was an honorary member of the Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences.[8]

Holland Rose was the basis for C. P. Snow's fictional character M. H. L. Gay (see "Years of Hope: Cambridge, Colonial Administrator in the South Seas, and Cricket" by Philip Snow).

Family life

In 1880, Holland Rose married Laura K. Haddon; they had one son and two daughters.[5]

He died on 3 March 1942.[5]

Selected works

  • A Century of Continental History, 1780–1880 (London: E. Stanford, 1891; 2nd ed. 1906) read online
  • The Revolutionary and Napoleonic Era, 1789–1815 (Cambridge University Press, 1894, 1904, 1919, 1925) read online
  • The Rise of Democracy (London: Blackie and Son, 1897, 1904, 1912) read online
  • The Rise and Growth of Democracy in Great Britain (Chicago: Stone, 1898) read online
  • The Life of Napoleon I (2 vols.) (1902;[9] 11th ed. 1935) read online
  • The French Revolution: A History, by Thomas Carlyle (ed.) (London: G. Bell, 1902) read online
  • Napoleonic Studies (London: G. Bell, 1904, 1914) read online
  • Select Despatches from the British Foreign Office Archives, Relating to the Formation of the Third Coalition Against France, 1804–1805 (London: Royal Historical Society, 1904) read online
  • The Development of the European Nations; 1870–1921 (6th ed.). New York and London: G.P. Putnam's Sons. 1922. Retrieved 22 September 2018 – via Internet Archive. read online
  • Dumouriez and the Defence of England Against Napoleon (with Alexander Meyrick Broadley) (London: J. Lane, 1908) read online
  • A History of Malta During the Period of the French and British Occupations, 1798–1815 (by William Hardman) (ed. John Holland Rose) (London: Longman, Green and Company, 1909) read online
  • William Pitt and National Revival (London: G. Bell and Sons, 1911) read online
  • William Pitt and the Great War (London: G. Bell and Sons, 1911) read online
  • The Personality of Napoleon: The Lowell Lectures for 1912 (New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1912, 1930) read online
  • Pitt and Napoleon: Essays and Letters (London: C. Bell and Sons, Ltd., 1912) read online
  • How the War Came About. London: The Patriotic Publishing Co., 1914
  • The Origins of War: Lectures Delivered in the Michaelmas Term, 1914 (Cambridge University Press, 1914) read online
  • The Origins of the War, 1871–1914 (New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1915) read online
  • Germany in the Nineteenth Century: Five Lectures by J. H. Rose, C. H. Herford, E. C. K. Gonner, and M. E. Sadler, with an introductory note by Viscount Haldane, ed. C.H. Herford (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1915) read online
  • Nationality as a Factor in Modern History (London: Rivingtons, 1916) read online
  • Nationality in Modern History (New York: Macmillan and Company, 1916) read online
  • Why We Carry On (London: T.F. Unwin, 1918) read online
  • Naval History and National History: The Inaugural Lecture Delivered to the University of Cambridge on Trafalgar Day, 1919 (Cambridge University Press, 1919) read online
  • Lord Hood and the Defence of Toulon (University of Cambridge Press, 1922) read online
  • The Indecisiveness of Modern War, and Other Essays (Kennikat Press, 1927) read online
  • Contributor to The Thinkers of the Revolutionary Era (1930)[8]
  • The Mediterranean in the Ancient World (Cambridge University Press, 1933) read online
  • Man and the Sea: Stages in Maritime and Human Progress (W. Heffer and Sons, 1935) read online
  • Co-editor of and contributor to The Cambridge History of the British Empire[8]
  • Chapters in The Cambridge Modern History (vols. viii and ix), and The Cambridge History of British Foreign Policy (vol. i)[8]
  • Articles in English Historical Review, Edinburgh, Nineteenth Century and After, Contemporary Review, Cambridge Historical Journal, et al.[8]


  1. ^ Leopold G. W. Legg, Edgar T. Williams. The Dictionary of National Biography, 1941–1950. Oxford University Press, 1959. Page 736.
  2. ^ "Cambridge history of the British Empire / General editors: J. Holland Rose, A.P. Newton (and) E.A. Benians. – Version details – Trove". Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  3. ^ Rose, J. Holland (1922). The Development of the European Nations; 1870–1921 (6th ed.). New York and London: G.P. Putnam's Sons. Retrieved 22 September 2018 – via Internet Archive.
  4. ^ "Rose, J. Holland 1855–1942 (John Holland) [WorldCat Identities]". Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "Rose, John Holland (1855–1942), historian". Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  6. ^ "Rose, John Holland, (1855–3 March 1942), Fellow of Christ's College, Cambridge". Who Was Who. 2007. doi:10.1093/ww/9780199540884.013.U231225. ISBN 978-0-19-954089-1.
  7. ^ Who's Who, 1935, Published by A&C Black Limited, 1935
  8. ^ a b c d e "Who's Who". Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  9. ^ "Review of 'The Life of Napoleon I' by John Holland Rose". Saturday Review of Politics, Literature, Science and Art. 93 (2428): 602–603. 10 May 1902.
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John Holland Rose
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